[p.727]

ANCIENT EGYPT THE LIGHT OF THE WORLD

BOOK 12

THE JESUS-LEGEND TRACED IN EGYPT FOR TEN THOUSAND YEARS

 

The messianic mystery which has caused unparalleled mental trouble to the world did not originate with, nor was the solution to be found in, the biblical collection of the Hebrew writings. The Egyptian mesu, to anoint, and as a name for the anointed, is earlier than the Jewish messiah. Nor would there have been any typical Christ the anointed but for the making of the karast-mummy. We have to look a long way beyond these books to learn how salvation came into the world by water, or a saviour could be represented by the fish. It was thus salvation came to Egypt periodically in the new life of the Nile, and thence the saviour, who was imaged in the likeness of a fish. According to the mythical rendering Horus-Iu-em-hetep was a saviour because he came with plenty of food and water in the inundation, as the shoot of, or as the child on the papyrus. In the eschatology he represented the saviour who showed the way by which the manes might attain eternal life, when immortality was held to be conditional and dependent upon right conduct and true character. A doctrine of messiahship was founded on the ever-coming messu, or child of the inundation in the preanthropomorphic phase of symbolism, in which the type might be the fish, the papyrus-shoot, the beetle, hawk or calf, each one of which bears witness that when the infant-likeness was adopted as a figure of the ever-coming saviour or messiah the human type was just as non-historical as any of its predecessors. The advent of the messu (the Hebrew messiah) was periodic in accordance with the natural phenomena: not once for all. Once for all could have no meaning in relation to that which was ever-coming from age to age, from generation to generation, or for ever and ever. Eternity itself to the Egyptians of the Ritual was aeonian, and synonymous with millions of repetitions, therefore ever-coming in the likeness of perennial renewal, whether in the water-spring of earth or the day-spring on high, the papyrus-shoot, the green branch, or as Horus the child in whom a saviour was at length embodied as a figure of eternal source. At the foundation of all sacrifice we find the great Earth-mother, following the human mother, giving herself for food and drink. Next the type of sacrifice was that of the ever-coming child. Ten thousand years ago a divine ideal of matchless excellence had been portrayed in elder Horus as a voluntary [p.728] sacrifice of self not for the sins of the world, but for human sustenance. This voluntary victim took the parent's place, and suffered in the mother's stead. Thenceforth the papyrus-plant was represented by the shoot the tree by the branch; the sheep by the lamb the saviour by the infant as an image of perpetual renewal in life by means of his own death and transformation in furnishing the elements of life. Next Horus, as the foremost of the seven elemental powers, passed into the solar mythos, where the typical virgin and child were reproduced and constellated as repeaters of periodic time and season in the zodiac.

The Jesus-legend is Egyptian, but it was at first without the dogma of historic personality. We have now to follow it in the circuit of precession, where it might be traced back to a beginning with the sign of Virgo. But for the present purpose, the birthplace of the virgin's child was in the sign of Leo when the vernal equinox was resting in the lion constellation.

The messu, or the messianic prince of peace, was born into the world at Memphis in the cult of Ptah as the Egyptian Jesus, with the title of Iu-em-hetep, he who comes with peace or plenty and good fortune as the type of an eternal youth. Here we may note in passing that this divine child, Iu-em-hetep, as the image of immortal youth, the little hero of all later legend, the Kamite Herakles, had been one of the eight great gods of Egypt who were in existence twenty thousand years ago[1]. This wondrous child, who is the figure of ever-coming and of perennial renewal in the elements of life, was also known by name as Kheper, Horus, Aten, Tum or Nefer-Atum according to the cult. He was continued at On or Annu. The title likewise was repeated in the new religion, when Iu-em-hetep became the representative of Atum-Ra. His mother's name at On was Iusaas, she who was great (as) with Iusa or Iusu, the ever-coming child, the messiah of the inundation.

Such doctrine, however, did not originate as uterine or come the human way, although it might be expressed in human terminology.

We have now to track the ever-coming child Iusa, Iusu or Jesus in the sphere of time as the son of Iusaas and of Atum, who was Ra in his first sovereignty; not merely in the round of the lesser year, but in the movement of precession as determined by the changing equinox or by the shifting position of the pole. As we have shown, the zodiacal signs were set in heaven according to the seasons of the Egyptian year and in the annual circuit of the sun. The birthplace of the inundation and the grapes was figured in or near the sign of Virgo or the Virgin, the mother of the child who brought the new life to the land in water as Ichthus the fish and in food as Horus on his papyrus. But Horus the traveller of eternity has to be tracked and followed in the movement of precession. And thus the new beginning for the present quest is in the sign of Leo.

The priests of On attributed a new creation of the world, or the heavens, to Atum-Ra. This was the cultivated enclosure or garden of a new beginning. And this garden of a new beginning or creation was visibly featured in the southern heaven. There ran the river Nile as the one water from its hidden source, as it flowed in the starry stream Eridanus, and meandered through the Aarru-garden that was [p.729] made for Atum, in the likeness of which the future paradise was represented in Amenta[2]. According to the Osirian rendering, the later Aarru-field is the garden of the grape[3]. The typical tree of life in an Egypto-Greek planisphere is the grapevine. This is the tree still represented by the female vine-dresser and the male grape-gatherer in the decans of Virgo[4]. Orion rose up when the grapes were ripe to represent the Deliverer, who was coming 'full of wine.' The goblet or 'mixing-bowl' in which the drink was brewed to hugely celebrate the Uaka-festival of the inundation is constellated in the sign of 'Krater.' The ancient enemy of man, the evil dragon of drought, is imaged in the form of 'Hydra,' waiting to devour the virgin's child the moment it is born.

At one time the birthplace in the stellar mythos was where Sothis rose as opener of the year and herald of the inundation. This was the star of Hathor and her messu or messianic babe who came to make war on the dragon and to bruise the serpent's head. And Iusaas was a form of Hathor. The fulfilment of the primitive promises of the coming child as bringer of all good things was annual in the astronomical mythology. The babe, the birth, the birthplace and the bringer to birth, were all continued in the solar cult, from this, the starting-point, with Sothis now as the announcer of the inundation, and the life of vegetation figured as the young deliverer Horus on his papyrus, or the later Atum-Horus issuing from the lotus on the day of 'come thou to me,' the first day of the Egyptian year or new creation.

Time in the old year of the Great Bear and the inundation had not been subject to the changes in precession. In this year there was but one birthplace for the typical child who originated in Horus of the inundation as the figure of food and bringer of the water, and therefore of salvation. Also there was but one date for the birthday of the child, namely, the first of the month Tekki (or Thoth) which we equate with July 25, when the five dies non are also counted in the reckoning of the year. If Ra had not discovered the co-partnery of the Great Mother and Sebek-Horus the Fish of the inundation, and substituted the time of the sun, the birthplace of the babe might have remained for ever fixed in heaven. Time in the ordinary year was always kept and reckoned by the recurring seasons; firstly by the inundation. In the greater year this time was rectified by the retrocession of the equinoxes and the changing position of the pole. Thus time was kept by double entry. And when the birthplace of the messianic child was made zodiacal it travelled round the backward circuit of precession to fulfil a course of twenty-six thousand years. The great year might have gone its way unrecognized but for this change of polestars or the backward lapsing of the equinoxes being observed and registered by the astronomers. It was solar time, which had to be continually revised and readjusted by means of the stars. The inundation was a fixture in relation to the earth, and a primary factor in the year of the Great Bear, the end and re-beginning of which were memorized by means of the 'Sut-Heb' or 'festival of the tail'that is, the tail of the Great Bear as pointer at its southernmost longitude, [p.730] which was dependent on the revolution of the sphere. The Great Bear, hippopotamus or crocodile, was then the stellar bringer-forth to Horus of the inundation. But with Horus, born of Virgo in the zodiac, the birthplace of the babe was figured in the vernal equinox, and thus became subject to the changes in precession. It parted company with the lesser year of the inundation to travel from sign to sign around the circuit of the world's great year.

Fourteen thousand years ago the vernal equinox coincided with the sign of Virgo and the autumn equinox with the sign of Pisces. And here the learned writer Eratosthenes has a word to say upon this point[5]. He is a most unimpeachable witness for the Egyptians; a better could not be subpoenaed. He was born in the year 276 BC. He was keeper of the great Alexandrian library and the most learned Greek in Egypt at the time. Amongst other subjects he wrote on was astronomy, and he testifies to the fact that the festival of Isis, which was celebrated in his time at the autumn equinox, had been celebrated when the Easter equinox was in Virgo. This perfectly agrees with the position of Isis, the Virgin Mother in the zodiac. During those six months in the great year = six signs, the child as periodic fulfiller of time and season in the zodiac, together with the birth and birthplace, was receding through the six signs in precession, from Virgo to Pisces. Thirteen thousand years later the autumn equinox coincided once more with the sign of Virgo. Now there is no meeting-point of the mythology with the astronomy more obvious than in these two signs of the zodiac. But it is impossible that this imagery should have been constellated in the planisphere the last time the equinoxes entered them, which was about the year 255 BC, where they still linger at the present moment. And the time before that, in round numbers, was 26,000 years previously.

It is a fixed fundamental fact that the death and rebirth of the year were commemorated at this time from the 20th to the 25th of July, when the birth of Horus was announced by the star Sothis or the bennu = phoenix. It is equally a fact that when the solar Horus had entered the zodiac the birthplace was shifted from sign to sign, according to the movement in precession, from Virgo to Leo, from Cancer to the Gemini, from Taurus to Aries, from Aries to Pisces. The pathway of eternity was now depicted in the circle of precession. In this the sonship of Horus was continued after the fatherhood of God had been established, and Horus became the manifestor for the eternal in the sphere of solar time. Hence the sayings of Horus in the Ritual. 'I am Horus, the prince of eternity.' 'Witness of Eternity is my name.'[6] He calls himself 'the persistent traveller on the highways of heaven,' which he surveys as 'the everlasting one.' 'I am Horus,' he says, 'who steppeth onwards through eternity'without stopping or ever standing still. This was Horus, otherwise the Egyptian Jesus, as the ever-coming son (Iu-sa) in all the years of time that culminated in the all-inclusive cycle of precession. Horus as the shoot, or the later wheat-ear (spica), had been brought forth when the birthplace was in Virgo. If we look on this as a sign in precession, the next birthplace in the backward course is in the sign of Leo, in which Horus was the lion of the solar power that was doubled in the vernal equinox. When the Osiris comes to witness [p.731] the judgment on the mount of glory[7], he sees 'the lion forms' called the Kherufu, which are three in number. Two of these are figures of the Double Force, as shown in the vignette to chapter 18, and the one in the centre is the lion of the double lions = the double force, as the lion or as the solar disk. Now Atum is this solar lion on the mount which is in the equinox, and which can be thus identified with the lion-sign or sign of the lions in the zodiac. Atum is the god with the lion's face, who is also called the man-faced lion. He is said to lay the foundations of the eternal house[8]. That is, in building the new heaven which was based upon the equinoxes in the circuit of precession, at a certain starting-point, including all the previous foundations laid by Ptah and Taht, Shu and Sut, and by the first Great Mother in the heptanomis.

It is a tradition common to the Quiches, the Aztecs, the Bushmen, the Australian aborigines and other ancient races that their ancestors existed before the creation of the sun. The Bushmen say that the sun did not shine on their country in the beginning. It was only when the children of the first Bushmen had been sent up to the summit of the mount that the sun was launched to give light to the South African world[9]. So in Egypt it might be said there was no sun before the creation of Ra, when Atum issued from the lotus on the day of 'Come thou to me.' It is stated in the texts that light began with this new creation, when the sun-god rose up from the lotus; that is, the solar light which followed the lunar and the starlight which preceded day in accordance with the mythical representation. Atum-Horus sinks at evening in the waters as the closer of day, with the lotus on his head. At dawn he rises from the lotus, the opening flower of dawn. But, instead of commencing with the sign of Virgo, the present writer traces this new beginning in the solar mythos to the time when the vernal equinox was in the sign of Leo, now some 13,000 to 15,000 years ago, according to the reckoning in the greater year. By this, however, it is not meant that equal day and night were then coincident with the birth of the inundation or the heliacal rising of the dog-star on the 25th of July. The position of the equinox has to be made out according to the precessional year, not by the lesser year. This difference constitutes the difficulty of the reckoning. The time of equinox was determined in the lesser year by the recurrence of equal day and night, but the position of the equinoxes in the annus magnus was determined by the risings of the herald stars. Amongst other figures of the god Atum, he is portrayed standing on a lion, in others he is accompanied by his mother the lioness, Sekhet or Bast. The annual resurrection of the solar god was always in the Easter equinox, and when the funeral couch is figured in the lion-form, and the rising of the dead is from the lion-bier, the fact is registered in the eschatological phase of the astronomical mythology. It is said in the Ritual[10], 'He who lulleth me to rest is the god in lion-form.' Another note of this zodiacal beginning with the birthplace in the sign of the lion is recognizable in the arrangement of the twelve signs as double houses for the seven planets. In ancient astrology five of the planets had each one a house on either side of the zodiac excepting the sun and moon; these had but one house between the twothat is, in the [p.732] lion-sign; or rather, the lion-sign was the only double house of the zodiac, and this was of necessity founded at the place of the equinox. The double house of the astrologers is identical with the great hall of Mati, the place where the balance was always set up in whichever sign the equinox occurred for the time being. The place of the equinox was the hall of Mati, or rather the double equinoxes formed the double house of Mati.

The Egyptian founders of astronomical science did not begin with mathematical calculations. They had to verify everything by observation through all the range of periodic time, and this was the only method that was fundamental or practical at first. It was by direct observation, not by calculation, that the wise men of Egypt and Meroë attained their knowledge of precession. By ages on ages of watching and registering they perceived that the backward movement of the equinox, as immense in time as it is slow in motion, had to be reckoned with as a factor of vast magnitude; and that this long hand on the face of the eternal horologe was a determinative of the hugest cycle of all, so far as they could measure periodic time. By imperceptible degrees the movement itself had become apparent, and the point of equal day and night observed to be passing out of one group of stars upon the ecliptic into another; which sometimes coincided with a change of polestars.

We have now to trace the vernal equinox in precession, from the sign of the Lion through the signs of the Crab, the Twins, the Bull, the Ram, until it entered the sign of the Fishes, about 255 BC. For 2,155 years Atum-Horus manifested, as Iu-sa, the coming son in the vernal equinox, or as the lion of the double force, when this was in the constellation Leo. The next sign in precession is the crab, the Kamite original of which was the beetle, and the beetle was an emblem of Ptah and Atum as a type of the god who came into being as his own son, that is Iu-sa, the child of Iusaas. When the equinox had receded from the lion-sign to the house of the beetleour crabthe young Jesus of the zodiac was there brought forth as Kheper the beetle, the 'good scarabaeus,'[11] which type and title he retained until the Christian era. In this sign of the beetle we find the crib or manger of the infant figured in an early form. The star called 'El Nethra' by the Arabs, and 'Proesepe' by the Greeks, which is in the eighth lunar mansion, is the crib or manger by name. In Cancer, then, the Horus of the zodiac was reborn in his solar character as the beetle of the Nile, the reproducer of himself by transformation. Thus Horus had been born in his solar character as a young lion in the sign of Leo, in the month of the lions; and reborn 2,100 years later as a beetle in the sign of and in the month of the beetles[12]. Also the ass, another zootype of Iu, is figured in this sign of the beetle or crab. Here, then, we find the crib, or manger, of Iu, the ass, in the sign which was the birthplace in the vernal equinox from 12,000 to 10,000 years ago, and therefore the original birthplace of the divine infant that was born in a manger or a stable, and was attended by the ass of Atum and the bullock of Iu.

When the equinox entered the sign of the Twins, it no longer [p.733] of the equinox in the twins and the opening day of the sacred year, on the 25th of July, at the time when the equinox was in the sign of the lion. And two months in the great year are equivalent to 4,310 lesser years. Next Iusa, the coming son, the second Atum, was born of Hathor-Iusaas, the cow-headed goddess, in the sign of the bull, where the equinox rested from the year 6,465 to the year 4,310 BC. In this sign the divine child was brought forth in the stable as a calf or a bullock. The lunar cow was in the stable of the solar bull, where the young babe was born and laid in a manger now as Horus or Iu, the calf. Mother and child might be and were portrayed in human form, but it is the cow that gives the name of 'Meri,' and but for the cow-headed Hathor-Meri there would have been no human Mary as a virgin-mother in the Jesus-legend. Hathor-Meri was the mother of Horus, the Su in the 'house of a thousand years,' born in the stable or the manger of the bull. He had been brought forth as a young lion in the house of the lions, as a scarabaeus in the sign of the beetles, and now was manifested as the calf in the sign of the bull. And it was as the lunar cow in the 'horse of a thousand years' that the mother brought forth her child as a calf in the stable which was rebuilt for the oxen, that is, for the bull, the cow and calf; when the birthplace passed into the zodiacal house, stable, or byre of Taurus. In re-erecting the house of heaven on earth when it was going to ruin, or, at the end of the period, King Har-si-Atef says he has built the stable for oxen in the temple[13]. In this stable of the temple the mystery of the birthplace was sacredly performed, and the child born in a manger (the Apt) was exhibited to the worshippers every year. The ox and the ass that were present at the birth of the divine child in the stable at Bethlehem were extant in this sign. The ass had been present without the ox when the birthplace was in the sign of the lion; and again when the birthplace was in the sign of the crab. The manger in which the little Jesus lay is figured in the sign of cancer, and the birth of the babe in that sign with the manger for his cradle had occurred 8,875 years BC. Also the ass on which the child Iusa rode is standing by the manger in the stable. The ass in the birthplace is a representative of the sun-god Atum-Iu, and when the ass and ox are found together in the stable the birthplace is in the sign of the bull.

Horus or Iusa in the 'house of a thousand years' was the bringer of the millennium, which was renewed in the following cycle. Sut or Satan was loosed for a little while, seven days at most, during the Saturnalia; then he was bound in chains for another cycle of time, whilst Horus took possession of the house once more on a lease of a thousand years to establish his reign of peace, plenty and good luck in the domain of time and law, justice and right by the inauguration of another millennium. The divine mother and child had been humanized in the Egyptian religion when the stone monuments begin for us, at least ten thousand years ago, but the zootypes were still continued as data in sign-language. This was the knowledge that was in possession of the Wise Men, the Magi, the Zoroastrians, Jews, Gnostics, Essenes and others who kept the reckoning, read the signs, and knew the time at which the advent was to occur, once every fourteen lifetimes (14Í71 to 72 years), in the 'house of a thousand [p.734] years,' or once every 2,155 years, when the prince of peace was to be reborn as the lamb in the sign of the ram, or as Ichthus the fish in the sign of Pisces. He had been born as a calf in the sign of the bull; as the beetle in cancer; as the lion in Leo; as the red shoot of the vine in Virgo; as lord of the balance in the Scales. And when the Easter equinox had moved round slowly into the sign of the ram, the coming fulfiller of the cycle was Jesus or Horus, that 'Lamb of God,' who is supposed to have become historical 2,410 years later to take away the sins of the Christian world.

Before passing on to follow the vernal equinox into the sign of the fishes (we may add the corn, of which this also was the sign on account of the harvest in Egypt), we must glance back for a moment to the birthplace and the beginning with the inundation, which was the source of so much astronomical mythology that necessitated continued readjustment of the reckoning in precession. The fish, a figure of plenty brought by the inundation, was continued as a symbol of Atum-Horus. The type might be changed from the crocodile of Sebek to the silurus or electric eel of Atum, but the fish remained as an emblem of Ichthus, or of Ichthon, that saviour of the world who came to it first in Africa by water as the fish. We have already seen that the mystical emblem called the Vesica Pisces, as a frame and aureole for the virgin and her child, is a living witness to the birth of Jesus from the fish's mouth, as it was in the beginning for Iusa or Horus of the inundation. This will also explain why Ichthus, the fish, is a title of Jesus in Rome; why the Christian religion was founded on the fish; why the primitive Christians were called Pisciculi, and why the fish is still eaten as the sacrificial food on Friday and at Easter. There is evidence to show the impossibility of this sign having been founded in the year 255 BC as the sign of the vernal equinox, either in relation to Horus the fish or Horus the bread of life, or Iu the su (son) of Atum-Ra. For instance, the wheat-harvest in Egypt coincides with the Easter equinox, and always has done so since wheat was grown and time correctly kept. In the Alexandrian year the month Parmuti, the month of the mother of corn, begins on the 27th of March, or about the time of the equinox when this had entered the sign of Pisces. According to the table of the months at Edfu and the Ramesseum, Parmuti was the very ancient goddess of vegetation, Rannut. Rannut was the goddess of harvest and also of the eighth month in the year, which opened with the month Tekki or Thoth. From Thoth, the first month, to Rannut-Parmuti, the eighth month, is eight months of the Egyptian year, equivalent to two tetramenes in the year of three seasons.

When Horus had fulfilled the period of 2,155 years with the Easter equinox in the sign of Aries, the birthplace passed into the sign of Pisces, where the ever-coming one, the renewer as the eternal child who had been brought forth as a lion in Leo, a beetle in cancer, as one of the twins in the sign of the Gemini, as a calf in the sign of the bull, and as a lamb in the sign of the ram, was destined to manifest as the fish born of a fish-mother, in the zodiacal sign of the fishes. The rebirth of Atum-Horus or Jesus as the fish of Iusaas and the bread of Nephthys was astronomically dated to occur and appointed to take place in Bethlehem of the zodiac about the year 255 BC, at the time [p.735] when the Easter equinox entered the sign of Pisces, the house of corn and bread; the corn that was brought forth by the gestator Rannut in the eighth month of the Egyptian year, and was reaped in the month named from Parmuti the Corn-Mother; and the bread that was kneaded by Nephthys in the house of bread.

Horus, or Jesus, the fulfiller of time and law, the saviour who came by water, by blood and in the spirit, Horus the fish and the bread of life, was due according to precession in the sign of the fishes about the year 255 BC. A new point of departure for the religion of Ichthus in Rome is indicated astronomically when Jesus or Horus was portrayed with the sign of the fish upon his head, and the crocodile beneath his feet[14]. This would be about the year 255 BC (so-called). But the perverters of the Jesus-legend, in concocting the Christian 'history,' had falsified the time in heaven that the Egyptians kept so sacredly on earth during the ages on ages through which they zealously sought to discern the true way to the infinite through every avenue of the finite, and to track the eternal by following the footprints of the typical fulfiller through all the cycles and epicycles of renewing time.

The type of sacrifice once eaten in the totemic or mortuary meal, as the fish, is still partaken of on Good Friday as the image of Ichthus; the same in Rome at present as in Heliopolis or Annu in the past. The type was changed from sign to sign, from age to a gem the course of precession. The commemorative customs light us back as far at least as the sign of the Gemini, when twin turtle-doves, two goats, or twin children were sacrificed. Indeed, there is some evidence extant to show that the ass, a figure of Atum-Iu, which may be found constellated in the decans of Cancer, was at one time the type of sacrifice[15], and which, to judge from its position, was of course anterior to the 'twins.' The ass has been obscured by the lion and other sacred animals, but it was at one time great in glory, particularly in the cult of Atum-Iu, the ass-headed or ass-eared divinity. The ass has been badly abused and evilly treated as a type of Sut-Typhon, whereas it was expressly a figure of the solar-god, the swift goer who was Iu the Sa of Atum; and Iu-Sa is the coming son or the Egyptian Jesus on the ass. Mythically rendered, he made his advent as a lion, or it might be said that he came riding on an ass. Horus, the sacrificial victim, as the calf, was an especial type in the Osirian cult. The lamb is heard of as expressly Jewish; the lamb that was roasted on the cruciform spit to image the crucified upon the cross at Easter, when the Iamb was yet the typical victim. When the equinox passed into the ram-sign Horus or Iusa became the lamb 'son of a sheep,' who as son of the father was the son of God, an especial type with the Sebek-heteps. When the vernal equinox entered once more into the sign of the 'fishes' the time had come for the type to change back again to the fish which had been eaten as a typical sacrifice thousands of years before when the crocodile was eaten once a year as the zootype of Sebek-Horus, 'the almighty fish in Kamurit,'[16] the bringer of plenty in the inundation of the Nile.

The advent of a Jewish Jesus, as the fish Ichthus, was dependent on the messu or messiah-son being incarnated when the vernal equinox [p.736] was entering Pisces in the circuit of precession, where the female bringer-forth was figured as the mother-fish, instead of the sheep, the cow or the lioness.

The astronomers knew and foretold that the divine babe was to be born in the sign of the fishes, the sign of the messiah Dag, of An, of Oan or Jonah. It is probable that the name of Rome was derived from an Egyptian name for the fish, and that Roma was the fish-goddess. Rem, Rum, or Rome signifies the fish in Egyptian. Be this as it may, the fish-man (or woman?) rules in Rome. The ring with which the Pope is invested, his seal-ring, has on it the sign of the fish, and Ichthon the Saviour was brought on in Rome as Ichthus the fish, or otherwise personified as the 'historical Jesus.' This is illustrated in the catacombs, where the fish emaning Jonah from its mouth has been supposed by Christians to represent the resurrection of an historical Jew. The name of the piscina given to the baptismal font likewise shows the cult of the fish. Those who were baptized in the piscina as primitive Christians were known by name as the pisciculi 'Ichthus' also was the secret password and sign of salutation between the Christian pisciculi.

Bryant copied from an ancient Maltese coin the figure of Horus, who carries the crook and fan in his hands and wears a fish-mitre on his head. This was Horus of the inundation, who was emaned from the water as a fish and by the fish, but who is here portrayed in a human form with the fish's mouth for a mitre on his head[17]. The wearer of the os tincæ on his head is not only the fish-man in survival, the petti-coated Pope is likewise a figure of the ancient fish-woman; she who sat upon the waters and on the seven hills of the celestial heptanomis as a water-cow, who brought forth from the mystical mouth of the fish. The Pope is dressed in the likeness of both sexes. The 'os tincæ' of the papal mitre, equally with the star Fomalhaut in Piscis Australis of the planisphere, and the mouthpiece of the divine word, is still the same antique as when the ancient wisdom was first figured as the female fish, the crocodile, and the male fish was a likeness of the Saviour who came by water in the inundation before Horus could come by boat, or float on the papyrus-plant in human form; so long has the fish been a zootype of emaning source in the Egyptian eschatology. The Pope impersonates the mouthpiece, the fish's mouthpiece of the word, and, as the imagery shows, the word, or logos, is the same that was uttered of old as a fish by the ancient mother-fish with the os tincæ or mouth of utterance from which a child is born; so that the mother-church in Rome as represented by the Pope, is still the living likeness of the fish-mother, who brought forth Horus of the inundation as her fish in the zodiac, at least some 12,000 or 13,000 years ago, and had never ceased to do so annually up to the time of rebirth in the sign of the fishes, when papal Rome took up the parable but suppressed or omitted the explanation concerning the Christ now apotheosized as Ichthus the fish. Thus, as previously demonstrated, the proper date for the commencement of Christianity or equinoctial Christolatry is somewhere about 255 BC.

One of the most perfect illustrations of fulfilment attained by the mythos may be studied in a scene that was copied from the Roman [p.737] catacombs by De Rossi[18]. In this the seven great spirits appear in human guise, who are elsewhere represented by the seven fishers or the seven lambs with Horus, ignorantly supposed to be an historic personage. These seven are with the fish in the sign of the two fishes, who are figured as the two fishes laid out on two dishes. Moreover, lest there might be any mistake in reading the picture it is placed between two other illustrations. In one of these the lamb is portrayed as the victim of sacrifice; in the other a fish is lying with the bread upon the altar. So that the central picture shows the result of the transference from the sign of the ram to the sign of the fishes. In another scene the seven who were followers of Horus are portrayed together with seven baskets of bread[19]. In relation to the group of seven spirits in the Roman catacombs it must be noted that the company of twelve, as followers of Horus, or disciples of Iusa, was not a primary formation. It was preceded by the group of seven, the seven who were with Horus, the leader of that 'glorious company,' from the beginning; the same in the eschatology as in the astronomical mythology. They are the seven with Horus in the bark of souls or sahus that was constellated in Orion. In the creation attributed to Atum-Ra, which opened on the day of 'come thou hither,' otherwise upon the resurrection day, the seven great spirits are assigned their place in this new heaven; they are called the seven glorious ones 'who are in the train of Horus'; and who follow after the coffined one, that is Osiris-Sekari, whose bier or coffin was configurated in the greater bear. They who followed their lord as his attendants in the resurrection were also grouped as seven khuti in the lesser bear.

In his various advents Horus was attended by the seven great spirits termed his seshu, or his servants. So Jesus, according to Hebrew prophecy, was to be attended by the seven spirits called (1) the spirit of the Lord; (2) the spirit of wisdom; (3) the spirit of understanding; (4) the spirit of counsel; (5) the spirit of might; (6) the spirit of knowledge; (7) the spirit of the fear of the Lord[20]. These, as Egyptian, were they who had originated as the seven elemental powers and who afterwards became the khuti as the seven great spirits. But in their Hebrew guise they are evaporized and attenuated past all recognition except as a septenary of spirits. The seven with Jesus as a group of attendant powers or followers may be seen in the seven doves that hover round the child in utero, the seven solar rays about his head the seven lambs or rams with Jesus on the mount; the seven as stars with Jesus in the midst; the seven as fishers in the boat; and lastly, the seven as communicants who solemnize the eucharist with the loaves and fishes in the mortuary meal of the Roman catacombs. There are various pictures in the catacombs which can only be explained by the pre-Christian gnosis. This alone can tell us why the divine infant should be imaged as a little mummy with the solar halo round his head, or why the so-called 'Star of Bethlehem' should be figured with eight rays. Such things are Egypto-gnostic remains belonging to the Church in Rome that was not founded on the canonical gospels, but was preextant as gnostic; the Church of Marcion and of Marcelina. Several of these pictures contain the group of the seven great spirits who were with [p.738] Horus of the Resurrection at his advent in the sign of Pisces, as they had been with him in the previous signs when he was the lamb, the calf, the beetle or the lion. Two pictures are copied by Lundy, one from De Rossi's Roma Sotteranea Christiana[21] and one from Bosio[22]. In the one scene seven persons are seated at a semicircular table with two fishes and eight baskets of bread before them. In the other scene, seven persons are kneeling with two fishes, seven cakes and seven baskets of bread in front of them[23].

Now, there is nothing whatsoever in the canonical gospels to account for or suggest the eight baskets-full of cakes which are somewhat common in the catacombs. These we claim to be a direct survival from the Egyptian; the eight loaves or cakes which are a sacred regulation number in the Ritual. According to the rubrical directions appended to chapter 144 it is commanded that eight Persen loaves, eight Shenen loaves, eight Khenfer loaves, and eight Hebennu loaves are to be offered at each gate of the seven arits or mansions of the celestial heptanomis. These offerings were made for the feast of illumining the earth, or elsewhere[24], the coffin of Osiris, and therefore for the festival of the resurrection and solemnizing of the eucharist. The seven persons present with the Lord are identifiable with the typical seven followers of Horus as the seven khuti or glorious ones. The speaker, who personates the lord of the seven, says 'I am the divine leader of the seven. I am a khu, the lord of the khus.'[25] The Osiris Nu thus celebrates the monthly festival by offering eight loaves or cakes at each of the seven halls. The khus were seven in number or eight with Horus their lord, in whom Osiris rose again from the condition of the dead. The chapter is to be repeated over a picture of the seven sovereign chiefs, which we now claim to be the original of the seven personages that keep the sacramental ceremony in the catacombs when the eight cakes are figured on the table of the seven personages who have been termed the 'Septem Pii Sacerdotes.'[26] But to return, our starting-point for tracking the movement in precession was with the vernal equinox in the sign of Leo, on the birthday of the year that was determined at the time by the heliacal rising of the star which announced the birthplace of Horus, now figured in the solar zodiac, nigh where the evil dragon Hydra lay in wait to devour the babe as soon as it was born. This was about 11,000 years BC, or 13,000 years ago. During these eleven thousand years, by the changes in precession and the continual rectification of the calendar from old style to new, July 25th at starting had receded to December 25th in the end. That is, the birthday of the coming child Iusa or Horus in the Lion sign, celebrated on the 25th of July, came to be commemorated on the 25th of December at the end of this period, by those who kept the reckoning, and this, as will be shown, is precisely what did occur in the evolution of the Jesus-legend.

Two birthdays had been assigned to Horus of the double horizon, one to Child-Horus in the autumn, the other to Horus the adult in the vernal equinox. These were the two times or teriu of the year. But when the solstices were added to the equinoxes in the new creation of [p.739] the four quarters established by Ptah for his son Atum-Ra, there was a further change. The place of birth for the elder, the mortal Horus who was born child of the Virgin Mother, now occurred in the winter solstice and the place of rebirth for Horus the eternal Son was celebrated in the vernal equinox, with three months between the two positions instead of six. If the birth occurred at Christmas with the winter solstice in the sign of the Archer, the resurrection at Easter would occur in the sign of the fishes as at present. The equinoxes, of course, remained upon the double horizon, whereas the winter solstice took place in the depths of Amenta, and this became the place of rebirth, for the Child-Horus as Iu-sa, the coming son in the astronomical mythology. Horus in the autumnal equinox was now succeeded by Horus who suffered in the winter solstice. The Jews still celebrate their mysteries annually as mysteries. And it is instructive to note that with them the two times remain equinoctial, and have never been changed to the winter solstice and Easter equinox. The Jews have subterranean reasons for not accepting the Messiah born at Christmas. Theirs are the mysteries of the double horizon; or of Ra-Harmachis. The double birth of Horus at the two times, or the birth of the babe in the winter solstice and the rebirth as the adult in the Easter equinox is acknowledged in the Egyptian Book of the Divine Birth. The celebration of the nativity at the solstice is referred to in the calendar of Edfu, and it is said that 'everything is performed which is ordained' in the Book of the Divine Birth. Also, it was commanded in the calendar of Esné that the precepts of the Book on the Second Divine Birth of the child Kahi 'were to be performed on the first of the month Epiphi.'[27] The child Kahi is a pseudonym for the Child-Horus. He is the revealer, the logos or word, and the 'Revelation of Kahi' is associated with New Year's day, when this occurred on the 26th of the month Payni. Now the first and second 'divine births' (or the birth and rebirth) of Horus were celebrated at the festivals of the winter solstice and the Easter equinox. and these are the two times of the two Horuses identified by Plutarch[28], the first as manifestor for Isis, the Virgin Mother, the second as Horus, the Son of God the Father, when he tells us that 'Harpocrates (Har the khart, or child) is born about the winter solstice, immature and infant-like in the plants that flower and spring up early, for which reason they offer to him the first-fruits of growing lentils; and they celebrate her (Isis) being brought to bed after the vernal equinox.'[29] Here are the three months between the two birthdays which were celebrated at the two festivals now known as Christmas and Easter. Two different birthdays were likewise assigned to the Greek Apollo. One of these was commemorated by the Delians at the time of the winter solstice; the other by the Delphians in the vernal equinox.

According to the Decree of Canopus[30] the date of Osiris' entry into the moon at the annual resurrection had then receded to the 20th of Choiak, equivalent to December 26th, of the Alexandrian year, which was established in the reign of Augustus, BC 25. 'The entry of Osiris into the sacred bark takes place here annually at the [p.740] defined time on the 29th day of the month Choiak.'[31] In this way the Christmas festival, by which the 'Birth of Christ' is now celebrated, can be identified with the yearly celebration of the rebirth of Osiris (or Horus) in the moon. Moreover, we can thus trace it, following the course of precession, from the 17th of Athor (October 5th in the sacred year); November 14th in the Alexandrian year, mentioned by Plutarch[32], to the 20th of Choiak, our December 26th. The next day, December 27th, was the first of Tybi, and this was the day on which the Child-Horus was crowned, and the festival of his coronation celebrated. If we reckon the 25th of December (28th Choiak) to be the day of birth, the day of resurrection and of the crowning in Amenta is on the third day. In the month-list of the Ramesseum, Tybi is the month dedicated to Amsu, the Horus who arose from the dead in Amenta, and who was crowned as conqueror on the third daythat is, on December 27th = Tybi 1st. There are several symbols of this resurrection on the third day. First, Osiris rises on that day in the new moon. Next, Amsu figures as the sahu-mummy risen to his feet, with right arm free, as ruler in Amenta, the earth of eternity. Thirdly, Horus the child is crowned in the seat of Osiris for another year. Fourthly, the tat was erected as a figure of the god re-risen, and a type of eternal stability in the depths of the winter solstice. Thus the resurrection on the third day was in Amenta and not upon this earth.

The Egyptians celebrated their festival of the resurrection every year, called the feast of Ptah-Sekari-Osiris, in the month Choiak (November 27th December 26th, Alexandrian year). The rite is otherwise known as 'the erection of the tat-pillar.' Erman recovered a description of the festival from a Theban tomb. Of this he says: 'The special festival was of all the greater importance because it was solemnized on the morning of the royal jubilee. The festivities began with a sacrifice offered by the king to Osiris, the "Lord of Eternity," a mummied figure, wearing the Tat-pillar on his head.'[33] It lasted for ten days, from the 20th to the 30th of the month Choiak, the 26th being the great day of feasting. The royal endowment of the temple at Medinet Habu for the sixth day of the festival included 3,694 loaves of bread, 600 cakes, 905 jugs of beer and 33 jars of wine. This was the great day of eating and drinking, corresponding to our Christmas gorging and guzzling, but on the 22nd December, instead of the 25th, of a somewhat later period. The festival was devoted to the god Osiris-Ptah-Sekari, who had been dead and was alive again; cut in pieces and reconstituted with his vertebras sound and not a bone of his body found to be broken or missing. The festival of the sixth day is clearly the Ha-k-er-a feast that was celebrated on the sixth night of the Ten Mysteries. Moreover, the ten days of the festival that was sacred to the god Osiris-Sekari are also in agreement with the ten nights of the mysteries[34]. In the scene copied from the Theban tomb the 'Noble Pillar' of the tat-cross is to be seen lying pronely on the ground where it had been overthrown by Sut and the sebau. The object of the festival was to celebrate the re-erection of the tat and turn the cross of death once more into the cross of life as the symbol of resurrection. The king, as representative of Horus who reconstitutes [p.741] his father, with the aid of the royal relatives and a priest, pulls the pillar upright. Four priests bring in the usual table of offerings and place them in front of the tat. So far, says Erman, we can understand the festival[35]. But the further ceremonies refer to mythological events unknown to us. Four priests with their fists raised rush upon four others, who appear to give way; two more strike each other, and one standing by says of them, 'I seize Horus shining in truth.' Then follows a great flogging scene, in which fifteen persons beat each other mercilessly with their sticks and fists; they are divided into several groups, two of which, according to the inscription, represent the people of the town Pa and of the town Tepu. This is evidently the representation of a great mythological fight, in which were engaged the inhabitants of Pa and Tepu, i.e., of the ancient city of Buto, in the north of the delta. 'The ceremonies which close the sacred rite are also quite problematic; four herds of oxen and asses are seen driven by their herdsmen, and we are told in the accompanying text four times they circle round the walls on that day when the noble Tat-pillar is re-erected.'[36]

Raising the tat-pillar was typical of Horus in his second advent raising the dead Osiris from his sepulchre and calling the mummy to come forth alive. The gods in Tattu on the night of the resurrection, symbolized by this re-erection of the tat, are Osiris, Isis, Nephthys, and Horus the avenger of his father. Thus in re-erecting the tat, Amenhetep III with his queen Ti and one of the royal princesses were personating Horus the avenger and the two divine sisters in the resurrection of Osiris[37].

The Christians celebrate the birth of the divine babe at Christmas and the death and resurrection at Easter; whereas the birth and death were commemorated at the same season in the Egyptian mysteries of Ptah, and later of Osirisas it was in the beginning, when the death was that of the old year and the rebirth that of the new year; otherwise, the death of Osiris and the birth of Horus, or the death of Atum and the rebirth of Iusa. The new year came to be reckoned from the shortest day when the sun had reached its lowest point and the shadow of darkness or the dragon its utmost length. The sufferings of the sun-god were naturally accredited to him at that time, and the death and resurrection in Amenta were both timed to the solstice. The sun was lord of light as ruler of the lesser year. The Apap-monster was the reptile power of darkness, and of desert drought. This dreaded adversary of the sun was now the uppermost, Osiris in Amenta was the victim in the winter solstice. The suffering and death of Osiris were the cause of the long period of mourning, of fasting and supplication that was memorized in the mysteries. In the winter solstice the birth took place below, in Amenta, the earth of Sut, and habitat of the Apap-reptile. In the equinox at Easter, Horus the fulfiller was transformed from the human child to the divine hawk-headed Horus, who rose from the underworld as the spirit of life and light and food, and who was then re-fleshed or reincorporated anew on earth, conceived of the Virgin, incarnated in her blood once more, to be brought forth in human shape again at Christmas; and by the gestator [p.742] in the divine form, as Horus of the resurrection now reborn at Easter.

The last night of the old year (July 24th), 'the night of the child in the cradle,' had been named from the new birth as the mesiu; also the evening meal of the next day, the first of the new year, was called the 'Mesiu.' These were the exact equivalent of our Christmas Eve and Christmas Day on December 24th and 25th, after a lapse of 11,000 years in time according to the movement in precession. The sacred old Egyptian year, which opened on the first of Tekki (or Thoth) as the year of the great Bear and the inundation, began upon the 25th of July in the year of 365 days. Therefore July 24th was the last night of the old year and the 25th (or the 20th in the year of 360 days) was New Year's Day, the birthday of Horus the child, or fish of the inundation. Time was sacredly kept by means of the festivals, and these were re-dated age after age from old style to new. The Decree of Canopus is both explicit and emphatic on the necessity of correctly readjusting the calendar to the lapse of time, whether in the Sothiac cycle or the movement in precession so that 'the case shall not occur that the Egyptian festivals by which time was keptnow celebrated in wintershould be celebrated some time or other in summer, as has occasionally occurred' in times past, in consequence of the calendar being incorrectly kept[38].

For example, a new year was introduced by the Egyptian priests 25 BC, in the name of the Roman Emperor Augustus, which is known as the Alexandrian year. When this new year was established a readjustment was made to allow for the lapse in precession and to correct the calendar. At this time the so-called 'sacred year' was for the last time readjusted. This was that year of 360 days which was based on the twelve moons or months of thirty days each and on the reckoning permanently figured in the 360 degrees of the ecliptic that was to be kept in endless sanctity howsoever supplemented by other reckonings in the total combination to be united in the great precessional year of 360Í71-2 = 26,000 years. In this corrected calendar the first of Choiak, which fell on October 18th in the sacred year is shifted to November 27th in the Alexandrian year, and there is a rectification of time to the extent of forty days. These forty days in the lesser year represent nearly 3,000 years in the cycle of precession. In other words stellar time was corrected by the time of the sun and determined on the grand scale by the position of the vernal equinox. This had now receded to the sign of Pisces, when Horus or Jesus, who had been the 'Lamb of God' in the previous sign, and the calf in the sign of the bull, was figured as the fish by the Egypto-gnostic artists[39]. Thus the cult was continued without a break in Rome. Augustus personally posed himself in the character of the expected one, the Prince of Peace, the messiah of the astronomical mythology and thence in the eschatology.

At the time when the change of equinox from Aries to Pisces occurred in the great year, or in connection with this event, the birthplace was rebuilt as the crib or cradle, meskhen, or holy of holies in the temple for the newborn babe. Now the temple of Hathor at Denderah was last rebuilt in the time of the Ptolemies, a century or [p.743] 50 BC. The inscriptions show that this rebuilding of the temple was attributed to Augustus. He never was at Denderah in person, but the ruler in Rome was assigned the place of the king or pharaoh in Egypt as rebuilder of the temple for Hathor and her babe, and the king on earth was the royal representative, first as the repa, then as the Ra, of the king, who was divine or astronomical. Augustus was invested with this divinity, and thus the Egyptian doctrine was continued in the person of the Emperor in Rome. Augustus proclaimed himself to be not merely a human likeness, but the very God himself on earth. 'The reverence due to the gods,' says Tacitus[40], 'was no longer peculiar; Augustus claimed equal worship. A mortal man was directly adored; and priests and pontiffs were appointed to pay him impious homage.' Thus the apotheosis of a mortal had begun and a kind of papacy was already established as a bridge between Alexandria and Rome. The vernal equinox was now in Pisces, and Horus, as type, was the fish instead of the lamb or ram. 'Ichthus the fish' had been a title self-conferred by Alexander in his apotheosis 300 years earlier. So Augustus, in relation to the same fulfilment in astronomical time was Ichthus the fish in Rome before the title was conferred upon a supposed historical Jesus of Nazareth. Thus the festival now dated Choiak 29th in the Alexandrian year had been celebrated 3,000 years earlier in the sacred year, and we behold it being readjusted according to the reckoning in precession as it had been aforetime.

It has often been a matter of wonderment why the birthday of the Son of God on earth should be celebrated as a festival of unlimited gorging and guzzling. The explanation is that the feast of Christmas Day is a survival of the ancient Uaka festival, with which the rebirth of the Nilotic year was celebrated with uproarious revellings and rejoicings, as the festival of returning food and drink. It was at once the natal-day of the Nile, and of the messu or messianic child under his various names. It is called the birthday of Osiris in the Ritual[41]. Osiris, or the young god Horus, came to earth as lord of wine, and is said to be 'full of wine' at the fair Uaka festival. The rubric to chapter 130 states that 'bread, beer, wine, and all good things' are to be offered to the manes upon the birthday of Osiris, which, in the course of time, became equivalent to our New Year's festival, or Christmas Day. The grapes were ripe in Egypt at the time the imagery was given its starry setting. This offers a datum as determinative of time and season. The times might change in heaven's 'enormous year'; other doctrines be developed under other names; the grapes be turned to raisins. But the old Festival of Intoxication still lived on when celebrated in the name of Christ. The babe that is born on Christmas Day in the morning is Horus of the inundation still.

The mythical ideal of a saviour-child was Egyptian. But this ideal did not originate in the human child. The child was preceded by other types of eternal, ever-coming youth. Each year salvation came to Egypt with the waters just in time to save the land from drought and famine, and the power that saved it was represented by the shoot of the papyrus, or the fish as the bringer of food and drink [p.744] on which the salvation of the people depended; and the bringer of these was Horus the saviour, as the messu of the inundation. Horus the jocund who rose up as Orion 'full of wine,' with Krater for his constellated 'cup' that held 7,000 gallons of intoxicating drink; Horus who brought the grapes to make the wine; who drowned the fiery dragon Hydra, was he who came to Egypt as a veritable saviour once a year. The same mythical character passed into Greece and is also repeated in the canonical gospels as the wine-bibber who comes eating and drinking.

In this way the birth of the child at Christmas and the rebirth at Easter came to represent the keeping of time in the great year, which can be calculated by a twofold process of reckoning, from the original starting-point. On the one hand, the lapse of time in the course of precession is five months = the equinox passing through the five signs, that is, from July 25th (the first of Taht) to December 25th. On the other hand, the time taken for the equinox to travel through the five signs is the exact equivalent in the great year to the five months' lapse in the solar year of 365 days. The reckoning has to be made one way by the lesser year, from July 25th to December 25th in accordance with the natural fact. The other way it has to be computed on the scale of the great year in the cycle of precession. The total result of this twofold and verifiable computation is that on the one side we are ultimately landed with a birthday of Iusa in the solstice at Christmas, and on the other hand we are landed with the birthday or day of rebirth for Iusa at Easter, when the equinox was entering the sign of the fishes, about 255 years before the time that has been falsely dated 'BC.'

One knows well enough that Christian credulity is quite capable of still assuming that this Jesus who manifested during 10,000 years in the astronomical mythology, and who was accreting the typical character of the unique person all that time, is but the foreshadow cast backwards by the historical figure in whom they believe as the one reality of all realities. Nevertheless, the fact it remains that, such being the character pre-extant, there was nothing left to have any historical human origin at the wrong end of 10,000 years.

This is a strictly scientific and not-to-be-controverted demonstration of the indubitable truth that the birthday of the Messiah now celebrated on the 25th of December had been celebrated for at least 10,000 years on the corresponding day as the birth of the Egyptian messu at the feast of the Messiu on the first day of the Egyptian year, which was the 25th of July, from the time when the Easter equinox was in the sign of the lion. There is evidence also that the lapse of time was religiously rectified in the readjusted calendar according to the course of precession from July 25th down to December 25th, when the winter solstice coincided with the sign of Sagittarius and the vernal equinox first entered the sign of Pisces, in the year that was erroneously dated. Through all the ten or eleven millenniums intervening the messu had periodically manifested in the annual inundation and as the fulfiller of time in the house of a thousand years, whilst the Easter equinox kept travelling and the birthplace shifting, [p.745] from Virgo to the lion, from the lion to the crab, from the twins to the bull, from the ram to the fishes. All that went to the making of the latest legendary saviour, barring the false belief, was preextant on entirely other grounds in the Egyptian mythology and eschatology; and when the Easter equinox entered the sign of the fishes, about 255 BC, the Jesus who is the one verifiable founder of so-called Christianity was at least 10,000 years of age and had been travelling hither as the Ever Coming One through all this period of time. During that vast length of years the young fulfiller was periodically mothered as mortal by the Virgin with Seb for his reputed earthly father and with Anup the baptizer as his precursor and announcer in the wilderness. All that time he had fought the battle with Satan in the desert during forty days and nights each year in every one of those 10,000 years as a matter of fact in the natural phenomena of time and season in Egypt. During those 10,000 years that ideal of the divine incarnated in Iusa the Coming Son had gone on growing in the mind of Egypt preparatory to its being rendered historically as the divine man of a later cult by those deluded idiotai who dreamt the astronomical forecast had been fulfilled in Hebrew prophecy and in veritable human fact, through their ignorance of sign-language and the wisdom of the past.

The two birthdays at Christmas and Easter which were assigned to Iusa in his two characters of Child-Horus and Horus the adult, Horus the Earth-born and Horus the Heaven-born in the Osirian mythos, were brought on as the two birthdays of Jesus. But there was a diversity of opinion amongst the Christian Fathers as to whether Jesus the Christ was born in the winter solstice or in the vernal equinox. It was held by some that the 25th of March was the natal day. Others maintained that this was the day of the incarnation. According to Clement Alexander, the birth of Jesus took place on the 25th of March[42]. But in Rome the festival of Lady-day was celebrated on the 25th of March in commemoration of the miraculous conception in the womb of a virgin, which virgin gives birth to the child at Christmas, nine months afterwards. According to the Gospel of James[43] it was in the equinox, and consequently not at Christmas, that the virgin birth took place. At the moment of Mary's delivery on what is designated 'the day of the Lord' the birth of the babe in the cave is described. It occurs at Bethlehem. Joseph went out and sought a midwife in the country of Bethlehem. 'And I, Joseph, walked, and I walked not: and I looked up into the sky, and saw the air violently agitated; and I looked up at the pole of heaven, and saw it stationary, and the fowls of heaven were still; and I looked at the earth and saw a vessel lying, and workmen reclining by it, with their hands in the vessel, and those who handled did not handle it, and those who took hold did not lift, and those who presented it to their mouth did not present, but the faces of all were looking up; and I saw the sheep scattered; and the sheep stood; and the shepherd lifted up his hand to strike them, and his hand remained up, and I looked at the stream of the river, and I saw that the mouths of the kids were down, and not drinking; and everything which was being impelled forward was intercepted in its course.'[44] There can be no doubt of this description being equinoctial. It is a picture of the [p.746] perfect counterpoise between night and day which only occurs at the level of the equinox when the Lord of the balance is reborn in the house of a thousand years, or at some other fresh stage in the circuit of precession and the messiah Dag was now in the house of the fish and of bread, with the prophecy fulfilled according to the astronomical reckoning.

This duality of the divine birth at Christmas and Easter has been the cause of inextricable confusion to the Christians, who never could adjust the falsehood to the fact; and now at last we recover the fact itself that will be fatal to the falsehood.

It will be elaborately demonstrated that the concocters of Christianity and its spurious records had a second-hand acquaintanceship with the Egyptian Ritual, and that they wrought into their counterfeit gospels all that could be made to look more or less historical-like as a sacerdotal mode of obtaining mastery over the minds of the utterly ignorant, who were held to be the 'better believers.' But they never could determine whether the divine child was born at Christmas or at Easter, which was naturally impossible to the one-man scheme of supposed historic fulfilment. Again, in the Christian version the crucifixion = the death of Osiris, has been postponed until Easter. This makes the period of mourning wrong. In Egypt there was a time of fasting for forty days during the Egyptian Lent. The mourning and the fasting naturally followed the suffering and the death of Osiris, which supplied the raison d'étre. But when the death was shifted to Easter, to be celebrated in accordance with the Jewish Passover, to which it was hitched on, the long time of fasting remained as in Egypt, and for the first time in this world the death was preceded by the mourning with which the murder is supposed to have been commiserated and solemnized. The fourth Sunday in Lent is commonly observed in Europe by the name of 'Dead Sunday.' But the death then celebrated or 'carried out' has no relation to a personal crucifixion that is assumed to have occurred once upon a time at Easter. Such customs followed Christmas or the death in winter with a prehistoric significance varying in accordance with the old style and new in the keeping of the festivals; whereas there is no death at Christmas in the Christian scheme to be celebrated before Easter or to account for the mourning-festival during Lent. The death and rebirth at Christmas, or New Year, and the resurrection at Easter can only be explained by the Osirian mysteries, and these are still celebrated throughout Europe, precisely the same as in Asia and in Africa. The Ritual also has a word to say concerning the Jewish Sabbath of Saturday, and the Christian Sabbath sacred to the sun. The ancient Egyptians celebrated festivals on the first, the sixth, the seventh, and the fifteenth of the month. The feast of the first and the fifteenth was a festival of Ra and the day was dedicated to Horus, who represented the earlier sun, and whose Sabbath was the seventh day, or Saturday in the earlier cult. It is said in the Ritual, 'I am with Horus on the day when the Festivals of Osiris are celebrated, and when offerings are made on the sixth day of the month, and on the Feast of the Tenait in Heliopolis.'[45] This Tenait was a feast, associated with the seventh day of the month. Here then is a feast of the sixth and [p.747] seventh, or night and day, corresponding to the Jewish Sabbath. Osiris entered the moon on the sixth day of the month. The seventh was the feast-day, when 'couplings and conceptions did abound.' This was celebrated in Annu, the city of the sun, and thus far the day was a sun-day. The word tenait denotes a measure of time, a division, a week or a fortnight. A feast-day or seventh, dedicated to the solar god, would be the sun's day; Sunday once a month. Now, two great festivals were dedicate Ra, the solar god, upon the seventh and fifteenth of the month. Here then, is a fifteen-day fortnight, or solar half-month (fifteen days), which was correlated with the half-month, or tenait, of fourteen days in the lunar reckoning. The sixth of the month was a moon-day, on the night of which the love-feast or agape began with the entrance of Osiris, earlier Horus, into the moon, or the conjunction, say, of Horus or Hu with Hathor. This was on Friday night. The next day was a phallic festival in celebration of the celestial conjunction; it was the day assigned to Sebek = Saturn in conjunction with his mother. The festival was luni-solar; hence it was celebrated on the sixth and seventh of the month, like the Sabbath of the Jews, which is repeated later on the sixth and seventh days of the week. Now, if we start with Sunday as the first of the month, the tenait festival fell on Saturday as a Sabbath of the seventh day. The second festival of Ra, that of Sunday, was on the fifteenth of the month, which would be eight days after the Tenait-feast upon the seventh of the month. The tenait on the Saturday and a feast of the 15th on a Sunday show the existence of a Sabbath celebrated on Saturday, the 7th, another, eighth days later, on Sunday, the 15th of the month. These, however, were monthly at first, as the festivals of Osiris or Ra, and not weekly, as they afterwards became with the Jews and Christians. The festival of Saturday as the seventh day of month is Jewish. The Sabbath of Sunday, the day of Ra, is a survival of the festival celebrated on the 15th of the month in ancient Egypt as the sun's day, or Sunday, once a month.

It was the custom at one time in Rome for the mummy, or corpse of the dead Christ, to be exhibited in the churches on Holy Thursday, the day before the crucifixion, and if the symbolical corpse is not exposed to the public gaze, the Holy Sepulchre is still exhibited. This has the appearance of commemorating two different deaths, the only explanation of which is to be found in the Egyptian mythos. Osiris was the Corpus Christi at Christmas or in the solstice. He died to be reborn again as Horus in various phenomena on the third in the moon; also from the water in his baptism; after forty days in the buried grain; and at the end of three months, in the Easter equinox. In the Kamite original the night of the Last Supper, and of the death of Osiris, and the laying out of his body on the table of offerings are identical. It is the 'night of provisioning the altar' and the provender was the mummy of the god provided for the mortuary meal. That was the dead Christ, or corpus christi[46].

Holy Thursday is especially consecrated by the Roman Catholic Church as a commemoration of the Last Supper and the institution of the eucharistic meal, at which the corpus of the Christ already dead was laid out to be eaten sacramentally. It is similar in the gospels. [p.748] The Last Supper is there celebrated, and the body and blood of the Christ are there partaken of before the crucifixion has occurred. This, in the Egyptian original, would be the corpse of Osiris, the karast-mummy of him who died in the winter solstice three months before the resurrection in the equinox occurred at Easter. Seven days of mourning for the burial of Osiris were also celebrated at the end of the month Choiak. This was known as the fêtes des ténèbres, which, according to Brugsch[47], commemorated the 'sept jours qu'il a passé dans le ventre de sa mère, Nût'equivalent to Jonah being in the belly of the fish, only the days of darkness in this phase are seven instead of three. These seven days of mourning are the prototype of Passion week in the rubrical usage of the Roman Church, during which the pictures of the cross (and crucifixion) are all covered up and veiled in darkness. Here the funeral ceremony followed the burial of Osiris, whereas in the Christian version the fêtes des ténèbres precede the death and burial of the supposed historic victim.

According to the synoptics, it was on the 15th of the month Nisan that the crucifixion occurred. But according to John, it was on the 14th[48]. These two different reckonings are solar and lunar. When time was reckoned by the lunar month of twenty-eight days, the 14th was the day of mid-month, or full moon, the day of the equinox and of the Easter Pasch. In the luni-solar reckoning of thirty days to the month, the 15th was the day of full moon in the equinox. The two dates for the crucifixion are identical with these two possible dates for the equinox. There was a fortnight, or half-moon of fourteen days, and a half-month of fifteen days. The French fortnight is quinze jours, or fifteen days, and this is the fifteen-day fortnight of the Christian festivals, the Passion and the Resurrection. The 14th Nisan was true to the lunar calculation of time, but the 15th was also needed for the solar reckoning, and, as usual, the Christian founders have brought on both in aiming at the one supposed event. It has lately become known, from a lexicographical tablet belonging to the library of Assurbanipal, that the Assyrian (Shapatu) of the 15th day of the month, is also kept a Sabbath or full moon in the luni-solar reckoning.

Thus the crucifixion assigned by the synoptics to the 15th Nisan was according to the solar month, and the 14th assigned by John was lunar, both being astronomical, and both impossible as dates in human history. The festival of the seventh day is Jewish, and a festival of the eighth day was continued by the Christians. Barnabas[49] says, 'We observe the eighth day with gladness, in which Jesus rose from the dead.' This identifies the eighth day as a Sunday, and only in the Egyptian way of celebrating the sixth following the Tenait on the seventh can the eighth day be a Sabbath. The seventh day was Saturday, the day of Sebek. The eighth day was Sunday, once a month, the day of Ra, and thus the eighth day became the Lord's day in the pre-Christian religion; and the origin of both festivals or Sabbaths of the seventh day and of the 15th, eight days afterwards can be traced to the sun-god as Horus and the sun-god as Ra[50]. 'The ancients speak of the Passion and Resurrection Pasch as a fifteen days' solemnity. Fifteen days (the length of time) was enforced by law of [p.749] the empire and commanded to the universal Church.'[51] Fifteen days include the week of seven days and the period of eight days. Both daysSaturday the day of Horus and Sunday the day of Ra, as the seventh-day feast and the eighth-day Sabbathwere being celebrated as their two feast-days by the Christians in the middle of the fifth century, and these were known as the feasts of Saturday and of the Lord's day, or Sunday[52]. When Dionysius the Areopagite[53] arranged the dates for the Christian celebration of the festivals he had only the pre-Christian data to go on. Both the dates and data were Egyptian, and these had been continued with the calendar and the festivals more or less correctly. But the early Christians never really knew which was the true Sabbath, the seventh day or the eighth, so they celebrated both. As now demonstrated, according to the record of the mystery-teachers in the astronomical mythology of Egypt the legend of a child that was born of a mother who was a virgin at the time is at least as old as the constellation in the zodiac when the birthplace (in precession) coincided with the sign of Virgo some 15,000 years ago. The virgin, in this category, was the goddess Neith. The child was Horus-Sebek, the great fish of the inundation that typified the deliverer from drought and hunger, and was, in other words, the saviour of the world. Thus, by aid of equinoctial precession, the origin and development of the Christian legend and its festivals can be scientifically traced in the pre-Christian past from the time when the virgin birth of the divine child and the house of birth were in the sign of Virgo, or in Leo for the present purpose, reckoned by the movement in precession.

We shall find the virgin motherhood of Jesus, the divine sonship of Jesus, the miracles of Jesus, the self-sacrifice of Jesus, the humanity of Jesus, the compassion of Jesus, the sayings of Jesus, the resurrection of Jesus had all been ascribed in earlier ages to Iusa, or Iusu, the son of Iusaas and of Atum-Ra. Thus Egypt was indeed the cradle of Christianity, but not of the current delusion called 'historic Christianity.' The saying attributed to the Hebrew deity 'out of Egypt did I call my son'[54] was true, but in a sense undreamt of by the Christian world. Such was the foundation of the Jesus-legend in the astronomical mythology with Horus of the inundation on his papyrus, or Iusa = Atum-Horus in the zodiac. As we shall see, nothing was added to the Egypto-gnostic 'wisdom' by the carnalizers of the Christ in Jerusalem or Rome except the literalization of the mythos and perversion of the eschatology in a fictitious human history.

A religion of the cross was first of all established in the mysteries of Memphis as the cult of Ptah and his son Iu-em-hetep, otherwise Atum-Horus, who passed at Annu into Atum-Ra, the father in spirit, with Iusa, son of Iusaas, as the ever-coming messianic son.

We have evidence from the pyramid of Medum that from 6,000 to 7,000 years ago the dead in Egypt were buried in a faith which was founded on the mystery of the cross, and rationally founded too, because that cross was a figure of the fourfold foundation on which [p.750] heaven itself was built. The tat-cross is a type of the eternal in Tattu. But whether as a fourfold, a fivefold, or a twelvefold support it was a figure of an all-sustaining, all-renewing, all-revivifying power that was re-erected and religiously besought for hope, encouragement, and succour, when the day was at the darkest and things were at the worst in physical nature. The sun apparently was going out. The life of Egypt in the Nile was running low and lower toward the desert drought. The spirit of vegetation died within itself. The rebel powers of evil gathered from all quarters for the annual conflict, led by Apap and the sebau in one domain, and by Sut and his seventy two conspirators in another. At this point began the ten mysteries grouped together in the Ritual[55]. The tat for the time being was overthrown. The deity suffered, as was represented, unto death. The heart of life that bled in every wound was no longer felt to pulsate. The god in matter was inert and breathless. Make ye the word of Osiris truth against his enemies! Raise up the tat, which portrayed the resurrection of the god; let the mummy-type of the eternal be once more erected as the mainstay and divine support of all. It was thus that the power of salvation through Osiris-Tat was represented in the mysteries. Fundamentally the cross was astronomical. It is a figure of time, as much so in its way as is the clock. It is a measure of time made visible upon the scale and in the circle of the year instead of the hour. A cross with equal arms È denotes the time of equal day and night. Hence it is a figure of the equinox. Another cross U is a figure of time in the winter solstice. It is a modified form of the tat of Ptah Å[56] on which the four quarters are more obviously portrayed in the four arms of the pedestal. This was re-erected annually in the depths of the solstice where the darkness lasts some sixteen hours and the daylight only eightthe measure of time that is imaged by this tat-figure of the cross. These two are now known as the Greek and Roman crosses, and under those two names the fact has been lost sight of that the first is a type of time in the equinox, the other a symbol of the winter solstice. The two crosses are scientific figures in the astronomical mythology. They were symbols of mystical significance in the Egyptian eschatology: and they formed the ground plan of the ka-chambers of King Rahetep and his wife Nefermat in the pyramid of Medum[57].

The tree was first of all a sign of sustenance when the sustainer was the Great Earth Mother; Apt in the dum-palm, Uati in the papyrus plant, Hathor in the sycamore, or Isis in the persea-tree. On this the type of Ptah was based as the tat-image of a power that sustained the universe. Osiris-Tat then typified the power that sustained the human soul in death. This was buried with the mummy as a fetish in the coffin, where the dead were seen to lie at rest in the eternal arms. And thus a cultus of the cross was founded many thousand years ago. The Christian doctrine of the crucifixion, with the human victim raised aloft as the sin-offering for all the world, is but a ghastly simulacrum of the primitive meaning: a shadowy phantom of the original substance. The doctrine had its beginning with an idea of up-bearing, but not in the moral domain. When the sky was suspended by [p.751] Ptah in Amenta the act was symbolized by raising up the tat-type of stability and support. This not only sustained the sky of the netherworld, it also imaged the divine backbone of the universe. The tat, was a figure of the pole and the four corners, which united in one the 'five supports' or fivefold tree of the Egypto-gnostic mystery[58]. Otherwise stated, it was a symbol of the power that sustained the heavens with the supporting pole and the arms of the four quarters. This power was personified in Ptah as well as figured in the tat. Hence the god is seen within the type as Ptah-Sekari or the later Asar-Tat. Then the type of the eternal is the eternal's own self: the power that sustains the universe in very person who is Ptah in one cult, Osiris in the other. The super-incumbent weight and pressure on the sustaining power is probably indicated by the squelched face and compressed features of the Osiris-Tat[59]. The sustaining power within the tat would make the god and the cross to be one as they are in the Osiris-Tat. Deceased arises from the tomb as the tat. He says 'I am Tat, the son of Tat,'[60] or of the eternal who establishes the soul for eternity in the mystery of Tattu[61]. Hence the figure of a god extended crosswise as the sustainer of the universe could be equivalent to the cross. The Hindu figure of Witobai, for example, is portrayed in space as the crucified without the cross[62]. On the other hand, the swastika is a form of the cross without the crucified. In the Christian iconography, as Didron shows[63], Christ and the cross are identical, as were Horus and the tat. The cross takes the place of the tat as symbol of supporting power, and the god as the sustaining force within the tat may account for the legend of the gospel Jesus being the bearer of the cross on which he was to suffer death. A resurrection of Osiris from death in the month Choiak is mentioned in several texts[64] without giving the day of the month, but of course rebirth and resurrection in Amenta were identical, and the resurrection is also signified there by the raising of the tat-pillar or cross. When the tat was annually overthrown it was raised again by the uplifting power of the god represented by the Son as the sign of resurrection. Thus the genesis of the legend of the cross, like to that of the Christ, can be traced in Egypt to the cult of Ptah at Memphis, where the religion of the cross originated; and to Annu or On, where it was continued in the cult of Atum-Ra with Iu-em-hetep as the Egyptian Jesus. This, as we show, was Iusa the Jew-God bought out of Egypt by the Ius or Aius, or when the name is spelt with the letter J, by the Jews. For 13,000 years has Iu the Egyptian Jew been coming astronomically as Iu the Su or Iu-sa, the son of Atum, or rather as Atum manifesting in the person of the son. For 13,000 years he has been the bringer of goodwill and peace and plenty to the world in accordance with the meanings of his title, Iu-em-hetep. And as this Jesus is the ever-coming-one who is always figured one foot before the other and best foot foremost in the act of coming, never-hasting, never-halting, and as Iu is the Jew we see in this wanderer of eternity with no rest for the sole of his foot through all the cycles of time, the original personification of him who lives in later legend as the 'Wandering Jew.'

[p.752]

How often has it been confidently declared that the idea of a divine fatherhood was introduced into the world some time after AD by an historical Jesus; whereas it is a matter of scientific demonstration that the doctrine was established in the cult of Ptah, and perfected in the religion of Atum-Ra; in both of which Iusa or Jesus was the ever-coming son as demonstrator for the eternal in the sphere of time.

The doctrine of a future life, or in modern phrase, the immortality of the soul, was also taught at Memphis many thousand years ago under at least four different figures of the re-arising human spirit. One of these was the Apis called 'the second life of Ptah;' one the scarabaeus termed 'the old one who becomes young;' a third was the hawk of soul emerging from the mortal mummy; and a fourth Iu-em-Hetep, as the type of an eternal child.

Until the time of Ptah, the totemic types prevailed in the Egyptian astronomical mythology. There was only the Great Mother, in several characters, with her children, the same as in totemism. But when the fatherhood was founded in Ptah his predecessors were designated his children. We learn from a hieroglyphic inscription on the temple of Iu-em-hetep at Philae that he was called 'the great one, son of Ptah, the creative god, made by Tanen (a title of Ptah), begotten by him, the god of divine forms, who giveth life to all men.' On one line of development he became the father-god as Atum-Ra at Heliopolis; on the other he was God the son as Atum-Horus or Iu-em-hetep, he who comes with peace or rest.

Christian ignorance notwithstanding, the gnostic Jesus is the Egyptian Horus who was continued by the various sects of Gnostics under both the names of Horus and of Jesus. In the gnostic iconography of the Roman catacombs Child-Horus reappears as the mummy-babe who wears the solar disci. The royal Horus is represented in the cloak of royalty, and the phallic emblem found there witnesses to Jesus being Horus of the resurrection. The resurrection of Osiris, the mummy-god, is reproduced in the Roman catacombs as the raising of Lazarus. Amongst the numerous types of Horus repeated in Rome as symbols of the alleged 'historic' Jesus are Horus on his papyrus as the messianic shoot or natzer; Horus the branch of endless ages as the vine Horus as Ichthus, the fish; Horus as the bennu or phoenix; Horus as the dove; Horus as the eight-rayed star of the Pleroma; Horus the scarabaeus; Horus as the child-mummy with the head of Ra; Horus as the black child, or bambino; Horus, of the triangle (reversed)[65].
Horus in his resurrection between the two trees; Horus attended by the two divine sisters, or two women; Horus as the lion of the double force; Horus as Serapis; these and others were reproduced as Egypto-gnostic by gnostic artists in illustration of Egypto-gnostic tenets, doctrines, and dogmas. The catacombs of Rome are crowded with the Egypto-gnostic types which had served to Roman, Persian, Greek, and Jew as evidence for the non-historic origins of Christianity. To Marcion of Pontus, for [p.753] example, the epicene Serapis would represent the soul of both sexes which was the non-historical Egypto-gnostic Christ. Horus of the inundation brings the fish and grapes for the Uaka festival[66]. Horus still issues from the mummy as the young sun-god with the head of Ra, the same as in the Ritual. The soul of Ra still issues from the sepulchre as the phoenix = Thennu; and Osiris comes forth at the call of Horus from the tomb. Amsu still rises from between the trees of Nut and Hathor as the good shepherd with the lamb upon his shoulder, wearing the cloak of royalty, and carrying the panpipes in his hand as a figure of the All-one, that is, as Horus of the resurrection. Double Horus, as the child of the virgin and the son of God the Father, is portrayed in both his characters as the heir of Seb, god of earth, and the heir of Ra, the father in heaven. As the heir of Seb he is seated on a throne that is supported on the head of an aged man, who represents the god of earth[67]. As the heir of Ra he is enthroned in heaven, or on a figure of heaven (Nut), as Horus divinized[68]. The ox and the ass which appear in the Roman catacombs with the worshippers of the newborn infant are witnesses for Iusa, and now for an historical Jesus. Iusa in Egypt had been represented by both the ass and the ox, or the short-horned bullock, in the cult of Atum-Ra at On. In a sculptured sarcophagus of the fourth century, the three Magi are offering gifts to the divine infant, or mummy-child. These, according to their caps, are Zoroastrians. They are worshippers, however, of the risen Christ. Only the risen one in this case is Mithras, son of the sun, and not the Jewish Jesus. The story of Jesus riding on two asses, or on an ass and the foal of an ass, in the triumphal procession to Jerusalem also shows that he was one with Iusa, the Egyptian Jesus. It has been suggested that the gospel narrative was derived from the Greek tradition of Dionysius riding on two asses. But it is of incomparably greater likelihood that it was derived from the Hebrew prophecy being converted into an historical event. Either way, there was one origin for both in the Egyptian mythical representation. As already shown, Iu, the ass in ancient Egypt, was a type of Atum-Ra, and his son Iusa in the Kamite mythos. It was a zootype of the swift-goer where there was no horse, and bearer of the solar god who was Atum in the two characters of the father and the son, the old one and the young one, or, in sign-language, the ass and the foal of the ass, upon which the messu or messiah rode, in coming up to day from Amenta. Iusa is portrayed with asses' ears. Iu is both the ass and the god under one name, and if not portrayed as riding on an ass, or, according to the märchen, on two asses, he is represented by the ass with the solar disc upon his head, at the sides of which are the two ears of an ass. According to Lefébure 'he seems to raise himself by means of a rope.'[69] Thus, and in no other way, the youthful sun-god rode upon the ass as Iusa or as 'Horus with the royal countenance,' considered as the son of Ra[70]. The twin-lions form another tell-tale type. Ciampini says two lions used to be stationed at the doors of ancient churches and basilicas in Italy, not as mere ornaments, but for some mystical signification[71]. As Egyptian, the type is as old [p.754] as the Kerefu, which were stationed in the sign of Leo at our point of beginning in the Jesus-legend where Iusa was born as Atum-Horus, the lion-faced, supported by the two lions on the ecliptic, which imaged the double force of the young sun-god coming in the strength and glory of the father, Atum-Ra, whether supported by the two lions or riding on the ass. Thus the two lions supposed to be guarding the doors of the church in Rome were at that time guarding the double-doors of the horizon, through which the solar god came forth at Easter in the equinox.

Naturally it was for mythical not for historical reasons that the child-Christ remained a starrily-bejewelled blackamoor as the typical healer in Rome. Jesus, the divine healer, does not retain the black complexion of Iu-em-hetep in the canonical gospels, but he does in the Church of Rome when represented by the little black bambino. A jewelled image of the Child-Christ as a blackamoor is sacredly preserved at the headquarters of the Franciscan order, and true to its typical character as a symbolical likeness of Iusa the healer, the little black figure is still taken out in state, with its regalia on, to visit the sick, and demonstrate the supposed healing power of this Egyptian Aesculapius thus Christianized. The virgin mother, who was also black, survived in Italy as in Egypt. At Oropa, near Bietta, the Madonna and her Child-Christ are not white but black[72], as they so often were in Italy of old, and as the child is yet conditioned in the little black Jesus of the eternal city. According to local tradition the image of the black bambino was carved at Jerusalem out of the root of a tree from the mount of Olives. This supplies another illustration of Egyptian origin. In the solar mythos the divine babe rises from the emerald tree of dawn. In the Ritual he issues from the asru-tree[73]. But under one Egyptian type the tree of dawn is the bakhu or olive-tree, the 'son of oil,' from which the solar light was born. Hence mount Bakhu, the solar birthplace, is the Mount of Olives, and the infant born from the tree of dawn was represented by the image carved out of the tree upon Mount Olivet. In this, as in unnumbered other instances, the mythos lives obscurely in the legend which is still capable of reconversion. The cult of the child who was black is further illustrated at the festivals of the bambino in Rome, when sermons are preached from the pulpit by 'the mouths of babes and sucklings.' There is a little black doll in the hieroglyphics which is a determinative of the word 'men,' to be concealed. This appears alongside of Atum as variant to the ankh-symbol of life, and is very suggestive of the little black bambino as a figure of Child-Horus in his darkness, or Iu-em-hetep in Amenta. From this standpoint it is possible to see how it came to pass that the Jew-God could have a son born to him with a black complexion, and thus account for the black Jesus that is worshipped in the cult of papal Rome. Surely the profoundest sigh of an ever-warring world went up to heaven in the cult of Iu-em-hetep, who was worshipped as the giver of rest, the Kamite prince of peace. The bringer of peace was the giver of rest to the weary; the word hetep having both meanings. From the time of the fifth dynasty the Egyptian dead were buried 'em-hetep' or 'In pace' in the great resting-place of Amenta. This giver of rest was the leader of his followers into the kingdom of rest, [p.755] where they reigned with him in the glory of the father. In one of the sayings of Jesus, or Iu-em-hetep, 'Jesus saith' of him who seeks, 'Astonished he (the seeker) shall reach the kingdom, and having reached the kingdom he shall rest.'[74] It is also said in the Gospel of the Hebrews, 'He that wonders shall reach the kingdom, and having reached the kingdom he shall rest.' 'The promise of Christ (or Jesus) is great and wonderful and rest in the kingdom to come and life eternal.'[75] And in the Acts of Thomas it is said that 'they who worthily partake of the goods of this world have rest, and in rest shall they reign.'[76]

Iu-em-hetep is portrayed as the youthful sage and precocious teacher. He is the 'heir of the temple,' depicted as the teacher in the temple; the boy of twelve years who wears the skull-cap of wisdom, and sits in the seat of learning. He holds a papyrus on his knee and is in the act of unrolling it for his discourse. This is he who personated the divine Word in human form as the wise and wondrous child of whom the tales of the infancy were told. Hence he was the mythical teacher, and reputed author of the 'sayings' and writer of the Books of Wisdom. But it cannot even be pretended that any historic personage named Jesus, alleged to have been born into the world in the year one, or four, of the present era, could have been the author of 'the wisdom of Jesus' in the Apocrypha. But there is the book, and there is the name to be accounted for. In the New Sayings of Jesus[77], found at Oxyrhynchus, it is said in the opening paragraph 'These are the words (or logoi) which Jesus the living spake to ... and Thomas, and he said unto (them) "Every one that hearkens to these words shall never taste of death."'[78] And this is a common formula in the rubrical directions of the Ritual. For example, the 64th chapter is to be recited in order that 'the soul of the person may not die a second time'[79] or may not suffer the second death. It is also said of chapter 20, 'Let the person say this chapter and he will come forth by day after death, and escape from the fire.' These are the words of life that deliver the soul from second death in Amenta. Of chapter 70 it is said, 'If this scripture is known upon earth he will come forth by day (from the dead) and walk among the living. His name will be uninjured for ever.' Chapter 130 is entitled 'a book by which the soul is made to live for ever.' By means of chapter 180 the manes takes the form of a living soul. In truth one half of the Ritual consists of the magical words of power that save a soul from the dreaded second death; the rest describe the way of salvation together with the transformations and trials which have to be undergone in the course of working it out. Iu-em-hetep was pre-eminently the divine healer, the medicine-man amongst the Egyptian gods. He was the good physician of souls as well as the healer of bodily disease. He was the caster-out of evil demons, the giver of sleep and rest to sufferers in pain. Aesculapius was a Greek version of Iu-em-hetep, 'the great son of Ptah.' The Greeks called his temple near the city of Memphis 'The Æsculapion.' 'Under the Ptolemies a small temple was built in honour of Iu-em-hetep on the island of Philae;' and a Greek version of the hieroglyphic [p.756] inscription was placed over the door by the command of Ptolemy V[80]. Iu-em-hetep is not mentioned by name in the Book of the Dead, but it is said to the deceased in 'the Ritual of Embalmment' 'thy soul uniteth itself to Iu-em-hetep, whilst thou art in the funeral valley,' where he takes the name of Horus as lord of the resurrection.

The cult of Iu-em-hetep was eclipsed or much obscured by the Osirian religion. In fact Iu-em-hetep was but a title of him who was the bringer of peace and good luck, and who was Atum-Horus as the son of Ptah; hence Iu-em-hetep is far better known as Horus the son of Osiris. Nevertheless, this cult of Iusa the child, the little hero sayer and healer, had a remarkable recrudescence and a considerable increase in Saitic and Greek times. We find that a temple was erected for his worship at Saqqara between the Serapeum and the village of Abusir. This is near enough in time to help in establishing a link between the Egyptian Iusa and the Jesus of the gospels, who was brought on from Memphis as Iu the sa or son of Ptah, to Annu as Iu the ever-coming sa or son of Atum-Ra thence to Alexandria as Iu-em-hetep, and to Greece as Imuthes, or Aesculapius, the god of healing there as he had been in Egypt, and to Rome as Jesus the Egypto-gnostic Christ.

In the transition from the old Egyptian religion to the new cult of Christianity there was no factor of profounder importance than the worship of Serapis. As the Emperor Hadrian relates, in his well-known letter to Servianus, 'those who worship Serapis are likewise Christians; even those who style themselves the Bishops of Christ are devoted to Serapis.'[81] The very patriarch himself, when he comes to Egypt, is forced by some to adore Serapis, by others to worship Christ[82]. 'There is but one God for them all.' Clearly this was but a difference in type and title. According to inscriptions at the Serapeum of Memphis, the ancient Egyptian Serapis was born of the Virgin Mother, when she was represented by the sacred heifera far earlier type than the mystical human Virgin. Serapis was 'the second life of Ptah.' Hence, as Diodorus says[83], Serapis was a name given to all persons after their death or in their resurrection.

Prehistoric Christianity was founded, as Egyptian, on the resurrection of the human soul from the deaf and dumb, the blind and impotent inertia imaged in death, and its coming forth to day as demonstrated by the reappearance of the eidolon or double of the dead. The Egypto-gnostic Christ only existed in the spirit as a spirit or a god. Their Christ was represented by the superhuman types of the risen mummy; the eight-rayed star of the pleroma; the divine hawk; the mystical dove; the sacred beetle; the lion, fish or lamb; not by the man in an individual form of historic personality. That is why there is no portrait of the man Christ-Jesus. There is no human portrait for the reason that there was no man.

 

THE JESUS-LEGEND IN ROME

Before it could be for the first time understood, the story outlined so elusively in the canonical gospels had to be retold in accordance [p.757] with the astronomical mythology, and more especially in terms of the Osirian eschatology. The legend was so ancient in Egypt that in the time of Amen-hetep, a pharaoh of the 18th dynasty, it was humanly applied to his child and to his consort Mut-em-Ua in the character of the divine woman, the mother who, like Neith, was ever-virgin. A passage and a picture from The Natural Genesis[84] may be repeated here. The story of the Annunciation, the miraculous conception (or incarnation), the birth and the adoration of the messianic infant had already been engraved in stone and represented in four consecutive scenes upon the innermost walls of the holy of holies (the meskhen) in the temple of Luxor (which was built by Amen-hetep III) about 1700 BC, or some seventeen centuries before the events depicted are commonly supposed to have taken place. In these scenes the maiden queen Mut-em-Ua, the mother of Amen-hetep, her future child, impersonates the virgin-mother, who conceived and brought forth without the fatherhood. The first scene on the left hand shows the god Taht, as divine word or logos, in the act of hailing the virgin queen and announcing to her that she is to give birth to the coming son. (That is, to bring forth the royal repa in the character of Horus or Aten, the divine heir.) In the second scene the ram-headed god Kneph, in conjunction with Hathor, gives life to her. This is the Holy Ghost or spirit that causes conception, Neph being the spirit by nature and by name. Impregnation and a conception are apparent in the virgin's fuller form. Next, the mother is seated on the midwife's stool, and the child is supported in the hands of one of the nurses. The fourth scene is that of the Adoration. Here the infant is enthroned, receiving homage from the gods and gifts from men. Behind the deity, who represents the holy spirit, on the right three men are kneeling offering gifts with the right hand, and life with the left. The child thus announced, incarnated, born and worshipped was the [p.758] pharaonic representative of the Aten-sun or child-Christ of the Aten-cult, the miraculous conception of the ever-virgin mother imaged by Mut-em-Ua. Thus the divine drama was represented humanly by the royal lady who personated the mother of God, with her child in this particular religion.

The annunciation, conception, birth, and adoration of the Child[85]
See enlargement

And here a dogma of 'historic personality' may be seen in the germ. Indeed, when the pharaoh first assumed the vesture of divinity and a doctrine of historic personality for the Messiah could be and was established, Ra was the representative of God the Father and the repa was a type of God the Son, as heir-apparent for the eternal. The father was the ever-living and the son the ever-coming one. These, in the cult of Annu, were Atum-Ra the father, and Iusa, the Egyptian Jesus, the coming son. The eternal existence of the father was thus demonstrated by the ever-coming of the son. These divine characters of the Ra and repa, so to say, had become historical in Usertsen I according to a record of the twelfth dynasty. In this the king says of his god, the double Har-makhu, 'I am a king of his own making, a monarch long-living, not by the Father. He exalted me as lord of both parts; as an infant not yet gone forth; as a youth not yet come from my mother's womb.'[86] This was in the character of the unbegotten Horus, the virgin's child, who had no father, and who as Har-makhu was earlier than God the Father, Ra. We learn from a still older document that the Son of God may be said to have become historical in Egypt early in the fifth dynasty; that is, as the Son of Ra. The earlier pharaohs were not the sons of Ra, they were Horus-kings. The 'Son of Ra' then gave historic personality to the god who was first imaged in the human form of Atum-Iu. Thenceforth the repa, or heir-apparent, was the representative of that ever-coming son who was the child of Iusaas in the cult of Annu, and who was, in fact, the Egyptian Jesus or Iusa, the coming son in historic personality as the royal representative of Ra.

Another version of the ancient legend that was at length converted into Christian history has recently been discovered in Egypt. This was written in demotic, but however late the copy, the internal evidence shows that it is an Egyptian folktale containing matter of the indefinitely more ancient mythos. That is the all-important point. The story is told of one Si-Osiris, the son of Khamuas, a famous high priest of Ptah at Memphis who was head of the hierarchy of his time, about 1250 BC. The Tale of Khamuas[87], so far as it goes, is a perfect parallel to the story of the marvellous child that is told in the gospels, canonical or apocryphal, which contain some portions of the mythos reduced to the status of the märchen. There was one origin for allthat is, Egyptian. The mythos is the parent of the märchen, and the unity of the märchen is traceable to the Egyptian mythology and eschatologythere, and nowhere else. It is the story that had been dramatized and narrated by the Egyptians during many thousand years in the cult of Ptah-Sekari at Memphis; of Aten and of Atum-Iu at Annu, and of Osiris in Egypt generally. Only minds completely crazed or fatally confused [p.759] by the current Christomania would suppose that the details of the story, which is as old at least as the cult of Ptah in Memphis, were derived from the 'historic' version that was canonized at last as Christian. The Ritual is a permanent reply to all such false assumptions. At least the Book of the Dead is not a forgery of post-Christian Gnostics. The folktale here is told of Si-Osiris, son of Setme-Khamuas, who was incarnated as the human representative of Horus the divine. It is said of Horus, son of Pa-neshe, 'he being in the shape of Si-Osiris made an effort of written magic against the man of Ethiopia.' Moreover, this Horus comes up from Amenta on purpose to contend against the black art of Hor, son of the negress, and in doing this assumes the shape of the human Si-Osiris. As the translator remarks, 'the end of the story shows that Si-Osiris is really Horus, son of Pa-neshe, who had obtained leave from Osiris to revisit the earth.'[88]

Setme-Khamuas, the son of Pharaoh Mer-ma-ra (King Rameses II), took to wife his sister Meh-wesekht, whom he loved devoutly, but they had no child, and their hearts were grieved because of it. The childless wife is spoken with one night, by superhuman visitants, in a dream. They tell her (or words are spoken to the effect) that she shall conceive and bear a child. Khamuas, her husband, is also informed in a dream that his consort, who is called his sister, just as Isis is the sister of Osiris, has conceived and will bear a son. 'The child that will be born, he (shall be named) Si-Osiris (Osiris' son) many are the marvels that he shall do in the land of Egypt.'[89] Meh-wesekht is told that she will find a melon-vine, which shall be to her for medicine, and she is to give of it to Khamuas. Then 'she lay down by her husband and she conceived seed of him.'[90]

In this account of conception the melon-plant, its gourd or its flower, takes the place of the papyrus, lotus or lily presented to Isis the virgin and to Mary. This is referred to after his birth by the child Si-Horus, who, in speaking of his coming forth, says, 'I grew as that melon-vine, with the intent of returning to the body again that I might be born into the world' for a purpose variously described in the different texts. In this he becomes incarnate to combat the power and influence of evil in the form of black magic[91]. Si-Osiris is really Horus, the son of Osiris in Amenta. This he leaves to visit earth and become the son of Meh-wesekht, the sister and consort of Khamuas. He says, 'I prayed before Osiris in Amenta to let me come forth to the world again. It was commanded before to let me forth into the world. I awoke; I flew right up, to find Setme, the son of Pharaoh, upon the Gebel of On and the Gebel of Memphis, the place of burial in the desert.' Si-Osiris, like Jesus in the 'history,' has the power of suddenly becoming invisible; as it is said, 'Si-Osiris passed away as a shade or spirit out from the land of Pharaoh and Setme, his father, nor did they see him.'[92] Like the young Jesus in the gospel[93], the child grew and waxed strong. The exact words are, 'The child grew big; he waxed strong; he was sent to the school. He rivalled the scribe that had been appointed to teach him.' 'The child, son [p.760] of Osiris, began to speak with the scribes of the House of Life (in the temple of Ptah); all who heard him were lost in wonder at him.'[94] 'Now when the royal Si-Osiris had attained the age of twelve years it came to pass that there was no good scribe (or learned man) that rivalled him in Memphis in reading or in writing that compels;' that is, in uttering the ur-hekau or mystical words of great magical power. As the translator remarks, it is curious to find that linguistically the tale is somewhat closely related to the new Egyptian of the twelfth century BC; that is, to the time of Khamuas, one of the chief characters, as the date of the original document.

But not only in Egypt was the divine hero, the Prince of Eternity, represented by the royal child born heir-apparent to the throne. It was the same in Rome. For instance, the birthday of Augustus Caesar was hailed in Rome as that of the messianic Prince of Peace. In a well-preserved Greek inscription of eighty-four lines, in which an ancient account is given of the introduction of the Julian calendar on the birthday of the Emperor Caesar Augustus, September 23rd, it is written:

'On this day [i.e., the birthday of Augustus] the world has been given a different aspect. It would have been doomed to destruction if great good fortune common to all men had not appeared in him who was born on this day. He judges aright who sees in this birthday the beginning of life and of all living powers for himself. Now at last the times are passed when man must regret that he has been born. From no other day does the individual and all humanity receive so much good as from this day, which has brought happiness to all. It is impossible to find words of thanksgiving sufficient for the great blessings which this day has brought. That Providence which presides over the destinies of all living creatures has fitted this man for the salvation of humanity with such gifts that he has been sent to us and to coming generations as a saviour. He will put an end to all strife and will restore all things gloriously. In his appearance, all the hopes of the ancestors have been fulfilled. He has not only surpassed all former benefactors of mankind, but it is impossible that a greater than he should ever come. The birthday of this god [i.e., Augustus] has brought out the good news of great joy based upon him. From his birth a new era must begin.'[95]

The Egyptian repa or the Roman Caesar was enacting on this earth, approximately, the character assigned to the son of God in the Egypto-gnostic mysteries. The world would have been doomed to destruction but for the rebirth in time of the messu or messiah, the repa or divine heir, who represented the eternal as the child, the ever-coming prince of peace, who is also imaged as the living link which connects and unites the past and future in the present, by means of him who became the representative of the deity on earth, whether in Egypt or in Rome, in India or Japan[96]. But the man whose coming changed the world, and saved it by renewal, was mythical, and his advent was aeonian from age to age, under whatsoever name. Thus, in Rome the Emperor Augustus personalized the coming prince of peace in an historical character.

The repetition of this as Christian legend in the gospels is no mere replica of 'heathen' sentiments, images, types, and phrases. It is a reproduction of the Egyptian astronomical mythology and eschatology in the disguise of a pretended history.

In Egypt the pharaoh and his son for ages had represented Ra and [p.761] the repa, the divine heir-apparent or the prince. As Egyptian the fatherhood and sonship of the one god were founded on the pharaoh and the heir-apparent, the Ra and repa, who constituted the king that never died. The son of God was born as manifestor for the eternal, and the ruler as pharaoh, emperor or king, was the earthly representative of the god with whose divinity the new historical ruler was invested as the anointed, the repa, the prince, the Caesar, the Mikado, the Cyrus, or the Christ. This birth of the eternal in time was astronomical. But it was humanized for the birthday of Amen-hetep in Egypt, for Alexander in Greece, and for Caesar Augustus in Rome before the era that was designated Christian. The virgin-mother in mythology, and there never was any other, is she who made her proclamation in the temple of Neith at Sais that she proceeded from herself and bore the child without her peplum being lifted by the male. The myth reflects the matriarchate from a time when the fatherhood was not yet individualized. The mother with child, the great or enceinte mother, is at the head of the Kamite pantheon as the mother of life and a figure of fecundity. This type of the mother and child retains its position in the Christian iconography when the child Jesus, like Kheper, is exhibited in the Virgin's womb surrounded by the seven spirits as doves[97]. The mother with her child in utero or in her arms was indefinitely earlier than the typical father and son whose worshippers were opposed to the more primitive representation of nature. Horus, at first, is the child of Isis only, with Seb as putative or foster-father, who was not the begetter.

Thus the mother might remain a virgin. Horus, the child, was an image of the god, made flesh in human guise. He is the mortal Horus, very imperfect, sometimes sightless, at others a cripple, but divine; the divine victim in a human shape, which was now the manifesting mask of the deity or superhuman power, instead of the totemic zootype. And naturally the divine child thus humanly featured involved the mother of the god in a human effigy. The child assigned to the earth-father Seb = Joseph is Horus up to twelve years of age, and then he passes from the mortal sphere.

A virgin mother in the ancient wisdom is she who was fecundated by her own child as bull of the mother in the moon, in the earth, or in other phenomena that were at first entirely nonhuman. But the doctrine survived when the divinized mother and her child were rendered anthropomorphically. Thus the gnostic Jesus in the Pistis Sophia says, 'I found Mary, who is called my mother, after the material body; I implanted in her the first power which I had received from the hands of Barbêlô, and I planted in her the power which I had received from the hands of the great, the good Sabaoth.'[98] That is in the character of the mythical child who fecundates his own mother. And here the overshadowing of Mary by 'the power of the Most High'[99] is suggestive of another overshadowing of the virgin who conceives. This is described in the Magic Papyrus[100] as a 'concealment' of the mother in the process of generation.

'On Horror's head horrors accumulate'[101] in manufacturing history from the mythos. Horus, the fatherless, was the fecundator of his own virgin mother, but neither as the human Horus nor the divine [p.762] Horus was it pretended that he was other than the typical figure in a mystery, or that the doctrine came the human way. Jesus in the same character, called the Mamzer רזממ by the Jews, is the same fatherless fecundator of the virgin mother when the two are Jew and Jewess. To the truly religious sense this is a most profane parody of the sacred Osirian drama. Thus the fragments of a great complex in dogma and doctrine were collected together in relation to the conception of the messianic child. First, the virgin mother was the insufflator of a soul. Secondly, there is a begettal in which the offspring fecundates the motherthis of course is in the mythical representation. Thirdly, according to Matthew[102], the divine child was either conceived or begotten of the Holy Ghost.

It is the type that tells so many secrets of the non-historical beginnings: and nothing has been bottomed, nothing could be fundamentally explained with the Egypto-gnostic wisdom still unknown. The dove that laid the egg is pre-eminent as a type in the conception and the birth of Jesus. At first the insufflating spirit of life, whether called holy or not, was female. This was demonstrated by the mother-nature. In the gospels the Holy Spirit as female suffices for the miraculous conception of the child-Jesus who is generated without a father. But Pistis Sophia witnesses that the gnostic Jesus proceeded from the father in the likeness of a dove. And that the mystery of all mysteries, the first and final mystery, was this of the dove, considered to be the bird of God the Father. By this means the Holy Spirit is portrayed as male, whereas according to the secret wisdom the dove had been a female type of spirit from the first. The gnosis was so ancient as Egyptian that the dove had been succeeded by the hawk as the bird of Ra, the Holy Spirit as male. The hawk was now the symbol of the father and the son, that is, of Ra and Horus. Whereas the dove as mother-bird was primary. The female nature of the mystic dove is also shown by its co-type the pigeon, still employed in modern slang as a survival of sign-language. Thus the earliest human soul was insufflated by the mother, and the mother divinized was represented by the dove, the bird of soul when soul was first attributed to female source. Lastly, the same bird was given to the Holy Spirit as God the Father, and as a type of the trinity consisting of Father, Son and Holy Spirit, with the mother veiled and hidden by the dove. It may be noted in passing that the dove was not necessarily a type of sensual desire although it became associated with Venus in Greece. There was nothing licentious in Hathor or Iusaas. The earliest Venus was a personification of the enceinte mother, not a goddess Lubricity provocative of lust, but in all simplicity and seriousness a type of tenderest maternity. The dove had been the bird of Hathor as the insufflator of a soul of breath. In this character it is portrayed with brooding wings extended on the bosom of the mummy as quickener of the spirit for a future life. On the tomb of Rameses IX[103] the dove appears in place of the hawk as a co-type of Horus at the prow of the solar boat. Also, in a statuette of the 19th dynasty there is a human-headed dove which takes the place of the hawk as a zootype of the soul. It is seen hovering over the bosom of a mummy. The divine Horus rises again in the form of a dove, as well as in the shape of a hawk. 'I am the [p.763] Dove: I am the Dove,' exclaims the risen spirit as he soars up from Amenta, where the egg of his future being was hatched by the divine incubator[104]. Here the bird of Hathor is also the bird of Ra, and thus the dove became the bird of the Holy Spirit, female in the mother, and male in the divine child Horus, and finally in the Father. In the Councils of Nice and Constantinople, the fathers condemned Xenora, who derided the imaging of the Holy Spirit by the dove. And to show how the type will persist, in The Catholic Layman there is a papal picture of the Christian godhead that was extant in that same year, as the trinity of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit. In this, God the Father and God the Son are represented as a man with two heads, one body and two arms. One of the heads is like the ordinary pictures of Jesus, or Serapis, the other is the head of an old man surmounted by a triangle. Out of the middle of this figure is proceeding the Holy Ghost in the form of a dove[105].

The dove, then, as an emblem of the Holy Spirit, also shows the gnostic nature of the beginnings in the gospels termed canonical. 'Now the birth of the Christ was on this wise. When his Mother Mary had been betrothed to Joseph, before they came together she was found with child of the Holy Ghost,' or, as rendered in sign-language, with the dove as emblem of the Holy Spirit. Hence, in the iconography, child-Jesus is represented in the Virgin's arms or womb, surrounded by the seven doves as symbols of the Holy Spirit[106].

We might say that the dove of Hathor-Iusaas came to Rome on board the papyrus-boat, in which the mother Isis crossed the swamps to save her little one from the pursuing dragon[107]. For the papyrus-boat is obviously the bark of Peter in the Roman catacombs[108]. Iusaas, the mother of Iusa = Iusu, the Egyptian Jesus, was a form of Hathor-Meri, and was brought on in the cult of Rome as Mary, the mystical dove and mother of Iusu, now believed to have become historical. A dovecote was the dwelling where she brought him forth in Rome. As Cyprien Robert says, 'The first basilicas, placed generally upon eminences, were called domus columbæ, dwellings of the dove, that is, the Holy Ghost.'[109]

Now Atum was the holy spirit in the eschatology of Annu; the first who ever did attain that status in theology. His consort was Iusaas, who, in the character of Hathor, was the female holy spirit, as the dove. Their child was Iusa, the Egyptian Jesus. This was he who says, on rising from Amenta as a spirit, 'I am the dove, I am the dove.'[110] Thus, the gnostic mystery of the dove is traceable to Atum as the holy spirit, and to Iusaas-Hathor as the mother of the coming son (Iusa), he who emanated from them as the dove. This mode of incarnation is followed by a second descent of the holy spirit in the baptism of Jesus. 'Lo, the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him; and lo, a voice out of the heavens saying, This is my beloved son in whom I am well pleased.'[111] Thus, the child that was conceived of the virgin in the first descent of the spirit is authenticated as son of the father at the time of the second [p.764] descent of the holy spirit as the dove. And this, as Egyptian, is the doctrine of the dual Horus, who was born of Isis, the virgin, and afterwards begotten in spirit as the beloved son of Ra, the holy spirit. Jesus when mothered by the virgin-dove, whether at On or Bethlehem, is Iusa the coming child of Hathor-Iusaas; and Jesus when authenticated by the bird from heaven is Iusa as the son of Atum-Ra, the holy spirit who is fathered by the dove. This fatherhood of Jesus in his baptism is vouched for by the writers of the canonical gospels. And in the Gospel According to the Hebrews, Jesus speaks of his 'Mother, the Holy Ghost.' He says, 'the Holy Spirit, my mother, took me and bore me away to the great mountain, called Thabor.'[112] Which can be understood as a saying of Iusa, the Egyptian Jesus.

Iusa of Annu went to Rome as Ichthon of Annu. Jesus went to Rome as Ichthus, the fish. The black Iusa went to Rome as the bambino. He went to Rome as the ass-headed Iu, and also is the dove as bird of resurrection in the catacombs. He is found there in the several characters of Horus, Serapis, Mithras, and under various types. But nowhere is the 'historic' personage discoverable, living or dead, in subterranean Rome.

According to the Osirian eschatology in the Ritual, Horus, the son of God, was with his father in heaven before he descended to our earth as the bringer of peace and goodwill (hetep) to men. In coming forth from heaven, he is said to reveal himself by disrobing himself to present himself to the earth. He issues forth as Horus, the son of Isis the child of the Virgin Mother, saying, 'I am Unbu.' That is, 'I am the Branch.' He also describes himself as the mortal Horus who was born blind and dumb in 'the abode of occultation,' En-arar-ef[113]. Jesus is born at Bethlehem, in the house of bread. Horus comes forth in Annu, the place of bread. The vesture of Horus is girt on him by Tait, the goddess of food. This answers to the swaddling clothes in which the child was wrapped when the mother laid him in a manger. Offerings are made to the child who is received by the worshippers with 'bendings of the head in Annu.'[114] The reason why the divine child should be born in a manger is not because there was lack of room in the inn, but because the child had been previously born as a lamb or a calf before the type was humanized, and when the crib, or manger, was the earliest cradle of the little one. The birth of the babe in a manger was anciently exhibited in Egypt, and the origin is traceable today. The mother can be identified with the cattle-shed and the manger. For instance, Hathor was the hat or hut; Nephthys is the house; Isis, the seat; the old first mother Apt was the crib; and Apt the crib is also the manger which was a type of the cattle-shed when her offspring was a calf. The Apt was the birthplace when this was the womb of Apt, the water-cow. The name was then applied to the manger, the crib, the hold of a vessel, and to the city of Apt, or Thebes, in Egypt, which is the city of the manger by name. The child born in a manger or Apt = crib is the wise way of showing a continuity of type which survived in Egypt down to Ptolemaic times. The child was incarnated to live and eat the bread of Seb = Joseph beneath the tree of Hathorone of whose names is Meri. In various legends, the child was brought forth beneath the tree, and in our ancient carols the tree, as a cherry-tree, [p.765] bows down for Mary to eat of its fruit at the command of the child, who is yet in the mother's womb. The oblations offered in Tattu and the adorations made in Annu are the same as in the story of the Magi, who bring their presents and bow down before the babe in Bethlehem. This rebirth is referred to in the tale of Sanehat: 'Thou shalt see thyself come to the blessed state, they shall give thee the bandages from the hand of Tait, the night of applying the oil of embalming;'[115] where the making of the karast-mummy is a type of the birth of the Christ or Anointed. Horus comes to record the words of God the father with his mouth; the same mouth that draws to it the spouse of Seb as wet-nurse for the child. Like Jesus in the Christology of John, he is the 'word made flesh;' and the spouse of Seb is the prototype of Mary, the spouse of Joseph, who is portrayed as the suckler of Jesus in the Christian version of the legend. At his coming there are cries of adoration in Suten-Khen, the royal birthplace, and of exultation in An-arar-ef, the city of the blind. The whole cycle of the gods is filled with satisfaction at seeing Horus inherit his throne to rule over the earth. There are bendings in Annu where the different generations of the Rekhet, the Pait, and the Hamemmat bow down before him. The evil Sut is filled with consternation at what has taken place. This reception of the child in Annu, the house of bread, as a celestial locality, is the prototype of the jubilation heard in Bethlehem. When 'suddenly there was with the angel a multitude of the heavenly host praising God.'[116] These are the acclamations uttered in Annu, on the divine babe making his appearance there[117], and being declared the heir of Seb, the god of earth, from whom he issued in the character of Iusa, the child of Iusas. At his advent Horus says the gods come to him with their acclamation, and the female deities with jubilation, when they see him. Horus, in the Litany of Ra[118], is called the son of Ra, proceeding from Tum. 'He has placed your offerings before you; he accords you the favour of receiving your portion as his father Ra commanded. He is his darling. He is his descendant upon the earth.' 'Show the way to his spirit. Show him his dwelling in the midst of the earth.' What we may term the human history of Horus is passed in the earth of Seb, his foster-father on earth, whose bread he eats, and in whose house he dwells with Isis, the virgin mother. There is neither date nor history of Horus between the age of twelve and thirty years. The Child-Horus quits the house of Seb and the virgin to reappear in the house of his father Osiris in the earth of eternity. This will explain why the youthful Jesus leaves his mother and his earthly father Joseph to be about his heavenly father's business when he is twelve years of age. Also, this fact in the mythical representation will account for there being no further mention of Joseph in the gospels after the journey to Jerusalem[119]. Seb ceases to be the foster-father and protector of Horus, who disappears from the earth of time (or Seb) to reappear in the earth of eternity.

The infant Horus was suckled by Isis in solitude. She is said to have nursed him in secret. No one knew the hiding-place, but it was somewhere in the marshes of Amenta, the lower Egypt of the mythos. As an earthly locality, the place where Isis hid herself to suckle her [p.766] child was identified in the marshes of the delta. This part of the programme is fulfilled in the gospel according to Matthew, and there only, by the flight into Egypt. So soon as the babe was born, 'an angel of the Lord appeared to Joseph in a dream, saying, Arise and take the young child and his mother, and flee into Egypt.' And the child was there until the death of Herod, 'that it might be fulfilled which was spoken by the Lord, through the prophet, saying, Out of Egypt did I call my son.'[120] The child of the mother had to be taken down into Egypt in order that the Son of God might be brought up out of it, and for the mythos to be fulfilled as biblical history.

At the birth of Horus the life of the young child was sought by the evil Sut. The mother was warned of the danger by Taht, the lunar god, called the great one. He says to her, 'Come, thou goddess Isis, hide thyself with thy child;' and he tells her it is well to be obedient. She is to take the child down into the marshes of lower Egypt, called Kheb, or Khebt. There, says Taht, 'these things will happen: his limbs will grow; he will wax entirely strong; he will attain the dignity of prince of the double earth, and sit (or rest) upon the throne of his father.' Then the child and mother make their way to the papyrus-swamps. It is said that the plants were so secret that no enemy could enter there. 'Sut could not penetrate this region, or go about in Kheb.' Nevertheless the child was bitten by the reptile, as the story is rendered in The Sorrows of Isis, the pre-Christian mater dolorosa[121]. 'Horus in Kheb' (Egypt) was a title of the divine child. Kheb was in the north of Egypt, and it was there that Horus passed his early days, and was reared in secret by his mother Isis. Horus lands upon the earth of Seb at eventide. He sits upon the seat of Ra, which is on the western horizon, and receives the offerings upon the altars. He says, 'I drink the sacred liquor each evening, in the form of the lord of all creatures.'[122] The descent of Horus, as a child, to earth was daily or yearly according to the mythos. Every night the sinking sun was received by the mother in the breeding-place, or meskhen, of the western mount, where she prepared him (or he her) for his new birth daily in the East. The point at which the god descends to earth at evening is well portrayed in the oblong zodiac of Denderahi. In this the Child-Horus is seated on the mount of the western equinox in the sign of the Scales. The sign of the Scales, Makhu, was once the sign of the autumn equinox, and at that point Child-Horus touches earth for his descent from heaven. In this sign the child is portrayed sitting on the mount in the disc of the full moon. As seen by night, the mount of earth, or the horizon, is the mount of the ecliptic, the meeting-point of earth and heaven. The full moon is the mother who is Virgo in the previous sign, and in the sign of the Scales she has brought forth the child.

In the Gospel of Pseudo-James[123] it is John, the child of Elizabeth, who is sought for by Herod. 'And Elizabeth groaned and said with a loud voice, Mount of God, receive a mother with her child. And suddenly the mountain was divided, and received them. And light shone through to them.' It is the same story of the mother and child when applied to the infant John instead of Jesus. [p.767] The opening of the mount is in the equinox, and it is there the pursued ones attain safety by entering the earth to escape from Apap, the devouring dragon. Seb is the Egyptian Joseph, as consort of Isis, the earth-mother and foster-father of the child; and at this point in the western equinox where Horus enters the earth or the earth-life, Seb, as god of earth, takes charge of the child and mother to convoy them on the way to the lower Egypt of Amenta.

Going down into Kheb, or lower Egypt, as rendered in the Ritual, is descending to the secret earth of Amenta, where the mother hid her infant in the marshes, when they were pursued by Sut, otherwise the crocodile. Now it is related in the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew[124], that when Joseph and Mary were on their way to Egypt with the child-Jesus they came to a certain cave, and 'Behold there suddenly came out of the cave many dragons, seeing which the youths cried out with excessive fear. Then Jesus descending from the mother's lap stood on his feet before the dragons, and they adored Jesus.' In this scene, Jesus saves his father and mother from the dragons, which obey him; and the dragons we may consider to be crocodiles in accordance with Hebrew use and wont. In the Ritual, there is a chapter on repulsing the crocodiles in which Horus saves his father from the four crocodiles (these are eight in the Turin text of the Ritual). 'I am the one,' he says, 'who saves the great one from the four crocodiles. I am the one who delivers his father from them.' 'I am the one who cannot be overthrown by the principles and powers of evil,'[125] or, as it is otherwise rendered by Renouf: 'O son who conversest with thy father, do thou protect this great one from these four crocodiles. I know them by their names and their way of living, and it is I who protect his own father from them.' He orders the crocodiles to go back, one by one, to their quarters, and they obey him with docility. Ra has given him possession of lower Egypt, in which the living are destroyed, and the crocodiles or dragons of the waters do not triumph over him[126]. Coming, as Horus, to make ready the horizon, he repulses the crocodiles of darkness[127]. The dragons of a 'certain cave' that is found upon the way to Egypt are an Egypto-gnostic version of the crocodiles of Amenta in the Ritual. Thus, the animals in attendance on the child-Jesus in the apocryphal gospels are witnesses for the Child-Horus. Horus, as the youthful sun-god on the horizon, is accompanied by the two lions, Shu and Tefnut. He is attended by the two lions. He is lighted in their recesses by the two lions[128]. The power of two lions is represented by the headdress of Horus. He is strengthened by the double force of the two lions. He arrives each day in the dwelling of the two lions[129], with the two lions who are his protectors. It is also said of the Osiris, 'He is furnished with two lions.'[130]

The lions are likewise in attendance upon Jesus in the Gospels of the Infancy. The lions adored him, and kept him company in the desert. They walked along with the child; bowed their heads before him, and showed subjection by wagging their tails[131].

The 'apocryphal' gospels are not a mere collection of 'foolish traditions' or fables forged or invented to supply an account of that [p.768] period in 'our Lord's' history, respecting which the accepted gospels are almost silent. They are disjecta membra of the original matter; the mythos reduced to the state of märchen; the story of the miraculous child told as a folktale which was at last repeated as a history in the gospels with matter like the above omitted because it was too naturally incredible, and could not be utilized by the most desperate expedient of miracle.

When, or where, the mythos was no longer interpreted astronomically, from lapse of the necessary knowledge, the folktales and legendary lore began to take the place of the ancient wisdom that was scientifically verifiable. Celestial localities were made geographical. The descent of the little sun in the lower hemisphere is described as the journey of the Child-Horus into lower Egypt, accompanied by the Virgin Mother and Seb, or Joseph, the earthly father. It is observable that in an Egyptian planispherei, according to Kircher, the god Seb is figured, on a large scale, in the decans of Scorpio, with the symbolic goose of earth upon his head[132]. This, at one time, marked the western equinox; the point at which the earth of Seb, or the mountain, opened to protect the mother and child, when they sought refuge from the dragon, the scorpion, or serpent that stung the infant on the way to Egypt in the nether earth, and where 'earth helped the woman'[133] in her flight.

The origin of the 'Holy Family' can be traced to this initial point of the journey down to Egypt. The moon at full was the mother with the child who rode upon the ass attended by the old man Seb. This was the 'woman clothed with the sun and the moon under her feet, and upon her head a crown of twelve stars,' who was persecuted by the crocodile of darkness. At the autumn equinox the Apap-reptile reared its loathly form from out the abyss to pursue the mother and destroy her Babe. But the earth opened and helped the woman, or Seb protected her as foster-father to the child of light.

According to the astronomical mythos, the pool of Putrata, or lake of darkness, lay upon the western side of the mount. This was the habitat and lair of the dragon, 'eternal devourer is its name.'[134] Here the reptile lurks and watches the 'bight of Amenta' for its prey. With wide-open jaws of the crocodile it swallows the sinking stars (in the mythos), and the souls that fall into darkness (in the eschatology). Above all, the dragon of darkness lies in wait for the virgin mother and her forthcoming child, who is the saviour of vegetation and preserver of the light. The journey into Egypt can be followed a little further in the Gospels of the Infancy. The Arabic Gospel says the mother and child remained three years in Egypt, and the Lord Jesus wrought very many miracles in Egypt, which are not found written either in the Gospel of the Infancy or in the perfect gospel[135]. The Child-Jesus in Egypt is the Child-Horus in Egypt, and the traditions of Horus have been assigned to an 'historic' Jesus. 'These,' as Wiedeman puts the cart before the horse, 'have affected a series of Coptic texts which, in making use of the well-known apocryphal account of Christ's journey through Egypt as a child, describe the triumphal march of the Saviour along the valley of the Nile, and relate how he drove his foes from place to place, [p.769] destroying them as he went.'[136]

According to the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew, the Holy family, fleeing from the murderer Herod, came into the borders of Hermopolis and 'entered into a certain city of Egypt which is called Sotinen.'[137] Nothing has been made of this statement geographically.

But Sotinen evidently represents the Sutenhen (earlier Suten-Khen) of the Book of the Dead[138]. This is a celestial locality of great importance to the legend of Horus in Kheb. In 'the childhood of Jesus, according to Thomas,' one year is thus accounted for. 'Now when they had come into Egypt they found a lodging in the house of a certain widow, and they lodged one year in the same place.'[139] It may be remembered that in one of her characters Isis is the widow of the dead Osiris. In a small papyrus now at the Louvre there is an incantation against the evil serpent that stung the infant, in which the goddess Isis is the speaker. She says, 'I am Isis the widow, broken with sorrow.'[140] Isis is the original widow who has an only son, and it is she who seeks the lost Osiris, and brings him to rebirth as Horus, her child, in the house of the widow. In the Kamite version of the journey into Egypt the Herrut-reptile takes the place of Herod, and the Child-Horus is bitten by the serpent, though not stung to death. This event occurred when Isis was about to go down into Egypt for the safety of her child. M. Revillout (in 1881) described a demotic papyrus at Leyden[141], which gives an account of the attack made on Horus by the serpent. This text corroborates the statement of Plutarch and Aristides[142] that the scene of the serpent's attack was in Syria. It occurred when Isis was about to go down into Egypt, for Horus, the divine heir, to take possession of his father's kingdom. When Isis and the child were setting out, Horus began to weep and cry because the serpent had stung him[143]. Isis protects her child and heals his wound. This is the journey of the virgin mother from Syria down into Egypt, as represented in the mythos. The massacre of the innocents is a common legend. In the Jewish traditions there is a massacre of the little ones at the time of Moses' birth, in which the pharaoh plays the part of the monster Herod. So universal was this murder that no distinction was made between the children of the Egyptians and the Jews. On the day that Moses was born the astrologers told Pharaoh they had seen in the stars that the deliverer of the Jews had been born that day, but they could not tell whether his parents were Egyptian or Jewish. Therefore Pharaoh kills not only all the Jewish boys born that day, but also all the Egyptians[144]. It is the old, old story of the child that was born to be king in defiance of all obstacles.

The origin of the innocents that were massacred by the monster Herod can be traced in accordance with the ancient wisdom. A primitive soul of life was derived from the elements; the soul of Shu from wind or air; the soul of Seb from the earth; the soul of Horus, son of Ra, from the sun, which became the supreme source of the [p.770] elemental souls that preceded a human soul. When the solar-force was looked upon as the highest soul of life in nature, the souls of future beings were considered to be emanations from the sun as a source of life in external nature that was superhuman. This gave rise to the class of beings known as the Hamemmat, which originated as germs of soul that issued from the sun. They are described as circling round the solar orb in glory. The word hamemmat signifies that which is unembodied or not yet incorporated. We might say the hamemmat were pre-existing souls when souls were derived from the elemental forces in the germ, and the highest of these was solar. They are the germ-souls of future beings which originate as children of the sun portrayed in a human form. As offspring of the sun, they are called the children of Horus, who, as the Child-Horus, is one with them; and if they can be destroyed in the germ, or, as the Ritual has it, in the egg, the devourer of souls may succeed in slaying the divine heir himself, who is destined to bruise the serpent's head and win the victory over all the powers of evil as the lord of light and link of continuity in life. Being at enmity with the sun, the reptile of darkness seeks to devour the newborn child of light. For that purpose he lies in wait till the woman clothed with the sun shall bring forth. He seeks the life of the young Child-Horus, and other lives are involved in taking this. For Horus is we head of the solar race, the hamemmat or future beings that issue from the eye of the sun. These future souls are called the 'issue of Horus.' They are the innocents of the legend that are supposed to suffer, whereas the child of light, the divine offspring of the solar god, is sure to escape from the coils of the monster who has been rendered anthropomorphically as the ruling tyrantthe monster Herod in a mortal guise. Thus, if any little children were murdered by the Apap-monster, the dragon of darkness, these would be the offspring and issue of the solar disk in the domain of physical phenomenalittle ones that were neither human nor spiritual beings, but the seed or germs of souls about to be. The parallel to the slaughter of the innocents can be traced in what is termed 'the slaughter which is wrought in Suten-Khen;' that is, in the khen or birthplace where the young Child-Horus was reborn as the royal Horus. Each one of the manes or the 'younglings of Shu' had to pass through this place of rebirth where the Herrut-reptile lay in wait. Chapter 42 is the one 'by which one hinderers the slaughter which is wrought in Suten-Khen.' Here the manes speaks in the character of Horus the babe. 'I am the babe' is said four times. As human manes, he is one of those who may be destroyed, but is safe so far as he has become assimilated to Horus. He tells the reptile, the herrut = Herod, that he is not to be seized or grasped by him, and that neither men nor gods, neither the glorified nor the damned can inflict any injury on him who is Horus the divine child, born and bound to fulfil his course as the ever-coming One, who 'steppeth onward through eternity.'[145] Sotinen, 'a certain city on the borders of Hermopolis,' is the dreaded place in Amenta, where the slaughter of the innocents was periodically wrought. The would be destroyer of the child is addressed in one of his reptile-forms, 'O serpent Abur!' (the name rendered 'great thirst' is [p.771] equivalent to that of the dragon of drought), thou sayest this day 'the block of execution is furnished[146], and thou art come to contaminate the Mighty One.' In another chapter Horus exults that in making his descent to the earth of Seb for putting a stop to evil his nest is safe. 'Not to be seen is my nest. Not to be broken is my egg. I have made my nest on the confines of Heaven.'[147] He rejoices on account of his escape from the slaughter of the innocents which followed his descent into the earth of Seb. Thus in the Osirian mythos the child-Horus was with the widow in Suten-Khen, and in the Gospel of the Infancy it is the child-Jesus with the widow in Sotinen.

 

THE EGYPTO-GNOSTIC JESUS

On one line of its descent the Jesus-legend was brought on to Rome from Egypt by the mystery-teachers whom we term Egypto-gnostics, and whose Jesus was no 'word-made-flesh' in one historic form of personality, either at Nazareth or at Bethlehem, but was absolutely non-historical. One of the most important of all the written gnostic remains is the Pistis Sophia. And whether we look on this as the work of Valentinus or another[148], it continues the Jesus-legend from the Egyptian source, and constitutes a further link between the genuine mythos and the spurious history.

These books of Ieou are the books of Jesus, like the Wisdom of Jesus in the Apocrypha and the lately discovered Sayings of Jesus[149], that is, when the only real Jesus has been discovered in Iusa the son of Iusaas, he whose Jewish name is Ieou, Iao or Iah, as derivatives from Iu, in Egyptian. The two books of Ieou are said to contain the mysteries, the first being the lesser, the second the greater mysteries, as the Pistis Sophia carefully explains. Here we reach the Egyptian rootage of the Jewish Ieou, whom the Pistis Sophia calls 'Ieou the first man, the legate of the first order.'[150] Now as Atum was the first man, the created man, who under one of his names was Iu, the Egyptian Jesus, this also tends to identify the Egypto-gnostic Ieou with Iu-em-hetep, the author of the Sayings and the books of wisdom which included these books of Ieou. One of the two books had the general title of The Book of the Great Logos, according to the mystery, an equivalent for the Logoi or Sayings of Jesus, which were Christianized as the Logia Kuriaka or Sayings of the Lord[151], and on which the canonical gospels were eventually founded.

Pistis Sophia, like the Ritual, is mainly post-resurrectional, with the briefest allusion to the earth-life. It begins with the afterlife in which Jesus has risen from the dead, like Amsu the good shepherd. It opens with the resurrection on the Mount of Glory, the same as the Ritual. The localities, like those in the Egyptian book, are not of this world. They are in the earth of eternity, not in the earth of time. Pistis Sophia begins where the gospel story comes to an end. Jesus rises in the Mount of Olives, but not on the mount [p.772] that was localized to the east of Jerusalem. The Mount of Olives, as Egyptian, was the mountain of Amenta. It is termed Mount Bakhu, the Mount of the Olive-tree, when the green dawn was represented by this tree instead of by the sycamore. Mount Bakhu, the Mount of the Olive-tree, was the way of ascent to the risen saviour as he issued forth from Amenta to the land of spirits in heaven[152]. So when the Egypto-gnostic Jesus takes his seat upon the Mount of Olives or the Olive-tree, he is said to have 'ascended into the heavens.'[153] Jesus 'descended into hell,' according to the Christian creed. This forms no part of the gospel-legend, but we find it in the Book of the Dead; also in Pistis Sophia. Hell or Hades in Greek is the Amenta, as Egyptian. Horus descends into Amenta, or rather rises there from the tomb, as the teacher of the mysteries concerning the father, who is Ra the father in spirit and in truth. This descent into the underworld is spoken of by Horus in the Ritual[154]. He goes to visit the spirits in prison or in their cells and sepulchres. Those 'who are in their cells,' the manes, 'accompany him as his guides.' His object in making this descent is to utter the words of the father in heaven to the breathless ones, or the spirits in prison. The passage shows the speaker as the divine teacher in two characters on earth and in Amenta. Speaking of Ra, his father in the spirit, Horus says, 'I utter his words to the men of the present generation,' or to the living. He also utters them to those who have been deprived of breath, or the dead in Amenta. So in the Pistis Sophia the gnostic Jesus passes into Amenta as the teacher of the greater mysteries. As it is said of his teaching in this spirit-world, 'Jesus spake these words unto his disciples in the midst of Amenta.'[155] Moreover, a special title is assigned to Jesus in Amenta. He is called Aber-Amentho. 'Jesus, that is to say Aber-Amentho,' is a formula several times repeated in Pistis Sophia[156].

According to the Ritual, a glorious 'vesture' is put on in the place where the human soul becomes eternized or is made immortal. This is represented in the mystery of Tattu, where the body-soul in matter (Osiris) is blended with the holy spirit Ra; the female with the male (Tefnut with Shu), or Horus the child of twelve years with Horus the adult of thirty years. The transaction occurs on the day that was termed 'Come thou to me.'[157] This call is reproduced in the Pistis Sophia as 'Come unto us'[158] on the day of investiture, when Jesus puts on the divine vesture in his character of Aber-Amentho, or Lord over Amenta, a title which identifies the Egypto-gnostic Jesus with Horus in Amenta. The call is made to him by the attendant spirits, 'Come unto us, who are thy fellow-members;' 'Come unto us, for we all stand near to clothe thee with the first mystery (that of the father) in all his glory;' 'Come there­fore quickly, that thou mayst receive the full glory, the glory of the first mystery,' the mystery of God the father[159].

The Pistis Sophia is a book of those Egypto-gnostics with whom the Father-God is Ieou = Ihuh, and God the son is Iao = Iah[160]. It contains an Egypto-gnostic version of the mysteries, astronomical and eschatological. [p.773] Relics of the ancient wisdom have been piously preserved in this, the most important of all the gnostic remains, i.e., for the purpose of establishing a link between the Egyptian origins and the canonical gospels, and for showing how the 'history' was concocted. The Jesus who is teacher of the twelve in Pistis Sophia is the Egypto-gnostic Jesus who had been from of old the ever-coming son of the eternal father, whom we trace by nature and by name as far back as the time of Ptah in Memphis. This is the Jesus, or the Horus, of the Egyptian mysteries, and not of any Judean biography. In the religion of Atum-Ra the names of Horus and of Iu or Jesus were employed to denote the same character, and both names were continued for the one type by the Egypto-gnostics. The gnostic Jesus is the son of God who had been with the father from eternity. Hence it is he alone who knows the father and is able to expound the mystery of his nature to the twelve. This is the first, great and only ineffable mystery, which is before all others and embraces all the rest. Jesus proceeding from the father as a spirit, divine in origin, impersonates the soul that became incarnate in the human form. The great primordial and ineffable mystery, from which the others radiate, and in which the total twenty four revolve as the central source of an eternal evolution and involution, is the mystery of God the father becoming God the son. God the father is the holy spirit represented by a bird. This bird in the Egyptian symbolism was the hawk, or dove. In the gnostic version it is the dove. One chief difference between the two birds is in the dove being a type of the mother and child, whereas the hawk was the bird of the father, Ra, and the son; the holy Spirit, and Horus the son of the father. In the Pistis Sophia the son proceeds from the father in the likeness of the dove where Horus proceeded from the hawk-headed Ra in the likeness of a hawk. Under whichever type the duality of the father and son was indicated by one bird as symbol of the God in spirit, who was over all the powers which had been (elemental or astronomical) rulers in the realms of matter from the beginning.

The gnostic Jesus utters the Sayings or Logia Kuriaka on the mount, and is also the revealer of the greater mysteries of Amenta. According to the Pistis Sophia, when Jesus expounded the greater mysteries to the twelve it is said 'Jesus spake these words to his disciples in Amenta.'[161] He had previously taught the lesser mysteries to the twelve disciples in the life on earth. It is the same with Jesus as with Horus in Amenta. When Horus passes from the life on earth he rises from the tomb wearing the double feather and wielding the whip as his sign of sovereignty. He is Amsu-Horus, Lord of Amenta. This is the title of the gnostic Jesus, who is designated 'Jesus, that is to say Aber-Amentho'which we take to be Jewish-gnostic for Jesus, the mighty or great one, who in his resurrection is the Lord or Master over Amenta[162]. And Jesus 'Aber-Amentho' is an Egypto-gnostic equivalent for Osiris 'Khent Amenta.'

The mysteries of Amenta, as in the Book of Revelation, are more or less repeated in the mysteries of Pistis Sophia which contains sufficient data to identity a gnostic version with the Kamite original. [p.774] There are twelve divisions in Amenta corresponding to the twelve hours of darkness. Twelve gates or doors successively enclose twelve sections of space, and the doors are guarded by twelve serpents, one serpent 'to each door.' These twelve divisions of the nether regions are repeated in Pistis Sophia as twelve dungeons of infernal torment. The surrounding gloom is represented by the Apap-dragon of darkness. As it is said, 'the outer darkness is a huge dragon with its tail in its mouth.'[163] There are twelve rulers or guardians to the twelve dungeons who take the place of the Egyptian twelve serpents[164]. They have the faces of serpents, dragons, basilisks, crocodiles, cats, vultures, bears and other beasts; for, as it is said of the rulers of 'these twelve dungeons which are inside the dragon of outer darkness,' 'each hath a name for every hour, and each one of them changeth its face every hour.'[165] A dog-faced demon, called the eternal devourer, who lives upon the damned, is described in the Ritual[166]. The deceased prays to the great Osiris, 'Deliver me from that God who liveth upon the damned, whose face is that of a hound, but whose skin is that of a man, at the angle of the pool of fire.' This 'dog-faced one' and his rivers of fire reappear in the Pistis Sophía. Certain sins are to be renounced in order that the manes may escape from 'the judgment of that dog-faced one' and from the 'judgments of Amenta,' 'from the fires of Amenta,' and 'from the torments which are in Amenta.'[167] Knowing the magical names in Amenta has the same power, according to the Pistis Sophia, as with the Book of the Dead. For instance, the dragon of outer darkness has twelve names written on the doors of its dungeons, and, as it is said, whosoever shall understand the mystery of one of the names, if he is abandoned in the outer darkness and he pronounces the name of the dragon, he shall be saved and receive the treasure of light[168]. To know the name was to obtain possession of the magical word of power which meant salvation.

In the Egyptian hall of judgment there are forty-two assessors, and the deceased has to plead in their presence that he has not broken any of the forty-two commandments[169]. A version of these is retained in the Pistis Sophia in the shape of forty-four renunciations, two having been added to the Egyptian forty-two. By renouncing these forty-four sins the deceased is saved from the dog-faced devourer of souls, from the dragon of outer darkness, from Ialdabaoth = Sut, prince of the powers of darkness, and from the torments of the twelve dungeons of the outer darkness, all of which are Egyptian. The lesser mysteries were astronomical; the greater mysteries are spiritual. The astronomical nature of the 'lesser mysteries' is convincingly shown in the Pistis Sophia; also the astronomical origin of the twelve who were taught those mysteries by the Egypto-gnostic Jesus sitting on the mount. The mystery of the five supporters, the mystery of the seven amens or seven voices (in the heptanomis), the mystery of the nine guardians of the three gates of the treasures of light (= the put-circle of the nine gods who were in three threes), the mystery of the great forefather, the mystery of the triple powers or of the trinity, and lastly the mystery of the twelve saviours who preserve the treasure of light [p.775] in heaven and on earth, are all identifiable as primary types in the astronomical mythology of Egypt.

The teacher of the mysteries is an Egyptian type. He was the Her-Seshta. Brugsch enumerates seven classes of such teachers: (1) the mystery-teachers of heaven; (2) the mystery-teachers of all the lands, which were first of all celestial; (3) the mystery-teachers of the depth (Amenta); (4) the mystery-teachers of the secret word (5) the mystery-teachers of the sacred language; (6) the mystery-teachers of pharaoh; (7) the mystery-teachers who examine words[170]. The divine child manifests to men as expounder of the mysteries or revealer of the hidden wisdom of which he is the word, the sayer, or the teacher. The teacher of the lesser mysteries was Child-Horus or Iusa, the youth of twelve years. These were the mysteries of matter and of mythology revealed by the child of the mother at his first advent. The teacher of the greater mysteries was Horus the adult, who expounded the nature of the fatherhood, the begettal or duplication of the divine soul, and all the other mysteries of the resurrection in and from Amenta, as the son of God the father in heaven. But the Egypto-gnostic Jesus is the fulfiller of both the first and the second advent; the first as the child of twelve years, the second as the Horus of thirty years; the first in the life on earth, the second in Amenta; the first as solar in the astronomical mythology, the second as spiritual in the eschatology; the first as the utterer of parables, the second as the expounder of the greater mysteries.

In vain do we try to make out the doctrinal mysteries of the eschatology, whether it is called Egyptian, Hebrew, Coptic, Gnostic, or Christian, until we have mastered the mythology. Without this foundation there is no foothold. Neither is there any help in an exoteric version of the esoteric wisdom. The group of powers was seven or eight, nine or ten, before it included the twelve. And the character is the same in the mythos when the group is twelve as when it was ten or nines eight or seven or fourthat is, it was astronomical.

Pistis Sophia commences formally after the manner of an historic document, whilst being, from beginning to end, entirely non-historical. It opens with a date that is astronomical, and also with what the Ritual terms 'the manifestation to light' at the time of full moonthat is, when the eye was full or the circle complete in Annu, where the divine heir was born. 'It came to pass, when Jesus had risen from the dead in the first advent, that he passed eleven (should be twelve) years speaking with his disciples and instructing them up to the regions of the first statutes only and up to the regions of the first mystery'[171]the mystery within the veilthe veil that was rent in death, which is before all mysteries, because it is the mystery of the One Eternal God and the son who issues from the father in the likeness of a dove, just as Horus issued from the father in the likeness of the hawk or dove, or the canonical Christ as the dove. 'It came to pass, therefore, that the disciples were sitting together on the Mount of Olives, speaking of these things, rejoicing with great joy, and being exceedingly glad, and saying one to another, "Blessed are we before all men who are on earth, for the Saviour hath revealed this unto us, and we have received all fullness and all perfection"'[172][p.776] as these were received upon Mount Bakhu, the Mount of the Olive-tree, in the ascent of Horus from Amenta. 'And while they were saying these things the one to the other Jesus sat a little apart from them.' 'It came to pass, therefore, on the fifteenth day of the month, Tybi (or Tobe), the day of the full moon, on that day when the sun had risen in its going, that there came forth a great stream of light shining exceedingly. It came forth from the light of lights. And this stream of light poured over Jesus and surrounded him. He was seated apart from his disciples and was shining exceedingly. But the disciples saw not Jesus because of the great light in which he sat, for their eyes were blinded by the great light' on this, the Egypto-gnostic mount of the transfiguration[173]. (By-the-bye, the fifteenth of the month Tybi in the esoteric gospel sounds somewhat suggestive of 'the fifteenth year of the reign of Tiberius' in the exoteric gospel according to Luke[174].) 'And Jesus said to his disciples, I am come from that first mystery which is also the last mystery'[175] of the twenty four mysteries which he had now come to expound, because 'his disciples did not know that mystery.'

In the Egyptian Tale of Khamuas[176], Si-Osiris, i.e., Horus the son of Osiris, comes forth from Amenta to spend twelve years on the earth. This has an important bearing on the statement in the first part of Pistis Sophia. The time spent by Horus the elder in the great hall of Seb, or on earth, in mortal form, was twelve years in the original mythos, this being the Egyptian limit of child-life. It is twelve years in the Tale of Khamuas[177]. But in the Pistis Sophia the time is given as eleven years[178], which has the vagueness of the märchen. This tends to show the origin of the tradition reported by Irenaeus, that the ministry and teaching of Jesus extended over a vague period of ten or more years, and that the Lord lived on to be an old man, the old man being a literalized version of the old child, Har-Ur, the elder Horus[179]. During those twelve years he was the child of the mother only, as in the Gospels of the Infancy. He is her word or logos, and the teacher of those lesser mysteries that led up to the one great ineffable mystery which was now held to be the source of all the rest.

We hear little of the wonderful child as divine teacher in the canonical gospels, but some of the excluded matter appears in the apocryphal gospels. In the canonical gospels the Child-Jesus is the teacher at twelve years of age. This corresponds to Horus as wearer of the lock, and to Iu-em-hetep, the youthful sage, each of whom had been portrayed as the typical teacher twelve years old. It was during those years that the Child-Horus or Child-Jesus taught. Something of this may be read in the so-called 'apocryphal gospels,' ignorantly supposed to contain the lying inventions concocted by the gnostic heretics to discredit and destroy a veritable human history. There is a very naive confession in the Arabic Gospel that, during the first three years of the infancy, the Child-Jesus 'wrought very many miracles in Egypt which are not found written either in the Gospel of the Infancy or in the Perfect Gospel.'[180] Such stories had been told for ages of the Child-Horus, who was a miracle-worker in and from the womb; and also of the [p.777] child as Iusa, son of Atum-Ra, and earlier still of Iu-em-hetep, the son of Ptah. The miracles were a mode of demonstrating the divinity of the ever-coming little one, Iu-Su. At three years of age he performs the miracle of making a dead fish live[181]. At five years of age he takes clay and models twelve sparrows, which he commanded to fly, whereupon they lived and flew aloft[182]. Horus or Jesus, Egyptian, Jewish, or Gnostic, the little hero of the mythos, is one and the same divine son of the Virgin in mortal guise.

Horus, at his coming-forth from Amenta, as the word or teacher, says: 'I make my appearance on the seat of Ra, and I sit upon my seat which is upon the horizon.'[183] The horizon and the mount are identical in Egyptian, and this seat of Ra, the father in heaven, assumed by Horus in his ascent from Amenta, is the mount of earth according to the solar mythosthat is, the mount of sunrise, which is Mount Bakhu in Egyptian, the Mount of the Olive-tree, the prototypal Mount of Olives. In the Pistis Sophia Jesus takes his seat upon the Mount of Olives as the divine teacher, word or logos, who utters the sayings to his disciples[184]. This is the advent of Jesus which is dated the fifteenth day of the Egyptian month Tybi, the day of full moon, by which the resurrection or new birth was always reckoned. This month in the Alexandrian year (25 BC) began December 27th, which is near enough as a date for the nativity at Christmas, when measured in the circle of precession. The 'coming-forth to day' is illustrated by the great flood of light that emanated from the light of lights and 'enveloped him entirely.' 'The multitude of the heavenly host praising God'[185] is described. 'And all the angels with their archangels, and all the powers of the height, all sang from the interior of the interiors, so that the whole world heard their voice.' 'But the disciples sat together and were in the greatest possible distress.'[186] In the Ritual when Horus stands or is seated (on the Mount of the Olive-tree) 'in the (human) form of that god who is raised aloft upon his pedestal' or his papyrus, it is said 'the gods come to him with acclamation, and the female deities with jubilation.' 'They rejoice at his beautiful coming-forth from the womb of Nut,' or, as it might be rendered, the womb of Meri, for Meri = Mary is another name for Nut the mother-heaven[187].

The gnostic Jesus, on emerging from Amenta, takes his seat as teacher of the twelve disciples on the Mount of Olives. The way up from Amenta for the sun-god in the solar mythos was on the eastern side of the four-faced mount of earth which on that side was known as Bakhu, the Mount of the Olive-tree. The way of ascent, worked out in the mythos, served for the manes in the eschatology. Thus Jesus in the ancient character of sun-god, or as the divine child who taught, or who was the word in mortal guise, attains the landing-stage upon the Mount of Olives or the olive-tree of dawn, when he issues in or from Amenta, like Horus in the tamarisk, as Jesus of the resurrection. The divine child is not merely born in human guise, but also as the youthful solar god. Hence in the beginning of the narrative the disciples are sitting round him on the Mount of Olives [p.778] with Jesus shining like the sun in glory[188]. The scene had been already set in the astronomical mythos. He images the sun-god on the mount; the twelve are round him in the zodiac. And, as it is noted, although Jesus is in their midst, he is 'a little apart from his disciples.'

Thus Pistis Sophia shows the physical foundation of the mysteries. Astronomical science was taught as matter of the mysteries, but the science being physical these were classified as the lesser mysteries, whereas the greater mysteries were eschatological. The twelve on earth, or in matter, were the companions of elder Horus, the son of Isis, the suffering saviour. The twelve in Amenta are the associates of Horus, the triumphant saviour, the beloved only-begotten son of God the father. The twelve with Horus or Jesus risen from Amenta are freed from the environment, the darkness, the stains of matter, as pure spirits to be wholly perfected. They have attained the beatific vision, as the children of light. They have passed through death and the purgation of matter to become clear spirit when risen to the status of Horus the immortal. With Horus or Jesus, in the character of the young sun-god, the twelve were astronomical powers, rulers, or saviours of the treasure (light) in the physical domain. With Horus or Jesus, the saviour as son of God the father, they are the twelve glorious ones or gods of Amenta, the twelve who as spirits are the children of Ra the holy spirit; in short, they are the twelve in the eschatology who were the chosen twelve with Horus on earth as sowers of the seed, and the twelve with Horus as reapers of the harvest in Amenta.

Our starting-point, then, is that Jesus or Horus in coming to earth and assuming the vesture of mortality issues forth in Amenta; not the Greek Hades, nor the Hebrew Sheol, but the Egyptian Amenta, that other world in which the dead as sleepers wake to life in spirit, and where the mortal Horus makes his transformation and arises as the first-fruits of them that slept = a resurrection of Horus that was celebrated in Egypt when the 'first-fruits of the earth' were the shoots of the papyrus-plant or sprouts of the lentils, as described by Plutarch[189]. When Jesus, in his second advent, issues from Amenta to become the teacher of the twelve upon the Mount of Olives, the disciples are already seated on the mount. Jesus suddenly appears to them, a little apart from them, in such a dazzle of glory as to be at first invisible to them. This glory of light was composed of various lights. 'The light was of every kind, and of every type, from the lower to the higher.'[190] It was the glory of the youthful solar god upon the mount of sunrise, with the lesser lights surrounding him. So in the Ritual it is said of the sun-god, who was Horus in his beautiful coming-forth, 'Ra maketh his appearance at the mount of glory, with the cycle of gods about him.'[191] This was upon the Mount Bakhu or the olive-tree of dawn, and the cycle of gods about the 'golden form' of Horus are the astronomical originals of the disciples with the Egypto-gnostic Jesus on the mount of sunrise called the mount of glory. The twelve disciples of the Lord are no more human than was their teacher. But when the word was made flesh and Jesus assumed the human guise, his followers likewise conformed to the anthropomorphic [p.779] type of Horus the mortal in the life that was lived, as mythically represented, for twelve years as the child of Seb on earth. The twelve with Horus in the harvest-field are reapers, and reapers, mariners, fishers, or teachers demanded the anthropomorphic type. The human type, however, does not necessarily imply the human personage, either in the teacher or as the taught, any more than the zootypes imply that the god was a crocodile, a hawk, a lion, or that the goddess was a water-cow, a serpent, a tree, or a cleft in the rock.

As the Gnostics truly declared, in reply to the pretended 'history,' the twelve apostles were a type of the twelve aeons, who were set in the zodiac as timekeepers and preservers of the light[192]. That is, they who knew vouched for the apostles being the same as the aeons who were the twelve powers of the twelve saviours of the twelve treasures of light with the gnostic Jesus on the mount, whose twelve stations were figured in the zodiac; and who were the twelve powers in matter, in physics, or in the astronomical mythology which preceded the twelve as great spirits with Jesus or Horus in the eschatology. Even if there had been twelve men as a group of teachers, fishers, or harvesters, in every city, town, or village of the earth who called themselves the disciples, or apostles, of Jesus, Horus, or the Lord, it could not change one jot or little of the fact that the twelve were teachers of astronomy, whose names were written in heaven as attendants on the youthful solar god; and who in the second phase became the twelve great spirits in Amenta as reapers of the harvest for Har-khuti, the Egyptian lord of spirits. The god at the head of a group or cycle of powers was a teacher from the first. Sut, Anup, Taht and Ptah were typical teachers of astronomy in the stellar, lunar and solar mythos, when the group was seven, eight, or nine in number Jesus (or Horus) is the only teacher in the heaven of twelve astronomes. He was the only-begotten son in spirit who was made flesh in his incarnation to enter the human sphere as child of the mother, that is of matter as the matrix of spirit. He became the greatest of all the teachers in the astronomical mythos, and 'the twelve' who had been pre-solar teachers and preservers of the treasures of light were now his servants (seshu), his followers, his apostles. And being the only Son of God it was Jesus alone who knew the nature of the Father, which knowledge he now expounded to the twelve in the higher mysteries of Amenta. Jesus describes the twelve in the two different categories, astronomical and spiritual, and says, 'When I first came into the world I brought with me twelve powers. I took them from the hands of the twelve saviours of the treasure of light,'[193] that is, from the twelve who are called the aeons in the astronomy; the twelve who had been the powers in physical phenomena. These were unified in him; he gathers their powers to himself in passing through the twelve signs of the zodiac as the youthful solar god. At an earlier stage of the mythos the powers that were gathered up in the one supreme power were but seven in number, called the seven souls of Ra; in the final zodiac they are twelve. Jesus also describes the founding of the twelve as his ministers on earth in matter, or in the lower range of the mysteries. The first Horus imaged a soul in matter; the second was the likeness of an immortal spirit. Jesus [p.780] brought the primary soul to the twelve who are his associates in the life on earth. But that was before he was invested as a sahu or spiritual mummy to become the lord of the resurrection as Jesus Aber-Amentho.

The typical twelve, who latterly became the teachers of, and for, the word, were as ancient as the signs of the zodiac, or the twelve great gods of Egypt, which according to Herodotus were extant some 20,000 years ago[194]. They were the twelve as kings, who rowed the solar-bark for Ra, with Horus on the lookout at the prow. They were the twelve in various characters and in several countries into which the gnosis of the mysteries passed from out the birthplace of the ancient wisdom; although the twelve have no such universal radius as the seven, or the four, because of their comparative lateness in Egypt. They were the twelve princes of Israel[195], the twelve sons of Israel; the twelve judges on twelve thrones with the Son of Man sitting on the throne of his glory[196]; also the twelve that sit at the table with the son in the new kingdom founded by him for the father[197]. They are the twelve knights that gathered round the table of Arthur; the twelve gods with Odin in their midst, with others that need not be enumerated now. At his second advent, which is in the spirit, the Egypto-gnostic Jesus says to the disciples, 'I am come now, and not (as) formerly before they had crucified me.' That is when he was represented as the afflicted mortal suffering in the flesh[198]. He has now come in the spirit which was imaged by the dove, and not as formerly or aforetime when he was incarnated in matter for the twelve years on earth, as the lifetime of the child was reckoned. Becoming a spirit is described as putting on the vesture of everlasting light. And the coming forth of Jesus as a spirit, or the Christ, is described as his investiture, the same as with Horus in Amenta. He says, 'The times are fulfilled for me to put on my vesture. Lo, I have put on my vesture, and all power hath been given to me by the first mystery'[199]or God as the one eternal source. He issues from this source as the light of all the lights; a light that is infinitely beyond the star-fires, the moon-light, and the splendours of the sun, in the mythical representation. All the previous powers of light had contributed to fulfil the glory of this vesture. These powers belong mainly to the astronomical mythology as the lights that were revealed and set forth in the lesser mysteries of the physical domain, which, according to gnostic terminology, were designated the rulers in matter. Amongst these are 'the seven amens which are the seven voices' the five supports, the nine guardians, the three powers, the twelve saviours of light, all of whom are recognizably astronomical[200]. He wears the glory now, 'as of an only-begotten from the father.' In making this transformation Jesus presents an outer view of God the father as the first ineffable mystery of all the mysteries. When he came previously, in his first advent, it was from the mother as the mortal, or the mould of soul in matter. Now he issues from the father in spirit as revealer of the mystery of which he alone has ever had an inner view. He is now invested with the glory of the father. This investiture of Jesus in spirit might be claimed as pre-eminently [p.781] Egyptian if all the rest were not pre-eminently so. As a mystery of Amenta this investiture took place when the deceased became a sahu and put on the divine vesture of a spiritual body, or the soul of Horus. The sahu signifies the invested, and it is identical with the karast or the Christ. There is one datum which by itself alone might dispel any doubt respecting the Egyptian origin of the Pistis Sophia. It is this: the day of investiture is the day of 'Come thou to us' or 'Come unto us.'[201] This, in the Kamite eschatology was the day of 'Come thou hither,' on which Ra called to Osiris in Amenta, 'Come thou hither,' or 'Come thou to me.'[202] In the Pistis Sophia this is the call, not only of Ra but of all the powers of light who raise the cry of 'Come unto us' that Jesus may receive the glory of the Father as his vesture for the resurrection. In the so-called earth-life 'Jesus had not told his disciples the whole distribution of all the regions of the great invisible, and of the three triple powers, and of the four-and-twenty invisibles.' 'Nor had he told them of their saviours, according to the orders of each (of the twelve) as they are; nor had he told them of the region of the saviour of the twins; nor the region of the three amens; nor those of the seven amens, which are also the seven voices. Nor had Jesus told his disciples of what type are the five supporters, or from what region they had been brought forth. Nor had he told them how the great light had emanated, nor from what region it had been brought forth.'[203] In brief, as the data when identified will show, he had not instructed them in the spiritual nature of the mysteries, which is the object of the second coming. But now the teacher in Amenta says to the twelve, 'Rejoice and be glad from this hour. From this day will I speak with you freely, from the beginning of the truth unto the completion thereof; and I will speak to you face to face without parable. From this hour will I hide nothing from you of the things which pertain to the height.'[204] This is said by Jesus Aber-Amentho, or Jesus in the spirit-world of Amenta, who had 'Come forth to day' at his second advent. When he is expounding the profounder mysteries, Jesus says to the disciples, 'As for the rest of the lower mysteries, we have no need thereof but ye shall find them in the Two Books of Ieou, which Enoch wrote when I spoke with him from the tree of knowledge, and from the tree of life, which were in the paradise of Adam.'[205] In this passage Jesus identifies himself with Iao the son of Ieou = Ihuhand also in the character of the solar god who spoke with Moses from the midst of the burning bush.

It was shown in the mysteries why and how the Twelve Immovables, or Unspeakables, 'rent themselves asunder,' to move, to manifest, to reveal, to find utterance by means of God the Son as teacher of the mysteries in Amenta[206]. Pistis Sophia marks the change of the twelve rulers from one category to the other. These things, said Jesus, speaking of the change which he had come on earth, or entered the lower domain of matter, to effect, 'these things shall come to pass at the time of the completion of the aeon (or cycle), and of the accession of the Pleroma. The twelve saviours of the treasure, and the twelve orders of each of them, which are the emanations of the [p.782] seven voices and of the five trees (or supports) shall be with me in my kingdom,' which was in the heaven of eternity. Jesus speaks of those 'who receive the mystery of light when they shall have quitted the body of the matter of the rulers,'[207] who were the rulers in matter versus the life in spirit, or in Horus as the lord of light who was the witness to the light of life eternal.

Jesus is described in Pistis Sophia as passing through the twelve signs of the zodiac. The ram, bull, twins, crab, lion, balance, scorpion, bowman, goat, and waterer are all mentioned by name[208]. He passes through the twelve signs in his character of solar god. He takes a portion of their light from the twelve aeons who were the kronian rulers. 'And the twelve powers of the twelve saviours of the treasure of light, which I had received from the twelve ministers of the midst, I cast into the sphere of the rulers ... and I bound them into the bodies of your mothers.' The rulers of the decans thought that these twelve were 'the souls of the rulers.' But, when in the fullness of time they were brought forth into the world, there was no soul of the rulers in them; they were recognized as beings of a superior nature. Jesus is to reign as king over these twelve saviours, the twin-saviour, the nine guardians, the three amens, the five supporters, and the seven amens and all the other characters, which had been 'light-emanations,' and which would have no meaning if Jesus had not likewise had an astronomical character[209]. For these names connote the seven rulers of the heptanomis; the five supports of a heaven that was based upon a figure of the pole and the arms of the four quarters; the solar trinity; the nine gods of the put-cycle, the Twin-Horus, and the heaven that was perfected at last as the heaven of the twelve tribes, twelve sons, twelve brothers, twelve kings, twelve reapers, twelve rowers, twelve fishermen, twelve voices of the word, twelve teachers, who began as saviours of the treasure of light in physical phenomena and who were assigned a spiritual status with Jesus in that kingdom of the Father which they had assisted in establishing for ever; and finally in the heaven of eternity. These, however, are mysteries that never could be understood whilst a fictitious history of Jesus barred the way. Horus or Jesus in Amenta is the founder of a kingdom for his Father in heaven, and for his followers in spirit-world, at the head of whom are the typical twelve who now become the children of Horus. This heaven for spirits made perfect is built upon foundations that were laid in the mythology. The Ritual shows us how the four foundations of this new heaven were laid by Horus in establishing the kingdom of God. First, he himself united the 'double earth,' or the two worlds in one, by his death, burial and resurrection. Then he prays to his Father in heaven that the 'four brothers' of 'his own body' or flesh and blood may be given to him as protectors of his own person 'in dutiful service.'[210] These four who were his brothers previously are the first of the twelve with Horus 'on his papyrus,' or monolith, or on the mount. The four brothers of Horus who were first chosen to become his children had been astronomical as the ancient gods or divine supports of the four quarters, Amsta, Hapi, Tuamutef and Kabhsenuf. With these four as supports the foundations of the kingdom of [p.783] heaven were laid, and 'the fold' of the good shepherd established in Amenta, the earth of eternity. The explanation here is that Horus was born one of the twelve like Joseph, but as the young solar god, and beloved son of the father Ra, he obtained his supremacy as the head over all the rest of the brethren. Then the twelve became his founders, reapers, fishers, his disciples, pupil-teachers or his children. As it is said in the Ritual[211], these are 'the circle of gods who were with him when Horus came to light in his own children;' that is, when the twelve powers were assimilated to the son of God, who was in them as they were in him at the second coming.

The gnostic Jesus, the mystery-teacher of heaven, issues from the father in Amenta in the likeness of the dove as the expounder of the greater mysteries to the twelve disciples. He now says to the disciples, 'I will tell unto you the mystery of the one and only ineffable, and all its types, all its configurations, all its regulations ... for this mystery is the support of them all.'[212] This first ineffable mysterylooking within, as Pistis Sophia phrases itis the mystery of God the Father. The first ineffable mysterylooking withoutis the mystery of God the Son. It is the mystery of the one God in the two aspects of the Father and Son; hence the mystery of the one and only ineffable, 'looking within,' is also the mystery of the one and only word or logos 'looking without.'[213] Jesus says, 'I am come from the first mystery which is also the last.'[214] The power now given by the first mystery, within the veil, to him who personates the mystery to men, looking without, is received by the Son from the Father, from whom he emanated in the likeness of the dove, or the hawk And not as previously in the likeness of a puny mortal, the human Horus-born of the virgin mother as her blind and deaf, her dumb and impubescent child.

Pistis Sophia shows the twofold character of the teaching on the earth and in Amenta. The 'wisdom of Jesus' in the Apocrypha was taught in parables. Jesus in the canonical gospels speaks to the multitude in parables, and 'without a parable spake he nothing unto them.'[215] But he says, 'The hour cometh when I shall no more speak unto you in parables, but shall tell you plainly of the Father.'[216] This promise is fulfilled by the Egypto-gnostic Jesus after his return to the regions from whence he came into the earth-life. He says to the disciples, 'I have gone to the regions whence I came forth. From this day I will speak to you face to face without parable.'[217] Henceforth he speaks to them plainly of the Father, and, as it is frequently said, 'without parable.' This is after that second advent which the Jesus in the gospels is not permitted to fulfil, but which is still expected by the millenarians.

Various sayings that were uttered aforetime in the earth-life are now expounded by Jesus in Amenta 'without parable.' He says to the disciples, 'When I shall be king over the seven amens, the five supports (or trees), the three amens, and the nine guardians; king over the child of the child, that is to say, over the twin-saviours (or the double Horus); king over the twelve saviours and the whole number of perfect soulsthen all those men who shall have received [p.784] the mystery in (or of) that ineffable, shall be fellow-kings with me. They shall sit on my right hand and on my left in my kingdom; therefore I said unto you aforetime, "Ye shall sit on my right hand and on my left in my kingdom, and ye shall reign with me."'[218] Speaking of the greater mysteries, which are spiritual, Jesus says, 'I have brought the mysteries which break all the bonds of the counterfeit of the spirit (i.e., the bonds of matter) and all the seals which are attached to the soul, the mysteries of which make the soul free, and ransom it from the hands of its parents, the rulers, and transform it into the kingdom of the true Father, the first Father, the first One, ineffable and everlasting mystery.' 'For this cause have I said unto you aforetime, "He who shall not leave father and mother to follow after me is not worthy of me." What I said then was, ye shall leave your parents the rulers, that ye may all be children of the first, everlasting mystery.'[219] This is the esoteric true interpretation of a saying that has been used exoterically[220]. The parents signified were not human, but those rulers in matter who preceded the one God, the Holy Spirit, whom the Son made known in the mysteries of Amenta under his title of Jesus Aber-Amentho. Again, he exclaims, 'I said unto you aforetime, "Seek that ye may find."' When he said that it signified 'Ye shall seek out the mysteries of light, which purify the body of matter. I say unto you, the race of human kind is material. I tore myself asunder, I brought unto them the mysteries of light to purify them ... otherwise, no soul in the whole of human kind would have been saved.'[221] Salvation here is brought by means of the Son of God the Father becoming incarnate to redeem the human race from matter by inculcating the virtues of purification which were taught by Horus or Jesus in the mysteries of Amenta.

The gnostic Jesus also gives an esoteric rendering of the resurrection when he says that, 'All men who shall achieve the mystery of the resurrection of the dead which healeth from demoniac possessions, and sufferings, and every disease, which also healeth the blind, the lame, the halt, the dumb and the deaf, (the mystery) which I gave you aforetimewhosoever shall receive of these mysteries and achieve (or master) when if he ask for anything whatsoever ... it shall at once be granted unto him.'[222] In the resurrection the deceased transforms into a spirit, and it was in the mysteries of Amenta, and in the spirit-life, that these miracles were achieved, not in the life on earth. In the Ritual the deceased goes where he pleases, does as he pleases, and assumes whatsoever form he pleases as he masters mystery after mystery according to the gnosis. In the canonical gospels we find an exoteric rendering of these mysteries of Amenta, which the lie-enchanted Christian world believe in as historical miracles performed on earth by an historical saviour named Jesus. There were seven preservers of the treasures of light in the celestial heptanomis, whether as rulers of constellations or as lords of polestars, who first upraised the starry fire-sticks which were kindled on the seven hills of heaven. The Pistis Sophia shows the way in which an additional five were added to the seven in completing the first twelve saviours of the treasure of light. This is indicated when it is said, 'The twelve saviours of the treasure, and the twelve [p.785] orders of each of them, which are the emanations of the seven voices and of the five supports, shall be with me in the region of the inheritance of light; they shall be kings with me in my kingdom.'[223] Which shows that the first twelve were combined as the 7 + 5 that were pre-zodiacal, and that they are to become kings in the kingdom of eternal light; which twelve were stationed in the solar zodiac, or round the mount of glory. There is frequent reference in Pistis Sophia to the mystery of the five supports. These are also figured as five trees, one of which is said to be 'in the midst.'[224] These five tree-supports, with the great one in their midst, are equivalent to the tree-type of eternal stability imaged as the tat of Ptah (or as Ptah himself), which is a figure of support at the four corners with the pole as the central great pillar of support. It is also equivalent, as a symbol, to the group of Horus and his four children in the Osirian mysteries. The Kamite twelve, as reapers in the harvest-field with Horus in Amenta, were also put together from two earlier groups of seven and five, the same as in the gnostic mysteries of the twelve supports or the pole-tree of heaven with twelve branches in the zodiac. A sketch, however tentative, may be drawn of the original characters in the astronomical mythology, that were given the twelve thrones under one name or another in the final zodiac: (1) Sut, (2) Horus, (3) Shu, (4) Hapi, (5) Ap-Uat, (6) Kabh­senuf, (7) Amsta, (8) Anup, (9) Ptah, (10) Atum, (11) Sau, (12) Hu, as the Kamite originals of the twelve who rowed the solar bark for Ra.

We claim, then, to show that the typical twelve, who are called apostles or disciples in later language, originated in twelve characters which had represented twelve stellar powers in the astronomical mythology, and that these were afterwards given thrones or seats as rulers in the twelve signs of the zodiac or in heaven. These, in the Pistis Sophia, are designated twelve preservers or saviours of the treasure of light. They form the cycle of twelve lesser gods around the sun-god on the summit of the mount, and are the same in signification, whether called gods in the Ritual or disciples of the Egypto-gnostic Jesus in the Pistis Sophia. These are at first the twelve with Horus the mortal, Horus in matter, Horus in the mythos, Horus the youthful solar god. But when he makes his transformation and becomes the Son of God the Father, in the spirit life, they are his companions in Amenta; the twelve great spirits to whom he expounds the mysteries of the fatherhood; in short, they become the typical twelve as characters in the Kamite eschatology.

According to Pistis Sophia the localities of the teachings, whether in the midst of Amenta, or on the Mount of Olives, were celestial, and not mundane. As it is said, 'Jesus and his disciples remained in the midst of an aerial region, in the paths of the ways of the midst which is below the sphere.' This is the starting-point from which the twelve accompany him, through the regions that are mapped out by the zodiacal signs[225], when they 'go forth three by three to the four quarters of heaven to preach the gospel of the kingdom.'[226] It is also said that 'Jesus stood at the altar, and cried aloud, turning towards the four angles of the world.'[227] Here the 'altar' is urano- [p.786] graphic. It was figured in the constellation Ara as a co-type with the summit called the Mount of Hetep, or of Heaven, in the astronomical mythology.

  

DOUBLE HORUS, OR JESUS AND THE CHRIST

It was a saying of Philo's that 'the logos is double.'[228] This it is as the double Horus, or as Jesus and the Christ, who was dual as manifestor for the Virgin Mother and afterwards for God the Father: double by nature, human and divine; double in matter and in spirit; double as child and as adult, double as the soul of both sexes. But when the word 'logos' comes to be used for the divine reason we are in the midst of Greek metaphysic and doctrinal mystification. These two, blended in one person, constituted the double Horus who was that double logos spoken of by Philo, the figure of which was founded, as Egyptian, on the two halves of the soul, or pair of gods in the mystery of Tattu[229]. Horus in these two characters was Horus with the tress of infancy, and Horus who becomes bird-headed at the transformation in his baptism. In his first advent Horus is the sower in the seed-field of time; in his second he is the lord of the reapers in the harvest of eternity. In the astronomic mythos Horus was the king of one year. Naturally that was as ruler of the seasons in the annual circuit of the sun. As the prince of eternity he was the typical adult of thirty years, and lord of the Sut-Heb festival, who is called 'the living Horus, the powerful bull, lord of the festivals of thirty years,' which are termed 'the years of Horus as King.'[230] This was the royal Horus in whom the child that was destined to be a king attained his manhood and assumed his perfect sovereignty.

As already shown, the genesis of the double Horus is portrayed in the Ritual[231]. In this description 'two brethren come into being.' One of these was the wearer of the female lock, as the Child-Horus. His birth was mystical. He was both male and female in person, or, as it is said, 'he assumed the form of a female with a lock,' the sign of pre-pubescence in either sex, and hence a type of both. He is also called 'the Afflicted One,' which denotes the mystery of the Virgin's child. The second is 'the active one of Heliopolis.' He is 'the heir of the temple.' The first is also called the heir, and the second the heir of the heir. He has the divine might of 'the son whom the father hath begotten.' This was 'the only-begotten of the father.' Thus the 'two brethren' were Horus the child who wears the long tress that is the sign of either sex, and Horus the adult who images the power and glory of the father as the god in spirit.

Iusa, the Jesus of On, like Horus in the Osirian cult, was born bi­mater. His two mothers were Iusaas and Neb-hetep, the two consorts of Atum-Ra. These two mothers were at first two sisters in the mythos. One of them was the mother in the western mountain, or later in the winter solstice; the other gave birth to Horus on the horizon in the eastern equinox. It follows inevitably that the gospel Jesus has two mothers who were sisters, and two places of birth and rebirth. When [p.787] the mythology was merged in the eschatology, and Ra became the father in heaven, he is described as having two companions who are with him in the solar bark. In this text the two sister-mothers with whom Ra consorts in the 'divine ship' are Isis and Nut, who are the bringers-forth of Iusa or Jesus in his twofold character: Child-Horus at his first advent being the son of Isis (Har-si-Hesi) the earth-mother, and in his second advent, or rebirth in spirit, the son of Nut, the heavenly mother. Such is the origin of the two mothers who were two sisters, and two consorts in two places of birth and rebirth represented in the 'historic' narrative by Nazareth and Bethlehem as the birthplace of the shoot or natzer in Virgo, and the house of bread in Pisces, which two places of birth corresponded to the two seasons of seedtime and of harvest in the old Egyptian year.

Not only had Horus two mothers, Isis the virgin who conceived him, and Nephthys who nursed him. He was brought forth singly, and also as one of five brothers. Jesus has two mothers, Mary the Virgin who conceived him, and Mary the wife of Cleopas, who brought him forth as one of her children. He, likewise, was brought forth singly, and as one of five brethren. Horus was the son of Seb, his father on earth. Jesus is the son of Joseph the father on earth. Horus was with his mother the Virgin until twelve years old, when he transformed into the beloved son of God as the only-begotten of the father in heaven. Jesus remained with his mother the Virgin up to the age of twelve years, when he left her to be about his father's business. From twelve to thirty years of age there is no record in the life of Horus. From twelve to thirty years of age there is no record in the life of Jesus. Horus at thirty years of age became adult in his baptism by Anup. Jesus at thirty years of age was made a man of in his baptism by John the Baptist. Horus in his baptism made his transformation into the beloved son and only-begotten of the father, the holy spirit, represented by a bird. Jesus in his baptism is hailed from heaven as the beloved son and only-begotten of the father God, the holy spirit that is represented by a dove, which denotes the mystery of all mysteries concerning the origin of the Egypto-gnostic Christ.

The elder Horus came to earth in the body of his humility. The younger came from heaven to wear the vesture of his father's glory. The first was the child of a baptism by water. The second is Horus the anointed or Christified; the oil upon whose face reflected the glory of the Father. This was the double baptism of the mysteries which is referred to in the Ritual by the priest who says, 'I lustrate with water in Tattu and with oil in Abydos.'[232] The duality manifested in Horus is shown when he is said to come into being as two brethren, the same that Pistis Sophia describes as 'the Saviour ­twins'; also when the transformer Kheper takes the form of two childrenthe elder and the younger[233]. Again, in the seventy-first chapter of the Ritual, Horus divinized is called 'the owner of twin souls, who lives in two twin souls,' now united in the eternal one. It is the potential duality of sex in the Child-Horus that will account for Queen Hatshepsut being designated Mat-Ka-Ra, the true likeness of the solar god, called the golden Horus. She assumed the habiliments of both sexes in token that the divinity was [p.788] dual, and that this duality was reproduced in the golden Horus whose various phases of twinship included the two souls of sex. The golden Horus was a supreme type because of the twofold nature of the soul. It was this duality of Horus that is referred to by Hatshepsut when she says 'the two Horus-gods have united the two divisions (south and north) for me.' 'I rule over this land like the son of Isis;' 'I am victorious like the son of Nut;' which two likewise constitute the double Horus[234]. It is said of the Osirian Horus in his twofold genesis from matter and spirit, 'Horus proceedeth from the essence of his father and the corruption which befell him.'[235] That is in the incarnation or immergence in matter as the opposite of spirit, according to the later theology. Matter was at this time considered to be corrupt, and matter was maternal, but spirit was paternal and held to be divine. This will also explain the language of the Ritual applied to Osiris when he is spoken of as suffering decay and corruption, although inherently inviolate and incorruptible. The Osiris is embalmed in the divine type of him that never saw corruption. Yet Horus the child is born of Isis, into the corruption of matter in his incorporation, and all the evil that was derived from matter or the mother-nature has to be purged away in becoming pure spirit like Horus at the second advent, when he has become the glorified, anointed, only-begotten son. These were the two halves of a soul that was perfected in oneness, when Horus the child was blended with Horus the adult in the marriage-mystery of Tattu, but not till then, and not otherwise. 'The two Horus-gods' is a title of the dual Horus in the Pyramid Texts of Teta. The Olive is there said to be 'the tree of the two Horus-gods who are in the temples.' Horus proclaims himself to be the issue of Seb (or Earth) whose spouse is Isis, and affirms that his mother is Nut[236]. That is as the double Horus. Horus the human soul on earth, and Horus as a spirit in Amenta; Horus born of two mothers who were two sisters, and who in the different theologies may be Neith and Sekhet; Iusaas and Neb-hetep; Isis and Nut; or two Marys, the two Meris who were at first the cow of earth and the cow of heaven. The child of Isis, the virgin heifer, was imaged as the calf, the red calf of sacrifice, also by the golden calf. After his death he rose again as the bull in the likeness of his father, Osiris, the bull of eternity. In the solar mythos he was born as a calf in the autumn equinox that became a bull in the Easter equinox when this occurred in Taurus. The type was repeated in the eschatology, when the manes is baptized to become the anointed in the character of Horus, who says, 'I am the divine bull, son of the ancestress of Osiris.'[237]

The story of Jesus in the canonical gospels follows the totemic and mythical representation. Like Heitsi-Eibib and the human Horus he is the child of a virgin mother, the child of Mary only up to twelve years of age. Then the same change occurs with him as with the totemic youth at puberty. He waxes in force and stature, and is immediately 'about thirty years of age.' This is the age of Amsu-Horus when he has made his transformation from childhood into manhood as the khemt or typical adult of thirty years, [p.789] at which time he rises in Amenta as a sahu in the glorified body. The transformation of Horus who was a child of the mother alone, the immaculate virgin Neith, she who came from herself, is reproduced by Luke[238]. When Horus the child transforms he is only twelve years of age. As a child with Mary Jesus 'waxed strong and was filled with wisdom, and the grace of God was upon him.'[239] The 'grace of God' in Egyptian is termed khemt for grace and favour, and it is as Amsu-Horus that the child waxes strong and is in favour with, or endowed by, God the Father. The way in which he 'waxed in stature' can be seen in the effigy of Amsu-Horus, the divinized adult who is the fulfiller at puberty, mythical in the vernal equinox, human in the harvest-field, and in the resurrection eschatological. But there had been no fecundator of a human mother by her own child since the days of utter and incestuous promiscuity until the time when the mythical Horus (or Jesus) was made human in a personal and historical character as the fertilizer of a Hebrew virgin.

The titles given to two Egyptian priests who, in succession, present the deceased person to the gods are the An-mut-ef and Si-meri-ef. These are two titles of Horus in his two characters, first as the support of his mother, and secondly as the beloved son of his father. According to Egyptian doctrine, the incarnation of the elder Horus was no isolated individual event. Nor was a soul made flesh in any single form of personality. It was the soul of the totem, family, stock or tribe, and lastly of the individual that was represented in the typical figure of Horus or Jesus, child of the virgin mother. The soul of flesh that was born of the mother's blood and made a type of in mythology could no more be limited to a single person than the soul that was previously derived from air, earth, water or other element of life. It was in keeping with natural law that, when the pubescent virgin had conceived, the incarnation of a human soul commenced. The mother, as the insufflator of that soul, was the mode and means of the incarnation which was effected in her blood, the flow of which was diverted to that end. The earliest embodiment then of a soul that was derived from a human source, and not simply from the elements of external nature, was by incarnation in the blood of the female who was mythically represented as the virgin mother. Thus the embodiment of the human soul, when descent was traced from the mother only, was by incarnation, and not by begettal. As it is said of the elder Horus, Har-si-Hesi, he was born but not begotten. The second Horus is begotten of the father with a second mother Nut, who is added as the bringer-forth above. It was comparatively late before the begettal of a human soul was ascribed to the individual progenitor. As shown by Egypt in the mirror of the mythos, this was not earlier than the time of Ptah when the double primitive essence was first recognized. A pair of souls were then derived, the one from matter, the other from spirit; one from the motherhood, the other from the fatherhood, both of which were blended in Ptah, the epicene parent. Child-Horus literally embodies the first half of a soul that was human primarily and in a latter stage divine. In its first phase this soul was derived from the mother's blood and quickening breath as a body-soul. In its second, the source is spiritual, a [p.790] causative source from the father in heaven. For example, the ka, or highest soul of seven, is thought of in the Ritual as food or sustenance for the body and the means of duration. It is also looked upon as a typical sacrifice to that end. Hence the speaker says, 'Am I not the bull of the sacrificial herd: are not the mortuary gifts upon me, and the powers above Nu.'[240] Horus in the second phase says, 'I am a soul and my soul is divine. I am he who produceth food. I am the food which perisheth notin my name of self-originating force, together with Nu,' the mother heaven[241]. This is he who possessed the 'powers above Nu' as bringer of the bread of life from heaven. 'The bread of God which cometh down out of heaven and giveth life to the world' was this imperishable food of soul that gave eternal life to men: and which when personified in Horus imaged a saviour from death in matter. When the Osiris deceased attains the type of the sacred hawk he speaks of being invested with the soul of Horus. 'Horus has invested (him) with his own soul for the seizing of his inheritance from Osiris at the Tuat.' 'It is I, even I, who am Horus in glory.'[242] Horus had come again in glory from the father as revealer of the bliss towards which his followers were bound[243]. When Horus was invested with the soul that is to be eternal, he becomes hawk-headed, in the likeness of the father, as Jesus was invested with that other bird of soul, the gnostic dove, when he was proclaimed to be the beloved son of God the father in his baptism.

Paul's doctrine of the resurrection is founded on this mystery of the double Horus. As taught by the Egyptian wisdom, continuity was conditional, and the power of resurrection was personally secured by living the life of human Horus in fellowship with his sufferings as the bearer of his cross by which the power of his resurrection in the afterlife was attained through becoming Horus the divinized adult. Paul's resurrection is obtainable on the same conditions of becoming.

As a struggling mortal he hopes 'by any means' to attain 'unto the resurrection from the dead,' and says, 'Not that I have already attained or am already made perfect; but I press on.'[244] In Paul's Epistles, Christ takes the place of Horus the anointed by whom the power of the resurrection was made manifest in the mysteries, and the doctrine is the same as in the Ritual. In his own body and sufferings Paul was living the life and trying to emulate the character of Horus the mortal, whilst looking forward to the future fulfilment as it was portrayed in Horus glorified, whose second coming in Tattu as representative of Ra the holy spirit and the power of resurrection is perfectly described by Paul. The manes in the Ritual says, 'My enclosure is in Heaven,' as it was imaged on the mountain summit in the eternal city. Paul writes, 'Our own citizenship is in heaven from whence also we wait for a Saviour, the Lord Jesus Christ, who shall fashion anew the body of our humiliation (which was one with the maimed, deformed and suffering human Horus, changed and glorified in the resurrection) that it may be conformed to the body of his glory' as it had been set forth scene by scene in the mysteries of Amenta by the divine scribe Taht, and preserved sufficiently intact to make it out as pre-historical and non-historical in the once-more living Egyptian Book of the Dead[245].

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The reason why the virgin's child should make his change and pass away when twelve years old, and why the divinized adult should not take up the story until thirty years of age, to leave no record during eighteen years, is to be explicated by the Egyptian wisdom. It is because the two as double Horus, or as the dual Jesus Christ, are no more than types, and have no relation to an individual human history, Kamite, Hebrew, Persian, Gnostic, or Christian; and in this unity, as before said, the different versions all agree.

The Pistis Sophia tells us more about the double Horus, the twofold messiah, or twin saviour, than all the records outside the Ritual put together; more particularly in the astronomical phase of the mythos, only in this work the double Horus is the Egypto-gnostic Jesus, who does fulfil the second advent in accordance with the map of mythology. In one representation of his nature Horus is portrayed as the ruler, both in time and eternity. In time he is the foster-child of Seb, god of earth, brought forth by the mother-moon or Virgin in the zodiac as the king of one year. This is Horus in the circle of the lesser year. At his second advent, as fulfiller on the vastest scale, he is said to travel the everlasting road as the ever-coming prince of eternity. It was thus the first Horus, or Jesus, represented the solar god that made the circuit of the signs in the forward motion through the zodiac, whereas the second Horus, or Jesus, was the 'traveller of the heavenly road,' the backward way in the hugest all-embracing circle of precession.

The gnostic Jesus represents the double Horus, human and divine, more fully and definitely than does the Jesus of the canonical gospels and independently of any personal history. The first and second advents are both fulfilled by the Jesus of Pistis Sophia. As the youth of twelve years who was Horus the word, he instructs the disciples 'up to the regions of the first statutes only' and is the teacher by means of parables. In his second advent he says, 'I will speak with you face to face without parable.'[246] He then unveils and expounds the greater mysteries from centre to circumference; from the first to the last. In the same gnostic scripture Mary, the mother of Jesus, describes her son in accordance with the Egyptian gnosis of the double Horus, which was not derived from the canonical gospels. She thus addresses him: 'When thou wert a child before the spirit had descended upon thee, when thou wert in the vineyard with Joseph, the spirit descended from the height and came unto me in the house (so) like unto thee I knew him not, but thought that it was thou. And he said unto me, "Where is Jesus, my brother, that I may go to meet him?" And when he had said this unto me I was in doubt and thought it was a phantom tempting me. I seized him and bound him to the foot of the bed which was in my house.' Jesus, the mortal, is in the vineyard with Joseph. He hears Mary tell her naive story to Joseph, and exclaims, 'Where is he that I may see him? I am expecting him in this place.' Mary continues: 'We went together; we entered into the house, we found the spirit bound to the bed, and we gazed upon thee and him and found that thou wert like unto him. And be that was bound to the bed was unloosed. He embraced thee and kissed thee, and thou also didst kiss him; ye became one and the same being.'[247]

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The two Jesuses, one in matter and one in spirit, or Jesus and the Christ, are identical with Horus, the prince in the city of the blind, and Horus who reconstitutes his father. The meeting and the blending of the two into one being is a gnostic version of the mystery enacted in Tattu, where Horus in spirit meets with Horus the mortal, or Ra, the holy spirit, embraces Osiris, the god in matter, and the pair are united in the one double divine soul, which dwells in the place of establishing a soul that is to live for ever[248].

In the opening chapter of Matthew's gospel the birth or generation of Jesus is called 'the birth of Jesus Christ,'[249] a twofold character equivalent to that of the double Horus, who was Horus in the flesh until twelve years of age, and Horus in the spirit from the age of thirty years. In other versions it is designated 'the birth of the Christ.' But in accordance with the genuine doctrine these are two births entirely distinct from each other, one for Jesus the Virgin's child and one for the Christ as an effluence of the Holy Spirit, the father in the form of a dove. Horus, the Virgin's child, was born but not begotten. At his second advent he became the divinized adult as the only son begotten of the father. This was the anointed son, and the anointed is the Christ, or Christified. The Christ was constituted by a begettal in spirit, when the spirit of God descended from heaven as the dove, or the hawk of soul, and the youth of twelve years was transformed into the man of thirty years. There was no Christ until this change of state and type took place, and could be none without the necessary transformation by which it was accomplished. This was represented in the transformation and transubstantiation of the mummy; in the baptism, circumcision, regeneration, resurrection, and other modes of the mystery, in which the body-soul was converted into a likeness of the eternal spirit Child-Horus into Horus the adult, or Jesus into the Christ. But, to compare as we proceed, the word in the Kamite original was the first, or elder Horus, the Child-Horus born of the Virgin Mother, he who issued out of silence as the inarticulate logos[250]. He is called the kheru in Egyptian, which not only signifies the word, but also denotes a victim doomed to be sacrificed, whether as the sufferer in the tat, on the cross, or as the victim bound for slaughter. The second Horus, Horus in spirit, was the demonstrator of eternal life in his resurrection from the sepulchre who is thus the word-made-truth that was personalized in Har-Ma-Kheru. This second Horus, who is the fulfiller that follows the founder, is referred to in the gospel, parenthetically, in a way that blends or confuses the two in one as the word. 'And the Word became flesh, and dwelt among us (and we beheld his glory, glory as of the only-begotten from the father) full of grace and truth.'[251] This is the merest passing allusion to the second Horus who was the anointed, only-begotten Son of God the Father; that is, to Horus, glorified, who followed human Horus in the flesh, but could not be so easily made to look historical.

The difference between 'the Son of Man' and 'the Son of the woman' may also be explicated by the doctrine of the double Horus. The 'Son of Man' is a title of Jesus in the gospels, which has been supposed to denote the Son of God in the body of his humanity. But [p.793] there was a 'Son of Man' with an esoteric and mystical significance, who was known to the gnostic teachers as Anthropos the son of Anthropos; also as Monogenes. Horus the saviour in his first advent was the child of Isis; that is, the son of woman when the woman is divine. In his second advent he is Iu, the su or Son of God the Father, who became the Son of Man by title thus: Atum-Ra, son of Ptah, was the earliest god in the likeness of the perfect man. He was the first man in the same sense that the Jew-god Ieou in the Pistis Sophia is called the 'First Man'[252] as the divine begetter in the human likeness. Ieou is the first man, and Iao is his son. Thus Iao, or Jesus, is 'the Son of Man.' He comes to earth as the one god in the form of man. This, in the Ritual, is the Egyptian Jesus, Iu-em-hetep, the son as revealer of the father Atum-Ra. The father gives authority to the son 'to execute judgment, because he is the Son of Man.'[253] That is at the second coming, when he is to appear in the power and the glory of the Father, as did the second Horus with the oil upon his face which expressed the glory of his divinity. This is 'the Son of Man' who was in heaven whilst on the earth[254], and who was to 'come in his glory, and all the angels with him;'[255] and who did so come to judgment periodically as Horus in the mysteries of Amenta[256]. But the title is applied to Jesus indiscriminately in the gospels, where the two Horuses are continually confused together by the concoctors of the human history, which was limited in locality as much as possible to this earth, to make it the more convincing in its appeal.

In the Ritual Horus says: 'I am the heir, the primary power of motion and of rest.' He was the heir in several characters. In the first he is the heir of Seb, the earth-father. In the second he is the heir of Osiris. When Osiris and Ra are blended in one Horus becomes the heir of Ra, the father in heaven, as the inheritor and the giver of eternal life to his followers. 'The two earths have been decreed to Horus absolutely and without condition.'[257] Because it was he who joined the two Horuses together, and as Paul phrases it, 'made both one, and brake down the middle wall of partition, that he might create in himself of the twain one new man.'[258] As son of Seb he is the Virgin's child on earth, or in matter. As son of Osiris he is Amsu the divine manes in Amenta, and as Har-Sam-Taui he is the uniter of the two earths in one, the conqueror who makes the word of Osiris truth against his enemies, and thus becomes the founder of the future kingdom of heaven for his father in the spirit as the double Horus, he who wins and wears the double diadem.

The dual Horus-Horus as mortal and Horus in spirit, Horus as child of the Virgin and Horus begotten of the Father, Horus twelve years of age and Horus the adult of thirty yearsis reproduced in the gospels, however briefly, although the object of the writers was not to distinguish between the two natures, human and divine, whilst both were limited to the one life on this earth. Still, there is a dual Jesus, or Jesus and the Christ, corresponding to the double Horus. Child-Horus is portrayed as the child-Jesus up to twelve years of age. In his baptism by water it is prognosticated by John that Jesus is to come as the baptizer with the Holy Spirit and with [p.794] fire. This is he 'whose fan is in his hand,' and this is the transformation that was made by Horus the mortal when he became Horus rising in spirit with the fan, or khu, in his hand. Jesus in the same circumstances is the same character. The Spirit of God the Father descends upon him in the likeness of a dove, which indicates that he is now the Christ in Spirit. The Virgin's child has changed into the Son of God the Father, and the change is authenticated by the 'voice out of the heavens, saying, this is my beloved Son.'[259] The transaction is one of many that could only take place in the earth of Amenta, but which are represented perforce in the earth of time, because the matter of the pre-existent mythos was rendered as a human history in the exoteric gospels.

It has to be repeated again and again that the primitive mysteries of totemism were continued and developed as spiritual in the Egyptian eschatology. Child-Horus at twelve years of age represents the typical youth that passed into the ranks of the adults at puberty, who was circumcised and regenerated in the rite of baptism, blood, water or oil being used for the purpose of lustration. This is repeated in the transformation of Child-Horus into Horus the adult, the child of twelve years into the sherau of thirty years; otherwise the child of the mother into the son of the father. Thus, the Child-Horus becomes the beloved son of the father in his baptism, as did Jesus. In the Ritual (chapter of the baptisms) the speaker at the fourth portal says, 'I have been baptized in the water with which the Good Being was washed at the time when he had his contention with Sut (Satan), and when the victory was given to him.' In the baptism at the fifth portal, he says he has washed himself; or has been baptized in the water that Horus was washed in when he became the beloved son his father, Osiris. 'Su-meri-f' is the son whom the father loves, hence the beloved son, the anointed, or the Christ when Christified. In one of these baptisms (eighth portal) the baptizer is mentioned by name as Anup. He was the typical baptizer, the embalmer and anointer of the dead from of old, before the time of the solar Horus, or Osiris. 'I have been washed in the water wherein the God Anup baptized when he performed the office of embalmer and binder-up of the Mummy.'[260] Or, as it is otherwise said, when he became the chief minister to Osiris in the later cult. Here we find that Anup was the baptizer in preparing Osiris (or the mortal Horus) to become the Horus in spirit, the anointed and beloved son of the father in the rite of embalmment, or baptism; that Osiris, or Horus, was baptized preparatory to or at the time of his contest with Sut (Satan); and that the baptism of Horus took place when he became chief minister, the beloved son (su-meri-f) of his father, he who had previously been the pillar of support (an-mut-f) to his mother[261]. There is a baptism in the Ritual which takes place at the time when Horus makes his transformation into the menat, the bird of soul as a swallow, dove or pigeon. That is when mortal Horus has become a spirit[262] with the head of a bird, whether as the divine hawk or the dove, and the same transformation takes place in the baptism of Jesus, when the dove from heaven descended and abode upon him as the sign to show that he was now the Son of the Father in spirit.

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There was a double baptism in the ancient mysteries; the baptism by water and the baptism by spirit. This may be traced to the two lakes of heaven at the head of the celestial river in the region of the northern pole, which were also repeated as the two lakes of purification in Amenta. The manes says, 'I purify me in the southern tank, and I rest me at the northern lake.'[263] They will account for the two forms of baptism mentioned in the gospels. John baptizes with water, Jesus with the Holy Spirit and with fire. This twofold baptism had been represented by the two celestial lakes or pools that were configurated in the northern heaven which are to be read of in the Ritual[264] as the baptistry of Anup. One of these was the lake of purification by water; the other by spirit. This latter was the Lake of Sa by name, in which the gods themselves were wont to be vitalized in their baptism. Sa signifies spirit; the sa was a divine or magical fluid which made immortal; and the baptism in this sacred Lake of Sa was literally a baptism of the holy spirit. The scene of the baptism by John can be paralleled in the Ritual[265]. Horus claims to be the master of all things, including the water of the inundation. When he comes to be baptized, it is 'said at the boat,' called 'the staff of Anup,' 'Look upon me, oh ye great and mighty Gods, who are foremost among the spirits of Annu; let me be exalted in your presence.' The plea for baptism is very express. 'Lo, I come, that I may purify this soul of mine in the most high degree: let not that impediment which cometh from your mouth be issued against me, let me be purified in the lake of propitiation and of equipoise: let me plunge into the divine pool beneath the two divine sycamores of heaven and earth.' After the baptism, he says, 'Now let my fold be fitted for me as one victorious against all adversaries who would not that right should be done to me. I am the only one just and true upon the earth.'[266] In the gospel, when Jesus comes 'unto John' = Anup the baptizer, 'John would have hindered him.' 'But Jesus answering said unto him, suffer me now for thus it becometh us to fulfil all righteousness'[267]a probable rendering of the Egyptian word maat. In the Egyptian baptism three elements are involved: the elements of water, fire and spirit. Osiris represented water, Horus the solar fire, and Ra the holy spirit. These elements agree with the three persons in the trinity that were Osiris the father, Horus the son, Ra the holy spirit, in whose names as father, son and holy ghost the rite of baptism still continues to be practised. The second character was fulfilled by Horus when he became bird-headed as a spirit in the resurrection. This fulfilment is obvious if not perfectly accomplished on behalf of Jesus after his baptism. 'And Jesus, full of the holy spirit, returned from the Jordan, and was led in the Spirit.'[268] He also returns 'in the power of the Spirit.'[269] The same change has occurred with him as with Horus in the same circumstances. It is now that he makes the announcement. 'The Spirit of the Lord is upon me, because he hath anointed me to preach good tidings to the poor: he hath sent me to proclaim release to the captives and recovery of sight to the blind, to set at liberty them that are bruised, to proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord. Today hath the scripture been fulfilled in your ears.'[270] This was the fulfil- [p.796] ment, according to Jewish prophecy, of that second advent which took place, and could only take place in spirit-world, and not in the life on earth, except as a performance in the religious mysteries.

Another episode in the canonical account of Jesus will serve to illustrate the transformation from the child of twelve into the adult of thirty years. When Jesus was twelve years old, says Luke, his parents went up to Jerusalem at the feast of the Passover. When they were returning to Nazareth they found the boy had tarried behind in Jerusalem. After three days they discovered him in the temple sitting in the midst of the doctors, both hearing them and asking them questions. They were astonished; and his mother said unto him, 'Son, why hast thou thus dealt with us? Behold, thy father and I sought thee sorrowing.' And he said unto them, 'How is it ye sought me? Wist ye not that I must be on my father's business?'[271]or must be about the things of my father. This, in the original, is a legend of the infancy and of the time when the Child-Horus made his transformation into Horus the adult, to become the fulfiller for his father, 'and,' as he says, 'to take the lead.' Osiris in his maimed and mutilated state was represented by the child of Isis, the Horus of twelve years, or the moon in the fourteen days of waning light, or the sun in the winter solstice. Thus Isis in search of the scattered limbs and members of Osiris was in search of her child[272]. As it is said in the Hymn to Osiris, 'she went round the world lamenting him. She stopped not till she found him. She raised the remains of the god of the motionless heart. She extracted his essence. She bore a child. She suckled her babe in secrecy. No one knew where it happened.'[273] In the text quoted from the Ritual the child of the papyrus-marshes has changed and come forth as the ruler, he who fights the great battle against Sut. Horus was then about his father's business. He had now transformed from the child of Isis only, or Horus in the secret place, into Horus the begotten of the father, the Horus of thirty years. This is the original of the story told by Luke of the child-Christ when he was twelve years of age. Mary, like Isis, searches the districts for her missing child, who is found after three days, which is the length of time assigned to the transformation of Osiris for renewal in the moon. Meantime he, too, has 'made a great battle,' asserted his supremacy, and 'ordered what was to be done,' although the nature and mode of the contest have been changed. He has also given terror and caused his mother to fear. When reproached by his mother, who had sought him sorrowing, he asks his mother and father if they did not know that he must be about his father's business, or attending to the things of his father.

There is a chapter of Isis seeking for Child-Horus at his going forth from the marshes in which the papyrus grew; that is, when Horus is the child of twelve years who transforms into the living likeness of the father as the man of thirty years. A vulture with outspread wings is the emblem of the seeking mother, who goes about searching the 'mysterious retreats' of Horus in which he hides himself after leaving the marshes. Her son goes forth to face misfortune, to command the chiefs of the district. He fights a great battle. He calls to remem- [p.797] brance what he has done, imposes fear on them, establishes his terror, his mother Isis having made charms for the protection of her child[274]. Horus in his two characters of the child and the adult is called the lad in the country, and the youth in the city or in the town[275]. As the lad in the country he is the child with Isis the virgin mother, and Seb the earth-god, who was his foster-father during his childhood. As the youth in town he is in his father's house, and is 'the heir of the temple' in Heliopolis[276]. When Horus the child passes into Horus the adult he becomes the heir to the 'things of his father.' The Egyptian word khetu for 'things' is most idiomatic, and 'the things of my father' in the Greek is uniquely perfect as a rendering of the Egyptian khetu.

It is as the youth in town or in Heliopolis = Jerusalem, that Horus says 'I am a soul, and my soul is divine;' this was derived from Ra, his father in heaven 'I take the lead. I put an end to darkness. I put a stop to evil.' And when Horus goes to Abydos to see his father Osiris, all the great gods, together with the groups of the gods, come forth to meet and greet him with their acclamations. He is hailed by them as 'the king of hosts' who cometh to unite and take possession of the two worlds. His father's house is seized (in the juridical sense of seizin or feudal possession) 'in virtue of the writs,' which have been issued on behalf of the divine heir, 'the heir of the temple,'[277] the 'son whom the father hath begotten.'[278] Abydos is the mythical rebirth-place of Osiris, and it was there that Horus took possession of his father's house. In the gospel it is Jerusalem. Twice over in one brief chapter of the Ritual[279] Horus is called 'the heir of the temple.' He says, 'It is with reference to me that the gods say, Lo, the afflicted one is the heir of Annu.' This was as Horus the wise and wonderful child. And again it is said of Horus the divine adult, 'active and powerful is the heir of the temple; the active one of Annu, the son whom the father hath begotten.' In the Ritual the temple is in Annu; it is otherwise termed the hat-saru, or house of the prince. Horus enters this as the child of the mother, and he comes forth as the son of the father, and the wielder of the whip as the symbol of his sovereignty. Here is the parallel to the child-Jesus sitting in the temple as a teacher of the teachers, laying down the law to the masters of the law. As the word of truth, Horus 'assembles the chiefs of truth' or law. These are the acolytes who sit with Osiris in the great hall of Maat. The lords of truth (or the law) collected there to watch over iniquity, as they sit in 'Seb's great dwelling,' recognize the lad as the lord of justice, and delegate authority to him as their chief. The original of a scene in the temple is traceable in the Hymn to Osiris[280]. Horus has grown strong in the dwelling of Seb. 'The divine company rejoices when the son of Osiris comes, even Horus steadfast of heart, with (or as) the word made truth: the son of Isis, the flesh of Osiris.' Horus in the hall of Mati was in the house of his father Osiris seated on the judgment-seat surrounded by the chiefs of truth as the lad who is acknowledged now to be the universal master, and the lord of law and of very truth itself. The father's house in the gospels becomes the temple at Jerusalem, the 'chiefs of truth' collected there are the doctors or Tannaim, and [p.798] the divine child Horus, the royal Horus, wearer of the double crown, has been converted into the child of Joseph the carpenter.

According to John, the first thing that Jesus did after baptism was to prove his power by turning water into wine[281]. This is immediately followed by his foray in the temple at Jerusalem. He makes a scourge of cords, where Horus, as 'heir of the temple,' wields the whip or flagellum on the enemies of his father. Jesus lays on lustily with his flagellum and drives out those who have made the Father's house a house of merchandise or den of thieves. He thus proves himself to be, like Horus, 'active and powerful,' 'the heir of the temple' who hath the might divine as the only son, whom 'the Father hath begotten,' in the one instance by vanquishing Sut on the pinnacle, and in the other by driving out the evil-doers, the Sut-Typhonians, from the temple[282], both of which events are stated in two different gospels to have followed immediately after the baptism, in which occurred the transformation of Jesus into the dove-headed Son of God the Father.

In the Ritual the subject of chapter 138 is the 'Entry into Abydos,' and it describes a scene of triumph for Horus analogous to the entry of Jesus into Jerusalem. He is the lord of life in Abydos. He exclaims, 'O gods of Abydos. Let us be joyful. Do not hinder me from seeing my father. I am the Horus of Khem-Ka, the red shoot (or branch = natzer) which nothing can injure, whose hand is strong against his enemies: avenger of his father, striking his enemies, repelling violence: governor of multitudes, chief of the earth, who takes possession of his father's dwelling with his arms.' The object of this triumphant entry is for the divine heir to take possession of his father's dwelling. This he effects by force of arms. 'And Jesus entered into the temple of God, and cast out all that bought and sold in the temple and overthrew the tables of the money-changers.' And he says to them, 'It is written my house shall be called a house of prayer: but ye have made it a den of robbers.'[283]

Amsu-Horus rises in Amenta with the signs of government upon his shoulder in the shape of the crook and the whip (or khu). As bearer of the crook he is a form of the Good Shepherd who comes in that character to look after his father's flock or herd. As wielder of the whip he came to drive out and scourge the enemies of his father. The Christ who is portrayed as the Good Shepherd in one character is also described as making his advent with the fan in his hand, which in the hand of Amsu is the flail or whip. This, in another scene, becomes the whip or scourge with which Jesus drives out the illegal occupants of the temple. The Passover of the Jews being at hand, Jesus went up to Jerusalem, and 'he found in the temple those that sold oxen and sheep and doves, and the changers of money sitting' together in this compound of menagerie and mart, which is as if the Stock Exchange and Smithfield Market met together in St. Paul's Cathedral. 'And he made a scourge of cords, and cast all out of the temple, both the sheep and the oxen: and he poured out the changers' money and overthrew the tables, and to them that sold the doves he said, take these things hence; make not my father's house a house of merchandise.'[284] This portrait of the [p.799] wielder of the whip driving out the sheep and oxen is the reverse to that of the good shepherd with the crook, and this historic fulfilment of the mythos is a very puerile parody of Amsu-Har-Tema, the doer of justice, scourging the foes of his father out of the temple in his consuming fury of resentment, so soon as ever he had taken in hand the whip of his divine authority. Horus is not mentioned as riding into Abydos on an ass, but in the cult of Atum-Ra the solar disk was hauled up from Amenta by the ass-eared god Iusa, and Iusa was the original rider on the ass or the foal of the ass.

Immediately following this clearing out of the temple it is said that Jesus hungeredand seeing a fig-tree by the wayside he came to it and found nothing thereon. He is described as coming to the fig-tree hungry, when figs were not in season, and because there was no fruit upon it he sterilized it for ever, 'and immediately the fig-tree withered away.'[285] This is in the character of Horus the avenger, who comes to the fig-tree in the Aarru-garden and says, 'I am Amsu-Horus, the avenger of his father the Good Being. I carry out for my father the overthrowal of all his enemies,' including the fig-tree, as it is rendered in the gospels. In the Ritual the cedar is quoted in the place of the sycamore-fig. The speaker, in addressing the keeper of the twenty-first gate, says, 'Thou keepest the secrets of the Avenging God (Har-Tema) who causes the Shennu-tree to bear no fruit.'[286]

The earth-life ceases for Horus at the age of twelve. Partly because he typified an impotent or impubescent body-soul in matter, mere soul of the mother-blood, and the difference between Child-Horus and Horus divinized was expressed by the difference between the child of twelve and the perfect man of thirty years. It ceased by the transformation into that which was typical of another life. Child-Horus passed away from earth to make his change or to be made 'a man of' in the mysteries of Amenta. He rose again as Amsu in ithyphallic form to show the potency of soul or spirit in the afterlife by means of the natural figure. Thus, according to the genuine mythos, at the time of the baptism in the Jordan, when Jesus had attained the age of twelve, the earthly life came to an end, the mother's child had for the first time found his father. But that was not in this world. The second Horus was begotten in Amenta, not on earth. Also the baptism of regeneration, and other of the spiritual mysteries, occurred in that earth of eternity and not upon the earth where mortal beings dwell. In the totemic mysteries circumcision was a rite of puberty which marked the transformation of the youth into the man, and this, like other typical customs, was continued in the religious mysteries. When Horus makes his change and rises in Amenta as Horus the adult, it is in a figure that has suffered the rite of circumcision, as the portraits of the risen Amsu prove. Thus circumcision, like baptism, was a rite of regeneration and resurrection or re-erection from the dead; that is, from the state of the inert Osiris, the impubescent Horus, or, doctrinally, from the status of the uncircumcised, the unbaptized, who were 'unhouselled, unanointed, unannealed,' and who might thus remain in mummied immobility. The first Horus is impubescent; the second is circumcised to show that he has risen in the likeness of the father, 'full of [p.800] grace and truth,' 'the image of the invisible god, the firstborn of all creation.' Amsu-Horus, the risen sahu, is identical doctrinally with the gnostic Christ of Paul, who tells his hearers that they have been circumcised in him who includes the pleroma of the godhead bodily, 'with a circumcision not made with hands, in the putting off the body of the flesh, in the circumcision of Christ; having been buried with him in baptism, wherein ye were also raised with him through faith in the working of God, who raised him from the dead.'[287] When Horus rises from the dead he wields the weapons and he bears the symbols of his sovereignty. He has been baptized and circumcised, or lustrated with water, with oil, with the Holy Spirit, and crowned with the double feather. The doctrine is the same whether the risen one be Horus or the Christ; and there was nothing historical in the death, the baptism, the circumcision, the resurrection of Amsu-Horus, either as the karast-mummy or the Christ.

A difficulty all through with the concocters of the gospel history was this dual character of Horus in two lives and two worlds. They had only the one lifetime to go upon in one world. Jesus had to become bird-headed in the human lifetime and on earth. Whereas the human Horus made his change into the 'second-born, the golden hawk,' after he had passed into Amenta. It was as a spirit in the earth of eternity that he became bird-headed in the likeness of his father Ra, not on the earth of Seb, where he was imaged in the likeness of mortality, as the human Horus. Still, the risen Jesus acts the part of Horus in issuing from the sepulchre as a spirit. After his death and burial, he appears to the disciples in the role of the second Horus who represents the Father after the resurrection in spirit. He tells them that the Father bath sent him. 'And when he had said this, he breathed on them, and saith unto them, Receive ye the Holy Spirit.'[288] This is in the character of the hawk headed Horus who, as the son of Ra, is given power from the Father to breathe the Holy Spirit. It is a mystery of Amenta, with no meaning elsewhere. In this the Horus who had conquered death and risen again in triumph as the Beloved Son of God the Father, became the representative of the Holy Spirit with power to impart it to the breathless ones, and raise them from the dead; he who, as Horus or Jesus, in this character was 'the resurrection and the life.' But, in the gospels of the sarkolatrae it had to be demonstrated that the risen Christ was not a spirit or anything superhuman, if the history was to be accepted as simply human and limited to the life on earth.

Horus, in his first advent, was the word-made-flesh in mortal guise, according to the Kamite doctrine of the incarnation. In his second advent, he is the word-made-truth as Horus the fulfiller in the spirit, according to the Kamite doctrine of the resurrection. In his baptism, Horus the word-made-flesh transformed into the word-made-truth, according to the Kamite doctrine of baptismal regeneration, each of which doctrines was of necessity perverted in the exoteric rendering. The scene of this rebirth in Amenta was underneath the tree of dawnthe tamarisk, persea, olive, or sycamore-fig-tree. The desire of the manes is literally to be with Horus under the fig-tree at the time of his resurrection from Amenta, a figure that was derived from the [p.801] Horus-sun arising from under the tree of dawn in the mythology. Horus reborn as the sun of morning, says, 'I am the babe. I am the god within the tamarisk-tree.'[289] The olive was another tree of dawn. The transformation of Osiris into Horus, or of Amsu into Horus the bird-headed, was effected underneath this tree. One of the seven khus, or great spirits who are the companions of Horus in his resurrection is named Kheri-bakhu-f or 'he who is under the olive-tree,' which is equated by the fig-tree in the Gospel of John for the green tree of dawn. On a papyrus at Dublin the Osiris prays that he may be under the sycamore (fig-tree) of Hathor at the rising of Horus[290]. This, according to John, was the place where Nathaniel had been with Jesus before the two had ever met on earth[291]. 'Now,' says Andrew, 'we have found the Christ.' He calls upon Nathaniel to 'come and see.' Jesus recognizes him. Nathaniel says, 'whence knowest thou me?' 'Jesus answered and said unto him, before Philip called thee, when thou wast under the fig-tree, I saw thee.'[292]

The two characters of the double Horus, commonly ascribed to Jesus, are also portrayed upon the gnostic monuments in the Roman catacombs. In one character he is the little old and ugly Jesus. In the other he corresponds to Horus of the beautiful face. The first is the suffering messiah, the despised and afflicted one, who was considered to be of an ignoble origin compared with that of Horus the younger. He was the child of the mother only; the soul in matter; the heir of Seb, and therefore of the earth earthy. Horus the younger is the man from heaven; the immortal son of the Divine Man who is in heaven, Horus in his glory and his majesty. These often occur together on the same monuments in their irreconcilable contradiction of each other[293]. But the 'elder Horus' did not mean the aged Horus, for he was at the same time the Child-Horus. The title has been misinterpreted by the artists of the catacombs who have represented 'the afflicted one,' the man of sorrows, as diminutive, and pensive, old and ugly, whereas, according to the true type, he was never more than twelve years of age, and always wore the lock of childhood. 'Old Child' was his name.

Horus in his childhood was the sower of the seed in the fields of his father. This mystery follows that of the great battle in which Osiris is avenged and the associates of Sut are slain in the shape of goats, and the fields are prepared for the seed by being manured with their blood. The vignette is given by Naville from the tracing taken by Lepsius of the now lost Papyrus Busca[294]. The picture represents the great hoeing in Tattu. The long text at Denderah[295] contains directions to be observed on the festival commemorative of the ancient custom. Two black cows are put under a yoke of am-wood, the plough is of tamarisk-wood, and the share of black bronze. The ploughman goes behind, with a cow led in a halter. A little child with the sidelock attached to its head is to scatter the seed in the field of Osiris. Barley is sown at one end, spelt at the other, and flax between the two. The Kher-heb in chief recites the office for the sowing of the field[296]. The child with the sidelock represents the Horus of twelve years who leaves his mother at that age and goes forth to be [p.802] 'about his father's business.' That business, as here shown, was the sowing of seed for Osiris, the divine husbandman. Jesus at twelve years of age is said to leave the Virgin on his father's business for the purpose of sowing the seed of the word; the word that was to be made truth in the fields of divine harvest. Osiris is the husbandman as God the father, and Child-Horus the seed-sower as the son, in human form. Sut, the anthropomorphic Satan, is the opponent of Horus in the harvest-field he undoes what Horus does. As the prince and power of drought and darkness, he is busy in the night. He sows the tares, the thorns and thistles, the weeds or 'devil's-dung' amongst the good seed of Osiris sown by Horus. Horus has his assistants in the seed-sowing and the reaping of the harvest. These are grouped as the two, the four, the seven, and finally the typical twelve who are the reapers in the Aarru-fields, which are in the earth of eternity. There is no exact parallel scene in the canonical gospels to this of the seed-sowing in the Ritual, but the child that sows the seed in his father's field, survives in the Gospels of the Infancy. As we read in the Gospel of Thomas[297] at the time for sowing the child went out with his father to sow corn in their field, and when his father sowed, the child Jesus also sowed one grain of corn. And having reaped and threshed it, he made 'a hundred quarters of it,' and bestowed the corn upon the poor. 'Now Jesus was eight years old when he wrought this miracle,' during his first advent. At his second coming, Horus is the reaper in the fields of harvest. This is he 'Whose fan (or flail) is in his hand' when he rises from the sepulchre. The harvest at the end of the world was reaped by the followers of Horus at the end of the age or cycle of time. It was periodic in the mythology, like the harvests of the earth, and therefore periodic in the eschatology. He that sowed the good seed in the Egyptian mysteries was Horus the son of Isis, or the human Horus, who reappears as Amsu the husbandman in the fields of divine harvest, otherwise as Horus-Khuti the master of joy with his twelve followers who are the reapers of the harvest in Amenta. This is portrayed both in the netherworld and in the upper paradise of Hetep on the summit of the mount. The object of the beatified deceased is to attain the harvest-field in Hetep, that he may take possession of his allotment there, and be in glory there, and plough and sow and reap the harvest there for ever, 'doing whatsoever things were done on earth,' but changed and glorified. This was to be attained, not at the end of the world, but at the end of all the trials, the purifications and purgatorial pains, the strenuous efforts made in climbing up the ascent to reach at last the paradise of rest upon the summit; the place of reunion and reconciliation; the land of the tree of life and the water of life, of perennial plenty and of everlasting peace. Here the reapers, called the 'angels' in the gospel, show the harvest-field is not upon the earth of time. They are the twelve with Horus in the fields of divine harvest. Horus tells Osiris at the harvest-home that he has cultivated his corn for him in the Aarru-fields of peace; and in the person of Har-khuti with the twelve as lord of spirits gathered in the harvests of eternity.

Two opposite characters are assigned to Jesus in the gospels, in one of which he comes with peace, in the other he is the bringer of the [p.803] sword. He is the bringer of peace on earth[298], who says he has not come to bring peace on earth[299]. 'I came not to send peace but a sword.'[300] Horus had appeared previously in these two roles. He is 'Horus the peaceful.' As Iu-em-hetep he comes to bring peace and good fortune on earth and make wars to cease. Horus also comes with the sword as the avenger of his father when he pierces Sut to the heart, and annihilates the rebel powers. Har-tema is a title of the second Horus. The word ma for justice also signifies the law. And he who reveals and makes justice visible is the Horus who not only fulfils the word by making it truth, but who also comes to fulfil the law, or maat. This is the character assigned to the Jesus of the gospels, who says, 'Think not I came to destroy the law. I came not to destroy but to fulfil. Verily I say unto you, till heaven and earth pass away, one jot or one tittle shall in no wise pass away from the law till all things be accomplished.'[301] This law is the maat of the Ritual. And in the gospel the speaker assumes the position of Har-tema, who was the fulfiller of justice or the law. In the earth-life Jesus is the word or speaker in parables. In that way the 'Inarticulate Discourse' of Horus assigned to Jesus, with the usual misrendering of the hidden meaning, as the matter of parables which no one but the duly initiated could possibly understand. Indeed they were prepensely intended to be non-intelligible to all others. As it is said to the disciples, 'Unto you it is given to know the mysteries of the Kingdom of God, but to the rest in parables, that seeing they may see not and hearing they may not understand.'[302] Child-Horus opened his mouth in sign-language only. Jesus only opens his in parables. At his second coming he is to speak no more in parables but to tell the disciples plainly of the father. That is how the twofold character of Horus was to be fulfilled by Jesus, and as it had been already fulfilled by the Egypto-gnostic Jesus in Pistis Sophia. Also, however indirectly, Jesus is identified with the Child-Horus as the teacher who was a babe and suckling and who exclaims 'I am the babe' (repeated four times) in the Ritual[303]. Jesus says, at the time when 'he rejoiced in the holy spirit,'[304] 'I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, that thou didst hide these things (the things which had been given him to teach) from the wise and understanding and didst reveal them unto babes. (Such babes as Horus with the sidelock.) All things have been delivered unto me of my father and no one knoweth who the son is save the father.' But in the course of making out a human history from the mythos and the eschatology in the Ritual, Jesus has been forced to remain on the earth not only after he was twelve years of age but after he was thirty years, when he ought to have been a manes in Amenta. The Pistis Sophia retains the true version of Horus, or Jesus, in Amenta, when it says 'Jesus spake these words unto his disciples in the midst of Amenta'[305] and describes him in the character of Aber-Amentho, the lord of Amenta, in which he rose again triumphant over death.

That which was taught by Horus, or Jesus, the Word in the sayings and parables, was made truth by Horus-Makheru, the fulfiller indeed. And this fulfilment at the second coming is imitated by Jesus when [p.804] he says, 'These things have I spoken unto you in parables (or in proverbial sayings). The hour cometh when I shall no more speak you in parables but shall tell you plainly of the father.'[306] The teaching of Child-Horus did not contain a revelation of the father in spirit. This was the mission of Har-Makheru, the fulfiller of the word in truth, as it was acted in the mysteries to be repeated in the mortal life, for human use. This second part is promised in the gospels but remained a matter of prophecy that never was fulfilled. Albeit the doctrine survives in the Christian 'word-of-truth' with no foundation in the historical life of Jesus. The Christian advent of Horus-Makheru, the word-made-truth, the beloved son who represents the father, from beginning to end of the Ritual, still awaits the ending of the world or that last day which was annually solemnized in the Egyptian mysteries. As Paul the Christian gnostic puts it, 'the kingdom of God is not in word, but in power.' That is in fulfilment as the word-made-truth[307]. The first Horus was the word, the second is the power the heir of glory who hath the might-divine of the only-begotten Son of God the Father[308]. This, wherever met with, is Egyptian first of all as Horus, who was the word or logos in one phase of character, and in the other of two he was the power. As the word he represented the virgin mother. As the power he imaged the glory of the father. Horus was the word in the earth of Seb, and he is the power in the earth of Sut. In the canonical and apocryphal gospels both the word and power have been continued and fused into one, as there was but one life to be represented, that on earth, in the 'history.' It is said of the child-Jesus in the Gospel of Thomas[309], 'Every word of his becometh at once a deed.' 'Every word of his is at once a deed.'[310] 'Every word he speaketh forthwith becometh a deed.'[311] The sum and substance of the doctrine of Maati is to make the word of Osiris truth against his enemies. Elder Horus was that word in person. The word was also uttered in dark sayings which constituted the ancient wisdom. Then it became the written word of Taht Aan, the scribe of the gods, and Horus at his second coming was the divine ensample of the son who made the word of Osiris truth against all opposition as the fulfiller of the word and the doer in truth. The word of the Christ, according to Paul, is identical with the Makheru, or word-made-truth by Horus the fulfiller. He likewise speaks of 'the word of the truth of the gospels.'[312] The power of his Christ is that of the risen Horus; it is the power of the resurrection to eternal life and both are the same, because both represented one meaning, namely the soul of man that rose again from death, and was personalized in Horus or in Iusa.

Although the second character of Horus is realized by Jesus in his baptism; in his becoming the beloved and anointed son of God in his contests with Satan as a spirit; in proving himself to be the 'heir of the temple;' in his breathing the Holy Spirit into the breathless, raising of the dead, and in various other ways, such fulfilment had to be repudiated on account of the alleged Judean history. Hence he promises that if he goes away from the disciples he will send them the comforter, the paraclete, or advocate, 'even the Spirit of Truth [p.805]  which proceedeth from the father.' 'A little while, and ye behold me no more; and again a little while and ye shall see me.' This was the short time between the first and second coming of the Lord, which was about three nights in the mysteries. 'If I go not away the comforter will not come unto you.' Whereas in the Egyptian judgment scenes the comforter has come already. Horus in his second character is the paraclete or advocate with the father. One by one he introduces the faithful to Osiris[313], and is the intercessor and the mediator with the father on behalf of his children. In the Papyrus of Ani, for example, Horus the intercessor or advocate introduces Ani to his father, saying, 'I have come to thee, O Un-nefer, and I have brought unto thee the Osiris-Ani. His heart is right; it hath come forth guiltless from the scales. It hath not sinned against any god or goddess. Taht hath weighed it according to the decree pronounced unto him by the company of the gods; it is most right and true. Grant that he may appear in the presence of Osiris; and let him be like unto the followers of Horus for ever and ever.'[314]

The process of converting parts of the Osirian drama into Gospel narratives and of making the wisdom of the mystery-teachers portable for ordinary use, is obvious still in various of the parables of the double-Horus. For instance, in his first estate Child-Horus was the sower of the seed, and in his second character at the second coming he is the reaper of the harvest. Thence comes the parable of the sower. In the pictures to the Ritual Horus is the sower who goes forth to sow the seed in the field of his father. And when he sows the wheat the enemy, that is Sut the power of darkness, comes by night and sows the field with tares and thorns and thistles, it being his work to undo all the good that Horus does. This is represented in a parable by means of which 'the kingdom of heaven is likened unto a man that sowed good seed in his field; but while men slept his enemy came and sowed tares also among the wheat and went away.' The disciples ask for an explanation and the answer is 'he that soweth the good seed is the son of man; and the field is the world, and the good seed, these are the sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one; and the enemy that sowed them is the devil; and the harvest is the end of the world; and the reapers are the angels.'[315] Thus the matter of the drama was reproduced piecemeal in religious märchen and exoteric narratives.

  

THE MYSTERIES AND THE MIRACLES

The mysteries were a dramatic mode of representing the gnosis or science of the Egyptian mythology and eschatology. They are the mysteries of Amenta. It was in these the dead were raised, the blind were made to see, the dumb to speak, the deaf to hear, the lame to walk, the manes to become bird-headed. Hence the scenes of their occurrence were in spirit-world, where the manes made their transformation visibly, and the mortal put on immortality. The greater mysteries were founded on the resurrection from the dead [p.806] with the ka or the bird-headed Horus as the representative of a survival in spirit. As we have seen in the Pistis Sophia, Jesus tells the disciples that 'the mystery of the resurrection of the dead healeth from demonial possessions, from sufferings and all diseases. It also healeth the blind, the dumb, the maimed, the halt'; and he promises that whosoever shall achieve the gnosis of this wisdom shall have the power of performing these mysteries of the resurrection which only become miracles when exoterically rendered in the canonical gospels[316]. Amenta in the mythos was the secret earth of the nocturnal sun. In the eschatology it is the spirit-world in which the dead became once more the living, and attained their continuity by being proved and passed as true for all eternity. If they failed, it was here they died the second death, and never rose again. Amenta was the world of the blind, the deaf and dumb, the maimed, the halt, and impotent because it was the world of the dead.

Thus the miracles of the canonical gospels repeat the mysteries of the Ritual, and the scene of these was in the earth of the manes, not in the earth of mortals. It was there the deliverer wrought his 'miracles' in the eschatological representation, whether as Horus, the son of Osiris, or as Iusa, the son of Atum-Ra. The Egyptian religion had no need of miracles. It did not postulate the supernatural. The superhuman and ideally divine were a part of and not apart from nature. The nether-earth was the other half of this and the gospel history has been based upon that other earth of the manes being mistaken for the earth of mortals. In the Ritual, and in the gnostic writings, we find the mystery, the events, the characters, the Christ, the Virgin-Mother, the miracles, replaced upon their own proper footing and on the only ground of their existence which is eschatological and was a means of working out the drama in Amenta by means of the mythology that was previously extant. The so-called miracles of Jesus were not only impossible on human grounds; they are historically impossible because they were preextant as mythical representations which were made on grounds that were entirely non-human in the drama of the mysteries that was as non-historical as the Christmas pantomime. The miracles ascribed to Jesus on earth had been previously assigned to Iusa the divine healer who was non-historical in the pre-Christian religion. Horus, whose other name is Jesus, is the performer of 'miracles' which are repeated in the gospels, and which were first performed as mysteries in the divine nether-world. But if Horus or Iusa be made human on earth, as a Jew in Judea, we are suddenly hemmed in by the miraculous, at the centre of a maze with nothing antecedent for a clue; no path that leads to the heart of the mystery, and no visible means of exit therefrom. With the introduction of the human personage on mundane ground, the mythical inevitably becomes the miraculous; you cannot have the history without it; thus the history was founded on the miracles which are perversions of the mythology that was provably preextant.

Not only is it represented in the gospels that Jesus raised the dead but that he also conferred power on the disciples to do likewise. They are to preach and proclaim that the kingdom of heaven is at [p.807] hand, to 'heal the sick and raise the dead.'[317] So the followers, called the 'Children of Horus,' had the power given them previously by their Lord to raise the dead. In the Pyramid Texts of Teta[318] it is said, 'Horus hath given his children power that they may raise thee up;' that is, from the funeral couch. But this resurrection was in Amenta, the earth of eternity, not in the earth of time, and those who were raised up for the second life are the manes, not mortal beings in the human world. It was not pretended that they were Egyptians in the time of Teta, the first king of the sixth dynasty. The Christians babble about the mysteries of revealed religion, which mysteries never were revealed except to those who had been duly initiated. These were mysteries to the Christians simply because they had not been revealed to them. They are the mysteries of ancient knowledge reproduced as miracles of modern ignorance. Such mysteries of the Christian faith, as the Trinity, the Incarnation, and the Virgin Birth, the Transfiguration on the Mount, the Passion, Death, Burial, Resurrection and Ascension, Transubstantiation and Baptismal Regeneration, were all extant in the mysteries of Amenta with Horus or Iu-em-hetep as the central figure of the pre-Christian Jesus.

This mode of making miracles from the mysteries can be traced in the canonical gospels. For instance, according to John, when Jesus reappears to the seven fishers on board the boat to cause the miraculous draught of fishes it is after his resurrection from the dead. Consequently, the transaction is in a region beyond the tomb, therefore in spirit-world, not in the life on earth. Whereas in Luke's version, his reappearance was in the earth-life and is not a reappearance after death. Yet the miraculous draught of fishes is the same in both books; and either the transaction is historical in Luke and has been relegated to the afterlife in another world by John, or else the mythical version was first and has been converted into an historical event by Luke. But here, as in other cases, there is no corroboration of the history to be adduced, whereas the priority of John's version is attested by the Ritual where the fisher, the seven fishers, the fishing and the fish belong not to this earth but to that other world beyond the tomb and to the mysteries of Amenta.

When Sebek in the Ritual[319] catches the fish in his marvellous net this is proclaimed by Ra to be 'a mystery.' But when Simon Peter in the gospel catches the great draught of fishes the mystery becomes a miracle.

Mythology knows nothing of miracle, nor the need of it. Miracle has no place in the Egyptian Ritual. But the Ritual shows us how the necessity for it arose as a modus operandi when the gnosis had to be accounted for by ignorance and the mythos was converted into human history. For example, the sun or the sun-god Atum is described in the Ritual as going over the surface of the lake of Mati, in Abydos, the place of rebirth, or of sunrise. That which is done mythically by the god is performed by the manes on the eschatological plane, and as he is in the human likeness, it follows that he must walk the water in the sun-god's track. He says, 'the great God who is there is Ra himself. I walk on his road; I know the surface of the lake of Mati. The water of Mati is the road by which Atum-Ra [p.808] goes to traverse the field of divine harvest.'[320] In the first phase the sun (or solar god) traverses the celestial water at dawn. In the eschatological continuation the human soul in Amenta does the same because assimilated to the character of the god. It is but a mode of representing phenomena in the two worlds of the double earth, the imagery of upper earth being repeated in spirit-world. But if we substitute a human being for the solar god or the manes in Amenta, and make him walk the water in our world on the surface of the sea or lake of Galilee, instead of the lake of Mati in Amenta, the water-walking can only be done by miracle. Such is the genesis of the biblical miracles in both the Old Testament and the New. This we are now able to prove twice over by means of the original matter and mode of the mythos in the Egyptian eschatology that was humanized or literalized in legends and at last converted into Christian history.

You cannot rationalize the Bible miracles by reducing them to what may be thought reasonable dimensions. As Matthew Arnold said, 'this is as if we were startled by the extravagance of supposing Cinderella's fairy godmother to have actually changed the pumpkin into a coach-and-six, but should suggest that she did really change it into a one-horse-cab.'[321] It is not a matter of degree or proportion, but of a radical difference in the fundamental nature of things. It is not the kind of transformation that was applied to the primary facts, nor is this transformation the result of imagination. It was not a result of the faculty of imagining that a man should be supposed to walk the water and not sink. Such an imagining was controverted by all the past of human experience. When the Egyptians portrayed a human impossibilitya miraclethey depicted a pair of feet walking on the water. This was a mode of superhuman force first made manifest by the elemental powers such as light and darkness, the wind, or the spirit of the storm. The water-walker was an old type of deity. The Christian miracles are false modes of explaining that which was ignorantly misappropriated. The gnostic interpretation of the Kamite mysteries had no need of miracles, no reversal or violation of natural law. The process by which miracles, or total violations of natural law, arose, was through perversion of ancient knowledge by later ignorancenot in the false or exaggerated reports of eye-witnesses. Nor could anything be settled by a conflict of opinions in the domain of ideas. We must have some foothold and ground of fact to go upon even to fight the battle. As it is in physical science, we have to ascertain the knowable. It avails nothing to take refuge in the unknown or to enshroud ourselves in mystery. The legends of mythology were not ideal, nor based upon abstract ideas. They were not first evolved from the inner consciousness, but from facts in outward nature that are for ever verifiable. The mysteries that 'historic Christianity' took over without understanding, and preserved as food for faith, or as problems for metaphysical speculation, are fathomable and even simple when truly interpreted, but they have and can have no solution on the supposed historic grounds. And with its bogus miracles surreptitiously derived from the ancient mysteries by falsification of the myths, it has destroyed or tended to destroy all standing-ground [p.809] of common sense in natural reality. With its 'historical' virgin mother of a God who was her 'historical' child, it has made a double mockery of nature, human and divine. With its risen corpse for an anointed Christ the only Son of God, it has deified an image of death itself and made a mortuary of the human mind.

When it is conclusively proved that the Christian miracles are nothing more than a pagan mode of symbolical representation literalized, there is no longer any question of contravening, or breaking, or even challenging any well-known laws of nature. The discussion as to the probability or possibility of miracle on the old grounds of belief and doubt is closed for ever. A glance at the Egyptian pictures will show that the Horus or Christ is the young sun-god who walks the waters in Amenta not on the upper earth, and that the evil spirits who enter the swine and are driven down into the lake are the souls of those who were condemned in the great judgment as typhonian, the black pig being a type of Sut the evil being. A study of these miracles as they were originally rendered will lead to an understanding of their true significance, and here as everywhere else the truth of the matter once attained must ultimately put an end to the false belief:

Falsehood hath nothing in the world to do,
But lie to live and die to prove the true!

With what facility the miracle could be manufactured for the exoteric gospels, canonical or apocryphal, may be seen from the legends in The Arabic Gospel of the Infancy[322]. In one character the youthful sun-god, Horus or Jesus, was represented as a sort of divine dyer. He is called the great one who produces colours. In a passage of the Ritual[323], as rendered by Birch, it is said that 'the great one journeys to the production of colours.' These are the colours which are produced when the sun, or the Child-Horus, or Jesus, rises from the lotus to dye the blue heaven with the hues of dawn. This is shown by a reference in the same passage to the sycamore tree of dawn. Now, in one of the numerous folktales that were derived from the mythos, this is made a miracle of in a legend of the infancy. It was as the Child-Horus that the sun arose to create the colours; and, as a child, it is said the Lord Jesus entered the shop of a dyer where lay many cloths which were waiting to be dyed each of a different colour. Taking them all up together he threw the whole lot into a vessel of Indian blue. The dyer cried out and said the boy had ruined them all. But Jesus said he would cause each one to come forth of the colour that was desired, and he took them out of the vessel one by one, each one being dyed of the very colour that the dyer wanted.

The story of child-Jesus in the Gospel of Thomas who, when five years old, took clay and formed the images of twelve sparrows, which turned the word into a deed when Jesus bade them fly, is a miracle manufactured from a mystery of Amenta. When the manes were transformed from mummy to spirit they became bird-headed in the likeness of Horus whose head was that of a sparrow-hawk. This in the folktale becomes a sparrow, and twelve sparrows created by Jesus in the miracle are the representatives of the twelve great spirits of [p.810] Horus which have the head of the sparrow-hawk in the mystery of Amenta.

When evil spirits enter swine and are driven down the mountainside to be drowned in the lake of darkness the representation is mythical, not miraculous. The mount is rooted in Amenta. The scene is in the earth of eternity. The mount was called the mount of birth in heaven. This was ascended by the manes who had passed through the judgment-hall and come forth as the good spirits, whereas the condemned were driven back and literally sent to the devil by entering the pig of Sut, which had become a type of all impurity. The miracle begins when the avenging Har-Tema is made historical, the pig actual, and the transaction takes place on this our upper earth. We must go to the Egyptian drawings in the drama of the mysteries for the veritable fact; and once we are in presence of the real truth we learn that the argument of Professor Huxley against the miracle is just as unprofitable as the Christian belief in the miracle[324]. Here, as everywhere, the miracle results from a misinterpretation of the mythos out of which the gospels were ultimately evolved, piecemeal, and put together in a spurious history, with a spurious version of Horus the mortal, and a spurious spectre of Horus in the spirit.

In performing his miracles with a word, in being the word incarnated or made truth in person, in wielding a magical power over the elements, in casting out devils, in causing the spirits of evil to enter the swine, in healing the woman with the issue of blood, in giving sight to the blind, in transforming and transfiguring himself in suddenly concealing himself in walking upon the sea, in his personal conflict and battles with Satan, in raising the dead to life out of the earth, in resuscitating himself on the third day; in all these and other things Jesus is accredited with doing exactly what was attributed to Horus in the Ritual and in the Egyptian mysteries. But these miraculous things were never done by mortal or immortal on the surface of our earth. They are otherworld occurrences in the true rendering, and they can only be re-related to reality as a mythical mode of representing the scenes in the drama of Amenta. The superhuman attributes are possessed, the transformation and transfiguration effected, the waters walked, the evil spirits cast out to enter the typhonian swine; sight is restored to the blind, the dumb are given a mouth, the dead are raised up out of the earth by Horus in this divine netherworld termed the earth of eternity and not on the earth of Seb in the world of time.

The historical character of the four gospel narratives must stand or fall by the historical facts of the miracles. From the birth derived from a virgin to the corporeal resurrection of the Christ, the sole standing-ground is upon miracle. No amount of Jesuitical dialectic or logical argument based upon false premises, can ever make right, as a trustworthy matter of faith, that which is verifiably wrong as matter-of-fact. Yet the faith was founded on the uttermost falsification of natural fact as the ground of the history. On the one hand we find a belief that these miraculous transactions, these teachings of the Christ and the Christ himself were historical. On the other, we have the proof that they were unhistorical, a proof upon evidence that has [p.811] never been tampered with, and that is directly derived from witnesses that do not, cannot lie. The miracles of the virgin birth and physical resurrection of Jesus; the miracles of giving sight to the blind and of raising the dead, the descent into Hades, and the resurrection in three days or on the third day, are all Egyptian, all in the Ritual. They were previously performed by the Christ who was not historical, the Christ of the Egypto-gnostics who is Horus or Jesus, identical with the Osirian Christ who was Horus the lord by name, and who, as the records show, was also extant as a divine type or spiritual impersonation as Iusa or Iu-em-hetep many thousand years ago.

A crucial example of the mode in which the gospel history was manufactured from the matter of the mythos and the eschatology is furnished by the miracle or miracles of the loaves and fishes. In one account the multitude of men, women and children are fed on five loaves and two fishes, and the remains of the meal were sufficient to fill twelve baskets[325]. In the other miracle, or second version of the same, the multitude are fed on seven loaves and a few small fishes, and there were seven baskets full of broken pieces. But for the Ritual we might never have known the correct number of loaves that did suffice to feed the vast multitude. They are seven in one place and five in another, and both the seven and five are found in one and the same book. This difference, however, serves for Matthew to make out a second miracle[326]. The speaker in the Ritual says, 'There are seven loaves on earth with Seb; there are seven loaves with Osiris (in Amenta); there are seven loaves at Annu with Ra in heaven.'[327] 'Henceforth let me live upon corn in your presence, ye gods, and let there come one who bringeth to me that I may feed from those seven loaves which he hath brought for Horus.'[328] 'It is the god of the sektet boat and of the maatit boat who hath brought them (the loaves) to me at Annu.'[329] These seven loaves constitute the celestial diet on which the multitude of souls are fed in Annu, called 'the place of multiplying bread.' But those who are fed upon the seven loaves in the celestial locality of Annu are not human beings on earth; they are manes in Amenta where Horus is the bread of life as giver of food to the quickened spirits of the dead; and as the transaction occurred in the next life there was no need of a miracle in this life by asserting that about five thousand hungry men, besides women and children, were fed upon five or seven loaves of bread and two fishes.

The synoptics do not mention the incident, but according to John[330] who retains much more of the Egyptian wisdom in his gospel, there was a lad present in the scene who had with him 'five barley loaves and two fishes.' 'Jesus therefore took the loaves from him and distributed them to the people.' We have identified the feeding of the multitude of manes on the seven loaves that were brought to Horus as distributor of the bread of life, and the lad who brings the bread to Jesus in the gospel with the one who brings the seven loaves to Horus, or, it may be, the five loaves to Taht, in the Ritual, and who is described as 'someone' who comes with the bread of Horus and Taht which is ritualistically represented by the seven loaves. A primitive concept of the infinite had been expressed in terms of [p.812] boundless food and drink. Providence was the provider; and the power that provided the fruits of the earth or water was Providence. When bread was made the providing power or godhead itself was figured by the Egyptians as an illimitable loaf, the food of spirits or celestial diet for the life to come. The one great loaf was equivalent to the one supreme source of soul. Seven loaves were numerically equivalent to the seven souls of Ra. The human soul was fed from the bread of life as typical of divine source. With bread of that kind one loaf might have sufficed without the pretence of a miracle, as it was cut and come again without diminution. It was the kind of bread which keeps on rising and expanding for ever as in the German tale of Jesus and the miserly woman with her dough.

Annu is the place of bread in which the multitudes of manes are fed as men, women and children also, if the younglings of Shu are included. It is called the place of multiplying bread. There are seven loaves of bread with Ra in Annu[331] on which the manes are fed by Horus. They feed upon the seven loaves of celestial bread which were brought for Horus to feed the manes with by a divine messenger. Seven loaves were brought for Horus and there were also loaves for Taht[332], the two which correspond to the seven loaves and the five in the 'historical' miracles. The manes prays that he may feed on the seven loaves that are brought for Horus, and the loaves that were brought for Taht, which shows at least that there was more than one set of loaves, when the multitude were fed on the divine diet in the place of multiplying bread. In the gospel the multitude recline upon the grass. In the Ritual they rest upon the grassy sward beneath the sycamore of Hathor[333]. But when the multitudes were fed in Annu they were the souls of the departed, and the symbolical seven loaves on which they fed was ka-bread that was neither made nor eaten on earth, nor did it need a miracle to make the food go far enough. Annu was a mythical locality which did not supply the conditions for a miracle. A miracle had to be performed only when the eschatological representation was shifted from the mount of Annu in Amenta to a mountain in Judea. One hieroglyphic sign of the mount Hetep is a pile of food. The mount was the place of feasting for the followers of Horus, the beatified spirits of the departed. 'Every feast on earth and on the mountain' signifies the feasts of the living and the dead; the living upon earth, the dead or the departed on the mountain. In the feasting on the mount, 'Jesus went up into the mountain and sat there. And there came unto him great multitudes, having with them the lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and they cast them down at his feet; and he healed them; insomuch that the multitude wondered when they saw the dumb speaking, the maimed whole, the lame walking, and the blind seeing; and they glorified the God of Israel. And Jesus called his disciples and said, I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with me three days and have nothing to eat.'[334] The miracles of healing, including the casting out of evil spirits and the raising of the dead, as portrayed in the Ritual and corroborated by the Pistis Sophia, occurred in the resurrection on the mount; and this shows that those who had been with Jesus having nothing to eat for three days had been awaiting their [p.813] resurrection on the third day, and that they were the manes and not mortals.

The only reason why the blind and deaf and dumb, the palsied and the lame, including the dead, assembled in their multitudes upon the mount is because this was the mount of resurrection and regeneration, thence of healing, for the manes who had waited in Amenta for the coming of the Lord. The resurrection of Osiris was solemnized at the great Haker festival. This is one of the ten mysteries described in the Book of the Dead[335] said to have been celebrated 'before the great circle of gods in Abydos (the place of Osiris's rebirth and resurrections) on the night of 'Haker' (or Ha-k-er-a) when the glorious ones are rightly judged: when the evil dead are parted off, and joy goeth its round in Thinis.'[336] The name for this festival is rendered 'Come thou hither or come thou to me:' as the call of Ra upon the mount addressed to Osiris in the valley on the day of resurrection, when the soul of Horus the mortal was blended with Horus the immortal in the mystery of Tattu[337]. The Haker celebration included both fasting and feasting. The word haker signifies fasting, to be famished, as well as denoting the festival of 'Come thou to me' or the rite of resurrection. Now, as the comparative process shows an 'historical' version of the Haker festival is given in the gospels where we find an exoteric account of the funeral fast and resurrection feast, in the miracles of healing performed upon the mount and feeding the famished multitude upon the seven loaves of bread. It should be premised that the raising of Osiris, the god in matter was individual, but, at the same time, the resurrection of the dead in Osiris who were the 'All Souls' for the year or cycle was general. The supreme miracle of 'raising the dead' suffices of itself to show that it belonged to the mysteries of Amenta, as asserted in the Pistis Sophia, 'where the dead were raised; evil spirits were cast out, the blind were made to see, the deaf to hear, the lame to walk, the bed-ridden to get up and go,'[338] not by miracle but as a dramatic mode of illustrating the mysteries of the resurrection in the per-em-hru or coming forth to day. It is noticeable that the miracles of healing on the mount described in Matthew[339], are immediately followed by the miracle of multiplying the loaves and fishes. There is no change of scene, the multitude upon the mount remain the same. 'And Jesus called unto Him His disciples, and said "I have compassion on the multitude, because they continue with Me now three days and have nothing to eat; and I would not send them away fasting."' Thus three days are allotted to the work of healing in the mount, during which time the multitude were fasting in the company of Jesus and his disciples. In the Ritual these are not only the fasting, they are also deprived of breath. They are without a mouth. They are the blind, the dumb, the motionless, in short, they are the deceased awaiting in their coffins and their cells for him who is the resurrection and the life, as the divine healer and deliverer of the manes from Amenta; he is the 'divine one who dwelleth in heaven, and who sitteth on the eastern side of heaven'[340] that is on Mount Bakhu, the mount of the olive-tree, the only mount on which the dead were ever raised[341]. This healing then was a mystery of the resurrection, the same in the canonical as [p.814] in the Egypto-gnostic gospel; the same in both as in the Book of the Dead, or Ritual of the resurrection. Three days was the length of time allowed for the burial in Amenta. This would constitute a three days' fasting of the dead. We must discriminate. In the lunar reckoning the resurrection of Osiris in the moon was on the third day, which corresponded to the actual reappearance of the light in nature. This death, described by Plutarch[342], occurred on the seventeenth of the month. In the solar reckoning three whole days and nights were allowed for the burial of the sun or sun-god in the earth. Both are employed in the gospels but not scientifically. Neither could the complex of soli-lunar reckoning be explicated on the single line of a personal human history. Both solar and lunar reckonings remain, but hugely gaping apart with a gulf for ever fixed between the two. The Son of Man was to remain three nights as well as days in the 'heart of the earth.' That is in keeping with the solar reckoning, whereas the resurrection is on the third day, the same as that of Osiris in the moon. We repeat, there was a twofold computation of time, lunar and solar, both of which are given in the gospels. but without the gnosis that explained the astronomical mythology. Three days is the full period, and this is the length of time over which the miracles of healing were extended and during which the multitude with Jesus had 'nothing to eat,' because they were with him in the valley of Amenta; the same that were healed by him on the Mount of Resurrection. It was in the resurrection that the dead were raised to life and became spirits. These were the good spirits which were parted from the evil spirits that were then 'cast out.' Sight was given to the blind, a mouth to the dumb, hearing was restored to the deaf. The lame were enabled to rise and walk. Then the three days' fast was ended by the feeding of the multitude on what the Ritual terms celestial diet, i.e., the 'seven loaves' of heaven that were supplied as sustenance for the risen dead in Annu, the place of multiplying bread. In the Egyptian mysteries all who enter the netherworld as manes to rise again as spirits are blind and deaf and dumb and maimed and impotent because they are the dead. Their condition is typified by that of mortal Horus who is portrayed as blind and maimed, deaf and dumb in An-arar-ef, the abode of occultation, the house of obscurity, the 'city of dreadful night' where all the denizens were deaf and dumb and maimed and blind awaiting the cure that only came with the divine healer who is Horus of the resurrection in the Ritual, or Khunsu, the caster out of demons, or Iu-em-hetep the healer, or Jesus in the gospels, gnostic or agnostic. Thus the restoring of sight to the blind man, or the two blind men, was one of the mysteries of Amenta that is reproduced amongst the miracles in the canonical gospels.

The speaker in the Ritual often makes the merest allusion to some act of the drama that was visibly performed and fully unfolded in the mysteries. For example, Horus the avenger is described as blending his being with that of the Sightless One, who had been Horus in the flesh[343]. In a previous allusion (same chapter) the coming of the soul of Ra to embrace and blend with the body-soul of Osiris, to give light and life to the mummy-god is also described as the act of Horus-Tema who is blended with the sightless god. In either [p.815] representation there is a restoration of sight to the blind; and this when written out and narrated as 'history' becomes the miracle of Jesus curing the man and giving sight to him who was blind; or to the two men as Osiris and the Osiris N., or to any number of those who were sightless in the city of the blind. When Horus the deliverer descends into Amenta he is hailed as the prince in the city or the region of the blind. That is, of the dead who are sleeping in their prison cells, and who therefore are the prototypal spirits in prison. He comes to shine into their sepulchres and to restore their sight to the blind. 'Hail to Thee, Lord of Light, who art prince of the house which is encircled by darkness and obscurity,' in the city of the blind[344]. This picture is repeated in the Gospel of Matthew[345]. 'The people which sat in darkness saw a great light: and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death, to them did the light spring up.' This, as written in the Book of the Dead was in Amenta.

The typical blind man of Amenta, then, is Horus in the gloom of his sightless condition, as the human soul obscured in matter or groping in the darkness of the grave. This is Horus An-arar-ef in the city of the blind. And the Horus who comes to restore the lost sight, is he who had been divinized in the likeness of Ra, the holy spirit. It is said of this dual Horus in the Ritual[346], 'The pair of gods are Horus the reconstitutor of his father and Horus the prince in the city of blindness.' The second Horus is the spirit perfected. He descends from heaven to the darkness of Amenta as The Light of the World. He is called the one whose head is clothed with a white radiance. His presence shines into the sepulchres and cells of the manes. He comes to the blind in the city of the blind, the place in which blind Horus was enveloped in obscurity. He shows as a great light in the darkness of the land of the dead, and is described as restoring sight to those who are blind, that is to the manes who have not yet attained the beatific or spiritual vision. This is represented as giving sight to the blind. Amenta was looked upon as the earth of the blind. The manes were there as blind folk awaiting sight. The human Horus Har-Khent-An-arar-ef in Sekhem was the prince of the blind, being chief amongst the manes who were sightless or without the means of seeing in the dark. For this reason the mole or shrewmouse was his zootype. The typical blind man in Amenta is the blind Horus who was deprived of sight by Sut, the power of darkness. But every manes that entered Amenta was also blind in the darkness of death. Thus there are two blind men, or one as the god and one as the manes; one in the soli-lunar mythos, and one in the eschatology; Horus in his darkness of night or the eclipse; the mortal in the dark of death. Miracle for mystery, this may explain the two different versions of healing the blind in the gospels. Three of the evangelists know of a single blind man only, who was cured by Jesus, where Matthew reports the healing of two blind men in which he obviously gives two separate versions of one and the same miracle. In the Ritual, then, we can identify the one blind man with Horus in the dark, or without sight;[347] the two blind men with Horus and the manes (otherwise [p.816] with Osiris and the Osiris); and the multitudes of blind people above ground with the manes or the dead in Amenta. There is no need of limiting the miracle of curing the blind to one or two men. Horus the light of the world in the earth of Amenta comes to cure the blind in general who are dwelling in the darkness of the city of the blind, in which the devil (Sut) was dominant previous to the second advent of Horus. The dead in Osiris were as blind mummies awaiting the spiritual light which gave the beatific vision; and Horus comes to unseal the eyes of the manes waking in their coffins.

The poor blind Horus was given eyes at the time when he became the anointed son, and the child of twelve years made his transformation into the adult of thirty years with the head and sight of the hawk, or the beatific vision of Horus in the spirit. He was anointed with oil at the lustration in Abydos, the place of rebirth. Hence one mode of making the anointed or the Christ whom Horus became in this transformation was by anointing with saliva. The lustration of children by spittle was an old papal rite, and in the gospel the spittle used to open the eyes of the blind is equivalent to anointing the sightless Horus in Sekhem. In acting the mystery of Amenta the 'Eye of Horus,' the anointed son, the light of the world, was brought to blind Horus lying in his darkness. This mystery is reproduced as miracle in the healing of the blind man. 'When I am in the world,' says Jesus, 'I am the Light of the World.'[348] This is equivalent to bringing the eye of Horus to the benighted manes in Amenta. 'When he had spoken, he spat on the ground, and made clay of the spittle, and anointed his eyes with the clay.'[349] And in this unsightly way the man is said to have attained his sight in thus becoming the anointed. Such is the puerility of the miracle-mongers who misrepresent the mystery-teachers in the gospels. To preach the 'recovery of sight to the blind' was to teach a doctrine of the resurrection and the opening of the eyes in death, such as was set forth dramatically in the mysteries of the Ritual[350]. It was the same also in giving a mouth to the dumb; in making the dead to rise and the lame to walk; likewise in casting out evil spirits, and the powers of darkness, the associates of Sut, the sami or the sebau, which originated in physical phenomena, and were afterwards misrendered as obsessing spirits that were primarily human. When the divine healer and caster-out of demons, Khunsu-Horus, went to Bakhten to exorcize an evil spirit in The Possessed Princess[351], the god was carried there in effigy, as the 'driver away of evil spirits that take possession' of the human body, not as a divinized medicine man portrayed in human form. The effigy is an image of the wonderful healer who originated as a power of renewal in external nature, and not as a mortal on this earth. The caster-out of demons is also portrayed as Khunsu offering up the abominable pig in the lunar disk as a sacrifice to the Lord of Light[352], the pig being a zootype of Sut the evil one. Thus we reach a root-origin in the war of light and darkness, or Horus and Sut, that is waged for ever in the moon. The black boar, Sut, makes his attack upon the eye, which is healed by Horus or Khunsu, Taht or Ra. The power of light was then the healer of the wound in nature that was wrought by the representative of darkness as the pig, the Apap-dragon, or the adversary Sut. Hence the eye of Horus in [p.817] the moon is a symbol of healing, and of safety or salvation; an amulet, therefore, or fetish, good against the powers of darkness. There was no miracle in the natural phenomena. There was no miracle involved or taught in the original mode of representation. But when a 'human mortal' with the name of Jesus is put in place of Horus, Taht or Khunsu, he becomes the supposed to be, but for ever impossible, miracle-monger; Jesus, the Jewish saviour, who is described as coming into a world of blind people; some of whom are blind figuratively, others actually. The scribes and Pharisees are denounced as blind, 'blind guides,' 'fools and blind,' 'blind leaders of the blind.' Jesus restores the sight of those who are physically blind, 'to many blind he gave sight.' That is in fitting the canonical Jesus to the role of Horus. A form of blind Horus described by Isaiah leaves no room for doubt that the Hebrew messiah was the Egyptian Horus. This is he who is blind; 'my servant, who is blind as he that is made perfect, and blind as the Lord's servant.'[353] This servant of the Lord is the suffering Horus who was portrayed as the servant of Osiris the Lord, blind, dumb, and therefore deaf but as being perfected in serving the Lord, who 'confirmed the word of His servant.' Being perfected marks the change from the servant, as Horus who was born blind in matter to Horus in spirit, the restorer of sight to the blind, that is, to the dead. Also the word of the servant was confirmed by the coming of Horus as the word-made-truth in Har-Ma-Kheru. But it was in the earth of Amenta that Horus came to restore their sight to the blind, and in the canonical gospels Judea, full of blind folk being cured by miracle, is just Amenta wrong-side uppermost, with the drama of the double-earth in a state of topsy-turvydom through the conversion of the ancient mysteries into gospel-miracles.

In arranging for the resurrection of the dead, as performed in the mysteries of Osiris, the funeral bed, called the khenkhat, is prepared as the couch of the mummy. It is said to the deceased, 'I have fastened thy bones together for thee. I have given thy flesh to thee. I have collected thy members for thee.' This is in arranging the deceased upon the funeral couch, for his rising from, or as, the dead[354]. 'Hail N,' it is said to the deceased upon the funeral couch, 'Arise on thy bed and come forth.'[355] Here is an instructive instance of the way in which the mysteries of the Ritual have been converted into the miracles of the gospels. There are two chapters concerning the funeral bed. The first is 'on making the Khenkhat to stand up'; the other is on 'arranging the Khenkhat.' We repeat, the khenkhat is the funeral bed on which the dead were laid out in Amenta, waiting for the coming of Horus, lord of the resurrection, to wake the sleepers who are in their coffins or lying breathless on their couches in the likeness of inert Osiris. It is the couch of the dead that is set up on end like the mummy-case with the body inside which is thus erected on its feet as a mode of rendering the mystery of the resurrection or re-erection of the deceased[356]. This becomes a miracle in the gospel, when the dead are raised, and those who were paralytic take up their bed and walk. In the next chapter[357] on the arrangement of the funeral bed it is said to the risen one, 'Thou settest forth on thy [p.818] way. Horus causeth thee to stand up at the risings.' Then the deceased, as the risen mummy, is seen to be walking off. That is in the resurrection. Here, as elsewhere, the mystery of Amenta becomes a miracle when represented on this earth. That change would of itself account for a huge falsification, to say nothing of the intent and tendency of the writers, which follow and overshadow the truth of the ancient wisdom all through as darkly as the night the day; for if ancient Egypt was the light of the world, Christian theology has assuredly been its impenetrable shadow.

As already shown, a reduced form of the mysteries that were acted in the Osirian drama may here and there be recognized in the form of parables and portable sayings. Take the mystery of Tattu in the 17th chapter of the Ritual, by means of which the sayings of the Lord, quoted from the Gospel According to the Egyptians by the two Clements[358], can be explicated. The Lord himself being asked by someone when his kingdom would come, replied: 'When two shall be one. When that which is without is as that which is within, and the male with the female (shall be) neither male nor female.'[359] When Salome asked, when those things about which she questioned should be made known, the Lord said: 'When you tread under foot the covering of shame, and when out of two is made one, and the male with the female is neither male nor female.'[360] This is that blending of the two souls or two sexes in one which was figured and effected in the mystery of Tattu. This blending of two halves in one whole, which is a likeness of neither, but a new image of both, is exemplified thrice over in the Ritual, when a soul was established that should live for ever. Ra is blended with Osiris; Shu with Tefnut; Child-Horus with Horus the adult. Ra represents the divine soul, and Osiris the body-soul in matter. Shu represents the male, and Tefnut the female nature. Child-Horus is the mortal and Horus in spirit the immortal. Thus the divine soul was blended with the soul of matter; female with male, and mortal with immortal in the mystery of Tattu. The mystery was of course performed, and in the present instance, the drama consists of three acts with six different characters which are Ra and Osiris; Shu and Tefnut, Horus the sightless, with Horus the bringer of the beatific vision. In the saying quoted from the Gospel According to the Egyptians the mystery has been reduced to the male and female becoming neither male nor female in the mystical marriage, the other factors being omitted. This shows the process by which the mysteries of the Ritual were reduced and made portable in the miracles, the parables and sayings, or logia, whether as separate sayings or as miscellaneous collections. A distant echo of the doctrine is to be heard in the gospel according to Matthew[361]: 'For in the resurrection they neither marry nor are given in marriage, but are as angels in heaven.' So remote is this from the mystical marriage in Tattu that the mystery in Amenta is limited to sexual conjunction. Now we learn from the Ritual that one mode of making the change from matter to spirit and of being unified in the type beyond sex was by discarding the garb of the female in the preparation of the manes for the funeral bed at the time of the second birth[362]. The garment is again referred to in 'the [p.819] fragments of a lost gospel' when the speaker says, 'he himself will give you your garment.' 'His disciples say unto him, when wilt thou be manifest to us, and when shall we see thee? He saith, when ye shall be stripped and not he ashamed,'[363] which is the same thing as being freed from the garb of shame upon the funeral bed. This is no mystical reference to Genesis[364] but to the mystery of Amenta and a ceremony that was performed in the netherworld, of which it is said, 'Thou puttest on the pure garment and thou divestest thyself of thy apron when thou stretchest thyself on the funeral bed.'[365] 'Thou receivest a bandage of the finest linen,' in place of the old garb of shame, or the apron which was now a symbol of the flesh. Lastly, amongst the mysteries of Amenta which were converted into gospel miracles one of the most arresting is that of the widow and her only son whom Jesus raised up from the funeral bier at Nain[366], because Isis is the widow by name in the Ritual who was represented by the disconsolate swallow as the widow who has lost her mate, and Horus was her only son. The connection of the child with the widow in Egypt is already seen in the Gospel of Thomas, or Tum, which goes far towards identifying the Child-Jesus with the child of Isis. Moreover, the mystery shows us how the mother as Isis became a widow. When Osiris had been put to death, the birth of the Child-Horus followed the decease of his father, and his mother was consequently the widow who had an only son in Horus, the only child of his mother. In the mystery of Tattu, Child-Horus was raised up from the dead when Horus in the spirit came to the funeral couch and the immortal was blended with the mortal in the mystery of the resurrection. This is repeated in the gospel as one of the most telling of the mysteries that were Christianized in the miracles.

 

 JESUS IN THE MOUNT

Ascending the mountain of Amenta is a figure of the resurrection from the dead. When Jesus Aber-Amentho rises after death it is to take his seat upon the mountain with the twelve preservers of the light. The group of twelve followers was the latest to gather form upon the mount. This was preceded by the seven, the four, and the two. The Ritual of the resurrection opens with the coming forth to day of Horus or the Osiris, who ascends the mount of glory, or Mount Bakhu, the mount of the green olive-tree, which afterwards was represented in Judea by the local Mount of Olives. In the older manuscripts of the Ritual this ascent is called 'the coming forth to the divine powers attached to Osiris,' which are the four with Horus in the mount, or on the papyrus-column, the four that were his brethren first, and who are afterwards portrayed as his children. But in both the Ritual and Pistis Sophia the mount, the scenes upon the mount, the twelve with Jesus or the four with Horus on the mount, are all in spirit-world. As we have seen, Pistis Sophia opens with the resurrection of the Egypto-gnostic Jesus. The life of suffering represented on the earth was over, and the victor rose triumphant after death, to be invested with the glory of the Father on the mount. [p.820] This is the per-em-hru or coming forth by day with which the Egyptian Ritual of the resurrection begins. Jesus comes forth from Amenta as the teacher of the greater mysteries to the twelve disciples who are gathered together on Mount Olivet, which is the mountain of Amenta in the Kamite eschatology. Thus the mount, the scene upon the mount, the teaching and the twelve are all post-resurrectional, and therefore the transactions are not upon our earth. There was a double resurrection in the Osirian mysteries, just as there is a first and second death. The earliest is a resurrection of the soul that passes from the body on earth and emerges as the sahu in Amenta. This is Amsu-Horus, who is still a mummy, but who has risen to his feet with one arm loosened from the bandages of burial. It has the look of a corporeal resurrection, for the body is semi-corporeal. But Horus has not yet attained the garment of his glory.

The typical mountain likewise had a twofold character in the mythology and the eschatology. As solar, it was the mount of sunrise or of the great green olive-tree of the Egyptian dawn. As eschatological, it was the mountain of Amenta up which the manes climbedthe mount of glory and the glorified. It was the mount on which the human Horus was transfigured and regenerated to become pure spirit in the likeness of the Father. Hence it is the mount of transfiguration, of regeneration, of healing, and also the means of ascent into the land of spirits[367].

The second resurrection is from Amenta. When Horus has transformed and made his change into the likeness of his Father and become pure spirit he ascends from the mount and rises into Heaven from Bakhu, the mount of the olive-tree, or the Mount of Olives in the later rendering. This was the meeting-place of Horus and his heavenly Father Ra when they conversed together in the mount. It is that Mount of Olives on which Horus, or the Egypto-gnostic Jesus, met the twelve disciples after his resurrection from Amenta, which meeting-place is repeated when the Gospel-Jesus makes the appointment for the eleven to meet him in the mountain after he has risen from the dead[368]. The Kamite founders of the astronomical mythology had placed the equinoxes high up on the horizon, of the summit of the mount, as it was figured, at the meeting-point of equal night and day. Thus the equinox or level place was one with the top of the mount, and where one writer speaks of the equinoctial station as being on the mount another might assign it to the 'level place' or plain, when neither of them possessed the proper clue. In this way one discrepancy may be explained concerning the delivery of the sermon on the mount. According to Matthew, Jesus delivered it upon the mount. According to Luke, he came down from the mount and 'stood on a level place.'[369] Both places meet in one, but only on the mountain of the equinox, the Egyptian mountain of Amenta. According to Matthew, the sermon was delivered to the four brethren in the mount. This follows the Ritual. According to Luke, the sermon was delivered to the twelve on the mount by Jesus standing on the level place.

No rational explanation has ever been suggested why the divine healer on earth should have compelled the sick and ailing, the obsessed, the halt and maimed, the deaf and dumb and blind who [p.821] besought him for a cure, to climb a lofty mountain with the cripples on crutches in order that they might come into his presence and be healed. When Jesus was followed by the clamorous multitude he went up into the mountain and sat there. 'And there came unto him great multitudes, having with them the lame, blind, dumb, maimed, and many others, and they cast them down at his feet, and he healed them.'[370] The answer is that the mount was mythical, not geographical; the divine healer was no human thaumaturgist; the multitudes were manes, not mundane mortals.

The only mountain mentioned by name in the gospels as the scene of the miraculous occurrences is Mount Olivet. There was such a mountain to the east of Jerusalem, but beyond that was the mythical Mount of Olives, which was localized in many places under various names as the typical mount of the astronomical mythos. At first the mount was a figure of the earth that rose up in the waters of the Nun, or space. Then it was a type equivalent to the horizon. To be upon the horizon in the mythos is to be upon the mountthe mount of the double equinoxthe four quarters or the twelve divisions of the ecliptic. It is shown in the Pistis Sophia that the twelve disciples, teachers, or supporters who sat with Jesus on the Mount of Olives had originated as the twelve aeons or rulers in the zodiac. As such they were the teachers of time and the preservers of the treasures of light. Their stations were in an aerial region. This is otherwise called the sphere or circle of the zodiac, in which the twelve seats or thrones were finally established, with the central throne of the Egypto-gnostic Jesus towering over all.

In the early Christian iconography the cross of Christ is erected on a mount. This is shown to be the mount of the four quarters, or the equinox, by means of the four rivers flowing from the summit. The Christ stands on the top along with the cross. Sometimes the ram or lamb is portrayed on the mount of the four quarters in place of the Christ; and Horus was likewise the lamb as well as the calf upon the mount. The Christ is also accompanied by seven lambs = seven rams, supposed by Didron to represent the twelve apostles![371] But the ram (Mithraic lamb) is the Egyptian ideograph for the ba-spirit, and seven rams or lambs that accompany the Christ are equal to the seven spirits which served Horus in the octonary of the mount. The ram also appears with seven eyes and seven horns, which identify it with the seven rams as seven spirits, or the seven souls of Ra. This shows an earlier stratum of the astronomical mythos in survival. It is the Egypto-gnostic Jesus, who was Horus, with the seven great spirits that were earlier than the twelve upon the mount. When Jesus has transformed, or spiritualized in his baptism, he is 'led up of the spirit to be tempted of the devil.'[372] He is then a spirit on the mount that is exceeding high, like the mountain of Amenta, which is said to reach the sky. To meet upon the mountain after death could only be as spirits meet in spirit-world upon the mount of reunion in the mysteries of Amenta. Thus it is obvious that the meeting-point of Sut and Horus, or of Satan and the Christ, was no earthly hill; and that the teacher and the teaching on the mountain are the same in the canonical gospels as in Pistis Sophia and the Ritual, that is, they are in spirit-world, and therefore the total [p.822] transactions on the typical mountain are post-resurrectional and not humanly historical.

According to John, the earliest discourse of Jesus is not the sermon on the mount as given by Matthew. In place of this, John presents the discourse upon regeneration which is the same subject as that of the sermon on the mount in the Divine Pymander[373]. Jesus says to Nicodemus, 'Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born anew (or from above) he cannot see the kingdom of God.' Nicodemus says unto him, 'How can a man be born when he is old? Can he enter a second time into his mother's womb and be born?' Jesus answered, 'Verily, verily, I say unto thee, Except a man be born of water and the spirit, he cannot enter into the kingdom of God. That which is born of the flesh is flesh: and that which is born of the spirit is spirit. Marvel not that I said unto thee, ye must be born from above. The wind bloweth where it listeth, and thou hearest the voice thereof; but knowest not whence it cometh, and whither it goeth: So is everyone that is born of the spirit.' Nicodemus answered and said unto him, 'How can these things be?' Jesus answered and said unto him, 'Art thou a teacher in Israel and understandest not these things? Verily, verily, I say unto thee, We speak that we do know, and bear witness of that we have seen: and ye receive not our witness. If I told you earthly things and ye believe them not, how shall ye believe if I tell you heavenly things? And no man hath ascended into heaven but he that descended out of heaven, the Son of Man, which is in heaven.'[374] This is a sermon on regeneration. The sermon of Hermes is in the mount of regeneration. The subject is the same in both. Previous to this discourse Hermes had told Tat that 'no man can be saved before regeneration.' At a previous ascent into the mount Hermes had promised Tat that if he would estrange himself from the world and prepare his mind for this mystery to be unfolded, he would then impart it to him. 'Now,' says Tat, 'fulfil my defects and instruct me of regeneration either by word of mouth, or secretly; for I know not, O Trismegistus, of what substance or what womb, or what seed a man is thus born.' That is, how he is to be reborn in the process of regeneration? Hermes replies, 'O son, this wisdom is to be understood in silence, and the seed is the true good.' 'Who soweth it, O father? for I am utterly ignorant and doubtful.' 'The will of God, O son.'[375] Now, this is called 'the secret sermon in the mount,' on the subject of 'regeneration and the profession of silence.' The subject is the same, the characters of teacher and doubtful inquirer are identical, and the physical misinterpretation regarding the mode of rebirth is one and the same in both interviews. Hermes describes a form of the Son of Man who is in heaven, otherwise the heavenly man, when he says, 'I see in myself an unfeigned sight or spectacle made by the mercy of God: and I am gone out of myself into an immortal body, and am not now what I was before, but am begotten in mind.' He also says of the physical and spiritual, 'He that looketh only upon that which is carried upward as fire, that which is carried downward as earth, that which is moist as water, and that which bloweth or is subject to blast as air; how can he sensibly understand that which is neither hard nor moist, nor tangible, nor perspicuous, seeing it is only understood in power and [p.823] operation: but I beseech and pray to the mind, which alone can understand the generation that is in God.'[376] But Hermes, who wrote the Ritual in hieroglyphics as the scribe of the Egyptian gods, did not derive his matter from the gospels collected by Eusebius and his co-conspirators in Rome[377].

After the prophecy of the immediate coming of the Son, who is supposed to be speaking of himself, we have the real meaning of the manifestation identified in the very next verse, which contains a representation of the entrance of Osiris and his transfiguration as Horus in the mount on the sixth day of the new moon. We are told that 'after six days'it would have been more correct if 'on the sixth day;' the discrepancy, however, is but slight'Jesus taketh with him Peter and James and John his brother, and bringeth them up into a high mountain apart. And he was transfigured before them. And his face did shine as the sun, and his garments became white as the light. And behold there appeared unto them Moses and Elijah talking with him. And Peter answered and said unto Jesus, Lord, it is good for us to be here: if thou wilt, I will make here three booths, one for thee, one for Moses, and one for Elijah. While he was yet speaking, behold, a bright cloud overshadowed them: and behold a voice out of the cloud, saying, This is my beloved Son, in whom I am well pleased: hear ye him.'[378] Then Jesus retires into his secrecy, saying, 'Tell the vision to no man, until the Son of Man has risen from the dead.'[379] This identifies the mount of resurrection, which is one with the mount of regeneration, the sermon on which is obviously post-resurrectional. There is a scene of transfiguration on the Mount in the mysteries of Amenta. 'Ra maketh his appearance at the mount of glory with the cycle of gods about him.' The Osiris deceased acquireth might with Ra, and is made to possess power with the godsand when men or the manes see him they fall upon their faces. He is seen in the netherworld 'as the image of Ra.' So in the gospel, the face of Jesus 'did shine as the sun.'[380] The disciples likewise fell upon their faces, and 'were sore afraid.' Not only is Jesus seen in the likeness of Ra, the father in heaven; the voice from the father proclaims that this is the beloved son. In coming down from the mount the witnesses are commanded to 'tell the vision to no man,' and of the scene in the mysteries, it is said by the speaker in the Ritual, 'the Osiris N hath not told what he hath seen; he hath not repeated what he hath heard in the house of the god who hideth his face.'[381] The point here is the identity of the mythical mount, whether astronomical or as the seat of the teacher; and the twelve; or as the mount of the mysteries; the mount of resurrection, of regeneration and of transfiguration. It is the same mount when those multitudes that meet upon the summit are described as the blind, the halt, and maimed. The mount on which the dead were raised to life, the blind were made to see, the dumb to speak, the impotent to become virile, like the risen ithyphallic Horus; the mount upon which the famished multitudes were fed from the illimitable loaf, or loaves, was the mount of resurrection that rose up from the nether earth for the departed to ascend as spirits. Hence it is the mount on, which the miracles in the gospels are alleged to have been [p.824] performed. The mount of glory in the Ritual becomes the mount of the glorified in the gospels. This, according to the gnosis, was the mount that has been localized in Judea, to which the people were bidden to flee for refuge when the end of all things should come not a geographical mount, but the mount of the manes in Amenta; the mount of the resurrection, which only spirits could ascend; the mount from which the swine obsessed by devils were driven down into the lake when the evil Apap and his host of fiends is hurled back at dawn from the horizon to be drowned in the bottomless pit of Putrata[382].

Horus in the solar mythos is the prototype of Jesus on the mount. He is described as the sovereign lord upon the mount = horizon[383]. Elsewhere he says, 'I come before you and make my appearance on the seat of Ra, and I sit upon my seat which is on the mount' (or on the horizon)[384]. Horus has alighted on the mount or is lifted on his monolith, when he says, 'I make my appearance as that god in the form of a man that liveth like a god, and I stand out before you in the form of that god who is raised high upon his pedestal (of the mount, or the papyrus-column) to whom the gods come with acclamation.' He makes his appearance on the mount of glory or upon his pedestal with the cycle of gods about him[385]. The papyrus being a figure of the earth, Horus, on his papyrus-column or lotus-plant, is Horus in the mount. Also the four brethren, Amsta, Hapi, Tuamutef, and Kahbsenuf, who stand upon the papyrus (or column), are the gods of the four quarters with Horus in the mount. Now, when the four brothers, Simon and Andrew with James and John, are called upon to leave their nets and follow Jesus, they became straightway the four with Jesus in the mount. For, according to Matthew, the disciples were only four in number when the sermon was delivered in the mount[386]. Again, the typical group of four in the mount are represented by Jesus, James, Peter and John at the time of the transfiguration[387]. Mount Bakhu having been named in Egyptian from the olive-tree of dawn as a celestial summit was localized in Olivet, the mountain eastward. This, as solar, was the one sole mount of the mythos; and in the gospels, although the mount is mentioned several times, and apparently in different localities, there is but one name given to it, that of Mount Olivet = Bakhu the solar mount, the one typical mount, the Egyptian mount, equivalent to the horizon, as the summit of the earth and figure of the ascent into heaven.

The canonical Jesus is also shown to be a form of the son of Ra the father in heaven, in his retiring from the world at eventide and passing the night alone on the mount. It may be worth noting that there was a temple of the solar Horus, as ancient as the time of Sebek, upon the eastward side of Mount Bakhu. As it is said in the Ritual[388], 'Sebek the Lord of Bakhu is at the East of the hill, and his temple is upon it.' And Sebek was very possibly the most ancient form of Horus the young solar god. Horus wars against the serpent of darkness on behalf of his father in the mount by night, and is the teacher in the temple of heaven by day. Jesus obviously makes use of both the mount and the temple, for he went up into [p.825] the mountain when 'he opened his mouth and taught' the multitudes[389]. The devil took him up into an exceeding high mountain when he was in the spirit. He was transfigured on a 'high mountain apart.'[390] He sat upon the Mount of Olives when expounding the consummation of the cycle and the gospel of the kingdom to the disciples privately[391]. Many details are of course omitted from the 'history' and there is no guidance in the gospels to the secret meaning of the mysteries. For that we must 'search the Scriptures' which are genuine and self-explanatory as Egyptian; the scriptures of Maati and Taht-Aan. Of Jesus and his doings in the mount by night we are told that he went into the mountain to pray; and he continued all night in prayer to God[392]. 'And when it was day, he called his disciples; and he chose from them twelve.'[393] It is said in the Ritual that, 'Horus is united at sunset with his Father Ra who goeth round the heaven.' So Jesus at sunset is united with his Father in prayer all night in the mount. The sun-god has to fight the adversary Sut for his passage through the mount by night. Horus is said to come at evening and 'seize upon the tunnels of Ra' for making his passage through the mount. These are elsewhere called the tunnels of Sut[394]; a synonym for darkness. The sun-god entered the mountain each night for rebirth every morning. Horus came forth from the Mount of Olives. He is portrayed in the Ritual walking over the waters. He ascends the Mount Bakhu to enter the solar bark. It is said that his 'sister goddesses stand in Bakhu'; they receive him there as the two mothers, they lift him up into his boat[395]. There is a curious conjunction of the temple and the mount in Luke's description of Jesus as the teacher. Like so many other fragments it stands by itself in the gospel. 'Every day he was teaching in the Temple; and every night he went out and lodged in the mount that is called of Olives. And all the people came early in the morning to him, in the Temple, to hear him.'[396] This passage identifies the mount as being named from the olive-tree, on which the temple of Sebek-Horus stood, and therefore with Mount Bakhu. On coming forth from the mount of Amenta Horus entered the bark that was rowed or towed round by the twelve who were called the twelve kings in the solar mythos, and afterwards twelve teachers or apostles who were servants to Iu the son of Atum, the Egyptian Jesus in the eschatology.

It is Horus in the mountain with his father who says'I am the Lord on high. I make my nest on the confines of heaven,' that is, aloft on the mount. 'Invisible is my nest.' 'From thence I descend to the earth of Seb' his foster-father, 'and put a stop to evil.' 'I see my father, the lord of the gloaming, and I breathe.'[397] Horus in the mount is designated 'lord of the Staircase' or steps at the top of which his father sat enthroned. In this dual character the peripatetic Jesus is made to journey, between plain and mountain, town and country, in a vain endeavour to make the track of Horus become historical. Horus enters the mountain by night and comes forth by day as the 'lord of daylight' divinized. On coming forth he says, 'I have ascertained what there is in Sekhem' the shrine in the mount, where dead Osiris lay. 'I have touched [p.826] with my two bands the heart of Osiris, and that which I went to ascertain I have come to tell ... Here am I, and I come that I may overthrow mine adversaries on the earth (even) though my dead body be buried' as the Osiris[398]. In entering the mountain at sunset he has seen the great mystery of Osiris, his death, his transformation, and his resurrection, and he comes forth as a spirit divinized to make the experience known as a teacher of the mysteries to those that became his followers, his children who were adopted by him as the four brethren two by two, then the seven, and finally the twelve who row the solar bark or reap the harvest of eternal lent in the Aarru paradise of the Amenta.

A specially important feature in the 'history' is this retirement of Jesus into a mountain at sunset to commune with his Father. Jesus 'when even was come went up into the mountain apart to pray, and was there alone.'[399] 'He went out into the mountain to pray; and he continued all night in prayer to God.'[400] It is noticeable that he goes into the mountain, and in the mythos the sun at evening entered the mount which is a figure of the earth. The type was continued in the eschatology. God the Father as Osiris had his dwelling-place and shrine in the mount of earth and it was there that Horus interviewed the father. The speaker in the Book of the Dead says, in the character of Horus the son, 'I seek my father at sunset, compressing my mouth.'[401] This latter phrase is Renouf's rendering of the words hapet ru, the sense of which is determined by the ideograph of closing or enclosing. Therefore the meaning is 'I close my mouth' as the synonym for silence in the mount. He seeks his father in the character of Horus with the silent mouth. 'I seek my father at sunset in silence, and I feed on life,'[402] is the complete declaration made in this line. Horus feeds on life in silence when alone with the father in the mount of earth where souls were fed on sustenance divine. This is the meat referred to by Jesus when he said, 'I have meat to eat that ye know not of,' 'My meat is to do the will of him that sent me, and to accomplish his work.' Horus says, 'I live in Tattu, and I repeat daily my life after death, like the sun.' For he is Horus risen in Amenta, where he is the instructor of the manes in the mysteries, otherwise he reaches to the 'spirits in prison.'[403]

In building the house of heaven, which was annually repeated in the mysteries, the fourfold foundation, the four supports or cornerstones, were laid in the mount. These four supports were personalized in the four children of Horus, Amsta, Hapi, Tuamutef, and Kabh­senuf who had already been four of his brothers in the earlier mythos when they were the four sustainers of the heaven at the four corners of the mount, and also as the four who stand upon the flower of the papyrus-plant. Now we have to bear in mind that the rock is identical with the mount, and that the house or temple of Horus built upon the mount was founded on the rock. In establishing his father's kingdom of the beatified, Horus built upon the typical rock. In the gospel Simon is told by Jesus that he will build his church upon this rock, and the gates of Hades shall not prevail against it[404]. The gates of Hades or Amenta opened in the rock of the Tser Hill to let the dead come forth in the glorified train of Horus the conqueror [p.827] whose temple, from the time of Sebek, had been built upon the rock with the four brethren as the pillars of support, which were finally extended to the twelve in keeping with the complete number of zodiacal signs. Peter, in the gospels, has been assigned the place and position of the rock or mount (or tat of stability) because in the Greek the word petra signifies the rock. But the rock was the same as the mount the mount was one and the same all through; and it was the site of the building, whether this is called the Church of Rome, the temple of Sebek, or the house of Tum, that was built by his son Jesus for the divine abode, at the level of the equinox.

Horus in the character of Har-Makhu was the sun-god of the double horizon, who passed from west to east and united the two in one. These two horizons of the double earth have been a source of endless perplexity to the students of the history. The two horizons reappear in the gospels as those of the two opposite countries, Judea and Galilee. Both have been used independently; the result is that one writer localizes the works of Jesus in the one region, whilst another places the scenes in the country opposite, as if they did not know which leg to stand on, or on which horizon to take their stand. Horus of the double horizon is reproduced in Jesus, who itinerated in two lands or two parts of the one land which takes the place of the Egyptian double earth. Horus passes from one horizon to the other by making his passage through the mount. He makes the passage in the stellar atit, or maatet-boat, which he enters with the seven glorious ones at sunset. Horus in the mount is one with Horus in the boat, and thus as teacher of the four, or the seven, or the twelve, he is the teacher in the boat. In this character Jesus likewise teaches in the boat. It is said that 'he sat down and taught the multitudes out of the boat.'[405] Horus, with the seven on board the boat, who were portrayed in heaven as the sahus in Orion, is usually depicted standing. The nearest likeness to the passage through the mountain in the Maatet-boat by night occurs when Jesus 'withdrew again into the mountain himself alone,' whereas the disciples go by water. 'When evening came, his disciples went down into the sea; and they entered into a boat and were going over the sea unto Capernaum. And it was now dark.' The scribe hardly dared to send them through the mountain by the boat of the mysteries, therefore Jesus comes to them by walking on the water, 'and straightway the boat was at the land whither they were going,'[406] that is, by magic or by miracle.

At the summit of the mount the glorified deceased who came up from Amenta were now given a seat upon the bark of Ra. In one of his many characters Horus is the divine teacher called 'the teller,' on board the boat. He says, 'I am the teller in the divine ship. I am the unresting navigator in the bark of Ra.'[407] As the teacher in the boat he also says, 'I utter the words of Ra (his father) in heaven to the men of the present generation (or to the living on earth), and I repeat his words to those who are deprived of breath (or to the manes in Amenta).'[408] This, then, is Horus as the teacher in the solar boat, who utters the words or sayings of his father Ra, by day and night, to the living on earth and the manes in Amenta. These are spoken of as those who are in their [p.828] shrines, but who are also said to accompany Horus as his guides. Horus further says, 'I have made my way and gone round the celestial ocean on the path of the bark of Ra, and standing on the deck (bekasu) of the bark.' It is in this position on the boat that he utters the words of Rathe word of Godto both the living and the dead. He says, 'I come forth from the cabin of the Sektit bark, and I raise myself up from the eastern hill. I stoop upon the eastern hill. I stoop upon the Maatet (or Atet) bark that I may come and raise to me those who are in their circles, and who bow down before me.'[409] The boat or bark of the sun has been made historical in the gospels. In the time of the celestial heptanomis there were seven on board the bark with Horus. And seven is the number on board the ship with Jesus after his resurrection. In the heaven of ten nomes there were ten on board the solar boat with Horus, and there are ten on board the boat with Jesus (not twelve) in a very early picture given by Bosio[410]. In this scene, Jesus with the ten in the boat is the child of twelve years, not the man of thirty years. Ten in the solar boat preceded the twelve in the heaven of ten divisions, which were earlier than the seventy-two[411].

Horus in the boat is another of the mythical characters assigned to Jesus by the 'sacred historian.' Jesus likewise plays the part of Horus in the boat as the teller of parables. 'There were gathered unto him great multitudes so that he entered into a boat and sat; and all the multitude stood on the beach. And he spake to them many things in parables.'[412] Four of the parables are then told to the people by Jesus, the teller in the boat, which is a co-type with the sayer or logos in person. We find that the teacher, now become historic, also addresses two classes or kinds of people when he utters the words of his father from the boat. One audience consists of the twelve disciples to whom he is supposed to communicate a knowledge of the mysteries of the kingdom of heaven. These correspond to the glorious ones who are enshrined, and who accompany Horus as his guides. The others are called the multitude. To these it is not given to know the mysteries because 'seeing they see not, and hearing they hear not, neither do they understand.'[413] If the thing were historic, the supposed great democratic teacher would be excluding the 'swinish multitude' from all knowledge of the kingdom of heaven. They were not to be enlightened because they were too densely, darkly ignorant. They are to be put off with parables, according to Luke[414], 'that seeing they might not see, and hearing they might not understand' these heavenly stories which had for them no earthly meaning. Thus, in this process of transmogrifying the Kamite mythos into Christian history, the common people, the ignorant multitude, are assigned the status of the pait, the breathless, non-intelligent, unilluminated dead who were slumbering darkly in the coffins of Amenta, and these are inevitably mixed up, in the teaching of Jesus, with the deaf and blind who do not hear and cannot see, and may not perceive, as mortals on this earth.

Moreover the bark in which the sun-god made his celestial voyage was double under two different names. 'I am the great one among [p.829] the gods,' says the speaker in the Ritual[415], 'coming in the two barks of the lord of Sau.' In the morning it was the sektit boat, in the evening the maatet bark. 'Let the soul of the deceased come forth with thee (the god) into heaven; let him journey in the Maatet boat till he reach the heaven of the setting stars.'[416] Two boats are also mentioned by Luke where Matthew only speaks of one'while the multitude pressed upon him and heard the word of God, Jesus saw two boats standing by them.' He asks that one of these may put out from the land in order that he may address the multitude from the shore. And he sat down and taught the multitudes out of the boat[417]. Again, we meet with Jesus on board the maatet bark at evening. In the gospel according to Matthew there is a scene in which Jesus is asleep on board the boat. At sunset, 'when even was come,' he 'entered into a boat and his disciples followed him. And behold, there arose a great tempest in the sea, insomuch that the boat was covered with the waves, but he was asleep.' Then 'he arose and rebuked the winds and the sea, and there was a great calm.'[418] The scene may be paralleled with that on board the bark of Ra at evening[419]. In this conflict between Apap and Ra the evil one is in the western mountain, and it is said of him, 'Now at the close of day he turneth down his eyes to Ra: for there cometh a standing still in the bark, and a deep slumber within the ship.' Here the solar god as Ra, or Horus, when sinking to rest in the boat, is described as being asleep on board when the evil one makes his attack. There is a contest. 'Then Sut is made to flee with a chain of steel upon him, and he is forced to vomit all that he hath swallowed. Then Sut is put into his prison.'[420] The western mountain overlooks the lake of Putrata. 'I know the place,' says the speaker, 'where Ra navigated against adverse winds.'[421] The lake that is crossed by night amidst the terrors of the tempest is a replica of the dreadful lake of darkness which the followers of Horus have to cross in Amenta. It is mentioned in the Pyramid Texts[422] as a lake that is traversed by the glorified personage. In the chapter by which 'one dieth not a second time'[423] it is spoken of as the lake or chasm of Putrata, where the 'dead fall into darkness,' if not supported by the eye of Horus, their moon by night. Elsewhere it is described as the void of Apap over which the bark of heaven sails; the void in which the Herrut-reptile lurks to prey on those who fall down headlong in the dark[424]. In this place the deceased pleads that he may be brought into the bark 'as a distressed mariner,' for safety. After crossing the lake of darkness, the solar god is thus addressed'O thou who art devoid of moisture in coming forth from the stream, and who restest upon the deck of thy bark, as thou proceedest in the direction of yesterday, and restest upon the deck of thy bark, let me join thy boatmen.' 'O Ra, since thou passest through those who are perishing headlong, do thou keep me standing on my feet.' That is, in crossing the waterbut not in walking on it. Some of the matter may have sunk down a little too deep to dredge for, but as Herod the monster is the Herrut-reptile, the dragon-Apap, in an anthropomorphic guise, we may complete the parallel by pointing out that the murder of John by Herod [p.830] immediately precedes the crossing of the stormy lake = the lake of darkness, called the void of Apap in Amenta. John is slain, but Jesus escapes to cross over and to save those who were sinking in the waters and who are described in the Ritual as 'falling down head­long,' and finding nothing to lay hold on by which they can be saved from the bottomless abyss, until Horus comes to the rescue of the 'distressed mariners' in the 'divine form which revealeth the solar orb,' and with the eye that was an emblem of the moon; the sun by day and moon by night being called the two eyes of Horus.

In the original mythos the boat is the solar bark; in the eschatological phase it is the boat of souls. It is steered by Horus, who is called the oar that guides. It is rowed by his followers, who may be the 'four paddles,' or the seven great spirits, or the twelve mariners; and it is the ark of salvation for souls when Horus the Saviour is at the lookout. This ark or bark has served for a model in the New Testament as the boat of souls distressed that is nearly swamped, and only saved from sinking by the god who is on board. On entering the bark the speaker pleads: 'O Great One in thy bark, let me be lifted up into thy bark.'[425] The data for comparison with the story in the gospel are the divine bark, which is solar in the mythos, and the boat of salvation, or of safety, in the eschatology. In crossing the terrible lake from which the Apap monster emerges, and the storms and tempests rise to overwhelm the bark, the god rises unwetted from the water to rest upon the deck of the bark and insure the safety of those on board. This is identical with Jesus, who comes on board by walking upon the water, whilst the individual speaker that makes the appeal for safety in the place of perishing headlong is equivalent to Peter, who calls for help when sinking in the lake, saying, 'Lord save me,' and is 'lifted into the bark,'[426] like the rescued manes in the Ritual. Jesus on board the boat with his disciples in the storm sustains the character of Horus in the boat, who is the oar, paddle, or rudder of Ra, and who exclaims 'I am the kheru (paddle or rudder) of Ra who brings the boat to land.'[427] In this passage Horus is the oar or rudder to the boat of the sun, with the ancient ones on board, in the mythos, and to the boat of salvation for souls in the eschatology. It is he who brings the boat to the shore.

The germ of the gospel story concerning Peter sinking in the waters may he detected in this same chapter. The speaker is a 'wretched one' in the water who was to be saved by him who is an oar or a boat to the shipwrecked[428]. In the Ritual it is hot water that the sinking manes has got into, the imagery being solar, and he speaks of being helpless as a dead person. But Horus, the oar of the boat, the rudder of Ra, is obviously his saviour, like Jesus with Peter in the gospel. A shipwrecked spirit is the inspiring thought, and Horus was the rescuer as the pilot, or figuratively the paddle to the boat by which the sinking soul was saved from drowning in the overwhelming waters.

The Lord appears on the water in the morning watch, the 'fourth watch of the night,' that is, the πρωί or dawning[429], at which time the sun-god begins his march or his 'walking,' as it is termed, upon the waters of the Nun. It is said to the god who walks [p.831] this water at sunrise, 'Thou art the only one since thy coming forth upon the Nun.' And here we may discover the prototype of the gospel version. The deceased addresses Ra at his coming forth to walk the water and pleads, like Peter, that he may do so likewise. 'Grant,' he says, 'that I too may be able to walk (the water) as thou walkest (on the Nun) without making any halt.' The sun was seen to rise on the blue above, which was imaged as the water of heaven. His follower prays that he also may walk the water and make the passage successfully and without sinking, like the solar god. In another chapter the deceased exclaims, 'I fail, I sink into the abyss of the flowing that issues from Osiris,' that is, the water of which Osiris is the source; and in these we find the parallel and prototypes of Jesus walking on the water and Peter sinking into its engulfing depths.

Horus commands in the boat. Ra annihilates his enemies from the boat. It is in the boat of the sun that Ra puts a limit to the power of his enemies when they pursue him to the water's edge that is, to the horizon of day. So Jesus takes refuge in the boat and finds protection when he perceives that he is about to be taken by force; he likewise walks upon the water to the boat. Death by drowning in the lake was the mode of execution appointed for the evil Apap and his host of darkness who attacked the solar bark by night. The fiends of Sut are also included in this sentence of death by drowning in the emerald lake of heaven, or of dawn. Now the fiends of the evil Sut were represented as swine. And immediately after the great tempest in the sea which Jesus stills, the devils are made to enter the swine, and, like the emissaries of Apap and of Sut who 'causes storms and tempests,' they are driven down the mountainside to suffer death by drowning in the lake. It was on the mount that Jesus met with the man obsessed with a legion of devils who 'entreated him that he would not command them to depart into the abyss.' 'Now there was a herd of swine feeding on the mountain,' 'and the devils came out from the man and entered into the swine,' and the herd rushed down the 'steep into the lake and were choked.'[430] It was by Sut, in the shape of a great black boar, that Horus was gored in the eye. It was also the pig of Sut that devoured the arm of Osiris in the burial-place. And when the evil spirits are cast out, as represented in the judgment scenes, they enter the swine of Typhon and are driven down the side of the mount to be submerged in the Lake of Putrata or the fathomless abyss of outer darkness.

 

SUT AND HORUS AS HISTORIC CHARACTERS IN THE CANONICAL GOSPELS

The gospel story of the devil taking Jesus, or the Christ, up into an exceeding high mountain from which all the kingdoms of the world and the glory of them could be seen, and of the contention on the summit, is originally a legend of the astronomical mythos which, in common with so many others, has been converted into 'history.' As legend it can be explained by means of the Egyptian wisdom. [p.832] As 'history' it is, of course, miraculous, if nothing else. Satan and Jesus are the representatives of Sut and Horus, the contending twins of darkness and light, of drought and fertility, who strove for supremacy in the various phenomena of external nature, and in several celestial localities belonging to the mythology. In the Ritual[431]  the struggle is described as taking place upon the mount, that is, 'the mountain in the midst of the earth,' or the mountain of Amenta, which 'reaches up to the sky,' and which in the solar mythos stood at the point of equinox where the conflict was continued and the twins were reconciled year after year. The equinox was figured at the summit of the mount on the ecliptic, and the scene of strife was finally configurated as a fixture in the constellation of the Gemini, the sign of the twin-brothers who for ever fought and wrestled 'up and down the garden,' first one, then the other being uppermost during the two halves of the year, or of night and day. The mountain of the equinox 'in the midst of the earth' joined the portion of Sut to the portion of Horus at this the point midway between the south and north. It was on the mountain of the equinox and only there the twins were reconciled for the time being by the star-god Shu[432] or by the earth-god Seb in the text from Memphis. Sut the Satanic is described as seizing the good Horus in the desert of Amenta and carrying him to the top of the mount here called Mount Hetep, the place of peace, where the two contending powers are reconciled by Shu, according to the treaty made by Seb. Thus, episode after episode, the gospel history can and will be traced to the original documents as matter of the Egyptian mysteries and astronomical mythology.

The battles of Sut and Horus are represented in both the apocryphal and canonical gospels. In the Gospels of the Infancy there are two boysthe bad boy and the good boy. In this form the two born antagonists continue their altercation with a root-relationship to the Osirian mythos. Sut is the representative of evil, of darkness, drought, sterility, negation, and non-existence. It is his devilry to undo the good work that Horus does, like Satan sowing tares amongst the wheat. It was Sut who paralyzed the left arm of Osiris and held it bound in Sekhem[433]. It is the express delight of the bad boy, the child of Satan, to destroy the works of Jesus, the child of light. There is one particularly enlightening illustration of the mythos reproduced as märchen. The power of resurrection was imaged by the lifting of the arm from the mummy-bandages; Horus in Sekhem is the lifter of the arm. Whilst the arm is fettered in death, Sut is triumphant over Horus in the dark. When Horus frees his arm, he raises the hand that was motionless[434]. He strikes down Sut, or stabs him to the heart. The power of darkness, one form of which was Sut, is designated the 'eater of the arm.'[435] This act of the Osirian drama is rendered in the apocryphal gospels by the bad boy persistently aiming at injuring the good boy's arm or shoulder. In the Gospel of Pseudo-Matthew[436] the bad boy, who is called a son of Satan and the worker of iniquity, runs at Jesus and thrusts himself bodily against his shoulder with the intention of breaking or paralyzing his arm. In the Gospel of Thomas the boy ran and thrust against the shoulder of Jesus[437]. [p.833] Again, the bad boy threw a stone and hit him on the shoulder[438]. Several times when this occurs the bad boy is smitten dead by Jesus, just as Sut is pierced to the heart by Horus. Other evidence might be cited from these gospels to show that the bad boy who tries to destroy the arm of Jesus is one with Sut who renders the arm of Horus (or Osiris) powerless in Amenta. This being established, we are enabled to identify Judas the betrayer of Jesus, his brother, with Sut the enemy of Horus. According to the Arabic Gospel of the Infancy, 'In the same place' (with Lady Mary and her child Jesus), 'there dwelt another woman whose son was vexed by Satan. He, Judas by name, whenever Satan obsessed him, bit all who approached him. He sought to bite the Lord Jesus, but he could not, yet he struck the right side of Jesus.' 'Now this boy who struck Jesus and from whom Satan went out in the form of a dog, was Judas Iscariot, who betrayed him to the Jews.'[439]

We now have the original matter with which to compare the remains, and the comparative process will prove that these 'apocrypha' are not perversions of the canonical gospels, but that they preserve traditions derived from the Kamite mythology and eschatology. This can be determined once for all by the contests of Horus with Sut, and by his warfare with the Apap-serpent or dragon, which are assigned to the child-Jesus, as they were previously ascribed to the Child-Horus.

There are two types of evil, or, according to modern terminology, the devil, in the Kamite mysteries. One is zoomorphic, as the Apap-reptile, the other anthropomorphic, as Sut, the personal adversary of Osiris. Apap is the Evil One in the mythology; Sut is Satan the adversary in the eschatology. In the 108th chapter of the Ritual there is a curious fusion of Apap with Sut, the anthropomorphic type of Satan. The serpent of darkness, the old enemy of Osiris-Ra, is portrayed in the vignette as Apap, and spoken of in the text as Sut. After the battle 'Sut is made to flee with a chain of steel upon him, and he is forced to disgorge all that he hath swallowed. Then Sut is made fast in his prison.' At the same time the serpent is described as 'the bright one who cometh on his belly, his hind parts, and on the joints of his back.' To him it is said, 'Thou art pierced with hooks, as it was decreed against thee of old.'[440] The battle here, between Ra and Apap, or Sut, is finished on the horizon, that is, on the mount, from which the devil is hurled down defeated into the abyss. In the canonical gospels, Jesus and Satan occupy the place of the two opponents Horus and the Apap, or Horus and Sut. The Herrut-reptile has been paralleled with the monster Herod; Satan is now to be compared with Sut. Sat = Satan in Egyptian is a name of the Evil One[441].

In Africa the primal curse was drought. Drought was a form of evil straight from nature. This was figured as the fiery dragon, 'hellish Apap,' that was drowned by Horus in the inundation when he came as saviour to the land of Egypt in his little ark of the papyrus plant. Sut warred with Horus in the wilderness as representative of drought, when the 'father of the inundation was athirst,'[442] a cry of Horus that was echoed on the cross[443]. Drought, [p.834] as we have said, was the earliest devil. In the Osirian cult the whole of nature was expressed in a twofold totality according to the doctrine of Maati. Night and day, body and soul, water and drought, life and death, health and disease, were modes of the duality manifested in phenomena. Sut and Horus were the representatives of this alternation and opposition personified as a pair of twins, now called the children of Osiris. Osiris Un-nefer is the Good Being, but as with nature he includes both the good and the evil in the totality. In the mythos, however, Horus represents the good and Sut the bad. Sut is said to undo the good that Horus does. Hence he is the adversary or Satan when personified. As Prince of Darkness he puts out the eye of Horus, or the light by night. He sows the tares amidst the grain. He is the 'eater of the arm.' He dries up the water of life with the desert-drought. He lets loose the locusts, the scorpions and other plagues. He represents negation and non-being in opposition to being, and to the Good Being who is divinized in Osiris and manifested by Horus. The triumph of Horus over Sut is frequently referred to in the Ritual. In one of his battles Horus destroyed the virile member of Sut, as the symbol of his power[444]. In another, Sut and his associates were overthrown and pierced by Horus so long as blood would flow. In his resurrection Horus comes to put an end to the opposition of Sut, and to the troubles he had raised against Osiris his father[445]. He says: I am the beloved son. I am come to see my father Osiris, and to pierce the heart of Sut[446]. He is armed with horns against Sut[447]. Horus, 'who giveth light by means of his own body,' is the God who is against Sut when Taht is between them as adjudicator in their dispute[448]. In the discourse of Horus to his father he says to Osiris, 'I have brought thee the associates of Sut in chains.'

In the Gospels of the Infancy, which contain some remains of the more ancient legendary lore, the grapple of Child-Horus with the deadly Apap-reptile is frequently portrayed, as in the Arabic Gospel of the Infancy, when the boy has been bitten by the serpent, and the Lord Jesus says to his playmates, 'Boys, let us go and kill the serpent.' He proves his power over the reptile by making it suck the venom from the wound. Then the Lord Jesus curses the serpent, 'whereupon the reptile was instantly rent asunder.'[449] But the war of Horus with the Apap-dragon, or serpent of evil, is not fought out directly by Jesus in the canonical gospels. Sut as the power of darkness and as the opponent in the moral domain had taken the place of the old first adversary of man in the phenomena of external nature. Jesus promises to give his followers power over the serpent and the scorpion, but there is no personal conflict with the pre­anthropomorphic Satan recognized in the four gospels. Sut, as Satan in a human form, was a somewhat less unhistoric-looking type of the devil than the Apap-reptile. Satan, however, retains his old primitive form of the dragon in the Arabic Gospel of the Infancy. In this it is related that a damsel was afflicted by Satan, the cursed one, in the form of a huge dragon, which from time to time appeared to her and prepared to swallow her up. He also sucked out all her blood so that she remained like a corpse. She is cured by a strip of the clothing that had been worn by the child, Lord Jesus[450]. [p.835] This is a form of the woman with an issue of blood. Her persecutor is the dragon of darkness who is the eternal devourer of the light in the Egyptian mythology, and of condemned souls in the eschatology. In the gnostic version it is Sophia who suffers from the issue of blood and who is restrained and supported by Horus when her life is flowing away into immensity. The woman suffering from the swallowing dragon of darkness was the mother of the child of light in the moon. Expressed in human terms, Horus the bull, or fecundator of the mother, stopped her female flow and filled her with the glory of the light, and thus he overthrew the monster that assailed her in the dark, which was figured as the wide-mouthed crocodile or devouring dragon[451]. Horus puts a boundary round about Sophia. The child-Jesus cures the damsel with a strip of his raiment; and in the gospel according to Matthew the woman who is flowing away like Sophia with her issue of blood is healed by touching the border of the garment worn by Jesus[452]. Here the dragon is omitted. The suffering lunar lady has been humanized, together with the Divine Healer; the cure is wrought; the modern miracle remains in place of the mystery according to the ancient wisdom.

The conflict between Sut and Horus (or Osiris), who are represented by Satan and Jesus in the gospels, commences immediately after the baptism in the river Jordan. One form of baptism in the solar mythos was derived from the setting of the sun-god in the waters of the west, the waters in which Un-nefer washes when he has his dispute with Suteither in the character of Horus or Osiris. Asar in his baptism is said to plunge into the waters with 'Isis and Nephthy; looking on.' Apuat (Anup) is present apparently conducting the submersion of the god[453]. In his baptism the god Un-nefer was prepared for his struggle with Sut, the power of drought in the desert of Anrutef. So, in the gospels, Jesus is prepared by John in his baptism for the conflict with Satan in the wilderness, on the pinnacle, and upon the exceeding high mountain. It was only after he had entered spirit-life that Horus could grapple with Sut, or Jesus with Satan, in the desert, on the pinnacle of the temple, or on the summit of the mount; consequently the earth-life had ended when the contest between Satan and Jesus first began, in the phase of eschatology. The wilderness of Satan in the gospel represents the desert of Sut in Amenta. When Satan seized on Jesus and bore him bodily up into the mountain Jesus had just risen from his baptism and was led up 'of the Spirit.' Otherwise he had made his transformation from the state of manes to the status of a spirit. This was in the phase of eschatology and the transaction is in spirit-world.

When Jesus was 'led up of the Spirit into the wilderness to be tempted of the devil' he is said to have 'fasted forty days and forty nights,' and, afterwards, to 'have hungered,' whatsoever that may mean. This contention in the wilderness was one of the great battles of Sut and Horus, or, in the other version of the mythos, of Sut and Osiris. As Egyptian, the wilderness is the desert of Anrutef, a desolate, stony place where nothing grew. It was here that Horus was made blind by Sut. and was a sufferer from hunger and thirst in this region of stony sterility, and rootless, waterless sand. Horus in [p.836] Amenta had to make way through the barren desert, in the domain of Sut, as sower of the seed from which the bread of life was made, much of which must have fallen on stony ground in the region of Anrutef. Forty days was the length of time in Egypt that was reckoned for the grain in the earth before it sprouted visibly from the ground. It was a time of scarcity and fasting in Egypt, which gave a very natural significance to the season of Lent, with its mourning for the dead Osiris, and its rejoicing over the child of promise, the germinating green shoot springing from the earth. This is represented in the gospel as a fast of forty days and forty nights, during which Jesus wrestled with the devil and was hungry. The struggle then of Jesus with the devil in the wilderness is a repetition of the conflict between Horus and Sut in the desert of Amenta; on the mount and on the pinnacle of the ben-ben or temple in Annu. During the forty days that Osiris was typically buried in the nether-earth as seed, from which the bread of heaven was made, the struggle was continued by Sut and Horus in the mountain. This is repeated in the gospels as the contest of Christ and Satan for the mastery in the mount. The conflict is between the powers of light and darkness, of fertility and sterility, between Osiris (or Horus) the giver of bread, and Sut, whose symbol of the desert was a stone. The fasting of Jesus in the desert represents the absence of food that is caused by Sut in the wilderness during forty days of burial for the corn, and Satan asking Jesus to turn the stones into bread is playing with the sign of Sut. Satan's jape about converting stones into loaves of bread is likewise reminiscent of the mythos. The stone was an especial symbol of the adversary Sut. Also the place of the temple in Annu, and the pinnacle, or Ha-ben-ben, was the place of the stones by name. Moreover, Annu was the place of bread, or the loaves. As it is said, 'there are seven loaves in Annu with Ra,' the Father in heaven[454].

As represented in the Ritual, Sut and Horus are more upon a footing of equality, whether in the wilderness or on the summit of the mount of glory. Their triumph is alternate, though that of Sut is much the more limited. As the power of drought and darkness he is master in the desert, and chief of the powers called the 'tesheru deities,' or gods of the desert. The speaker in chapter 96 exclaims, 'I have come to propitiate Sut and to make offerings to the god Akar and to the deities of the desert,' where Sut attained supremacy over Horus for a time. The desert was the natural domain of Sut the adversary of Horus. Hence Horus at his second coming exclaims, 'I am Horus, the Lord of Kamit and the heir of tesherit,'[455] which he has also seized. Kamit is Egypt as a mythical locality: the dark and moist, fat and fertile land. Tesherit, the red land, is the desert. So that in taking possession of the 'two worlds,' or the double earth, Horus has also seized the domain of Sut, the wilderness, which was a subject of contention in Amenta. Hence he says, 'I have also seized the desertI, the invincible one, who avengeth his father and is fierce at the drowning of his mother.'[456]

In his resurrection Horus cometh forth as 'the heir of the temple' in Annu. He is called 'the active and powerful heir of the temple, [p.837] whose arm resteth not' in the mummy bandages[457]. That is, as the avenger of his father Osiris in Annu, where he rises with the whip or flail in his hand to drive the adversaries from the temple. Now Annu, the station of the temple, was the place of the pillar. The temple itself in Annu, or Heliopolis, was known by the name of Ha-ben-ben, the house of the pyramidion or temple of the pinnacle, and the struggle of Satan with Jesus on the pinnacle of the temple may be traced to that of Sut and Horus the heir of the temple or the Ha-ben-ben of Annu, following the contention of the twin powers of darkness and light, or of food and famine in the wilderness. 'All the kingdoms of the world' are more definitely presented to view as celestial localities upon Mount Hetep. There are ten divisions of this divine domain. The three scenes of struggle between Jesus and Satan are (1) in the wilderness, (2) on the pinnacle, and (3) on an exceeding high mountain and these can be paralleled in the conflicts between Horus and Sut. The forty days' struggle in the wilderness was in Amenta. Next, there was a struggle on the ben-ben or pinnacle in Annu. And thirdly, Horus was carried off by Sut to the summit of Mount Hetep, where the two combatants were reconciled by Shu. The mount was a figure of the horizon in the solar mythos. On this the warring twins were constellated as the Gemini, and may be seen continuing their old conflict still, as Sut and Horus in the mythos, or as Satan and Jesus in the Christian eschatology. The earth, or heaven, that was first divided in two halves between Sut and Horus in the mythology is finally claimed to be the sole possession of Horus, the conqueror and the legitimate heir of God the father in the eschatology. The triumph of Horus over Sut is denoted by his kindling a light in the dark of death for the ka or spiritual image in Amenta[458]. He was not only the light of the world in the mortal sphere. As it is said in the Ritual, 'O light let the light be kindled for the ka!' 'Let the light be kindled for the night which followeth the day.' The light is called the eye of Horus, the glorious one, shining like Ra from the mount of glory, putting an end to the opposition of the dark-hearted Sut[459].

The question of an historic Jesus is by no means so simple as the grossly simple early Christians thought. It is equally a question of the historic devil. From first to last the Lord and Satan are twin, and without Satan there is no Christ-Jesus nor any need of a redeemer. In the mythology Horus was the lord of light and Sut the adversary, or the Satan of drought and darkness, from the time when the two contended as the black bird and the white (or the golden hawk), or as the two lions (our lion and unicorn a-fighting in the moonlight for the crown), as the rehus are described in the 80th chapter of the Ritual. As there was no Horus without Sut in the mythos, so there is no Jesus without Satan in the history. The brotherhood or twinship of Horus and Sut the betrayer is repeated in the canonical gospels. Sut was the brother of Horus, born twin with him in one phase of the mythos, or with Osiris in another. In like manner Judas is a brother of Jesus. Now, when Horus the youth of twelve years makes his transformation into Horus the adult, the man of thirty years, it is as the enemy and eternal conqueror of Sut who in the earth-life often had the upper hand. But the contest [p.838] of the personal Christ with a personal Satan in the New Testament is no more historical fact than the contest between the seed of the woman and the serpent of evil in the Old. Both are mythical; both are Egyptian mysteries. In the earlier narrative we have the struggle between Horus and the Apap-serpent of evil reproduced as gospel truth by a writer in Aramaic. In the later the conflict between Horus and Sut (or Satan in his anthropomorphic guise) has been repeated as Christian history. As mythos the Ritual explains both, and for ever disproves their right to be considered historical. In one of the sayings assigned to Jesus it is promised that 'in the regeneration when the son of man shall sit on the throne of his glory, the disciples also shall sit upon twelve thrones, judging the twelve tribes of Israel.'[460] Now, when this was said, according to Matthew, Judas the traitor was one of the twelve. Moreover, as reported by Luke, the same thing is uttered by Jesus after 'Satan entered into Judas who was called Iscariot, being of the number of the twelve,' and therefore one of those who are to sit on the twelve thrones in the future kingdom, and judge the twelve tribes of Israel. No defection of the son of perdition is foreseen, no treachery allowed for. Judas is reckoned as one of the twelve who are to sit at the table of the Lord and eat and drink in the kingdom that is yet to come[461]. There is but one way in which the traitor could remain one of the twelve in heaven. This belongs to the astronomical mythology, not to any human history, as when the sign of the scorpion is given to Sut-Typhon. In the newly-recovered Gospel of Peter there is no sign of Judas the betrayer having been one of the twelve. Immediately after the resurrection, it is said, the feast of the Passover being ended, 'We the twelve disciples of the Lord wept and grieved, and each of us in grief at what had happened withdrew to his house.'[462] At the same time, in Matthew, the disciples are but eleven in number when they go to meet Jesus by appointment on the mount, with Judas no longer one of them. Sut is as inseparable from Jesus in the gospels as from Horus in the dual figure of the Egyptian twins. The name alone is changed; otherwise it is Sut the devil who is the tempter of Jesus during forty days and forty nights in the wilderness. It is Sut who carries Jesus to the summit of an exceeding high mountain. It is Sut who, as personal opponent, is seen to fall as lightning from heaven. It is Sut the betrayer who enters Judas to become the betrayer of Jesus. Also an historical Christ implies, involves, necessitates an historical devil. According to the canonical record the two must stand or fall together as realities. Both are personal or neither. And both were preextant as Horus and Sut, who were neither personal nor historical. Indeed, it is asserted by Lactantius[463], that the Word of God, the logos of John, is the firstborn brother of Satan. That is honestly spoken and true, if we re-identify the word with the Horus who was born twin with Sut. He is wrong in making Horus the logos the firstborn, but that is of little importance. Otherwise, he has got the twins all right. Sut was the firstborn, but the birthright belonged to Horus who was the real heir. Now the 'word of God' is made flesh in Jesus, and the contention of the twin-powers of darkness and light is rendered [p.839] historically in the conflicts between Jesus and Satan in the wilderness, upon the pinnacle, or the mount, or in the harvest-field. The contest is also illustrated by Luke[464]: 'Then cometh the devil and taketh away the word from their heart that they may not believe and be saved.' This is one with Sut in undoing what Horus the Word had done, especially in sowing the seed of the logos. The contention of Sut and Horus is carried out between Satan and Jesus to the last. Sut, the king in his turn, was triumphant over Horus in his suffering and death. 'I go away,' says Jesus, 'for the prince of this world cometh, and he hath nothing in me.'[465]

Beelzebub, god of flies, is the particular name assigned to Satan in the gospels as the prince of devils. And as Sut was prince of the sebau, it seems probable that the 'zebub,' or infernal flies, may have been identical with and therefore derived by name from that spawn of Satan the sebau, the associates of Sut on the night of the great battle in the Ritual. In the parable of the sower it is said, 'When anyone heareth the word of the kingdom, and understandeth it not, then cometh the evil one (the adversary Sut or Satan) and snatcheth away that which hath been sown in his heart.'[466] And in 'the parable of the tares' it is said, 'He that soweth the good seed is the son of man'; and of the good seed, 'these are the Sons of the kingdom; and the tares are the sons of the evil one; and the enemy that sowed them is the devil.'[467] This is the contention of Horus and Sut in the harvest-field of Osiris represented in parables instead of in the mysteries. Horus sows the good seed and Sut the tares. When Horus rises in Amenta after death it is as the husband man or harvester who comes to gather in the harvest previously sown for the father by Horus in the earth of Seb, and to vanquish Sut, the sower of the tares, the thorns, and thistles in Anrutef.

The judgment of the world by Horus and the casting out of Sut is spoken of as a present fulfilment. 'Now is the (or a) judgment of this world. Now shall the prince of this world be cast out.'[468] This judgment was annual in the mysteries of Amenta. Sut as prince of this world and the son of perdition was cast out and judgment passed on those who were to be no more. This was at the time when Horus as the son of man was glorified, and Sut with his associates were once more overthrown by him on the highways of the damned. In John's account of the betrayal and arrest, when Jesus declares himself, the soldiers and officers who are with Judas are 'struck to the ground,' or 'they went backwards and fell to the ground.'[469] So when 'Horus repulses the associates of Sut,' they see the diadem upon his head and 'fall upon their faces in presence of his Majesty.'[470] Sut put out the eye of Horus. This is parodied in the gospels when Jesus is blindfolded and then asked to tell who struck him in the dark.

We get one other passing glimpse of Sut and Horus the contending twins in the parable of the marriage feast[471]. The wisdom of the Kamite mysteries was memorized in the sayings, and made portable in the parables. And in this the parable represents the marriage in the mystery of Tattu[472]. Horus was the king's son for whom the feast was made. He is Horus of the royal countenance in the mythos; the wearer of the Greek cloak of [p.840] royalty in the Roman catacombs. The king is Ra who issues the invitation to the festival of 'Come thou hither,' which is represented by the gospel marriage feast, to which those invited would not come. Sut as the adversary of Horus is the unbidden marriage guest who had no wedding garment on. The murderers who slay the servants of the king are the sebau and co-conspirators of Sut, and the vindictive treatment that followed becomes intelligible only by means of the mythos.

The conflict between Satan and Jesus attains a culmination astronomically. In the betrayal of Osiris the Good Being by the evil Sut there are seventy-two conspirators associated with the adversary. Seventy-two on the one hand as the powers of darkness imply the same number of opponent powers fighting on behalf of Horus or, it may be, Jesus on the other, the battle being in the seventy-two duodecans of the zodiac. This war of Sut and Horus is repeated once more in the gospel when the seventy-two or the seventy 'returned with joy, saying, Lord, even the devils are subject unto us in thy name.' And he said unto them, 'I beheld Satan fallen as lightning from heaven.' 'Behold, I have given you authority to tread upon serpents and scorpions and over all the powers of the enemy.' The enemy was Sut, and as a symbol in the zodiac Sut was at one time figured in the scorpion-sign. Thus, the betrayal of Osiris happened when the sun or the bull of eternity, as the divinity is also called, was in the sign of Scorpio. The sign of the bull being secretly assaulted by the scorpion is well known from the Mithraic monumentsi according to Hyde[473]. In some of the Greco-Egyptian planispheresi, given by Kircher, Sut is also identified as the scorpion which slew Osiris[474]. In the gospel, power is given for the seventy two to tread on the scorpion and to triumph over all the powers of the enemy[475]. The two different numbers of seventy and seventy-two for those whose names were written in heaven show that both belong to the planisphere which had been divided at two different periods into the heaven of seventy and the heaven of seventy-two divisions. We can now see how and why the betrayer keeps his place as one of the twelve in the Gospel of Peter, and why he has been cast out in the gospel according to Matthew. The Gospel of Peter was not historical, which means that it was astronomically based; and according to the gnosis the twelve whose thrones were set in heaven are zodiacal, not ethnical characters. Sut the betrayer was assigned the scorpion as a type of evil. And as the scorpion he keeps his place, like Judas in the Petrine gospel, as one of the twelve who were to sit on twelve celestial thrones in spite of his defection, because the twelve originated as astronomical and not as historical realities.

The Gnostics maintained that Jesus was the Lord for one year only, and that he suffered in the twelfth month, as did Osiris with the sun in the sign of Scorpio. Thus, the Egypto-gnostic Jesus enthroned upon Mount Olivet with the twelve around himhe being a 'little apart'[476]is a figure of the solar god with the twelve who row the bark of Ra around the zodiac.

One result of turning the Egyptian mythos into Christian history has been to inflict the most nefarious injustice on the Jews. By [p.841] shifting the scene of the mysteries from the nether-earth of Amenta to the land of Judea the ethnical Jews have been thrust into the position of the typhonian enemies of the Good Being, the sebau and the sami, the powers of evil in the mythos and the condemned manes in the eschatology. The Jews have been transmogrified into the associates of Sut and the spawn of Satan. That is why the father of the Jews is called the devil, and a murderer from the beginning; the liar and the father of all lying. That is why Judas is a devil; and the Jews as a people figure in the same category with Herod, slayer of the innocents, with Judas the betrayer of Jesus, and with the fiends of Sut, because they were charged with doing those things on earth which had only been and could only be enacted according to the mysteries in Amenta. For this perversion of the mythos the Jews have been hunted over the earth and persecuted ever since. They have suffered precisely in the same way as the red-haired typhonian animals suffered in ancient Egypt[477], which were dedicated and doomed to be slain in an avenging sacrifice because they represented the associates of the wicked Sut, the liar, the betrayer, the murderer, who put to death and mutilated the body of the good Osiris. The sufferers on account of the mythos were the typhonian ass, the pig, and the goat. The sufferers on account of the 'history' have been and still are the children of Israel. Whereas the Jews were no more racial in the gospels than the accursed sebau are Egyptians in the Ritual. That they should be made to appear so is but a result of literalizing and localizing the Osirian drama in a spurious Judean history.

And here the present writer would remark that, in his view, the Jewish rejection of Christianity constitutes one of the sanest and the bravest intellectual triumphs of all time. It is worth all that the race has suffered from the persecution of the Christian world. The Jews, like the Gnostics, knew well enough that the Christian schema was a 'fake,' and, although they were unable to explain how it had been manufactured from the leavings of the past, they knew that it was false, non-natural and unnecessary. Up to the present time their victory may have been comparatively negative, in consequence of their failure to retell the story in the only one authentic way, that is, with a sufficient grasp of the data. They have not been able to reinstate the truth once confounded and overthrown, but they have borne witness dumbly, doggedly, unceasingly, with faces set like flint unflinchingly against the lie. They would not believe that their God, though imaged anthropomorphically, had become a man, and so they have remained non-Christian to this day, never to be converted now. For at last the long infernal Juden-Hetze[478] nears its end; the time of their justification and triumph is at hand, when the persecutor with the stone in his grasp will drop it suddenly and flee helter-skelter for his life.

 

THE GROUP IN BETHANY

The canonical gospels may be described as different collections of 'episodes' and 'sayings,' and one of the most disconnected of these episodes is to be found in the raising of Lazarus from the tomb that [p.842] 'was a cave,'[479] which contains a version of the resurrection of Osiris from the cave. The subject of all subjects in the religious mysteries of the Egyptians was the resurgence of the human soul from death and its transformation into an eternal spirit. This is the foundation of the Book of the Dead or Ritual of the resurrection. So far as we know, this resurrection was originally represented in the mysteries of Memphis, where Kheper-Ptah was the divinity that rose again in mummy-form from which the soul was seen to issue forth as a divine hawk. On entering Amenta as a still living being, though but a soul in matter, the Osiris, late deceased, addresses the god in the character of those powers who effect the triumph of Osiris over all his adversaries, the chief of whom is Horus, in whose name he is magically assimilated to the Son of God, and thus is one with Horus in his resurrection from the dead.

It has now to be shown that the resurrection of Osiris in Annu has been partially reproduced as the raising of Lazarus in Bethany. Osiris reposing in Annu is an image of the soul inert in matter or in decay and death. Hence he was portrayed in the likeness of the mummy called 'the breathless one,' also the god with the non-beating heart, who is laid out in the burial-place as a corpse-like form lying extended at full length, awaiting his resurrection from the funeral couch, or the transfiguration into the risen sahu of the glorified. In his first advent Horus is the son of Seb, God of earth. In his second, he is the son of Ra, the Holy Spirit. It is in this latter character that he enters Amenta to represent the resurrection of the Osiris in the earth of eternity.

The resurrection of the sun from out the grave of night; the re-arising of vegetation from the grip of winter; and of the waters returning periodically from their source; that is the resurrection in external nature; it was, in short, the resurrection of new life from the old, in a variety of phenomena, mystically imaged by zootypes like the serpent of Rannut; the frog or beetle of Ptah; the shoot of papyrus, or the green branch of endless years. The doctrine culminated in a resurrection of the soul of human life from the body of death that was imaged by the mummy-Osiris, the god who in his rising again united all phases of the doctrine under one type of the resurrection, viz., that of the risen mummy defecated to the consistency of a sahu, or a spiritual body. It is as the reconstitutor of his father in Amenta that Horns raises Osiris from the tomb. He calls the mummy to come forth and assume the likeness of Ra the later god. Osiris is now glorified by Ra the Holy Spirit. The mummy being an image of the earlier body-soul that was transubstantialized into spirit. As it is said, Osiris is 'renewed in an instant,' and it is his son Horus who thus establishes him upon 'the pedestal of Tum' (Atum Ra) the god in spirit[480].

The resurrection of the human soul in the afterlife was the central fact of the Egyptian religion, and the transfigured, re-erected mummy, otherwise called the karast, was a supreme symbol. The opening day of New Year, the day of 'Come thou to me,' was named from the resurrection, which was solar in the mythos and spiritual in the eschatology. The mummy-type was divinized to preserve intact that bodily form which suffered dissolution after death. This, as mummy [p.843] of the god in matter, was a type inviolate and imperishable. Osiris in his coffin does not see corruption. In him was life for evermore. And as with the divine exemplar, so was it postulated for all who died in Osiris. He was terribly mutilated by the evil Sut, and his mummy had to be joined together again piecemeal, for as it is said to Osiris, 'I come to embalm thee,' thou hast existence 'with thy members' when these were put together. And again, 'I have come myself and delivered the god from that pain and suffering that were in trunk, in shoulder and in leg.' 'I have come and healed the trunk, and fastened the shoulder and made firm the leg[481]. This was in reconstituting the personality, which was performed in a mystery when the different parts of Osiris, the head, the vertebra, the thigh, the leg, the heel were collected at the coffin[482]. But the god in matter was also the god in spirit according to the mystery or modus operandi of the resurrection; or he became so by being blended with Ra in his resurrection.

In the Kamite mythos as in the totemic sociology, the son (of the mother) was earlier than the father. When it is said in the texts 'I am a son begotten of his father; I am a father begotten of his son,' the sense of the expression turns on the son of the mother having been earlier than the father of the son. Child-Horus, Har-si-Hesi, is the mother's son. Mother and son, as As-Ar; Isis and child, passed into the complex of Asar or Osiris, the one great god in whom all previous powers were merged and unified at last. Isis had embodied a soul in matter or flesh, as her child, when there was as yet no God the Father, no God the Son, no Horus in spirit. This fatherhood of the spirit was founded in Atum-Ra the father of spirits. Thence followed the sonship in spirit of Horus in his second character as divine adult. Ra in spirit represented the supreme type of deity whose symbol is the sun or solar hawk. Osiris remained the god in matter as the mummy in Amenta; Ra is described as calling on Osiris in the resurrection and is also said to bid the mummy 'come forth,' when the deity in matter was to be united with the god in spirit. But Horus, the Son of God, the beloved only begotten son, is now the representative of Ra and the chief agent in the raising of the mummyOsiris from the dead. He is the son who comes to the assistance, not only of the father, for the mummy-Asar is both Isis and Osiris in one body. Hence it is said in the chapter by which the tomb is opened for the Osiris to come forth, 'I am Horus the reconstituter of his father, who lifteth up his father, and who lifteth up his mother with his wand (rod or staff).'[483] As it is said in the Ritual[484], 'it is Horus who bath reconstituted his father and restored him'after the mutilation of his body by the murderer Sut. He descends into the funeral land of darkness and the shadow of death. He opens the Tuat to drive away the darkness so that he may look upon his father's face. He says pathetically, 'I am his beloved son. I have come to pierce the heart of Sut and to perform all duties to my father.'[485] Horus the prince in Sekhem also uplifts his father as Osiris-Tat with his two arms clasped behind him for support[486]. In this mythical character of the son who gives life, reconstitutes, restores and re-establishes his father, the Egyptians continued an inner African type of the 'Son who makes [p.844] his Father.' Miss Kingsley called attention to a function of the Oil-river-Chief who has to observe the custom of 'making his father' once every year. The custom is sacred and symbolical, as the deceased chief need not be his own real father, but must be his predecessor in the headmanship[487]. This custom of 'making his father' by the son survived and was perpetuated in the mythology of Egypt, in which Horus is the son who makes, or 'reconstitutes,' his father once a year, and describes it as one of his duties in the Book of the Dead. This resurrection of the father as the soul of life in matter, i.e., the mummy-soul, by Horus the son, is the great mystery of the ten mysteries which are briefly described in the 18th chapter of the Ritual.

In a later scene there is another description of the resurrection of Osiris, in which the mummy-god is raised by his son Horus from the tomb. As it is said, 'Horus exalteth his father Osiris in every place, associating Isis the Great with her sister Nephthys' as the two women at the tomb. 'Rise up, Horus, son of Isis, and restore thy father Osiris'that was Osiris in the inert and breathless condition of the mummy. 'Ha, Osiris, I have come to thee. I am Horus, and I restore thee unto life upon this day with the funeral offerings and all good things for Osiris.' 'Rise up, then, Osiris. I have stricken down thine enemies for thee; I have delivered thee from them.' 'I am Horus on this fair day at the beautiful coming forth of thy powers (in his resurrection), who lifteth thee up with himself on this fair day as thine associate God.' 'Ha, Osiris, thou hast received thy sceptre, thy pedestal, and thy flight of stairs beneath thee.' On the coffin of Nes-Shu-Tefnut, at Vienna, it is said: Horus openeth for thee thy two eyes that thou mayest see with them in thy name of Ap-Uat.'[488] Horus as son of Ra the Holy Spirit in the eschatology is now higher in status than the mummy-god, the father and mother in matter. Hence he rises in Amenta as the resurrection and the life to his own father Osiris.

Horus as the divine heir had now been furnished with the double force. The gods rejoice to meet him walking on the way to Annu, and the hall of the horizon or house in Annu where divine perfumes are awaiting him and mourning does not reach him, and where the guardians of the hall do not overthrow the mysterious of face who is in the sanctuary of Sekhem. That is Osiris, who is not dead but sleeping in Annu, the place of his repose, awaiting the call that bids the mummy to 'come forth to day.' Horus, the deliverer of his father, reaches him in the train of Hathor, who is Meri, the beloved by name in the Ritual. Thus Horus follows Meri to the place where Asar lies buried in the sepulchre, as Jesus follows Mary, who had come forth to meet him on the way to Bethany[489]. Jesus reaches the tomb of Lazarus in the train of Mary and Martha. Horus makes the way for Osiris. He repulses the attack of Apap, who represents negation or non-being = death. The portrait of Horus in this scene is very grand. His face is glorified and greatened by the diadem which he wears as the lord of strength. His double force is imaged by two lions. A loud voice is heard upon the horizon as Horus lifts the truth to Ra, and the way is made for Osiris to come [p.845] forth at his rising from the cave. So Jesus 'cried with a loud voice, Lazarus, come forth!' and 'he that was dead came forth bound hand and foot with grave-bands.'[490] In the original the mummy-Osiris comes forth as Amsu, with one arm only released from the bandages. In the 'discourse of Horus' to his Father at his coming forth from the sanctuary in Sekhem to see Ra, Horus says, 'I have given thee thy soul, I have given thee thy strength, I have given thee thy victory, I have given thee thy two eyes (mertae), I have given thee Isis and Nephthys,' who are the two divine sisters, the Mary and Martha of Beth-Annu[491]. In showing that 'mourning does not reach him,' Jesus 'abode at that time two days in the place where he was.' After the sisters had sent to say that Lazarus was sick he waited until he was dead on purpose to perform the more effective miracle. He was in Bethany, 'the place where John was at the first baptizing,'[492] but it took him two more days to get there at this particular time. So that Lazarus had been buried four days when Jesus arrived in the village. The tomb of Osiris was localized in Annu, the solar birthplace. Osiris, under one of his titles, is the great one in Annu. Annu is the place of his repose. 'I go to rest in Annu, my dwelling,' says Osiris. The deceased also goes to rest in Annu because it was the place of repose for Osiris the god[493]. Jesus goes to rest in Bethany. The place of repose for Osiris was his sepulchre in Annu. The place of repose for Lazarus is the cave in Bethany. It was in Annu that the soul was united to its spiritual body. Annu is termed the place 'where thousands reunite themselves' soul and body. The speaker says, 'Let my soul see hem body. Let her unite herself to her sahu'that is, to the glorified body which can neither be destroyed nor injured; the future body in which the soul would be incorporated to pass from out the tomb. Annu is called the abode of 'those who have found their faces.' These are the mummy-forms, from whose faces the napkin had been removed. The house or beth of Osiris, then, was in Annu. 'He rests in Annu, which is his dwelling.' The names of its builders are recorded. Num raised it on its foundation. Seshet (or Sefekh) built it for him as his house of refuge and of rest[494]. The house of Osiris in Annu was called Hat-Saru, the house of the Princethat is, the abode of Horus when he came to raise Osiris from the tomb. It was the sanctuary of Osiris who was attended by the two Mertae or Merti, the pair of divine sisters better known by the names of Isis and Nephthys. The household proper consists of Osiris and those two sisters who watch over him. Mer denotes the eye, ti is two, and these are the two eyes or two watchers over Osiris in the abode that is the place of his burial and rebirth. The two sisters as watchers are the two mer, one of whom becomes the Mary, the other Martha, as the two Merti in Bethany = Beth-Annu. The triumph of Osiris was effected over his adversaries by Horus in the house of the prince in Annu or Heliopolis, and his supreme triumph was in his resurrection when he was recalled to life and raised up from the sepulchre by Horus[495]. The raising up of Osiris the father by Horus the son is doctrinally based upon the father living over again in the son. Under the beetle-type Kheper [p.846] as father transformed into the son. It was the same with Atum-Iu, in whom the father became the son and then the son transformed into the father. The mystery was deepened in the Osirian drama by super-adding a more spiritual form of the fatherhood in Ra the Holy Spirit. The deceased Osiris is in possession of the funeral meals in Annu. He sits beneath the trees of Annu in the train of Hathor-Meri[496]. Annu is the place of provisions for the manes. Thousands are nourished or fed in Annu[497]. Deceased in Annu[498] receives his vesture or taau-garment from the goddess Tait, who is over him. This is an allusion to the mummy-case from which the left arm was not yet freed when Amsu-Horus rose up in the sepulchre. The goddess Tait is a form of one of the two divine sisters. She cooks the food and brings it to the deceased, who is either Osiris, or the Osiris, the god or the manes. Annu was also the place of the festivals of Osiris. One of these was kept on the sixth day of the month. 'I am with Horus,' says the speaker on the day when the festivals of Osiris are celebrated, 'on the feast of the sixth day of the month.'[499] With this we may compare the following statement: 'Jesus therefore six days before the Passover came to Bethany, where Lazarus was, whom Jesus raised from the dead. So they made him a supper there.'[500] The two sisters were present. 'Martha served, and Mary anointed the feet of Jesus and wiped them with her hair.'[501]

Annu is described as a green and pleasant place, an oasis in the desert of Amenta created for the suffering Osiris, and the two divine sisters were given him there for his comfort and delight[502]. The tree of life stood in Annu, as the sycamore, tamarisk, or persea tree, which was personified in Hathor-Meri or Isis. The manes were feasted 'under the foliage of the tamarisk,'[503] the branches of which are described as the beautiful arms of the goddess, and the foliage as her hair, when she herself was the tree beneath which the Osiris found refreshing shade. It seems that not only the clouds of dawn, but also the foliage of the tamarisk tree may have imaged the hair of the goddess. Osiris-Ani is found in Annu with the hair of Isis spread over him[504]. In another text the hair is assigned to Hathorone of whose names is Meri[505]. And this is probably related to the story of Mary wiping the feet of Jesus with the hair of her head. Isis is frequently portrayed kneeling at the feet of Osiris in Annu. It is she who says: 'I who drop the hair which hath loosely fallen upon my browI am Isis, when she concealeth herself.'[506] Osiris in Annu, like Lazarus in Bethany, was not dead but sleeping. In the text of Har-hetep[507] the speaker who personates Horus is he who comes to awaken Asar out of his sleep. Also, in one of the early funeral texts it is said of the sleeping Asar: 'The Great One waketh, the Great One riseth; Horus raises Osiris upon his feet.' Jesus denies that Lazarus is dead. 'Our friend Lazarus is fallen asleep. I go that I may awake him out of his sleep,'[508] which is genuine Egyptian doctrine. The manes in Amenta were not looked upon as dead, but sleeping, breathless of body, motionless of heart. The deity Osiris was not dead. And in his likeness the Osiris lived. Hence Horus comes to wake the sleepers in their coffins, or Osiris in his cave.

[p.847]

It was in Bethany that 'Jesus wept.'[509] It is the place of weeping for the dead Lazarus. Mary wept, the Jews wept, and 'Jesus wept.' No wonder. This is the place of weeping by name in the Ritual, where the Osiris lay in his burial. It was here he was inert and motionless. The Osiris says: 'I am motionless in the fields of those who are dumb in death. But I shall wake, and my soul will speak in the dwelling of Tum, the Lord of Annu.' The abode of Tum in Annu being = Bethany. Then he rises from the tomb and appears at the door, and says, 'I arrive at the confines of earth. I tread the dwelling of the god Rem-Rem.' Rem signifies weeping: and in the Litany of Ra[510] this god is designated 'Remi the Weeper.' Thus Jesus is portrayed in the character of 'Remi the Weeper' in the place of weeping for the dead Osiris in Beth-Annu, who is here represented as the dead Lazarus in Bethany[511]. Jesus comes as 'Remi the Weeper' to weep for the inert Osiris, that is, as Horus who comes to the motionless Osiris on the day which is called 'Come thou to me.' Ra is said to make the mummy 'come forth.'[512] Jesus cries with a loud voice, 'Lazarus, come forth!' and 'he that was dead came forth, bound hand and foot with grave-bands: and his face was bound about with a napkin.'[513] The picture is completed in the Roman catacombs, where the risen Lazarus is an Egyptian mummy: the likeness of the mummy-Osiris, who is beckoned forth by Horus with his staff.

According to the dramatic representation in the mysteries, Osiris is slain by the adversary Sut, and is imaged in Amenta as a mummy. The father lives again in the son; hence his son Horus descends into the netherworld to avenge, reconstitute and raise Osiris from his corpse-like state. He comes as a living soul from Ra the Holy Spirit, who is the Father in heaven, 'to raise up the hand which is motionless.'[514] In chapter 18, 'he lifts inert Osiris with his two arms.' He exclaims, 'Ha! Osiris, I am come to thee: I am Horus, and I restore thee to life upon this day, with the funerary offerings and all good things for Osiris. Rise up, then, Osiris[515]. Horus hath raised thee. 'It is said,' Hail, Osiris, thou art born twice.'[516] In some texts it is Ra who bids the mummy come forth on the day of 'Come thou to me.'[517] Taht says, 'I give Ra to enter the mysterious cave in order that he may revive the heart of him whose heart is motionless.'[518] After the raising of Osiris, Taht says, 'I have celebrated the festival of Eve's provender,' or supper, which came to be called the Last Supper. The raising of Lazarus is likewise commemorated by a supper. 'So they made him a supper there.'[519]

When Osiris, or the Osiris, 'takes the form of a living soul,'[520] it is said, 'Thy son Horus reconstitutes thee. Arise, Osiris, thy hands have been given to thee'he is freed from the mummy-bandages—'stand up living for ever.' 'The two sisters Isis and Nephthys come to thee; they will fill thee with life, health, and strength, and all the joy that they possess. They gather for thee all kinds of good things within thy reach.'[521] Amongst other ceremonies performed in the Amenta at the raising of the mummy who is 'called aloud' from the sepulchre the Osiris is freed from the bandages with which the corpse was bound. So when Lazarus [p.848] was called in a loud voice to come forth, 'He that was dead came forth bound hand and foot with grave-bands, and his face was bound about.' In the resurrection ceremony of Osiris he is divested of his funerary garment and receives a bandage of the finest linen from the hands of the attendant of Ra, the Father in heaven[522]. He eats of 'the meat which has been prepared by Ra in his holy place;' he washes his feet in silver basins, which have been sculptured by the divine architect Ptah-Sek-ari[523]. In the gospel, Jesus, 'knowing that the Father had given all things into his hands, and that he came forth from God and goeth unto God, riseth from supper, and layeth aside his garments; and he took a towel and girded himself. Then he poureth water into a basin and began to wash the disciples' feet, and to wipe them with the towel wherewith he was girded.'[524]

Taking Lazarus, then, to represent the mummy-Osiris, we find the 'raising of Lazarus' celebrated in a hymn expressly devoted to the subject. It is one of the ceremonies that were performed in the underworld. The Osiris is designated him 'who is called aloud.' 'O thou who art called aloud, thou who art called aloud, thou the lamented, thou art glorified. O thou who art raised up, thou art raised up. N. has been raised up by means of all the manifold ceremonies performed for him.' The mummy-Osiris lay upon the funeral couch in the mysterious cave with the two sisters in attendance. Horus enters this cave as representative of Ra, to revive the heart of him whose heart is motionless. He says, 'Hail, Osiris, thou art born twice! Arise on thy bed and come forth! Come! Come forth.' Osiris or the Osiris is called with a loud voice. In the hymn of the resurrection, he is addressed nine times over in the words 'O Thou who art called aloud!'[525] They call him to come forth 'like a god' from the mysterious cave 'to meet the powers of Annu.' The resurrection is celebrated with rejoicings, 'thou hearest how thou art glorified through all thy house!' There are nine verses in the hymn and each one opens with the address, 'O thou who art called aloud!' That is for his rising up and coming forth from the cave in Annu[526]. The words 'O thou who art called aloud' had become the title of the hymn, as we say 'the Magnificat,' or 'the Te Deum.'[527]

The latest dynasty of Egyptian deities were born of Seb the earth-father and Nut the mother-heaven. This was the Osirian group, consisting of five persons, viz., (1) Asar, (2) the elder Horus, (3) Sut, (4) Isis, (5) Nephthys, which may be called the family in Annu and shown to be the originals of the group in Bethany. Sut, the betrayer, is the only one omitted from the gospel. The remaining fourLazarus = Asar; Jesus = Horus; Mary = Isis; Martha = Nephthysare also represented sometimes in the Ritual without Sut[528]. When it is said that Horus exalts his father Osiris in every place he associates Isis the great with her sister Nephthys. Sut is not included in the group at Annu. On the other hand, Sut, in the person of the betrayer, is present at the mortuary meal in the canonical gospels. At present we only need to identify Lazarus with Osiris, Jesus with Horus, and the two sisters of Lazarus with the two sisters of Osiris. Osiris lying as a breathless mummy in the cave, [p.849] when Horus comes to raise him from the dead, is watched over and protected by the two Mertae sisters, one at the head and one at the feet as keepers of the body, and watchers in the burial-place. The two Mertae are mentioned in chapter 58. In this the Osiris cries, 'Let the door be opened to me,' as the Osiris buried in Amenta. 'Who is with thee?' is asked. The reply is, 'It is the Mertae,' the two watchers over Osiris in the sepulchre. The deceased then asks that he may have milk, cakes and meat given to him at the house which is in Annu, the Kamite prototype of Bethany. On the way to the sepulchre in Annu Horus meets the two sister-goddesses, saying to them 'Hail, ye pair of goddesses Mertae, sister pair, Mertae! I inform you of my words of power. I am Horus, the son of Isis, and I am come to see my father Osiris,' and to raise him up from the sepulchre. Jesus on his way to the cave of Lazarus likewise informs Martha of his words of power, saying 'thy brother shall rise again.' 'I am the resurrection and the life.' 'He that believeth on me shall never die.'[529] 'Now as they went on their way a certain woman named Martha received him (Jesus) into her house. And she had a sister called Mary, which also sat at the Lord's feet (like Isis) and heard his word.' And because Mary took her place at the feet of Jesus it is said that she had 'chosen the good part.'[530] The two sisters in Bethany are the Aramaic or Hebrew replica of Isis and Nephthys, who are the attendants upon Osiris; the two divine sisters of Osiris in Annu. Mary and Martha are the two sisters of Lazarus in Bethany. Horus loved the two dear sisters Isis and Nephthys, and is especially denominated the son who loves his father, i.e., Asar, whom he raises from the tomb according to the dramatic representation. Jesus is said to have 'loved Martha and her sister, and Lazarus.'[531]

Jesus says, 'Our friend Lazarus is fallen asleep, but I go that I may awake him out of sleep.'[532] So is it in the Ritual. Horus says, 'I go to give movement to the manes. I go to comfort him who is in a swoon,' which is equivalent to Lazarus who sleeps[533]. He goes to give life at some particular spot and in doing this he comes from Sekhem to Annu where the mummy of Osiris rested in the house there = Beth-Annu or Bethany. The Osiris does not die. The Ritual has no recognition of death, save as final extinction when death and evil die together. Osiris sleeps, he is breathless or in a swoon. He lies inert, his heart is motionless pro tem. Osiris thus awaits his change and resurrection; but he cannot die who is the conqueror of death and the bondage of the grave. The resurrection of Osiris at the coming of Horus is glanced at when the speaker personates him and says, 'I am the great first heir (or inheritor) taking possession of Urt-hat'otherwise the inert, sleeping, motionless Osiris. 'Strength of Osiris is my name. I save him' from the impurities of matter. 'He lives by me.' The speaker is Horus with his father Ra, just as Jesus is with his father in the scene of raising Lazarus[534]. The resurrection applies to Osiris in matter whom Horus comes to quicken and raise up from the dead or, as it is rendered, 'from the impurities of Osiris' in matter. The 'corruption which befell Osiris' in [p.850] his mummy-condition is mentioned in the Ritual more than once. This also befalls the corpse of Lazarus, but is more grossly stated in the gospel. Jesus comes to raise up Lazarus when he has been in the tomb four days, and Martha says, 'Lord, by this time he stinketh.'[535] In the Ritual, when Horus comes to those who are in their cells he utters the words of Ra to raise the dead, and says, as the passage is rendered by Budge, 'I am the herald of his words (his father's) to him whose throat stinketh'; that is, to the sufferer from corruption in the tomb[536].

Isis not only stands or sits at the feet of Osiris, she is the seat personified. She carries the sign of the seat upon her head. Her name of Hes signifies the seat. And Mary, who takes the place of Isis, is described as sitting at the feet of Jesus, whilst Martha is busy working about the house and left serving alone. A further allusion to the Lady of the Seat may be found when Martha heard that Jesus was coming, and went forth to meet him, whilst 'Mary still sat in the house,'[537] thus fulfilling the character of Isis, the seat, or the sitter. There is more than meets the eye in the sign of the seat which is borne by Isis. To sit is also to brood as a bird. Isis as sitter is the brood-hen, the incubator in Annu. Under this type of the sitting-hen she sits at the feet of Osiris to bring him to rebirth. Mary also sat in the house, and kept her seat at the feet of Jesus. Nephthys, the other divine sister in Annu, carries the sign of a house on her head. She is called mistress of the house. She is the benevolent, saving sister. This in the 'history' is rendered by Martha being the housekeeper and by Mary sitting in the house while her sister goes forth to meet the Lord[538]. In Aramaic, Martha denotes the mistress of the house, and Nephthys, one of the two mertae, is the mistress of the house, who carries the house as a symbol in her headdress. The name of Nephthys in Greek represents nebt-hat, the mistress of the house in Egyptian. The two sisters are the merti or mertae, who were the keepers of the double house in attendance upon Horus, or Jesus. They receive the sun-god at his entrance to the mountain in the West, and stand together by him when he issues forth at dawn from Beth-Annu, or Bethany, in the East. The name of the secret shrine in which the mummy-Osiris was upraised by 'the two arms of Horus, Prince of Sekhem' is 'the witness of that which is raised,' or the witness to the resurrection[539]. Those who are present in this scene are 'Osiris, Isis, Nephthys, and Horus the reconstituter of his Father,' and these, as we maintain, are the prototypes or original characters of Lazarus, Mary, Martha and Jesus in the scene of the resurrection in Bethany.

Osiris rose from the dead to enter the little golden ark of the moon on the third day. He was buried on the 17th of Hathor and the resurrection in the lunar ark was on the 19th; that is, on the third day. In the solar mythos he rises again the day after the burial, and as the grain he rose again in forty days. But there is another mystery of Osiris, an account of which is given by Plutarch, probably from the writings of Manetho[540]. This he calls the 'Mourning of the Goddess,' which began on the 17th of Hathor, the day on which Osiris was betrayed at the last supper and mutilated by the adversary Sut. He says the 'Mourning of the Goddess' lasted [p.851] 'four' days altogether, beginning on the 17th, the day of betrayal and death of Osiris; and on the 19th it was proclaimed by the priests that the lost Osiris was found because he had then entered into the ark of the moon where the light was once more safe. He tells us that amongst other melancholy things that were acted on this occasion, as the mourning of the cow for Osiris the bull of Amenta, a gilded cow, the golden Hathor, was covered with a black linen pall and exposed to public view for four days at the mourning of the goddess, or of the cow, for the lost Osiris. Here, then, are the four days of mourning which are repeated in the one gospel that chronicles the raising of Lazarus from the dead after 'he had been in the tomb four days already.' Plutarch calls this mystery the mourning of the goddess. But there are always two mourners for Osiris, Isis and Nephthys, who are his sisters.

The process of reducing the fairy-godmother's coach-and-six to the status of a one-horse cab may be seen in the gospel according to Luke in getting rid of Osiris. The pair of sisters, Martha and Mary, appear in this gospel, but without their brother Lazarus, and also without the resurrection. After all that has now been done towards identifying Bethany with the house in Annu and the nest of the two sisters, the two sisters with Isis and Nephthys, and the Christ with Horus, it cannot be considered far-fetched if we look upon Lazarus as a form of the Osiris that was dead and buried and raised to life again. As to the name, the Egyptian name of the Greek Osiris is Hesar, or Asar. And when we take into consideration that some of the matter came from its Egyptian source through the Aramaic and Arabic languages (witness the Arabic Gospel of the Infancy) there is little difficulty, if any, in supposing that the Al (article the) has been adopted through the medium of the Arabic, or derived from the Hebrew prenominal stem לא, to emphasize a thing, as in the Osiris, which passed into the article Al for the in Arabic, and was prefixed to the name of Osiris as Al-Asar, which, with the Greek 's' for suffix becomes L-azarus. The connecting link whereby Al-Asar was turned into Lazarus, the Osiris, was in all likelihood made in the Aramaic language, which had its root-relations with the Egyptian. Hieroglyphic papyri are among its monumental remains, as well as the Inscription of Carpentras[541].

Various representations of the raising of Lazarus in the Roman catacombs show the mummy risen and standing in the doorway of the tomb. The figure of the supposed Jesus Christ is in front of the sarcophagus calling upon Lazarus to come forth, whilst touching the mummy with a wand or rod which he holds in his hand. In the chapter 'by which the tomb is opened to the soul and to the shade of the person that he may come forth to day and have the mastery of his feet,'[542] the deliverer Horus says, 'I am Horus who lifteth up his father with his staff.' This mode of raising Osiris by Horus with his staff or rod completes the picture of the resurrection of Lazarus. The rod that is waved by Jesus at the raising of Lazarus is the symbolic sceptre in the hand of Horus when he raises the Osiris. In every instance Lazarus is a mummy made after the Egyptian fashion. It is a bandaged body that had been soaked in salt and pitch which was at times so hot that it charred the bones[543]. [p.852] Seventy days was the proper length of time required for embalming the dead body in making an Egyptian mummy. Lazarus when portrayed in the Roman catacombs comes forth from the tomb as an eviscerated, embalmed and bandaged mummy, warranted to have been made in Egypt. Now, according to the gospel narrative, there was no time for this, as Lazarus had only been dead four days. The mummy, anyway, is non-historical; and it is the typical mummy called the Osiris, Asar in Egyptian, El-Asar in Aramaic, and Lazarus with the Greek terminal in the gospel assigned to John. The coffin of Osiris, constellated in the Greater Bear, was known to the Arab astronomers as the Bier of Lazarus. Asar, or the Osiris, is the mummy in the coffin, and with the coffin of Osiris identified as the bier of Lazarus it follows perforce that the mummy-Osiris in the coffin is one with Lazarus on the bier. The gnostic pictures in the Roman catacombs suffice to prove the identity. They show that Lazarus was buried as a mummy, and that he rose again in mummy-form. Thus the dead Osiris of Egypt, El-Asar or Lazarus, as portrayed in Rome, and the story of the death, burial, and resurrection are the same wheresover and howsoever that story may be told. The bier of Lazarus, followed by the mourning sisters, was only known by that name because it had been constellated in the starry vault of the heavens ages earlier than the present era as the coffin of Osiris.

It is satisfactory to find that both forms of Asar are preserved in the gospels, one of which was the god Osiris, the other the Osiris as manes. Lazarus in his resurrection represents the god; Lazarus the poor man of the parable represents the manes in Amenta who is designated the Osiris.

The story of the rich man and the beggar Lazarus related in the gospel of Luke[544] is told at length in the Second Tale of Khamuas[545] as Egyptian. This contains a scene from the judgment in Amenta which is represented in the vignettes to the Ritual. Setme and his son Si-Osiris enter the Tuat as manes. They pass through the seven halls[546] into the great judgment hall. They see the figure of Osiris seated on his throne of gold, 'Anup the great god being on his left hand, the great god Taht upon his right, the balance being set in the midst before them.' Anup gives the word, Taht writes it down. The rich man and the poor man enter to be judged. 'And behold Setme saw a great man clothed in garment of byssus (fine white linen), he being near to the place in which Osiris was,' in which position he is great exceedingly. Si-Osiris says, 'My father Setme, dost thou not see this great man who is clothed in garment of byssus, he being near to the place in which Osiris is? That poor man whom thou sawest, he being carried out from Memphis, there not being a man walking after him, he being wrapped in a mat, this is he.' This refers to the funerals of the rich man and the poor man on earth previously described[547]. When the rich man was judged it was found that his evil deeds were more numerous than his good deeds; therefore they outweighed them in the scales of justice; consequently he was cast to the devourer of souls who did not allow him to breathe again for ever. 'It was commanded before Osiris to cause to be thrown the burial outfit [p.853] of that rich man whom thou sawest, he being carried out from Memphis, the praise that was made of him being great, unto this poor man named, and that they should take him (the poor man) amongst the noble spirits as a man of God that follows Osiris-Sekari (the god in his resurrection), he being near to the place in which Osiris is.'[548] Thus the parable of the rich man and Lazarus found in a folktale of the first century written in demotic is provably Egyptian and demonstrably ancient by application of the comparative process to the language. Neither the name of Lazarus nor Osiris appears in the Tale of Khamuas, which is good evidence that the story was not derived from the gospels. Thus we identify Lazarus with Osiris the mummy-god and Lazarus the poor man with Alasar as the Osiris.

 

THE FOUNDERS OF THE KINGDOM

The elder Horus represented the wisdom of the mother as her word or logos in the earth of Seb until he reached the age of twelve years. Then, according to the drama of the Osirian mysteries, he passed into Amenta, where he rose again as Horus in spirit. It was in this, the earth of eternity, that he made his second advent when he came again to establish the kingdom of the father. In his death and resurrection or transformation from the body-soul to an eternal spirit, he had found the father in heaven, who is Ra the holy spirit. And at his second advent Horus came to tell the joyful tidings to the manes and to found the kingdom in Amenta for the father who is now Osiris-Ra instead of the mummy-Osiris. Thus the kingdom of the Christ was founded for the father by Horus and his followers at his second coming to be represented in the mysteries of Amenta and the drama of Egyptian eschatology as the second advent which was in the spirit, now set forth by Horus the immortal Son of God.

The universe of Ptah, the supreme architect, had been divided into the three regions of Amenta, earth and heaven. In these there were three successive forms of a god the fatherSeb was the god of earth, as father of physical sustenance. Osiris was the father in Amenta, where the dead were reconstituted and made to live again, and Ra the holy spirit was the father of spirits in heaven. Thus the typical seven loaves of plenty were called the bread of Seb on earth, the bread of Osiris in Amenta, and the bread of Ra in heaven. Human Horus was the heir of Seb, his foster-father, in the life on earth. At his resurrection in Amenta, Horus, as half-human, half-divine, is the heir of Osiris. In the resurrection from Amenta when he had become pure spirit he was Horus divinized as heir of Ra, the father on high. And on behalf of this, the newly-found father, now the supreme god, he returns to found the kingdom as the teacher of the mysteries in Amenta, and the saviour of the manes from the second death. Seb the father on earth was of the earth earthy. Osiris in Amenta was a god in matter; hence his mummy-form. The nature of these had been expounded in the lesser mysteries. Ra as father in heaven, or Huhi the eternal, is the god in spirit now, and Horus manifesting in the spirit comes to elucidate the greater mysteries to the twelve who, as the gnosis shows, had previously [p.854] been the teachers of the lesser mysteries, and who now become the twelve with Horus, or Jesus, on the mountain in the phase of eschatology. Horus as the son of Ra was the representative of power superior to that of Osiris in Amenta, the god in matter, who was annually overthrown by Sut in physical phenomena, and in this character he came to the assistance of Osiris in the sepulchre. Hence he disperses the darkness from his face. He reconstitutes the body that Sut dismembered. He raises the arm that was paralyzed in death. He lifts the mummy to its feet. He is the link which unites matter with spirit, or Osiris with Ra. He brings the gnosis or word of life from the father in heaven to the previous ruling powers which include the earlier father on earth and in the nether-earth, and therefore to the men on earth and manes in Amenta. Thus, at his second coming, Horus had found his father, the father in heaven. He rises as a spirit in Amenta from the dead to tell them of this father. He repeats his father's words to those who are 'deprived of breath.'[549] These are the words of salvation that 'bring about the resurrection and the glory to the manes'[550] by means of the gnosis.

We have now to follow Horus in his second advent. He passed from the life on earth into the dark of death as Horus-Anaref, the sightless Horus. Death was imaged as the putting out of sight by Sut the power of darkness, the manes being the blind. At his second coming Horus is the giver of sight, or the beatific vision, to the blind. He shines into the tombs of those who are slumbering darkly in their cells and wakes them from the trance of death. At this advent of Horus 'the people which sat in darkness saw a great light, and to them which sat in the region and shadow of death did light spring up.'[551] But this, according to the Ritual and the Pistis Sophia, was in Amenta, the hidden earth, where the blind are made to see; a mouth is given to the dumb; the lame are enabled to walk; and the dead to rise again. Amenta, as he comes, is all in motion with dead matter turning into spirit-life; and when he rises from the sepulchre we are in the midst of those mysteries which have been rendered as Christian miracles in the gospels.

'I am come,' says Horus, 'as a sahu in the spiritual body, glorious and well equipped; and that is given to me which lives on amidst all overthrow.'[552] This, we repeat, is the second coming of Horus at the new birth in spirit which followed the old death in matter, or on earth, when Har-Ur, the child of Isis, was reborn, and this time begotten as the anointed and beloved son of God the father. This time he who was the word is the doer, the word-made-truth. He comes to found the kingdom for the father in the earth of eternity or in spirit-world, not in Judea or Palestine. The work of Horus in his resurrection from the dead was to fulfil the kingdom of heaven on this foundation of the nether-earth, as foothold for eternity, the kingdom of heaven being spirit-world made palpable in the mythical representation of the mysteries.

All along the line of descent the astronomy supplied the mould of the eschatology. There was a heaven astronomically raised upon the two pillars of Sut and Horus south and north. Also on the two [p.855] horizons of Harmach is the double Horus. The heptanomis had its sevenfold foundation. The heaven built upon a fourfold basis was the heaven founded on the four cardinal points, in the solstices and equinoxes. Lastly, the zodiac with twelve signs is the figure of heaven raised upon a foundation that is twelvefold. The mythical rulers corresponded numerically to the signs: the two, the four, the seven, the nine, and finally the twelve, at first as astronomical types, the gnostic aeons, and afterwards as spirits or gods in the phase of eschatology. Thus there are two categories in phenomenal manifestation, one being astronomical, the other spiritual or eschatological, as shown and explained in Pistis Sophia. It now became the mission of Horus to make known the newly-found father in heaven to those who had not so much as heard of the holy spirit. It was the work of the anointed and beloved son to found the kingdom of heaven for the father in the father's name. He became the teacher of the coming kingdom, previously proclaimed by Anup the herald and forerunner who was his John the Baptist crying in the wilderness of the underworld.

When Horus in his second advent comes to establish the kingdom for his father, who is Ra in the solar mythos and the holy spirit in the eschatology, he has two witnesses who testify that he is verily the son of God the father in heaven and the true light of the world. These are the two Osirian Johns, Anup and Aan, or rather they are the originals of the two Johns in the canonical gospels. They are portrayed as the two witnesses to the bird-headed Horus in his resurrection at the vernal equinox. The planisphere of Denderahi shows the jackal of Anup and the cynocephalus of Taht-Aan figured back to back upon the equinoctial colure as the two principal witnesses for Horus, who are thus portrayed as supporters of the eye which was renewed in Annu once every year. As Egyptian, these two witnesses for Horus are Anup the baptizer and Aan the divine scribe who is the penman of the gods in the Ritual. We have seen them acting as the two witnesses for Horus in the Osirian judgment hall[553]. They are also described as the two magi, or magicians.

Where John begins his preaching in the canonical gospel Anup is the typical opener of the way[554]. He is the forerunner who announces the day of reckoning; he makes the call to judgment; he judges the world, just as John is the judge of the world who calls men and baptizes them to repentance[555]. Anup is also the educator preparatory to the advent of Horus who comes after him although he was before him in status and authority[556]. Anup abode darkling in the desert of Amenta until the day of his manifestation in the heliacal rising of Sothis, the morning star of the Egyptian year, which heralded the birth of Horus. John dwelt in the wilderness till the day of his theophany or 'showing unto Israel.'[557] The solar god was superior to either the lunar or stellar deity. As star-god, Anup had been the precursor. The moon-god, Aan, was the witness for Horus by night as reflector of the hidden sun. This, however, was but the mythical mould for the eschatology, in which Horus was no longer merely the 'little sun' of winter, but the son of Ra in spirit and the typical demonstrator of [p.856] immortality to the manes in Amenta and to men upon the earth. The two Johns might be distinguished from each other in the gospels; John the Baptist from John the Divine, by means of Anup, the baptizer, and Aan, the writer of the record in the Ritual. The baptism does not actually take place in the gospel according to John. In this there is only a description of the scene. And, although one John is present as the baptizer, there is no attempt made to distinguish John the baptizer from John the scribe. But John the speaker is John the scribe, and therefore to be discriminated from John the Baptist, who is not named as the Baptist by John the writer. John the scribe is, of course, the writer, and he likewise bears witness as well as John the Baptist. For it is he who says, 'and we beheld his glory, glory as of the only begotten from the Father.' This was manifested in the baptism when the heavens were opened and Jesus saw the spirit of God descending as a dove and coming upon him and lo a voice out of the heavens saying, 'This is my beloved Son in whom I am well pleased.'[558] Consequently John the scribe was present at the baptism to have beheld the glory of the only begotten of the Father which was manifested in the one particular way at one particular time, but he was not John the Baptist. Anup, like Child-Horus, was born of the motherhood but not of the fatherhood, whereas the Horus of thirty years was the only begotten Son of God the Father. So, in the gospel, John the Baptist is among the greatest of those who were born of woman (minus the fatherhood, in accordance with the primitive status), whereas Jesus, the Christ, was begotten of God. The first Horus was born, the second Horus is begotten. Such is the status of John and Jesus. Hence the saying 'among them that are born of women there hath not arisen a greater than John the Baptist; yet he that is least in the kingdom of heaven is greater than he.'[559] The characters all through are to be determined and differentiated by the doctrines. John the Baptist does not enter the kingdom of heaven, which he helps to found as preparer of the way. So Anup is the guide of ways in the wilderness of the underworld; he makes straight the path for the future life, but he does not enter the coming kingdom of the Son of God when the double earth is unified in the future heaven. His place is with the dead awaiting their resurrection. He watches, he bends over the mummy, he embraces and supports it with tenderest solicitude; he is master in the mountain of rebirth for heaven, but he himself remains in the lower earth. His role and his domain come to an end where those of the divine heir of Osiris as the son of Ra begin. When Horus rises again to take possession of his kingdom, Anup is portrayed as crouching in the tomb. He gives Horus his shoulder. He raises him up, but does not pass from out Amenta. Therefore the least in the kingdom of Horus, which is a spiritual kingdom, is greater than the highest in the kingdom of Anup or John the Baptist, who was only the precursor and proclaimer of the Christ or the Horus of the resurrection.

A glimpse of the cyclical and nonhuman nature of the witness, John, may be inadvertently given in the words attributed to Jesus, 'If I will that he tarry till I come, what (is that) to thee?' 'Yet, Jesus said not unto him that he should not die.'[560] The ending here [p.857] predicated was not in the category of human phenomena, and may therefore be claimed as pertaining to the astronomical mythos, which was at the root of all the mysteries of Amenta. Once a month the lord of light, as Horus, was reborn in the moon, and Aan = John was his attendant. 'Let him stand unchanged for a month' is equivalent to his tarrying until Horus came again.

It is said of John, 'this is the disciple which beareth witness of these things, and wrote these things.' Aan, in Egyptian, is the scribe by named and he was the divine scribe as Taht-Aan, the lunar deity and registrar of time. Aan was the witness to Horus; his writings are the Ritual, and 'we know that his witness is true.' It was Taht-Aan = John who had power to confer the Ma-Kheru on the solar god himself, that is, the gift of making truth by means of the word, because he told time for the sun and was his true witness in the moon. 'Let him stand unchanged for a month,' may be read by the legend which tells us that Ra created Taht-Aan to be his lamp by night and his witness in heaven, and whether we reckon nightly or monthly, Taht-Aan = John was the witness until Horus came again at the end of the period. Anup the baptizer and Aan the saluter are the first two witnesses for the risen Horus as his helpers in establishing the kingdom for the father in heaven. Next there is a group of four, as followers of Horus and founders of his fold[561]. These four were both brothers with Har-Ur, the elder Horus, in the company of the seven powers that were from the beginning in relation to certain phenomena of external nature. They are now called upon to become foundational pillars of support to the new heaven in the eschatology. In this phase the group commences as four and terminates as twelve, who reap the harvest in the fields of Amenta, for Horus-Khuti, the master of joy and lord of the spirits, who are called the glorified elect, the heirs to the kingdom of heaven, which, as Osirian always was but which as Christian is always coming.

The change from Horus the mortal to Horus divinized in spirit, as the son of Ra, is indicated as occurring at the time when the four brethren became the four children of Horus, and, as it is said, when his name became that of Horus upon his column[562]. Now Horus on his column, pedestal, or monolith is equivalent to the Egypto-gnostic Jesus with the disciples on the mount. In this position the four brethren are his four arms of support, the same as the four brothers with Jesus in the mount. In their several characters they are the servants of Horus, whether as four supports, four fishers, four shepherds, or other forms of the primordial four who are characterized as the foremost of the final twelve.

The issuing forth from Amenta on the day of the resurrection is described in the opening chapter of the Ritual as the coming to the divine powers attached to Osiris. These divine powers are Amsta, Hapi, Tuamutef and Kabhsenuf, the four children of Horus who stand upon the papyrus-symbol of the earth amidst the waters of the Nun, otherwise rendered on the mount or on the monolith. The Pyramid Text of Teta[563] refers to this raising of the dead. It is said that Horus has given his children power that they may raise him up. These children are the four who were foremost of the seven (or later, twelve) great spirits in Annu. This did not mean that four [p.858] human followers of Horus on earth had the power to raise the dead on earth. But so misrendered has the teaching been in the gospels when Jesus bids his disciples to go forth on earth and raise the dead[564]. In the chapter of the baptism[565] the speaker 'propitiates' 'those four glorified ones who follow after the master of all things.' They are the four supporters on whom Horus relies in founding the kingdom for his father. Speaking, as it may be, of his sheepfold in the character of the good shepherd, Horus says, 'Now let my fold be fitted for me, as one victorious against all adversaries who would not that right should be done to meI (who) am the only one, just and true,' or faithful and true[566]. These four, then, are founders of the fold that is to be fitted for the good shepherd with the crook upon his shoulder as Amsu-Horus in the resurrection scenes. They are the four brethren who, in the later phase, are called his children. Hence Horus is described as coming to light in his own children and in his name of Horus[567] on his column = on the mount. To found the fold was to establish the kingdom. That was founded on the four supporters at the four corners of the mount.

There is a rebirth of Horus at his second coming. It is the same with his train of companion-powers, the four of the seven who had been with him as his brothers in the astronomical mythos. These in the rebirth become his four children, who, at the same time, are designated by him 'brothers of this my own body.'[568] Whether called the brothers or the children of Horus they are the same four in the two characters. These four reappear in the gospels, also in both characters. The four as brothers are the fishers, Peter, Andrew, James and John. The other four, called James, Joseph, Simon and Judas, are represented as brothers of his own flesh and blood. At their birth Amsta, Hapi, Tuamutef, and Kabhsenuf were the brothers of Horus Anaref. These had no father. In the rebirth Horus has himself attained the status of a father or begetter in spirit. Hence it is said, 'As for Amsta, Hapi, Tuamutef and Kabhsenuf, Horus is their father and Isis is their mother,' in this new setting of the four. In the gospel Cleopas and Mary take the place of Horus and Isis as the actual father and mother in the flesh. When Horus rises in Amenta he is the active and powerful one of Annu filled with might divine as the son whom the father hath begotten[569], whereas in his previous advent he was the child of the Virgin Mother as the puny impubescent impotent weakling who was born but not begotten. Horus now beseeches Ra to grant that he may have his four brothers or his children for his assistants. He says, 'Give me my brother in the region of Pa; give me my brother in Nekhenmy brother for my tender affection,' or give me my brothers to love. Only two brethren of the four are mentioned here, and for these Horus asks of his father that his brothers may sit with him in his kingdom as eternal judges, as benefactors of the world, as extinguishers of the typhonian plagues and as the bringers of peace[570]. The prayer of Horus is followed by the Osiris deceased, who identifies the two brethren as Amsta and Hapi, and he exclaims: 'Rise up, gods, who are in the lower heaven, rise up for the Osiris, make him (also) to [p.859] become a great god.' The deceased continues: 'I know the mystery of Nekhen.' The mystery is that which the mother of Horus (who was also the mother of the two brethren) has done for him when she said 'let him live,'[571] in which we have the mother making her request on behalf of her son.

This new foundation for the kingdom of heaven was made on the night of erecting the flag-staffs (or pillars) of Horus, and of establishing him as heir to his father's property. The pillars were erected when Horus said to the four who followed him, 'Let the flag-staffs be erected there,' on the night of one of the ten great mysteries of Amenta[572]. The two brothers first given to Horus in Pa were Amsta and Hapi[573]. The other two that were given to Horus in Nekhen are Tuamutef and Kabhsenuf, the adorer of the mother and the refresher of his brethren. Thus, the kingdom announced by Anup the baptizer, and founded by Horus for his father, was established upon the four supports. These in one shape were four brothers, only one of whom, Amsta, wears the human form. They are adopted by him as his shus, his servants or fishers, two by twotwo in Pa and two in Nekhen, the region where Sebek was the great fisher in the marshes. The four are given by Ra to Horus as his children who are brothers of his own body, to be with him in token of everlasting renewal and of peace on earth, and these are the four pillars, flag-staffs, fishermen, or supports, on which the kingdom of heaven was to be founded in Amenta, as a spirit-world by Horus, who was the fulfiller for the father at his second coming.

We repeat that Horus had four brothers with him in the mythos who had been with him from the beginning, just as Jesus has his four brothers on earth; and when Horus makes his change and rises in Amenta from the dead the four brothers become his children as the four supports of the future kingdom[574], the 'four glorified ones' who are foremost among the seven great spirits of Annu[575]. They who were the brothers of Horus when he was the son of Seb, or, as we say, on the earth, are, after his resurrection, called his children. Coincident with this change the risen Lord, in the gospels, addresses his disciples as his children when he has risen from the tomb. He comes to the seven fishers in the boat, and says to them,' 'Children, have ye aught to eat?'[576] This being after the resurrection. It is the only time that the disciples are addressed as the children of Jesus, and the conditions are identical with those in the Ritual where the brethren of Horus in the earth-life become his children in the spirit-life beyond the tomb. Thus, to recapitulate, Horus of the resurrection at his second coming was accompanied by Anup, the baptizer, Aan, the divine scribe, as lunar god, and the four brethren Amsta, Hapi, Tuamutef, and Kabhsenuf, one of which four was Amsta, the only brother in the human form. These four are the divine powers who were with Horus in the mount when he rose from the dead and came forth to day. They can be paralleled thus with characters in the canonical gospels as: Horus, or the Egypto-gnostic Jesus = Jesus; Anup, the baptizer = John the Baptist; John, the divine scribe = Aan, the divine scribe; Amsta, the one human brother of the Lord = James, the one human brother of Jesus; Hapi = Andrew; Tuamutef = John; Kabhsenuf = Peter. [p.860] Simon Peter is the one who perceives and proclaims that Jesus is the Christ. 'Thou art the Christ, the Son of the living God.'[577] The name of Peter is here identified with the Greek petra for a rock. But if the other characters, Jesus Horus; John = Aan; James Amsta, are Egyptian, it follows that Peter is Egyptian also. The word petra or petar is Egyptian; it signifies to see, look at, to perceive, to show forth, to reveal, moreover Petar is the name or title of an Egyptian god who had been already divinized as the one who discovered and made known the only begotten son of that living god who was Atum-Ankhu, the father of Iusa, the Egyptian Jesus[578]. Probably the deified perceiver, or Petar, was the hawk-sighted Kabhsenuf, the refresher of his brethren, one of the four children of Horus, who had previously been his brothers from the beginning in the astronomical mythology.

Horus in one character is the fisher. 'Know ye what I know,' says the manes, 'the name of him who fishes there, the great prince who sits at the east of the sky?'[579] 'I know the name of the table on which he lays them (the fishes); it is the table of Horus.' In this character the Osiris says, 'I shine like Horus. I govern the land, and I go down to the land in the two great boats. I have come as a fisher.'[580] Horus or Jesus in the Roman catacombs also comes as the fisher who at the same time is portrayed as the bringer of the grapes for the Uaka festival[581]. The four as fishers for Horus are depicted as the fishers in the Ritual. They are spoken of as having been amongst the earlier elemental powers called 'the ancestors of Ra.' Otherwise stated, they are four of the seven souls of Ra. In fact, they are Hapi, Tuamutef, Kabhsenuf, and Amsta, now to be identified as the four children who became the four fishers for Horus, and who are one with the four fishers for Jesus in the canonical gospels. A vignette to the Book of the Dead[582] shows the four fishers as four men pulling the drag-net through the water in the act of fishing for Horus. These are they who are described as fishers for the great prince who sits at the east of the sky[583], and who is said to mark them as his own property.

Horus was the prototypal fish, the same type of sacrifice that is still eaten in the penitential meal today as it was in On when Sebek-Horus was the saviour as the fish that brought the food and water of

The four as fishers for Horus
The four as fishers for Horus
See enlargement

[p.861] the inundation. Horus as the fish preceded Horus as the fisher when Sebek, the crocodile-headed god, was the typical great fisher. It is said of the first two fishers, 'These are the two hands of Horus which had become fishes,' that is, as types of Horus the fisher, according to the mystery of Nekhen[584]. The followers of Horus as fishers[585] are called 'the fishermen who are fishing.' Thus the total group who were the twelve as reapers in the harvest-field of Amenta are also the twelve as the fishers. Hence the twelve fishermen of the later legend. The two first fishes caught for Horus are then eaten at the sacramental meal. As it is said[586], the fishes are laid on the table of Horus. They had been brought to him when the festival was founded by Ra; 'they were brought to Horus and displayed before his face at the feast of the 15th day of the month, when the fishes were produced.'[587]

In the Ritual[588] there is a scene of the seven fishers at the boat with Horus, which can be paralleled in the gospel of John. The scene in John's gospel is post-resurrectional, therefore not in the earth of time. As it is said, 'This is now the third time that Jesus was manifested to the disciples after that he was risen from the dead.'[589] And that which follows the resurrection is in spirit-world. Therefore Jesus and the seven disciples in this scene are spirits like the seven with Horus, which were the seven great spirits of Annu, four of whom became the first fishers for Horus[590]. This view is corroborated by the appearance of Peter, 'for he was naked,' and a naked man in sign-language means a spirit. Thus the seven with Jesus at the boat are a form of the seven great spirits with Horus at the bark in Annu, four of whomthe foremost fourbecome the founders of the fold for the Good Shepherd, in the same chapter of the Ritual but in another character. In this character Horus had shepherded the flocks of Ra, his heavenly father, in the deserts of Amenta[591]. In this character of the shepherd Horus of the resurrection rose up from the sepulchre with a crook instead of the later lamb or kid upon his shoulder. And it is in this character Horus chooses the first four of the seven great spirits of Annu to become the founders of his fold as well as his first four fishers. In the gospel Jesus likewise assumes the character of the so-called good shepherd. Hence the injunctions to Peter, and the sayings, 'Feed my lambs,' 'Tend my sheep,' 'Feed my sheep.'[592]

According to Matthew, the four brethren first chosen by Jesus are Simon, Andrew, James and John. It is noteworthy, however, that in the Johannine account the first four followers of Jesus are Andrew and Peter, Phillip and Nathaniel. Moreover, Nathaniel was one of those who were under the fig-tree aforetime with Jesus. There is no Zebedee, father of the fishers, and there is no fishing in the opening chapter of John; that is, as supposed in the life on earth. The fishers only appear in this gospel after the resurrection of Jesus, which takes us, as does the baptism, into the spirit-world of the mythos, where the seven fishers answer to the other group of the seven in the boat with Horus.

The mysteries of Amenta show us Anup calling the world to judgment in the character of the judge. He is the precursor of [p.862] Horus in the wilderness, and the announcer of the kingdom that follows at the second coming. Under the title of Ap-Uat he is the opener or guide of roads who 'makes ready the way of the Lord,' and levels the path in the equinox. In the gospels the proclamation that the kingdom of heaven is at hand was first made by John the baptizer and precursor of Jesus. The cry of the coming kingdom immediately at hand is then taken up by Jesus after the baptism in which he has become the adult of thirty years, and the co-type of Horus the anointed son of God the second born who was Horus in the spirit. Also in the Gospel of Nicodemus, John the Baptist is the teacher in the earth of eternity. The baptism and transformation of Jesus into the spirit symbolized by the dove was in the earth of eternity. The descent of the holy spirit, as God the father, in authentication of the anointed son was enacted in the earth of eternity, not in the world of time. According to the genuine mythos or gnosis which is Egyptian, and we have no other criterion, the double advent of Horus depended on his birth and rebirth, in the two earths; the birth of a human soul in matter and the rebirth of an immortal in Amenta. The second coming of Horus is the mystery of that second birth in which the human soul is divinized from its two halves as an enduring spirit or eternal entity. This transformation follows death and burial, and therefore can only take place in spirit-world. When it does take place the second advent is accomplished as represented both in the Ritual and the Egypto-gnostic writings. But it is otherwise in the canonical gospels, because in making out a history solely human the concocters were limited to the human life in the earth of time. For example, in the gospel according to John, when Jesus is about to leave the disciples and is telling them of the second advent, he says, 'I have yet many things to say unto you, but ye cannot bear them now.'[593] These things that are to come, in some indefinite future (which has not come yet), relate to the nature of God the father. They constitute the mysteries which are to be unfolded in the future at the second coming of the son in the person of the judge, the avenger, the harvester, the spirit-of-truth, the comforter, the fulfiller who fulfils both in the Ritual and in the gnostic gospel. Jesus had hitherto taught in parables. Now he says the hour cometh when he will tell them 'plainly of the father' and speak to them no more in parables[594]. This is at the second coming which had been already fulfilled in the gospel of Pistis Sophia and in the Ritual of the Resurrection.

The Egypto-gnostic Jesus who, as the 'little Iao' of Pistis Sophia, only spoke in parables, and was not empowered to expound the profounder mysteries of the fatherhood, is a form of the Child-Horus whom Plutarch called the 'inarticulate discourse.'[595] At his second coming he unfolded the spiritual mysteries. The chief of these was the mystery of mysteries, namely, the mystery of 'the father in the likeness of a dove.'[596] Nevertheless, the second advent, and the mysteries pertaining thereto (according to the genuine gnosis), do leak out in the canonical gospels, however carefully disguised or surreptitiously inserted. The gnostic manifestation of the first mystery, namely, that of the father as a dove, is made to the Gospel-Jesus at the time of his baptism, in the life on earth. The second [p.863] coming is also illustrated in the scene of transfiguration on the mount. Likewise in the resurrection when the risen Christ has transformed into a spirit, Luke notwithstanding, with power to impart the holy spirit and share it with his followers[597]. Each of these manifestations, with others belonging to the second advent of Horus in Amenta, are assigned to Jesus in the human life in fulfilment of the history. In the Ritual the father, as the holy spirit, calls from heaven to Horus (or Osiris) the anointed son, 'Come thou to me.' This is Ra, the bird-headed, whose likeness is then assumed by Horus the beloved son. In the gospel, the Father, as the holy spirit, descended on Jesus in the form of a dove, and in that guise 'abode upon him.' The exigency of a human history with only a single advent did not permit of the death and resurrection of Jesus occurring at the time when the youth of twelve years made his change into the adult of thirty years. Yet the baptism and ascension of Jesus from the water into the opening heavens are identical with the Egypto-gnostic resurrection. The Horus or Jesus of twelve years is the mortal on this side of death. The Horus or Jesus of thirty years is a spirit on the other side, in spirit-world. The baptism of Jesus represents the resurrection of Horus from the water. Hence Jesus in his baptism becomes a spirit. He is led up from the water 'of the spirit,' 'in the spirit,' or as a spirit into which he had made his transformation. When Sut put out the eye of Horus, the darkness represented death. But, in the gospel, death, or the transformation, is only represented at this point by the baptism. If it had been actualized the history must have ended there and then, which was not in accordance with the gospel schema. Still, the 'history' notwithstanding, Jesus does become a spirit in this scene of transformation which belongs to the mysteries of Amenta. Bird-headed beings are spirits, not historical Jews. Only as a spirit could the foster-child of Seb, or Joseph, transform into the son of Ra the holy spirit; and only in the earth of eternity could the chance occur in which the Virgin's child became the father's son by being born again of Nut the heavenly mother, one of whose names was Meri. According to the gnosis, the following are a few of the events that occur after the resurrection the transformation of Jesus, the Virgin's child, into the beloved son of the father with the spirit of God descending on him as a dove; the contests with Satan in the spirit; the adoption of the four disciples in the mount; Jesus with the seven on board the bark; the founding of the fold; the miracles of healing; giving sight to the blind; raising the dead; casting out the devils; causing evil spirits to enter the swine; walking upon the water; founding the kingdom of heaven on the four fishers, or disciples, and conferring the holy spirit, after death, upon the twelve.

The gospel doctrine of the Holy Spirit is true enough, according to the Egyptian wisdom, when properly applied, but only as Egyptian is it to be understood. Certain manifestations of the holy spirit in the gospels are strictly in keeping with the mysteries of the Ritual or Book of the Dead. In the words of John 'the holy spirit was not given' at the time when Jesus 'was not yet glorified.'[598] The glorifying was by descent of the holy spirit; the spirit that was given to Horus and by him to the disciples in the mystery [p.864] of Tattu upon the resurrection-day when the God in heaven called to the mummy-Osiris in Amenta 'Come thou to me,' when the two halves of the soul were blended in the eternal oneness, and human Horus, the soul in matter, was transformed to rise again as Horus divinized. This was in the resurrection after death, in baptismal regeneration, or in the Christifying of the Osiris-mummy.

The Ritual shows us how the apostles were established on the same foundation, beginning with the two brothers, who were followed by the four brethren, the cycle being completed by the twelve in the fields of divine harvest. The four as brothers of Horus had been figures in the astronomy. The four as his children are figures in the eschatology; the four who are 'foremost among the spirits of Annu' with the aid of whom 'the fold' was constructed for him, as for one victorious against all 'adversaries.'[599] The two fours are thus equated in the gospels. The four brothers of Horus = the four brothers of Jesus. Amsta, Hapi, Tuamutef, Kabhsenuf = James, Joseph, Simon, Judas. The same four in the character of his children with Horus = the four brethren, Simon, Andrew, James and John, whom Jesus addresses as his children[600]. At a later stage the followers in the train of Horus are the twelve who are his harvesters in the cornfields of Amenta. Pistis Sophia in agreement with the Book of Hades shows us how the twelve as followers of Horus were constituted a company that consisted at first of seven to which the five were added in forming the group of twelve. The disciples of Jesus likewise become the twelve who reap the harvest. 'Then saith he unto his disciples, the harvest truly is plenteous but the labourers are few. Pray ye therefore the Lord of the harvest that he send forth labourers into his harvest. And he called unto him his twelve disciples'who were previously but four[601]'and gave them authority over unclean spirits, to cast them out, and to heal all manner of disease and all manner of sickness.' At this point the names of the twelve are for the first time given[602]. The same words are uttered in Luke concerning the harvest and its reapers, but now the number of disciples appointed and sent forth for the ingathering of harvest-home is seventy or seventy-twoone for each subdivision of the decans in the twelve signs, both the seventy and seventy two being identifiable astronomical numbers.

The twelve with Horus in Amenta are they who labour at the harvest and collect the corn (otherwise the souls) for Horus. When the harvest is ready 'the bearers of sickles reap the grain in their fields. Ra says to them, on earth as bearers of sickles in the fields of Amenta,' 'Take your sickles, reap your grain.'[603] Here the labourers who reap the harvest in Amenta are the object of propitiatory offerings and of adoration on the earth, as the twelve disciples of Horus, son of Ra, the heavenly father. And this was ages before the story was told of the twelve fictitious harvesters in Galilee. Moreover, the harvest is identical with the Last Judgment. Atum-Ra says at the same time, 'Guard the enemies, punish the wicked. Let them not escape from your hands. Watch over the executions, according to the orders you have received from the Founder, who has marked you out to strike'[604]as executioners. So is it in the gospels, where the harvest is one [p.865] with the judgment at the end of the world, or consummation of the age.

As before said, when the narratives in the canonical scriptures had taken the place of the primitive drama, certain mysteries of Amenta were made portable in parables, and thenceforth the gospels repeat the same things in parables and logoi that were represented dramatically in the mysteries. The harvest-home and judgment-day, described in the gospels, which are to occur at some indefinite time in the future on this earth, belong to the Osirian mysteries of Amenta. The great judgment at the last day supplies an illustration of the mystery extant in parable. A first and second death occur, likewise a first and second resurrection in the mysteries of Amenta. The first is the death which takes place on earth, and the apparition of the manes in the netherworld constitutes the first resurrection from the dead. Then follows the great judgment of the righteous and the wicked. Those found guilty are doomed to suffer the second death. There is for them no other resurrection. Those who escape from the dread tribunal uncondemned pass on to the second resurrection as the spirits of the just made perfect, called the glorified. These are the inheritors of eternal life. Jesus says, 'This is the will of my Father, that every one that beholdeth the Son, and believeth on him, should have eternal life, that I should raise him up at the last day,' 'and I will raise him up at the last day.'[605] The pitiful pretence of an historical Jew being the raiser up of the dead at the last day is a miserable mockery of the actual transaction in the mysteries of Amenta with Horus as the resurrection and the life. In these, deceased is shown as Ani in the hall of judgment. He has emerged from the earth-life and risen in Amenta, but not yet from it. He must be judged in the Maat or great hall before he rises from the dead as one of the just made perfect for the life to come. If he passes, sound of heart and pure in spirit, he will enter the presence of the great god. Ani succeeds and passes pure. His resurrection from the dead and from Amenta, the world of the dead, is assured. Horus the Son of God, the intercessor, the paraclete, now takes him by the hand as the raiser of the dead to life and introducer of the risen Ani to his father. In one scene the hair of Ani is blacki. The next shows him kneeling in presence of Osiris with his hair turned whitei. He has passed in purity. He has been raised by Horus at the 'last day' or at the end of the cycle when the dead were judged, once every year or other period at the great gathering of 'all souls.' This took place 'in presence of the gods,' as one of the ten great mysteries described in the Ritual[606] when 'the glorious ones were rightly judged, and joy went its round in Thinis;' when judgment was passed upon those who were to be annihilated 'on the highway of the damned;' when 'the evil dead were cast out,' and the goats divided from the sheep. As it is said'when the associates of Sut arrive, and take the form of goats, they are slain in presence of the gods so long as their blood runneth down, and this is done according to the judgment of those gods who are in Tattu,' the place of establishing the soul for ever, from its two halves, as the double Horus, the divine avenger of the suffering Osiris, who at his second coming was the revealer of [p.866] eternal justice. This culminating event, which was the subject of so much Old Testament prophecy that is reproduced in the New, is here fulfilled, according to the knowledge of the wise men 'which knew the times' and who also 'knew the law and the judgment.'[607] The advent might be on the millennial scale of Horus in the house of a thousand years according to the cycle, but there was a coming once a year and an ending of the cycle, the age, or the world as it was called by the Christians every year. And it is on this one-year period derived from the solar mythos that the second advent and the immediate ending of the world were ignorantly based. The end of the world or the cycle of the annual sun came once a year in the Egyptian mythos. The second advent of Horus, like the first, was also annual. He came in the terror of his glory as avenger of his father; as the great judge, as lord of the harvest with the glorious ones for reapers who were the typical twelve in number, and as the fulfiller of the heavenly kingdom in which he reigned according to the mythos for one year, whether as Horus the shoot, the fish, the fisherman, or the harvester. The gnostic Christ was likewise known to be the ruler for one year.

At the festival of Ha-ka-er-a, or 'Come thou to me,' the blessed ones were welcomed by Horus to the kingdom which had been prepared from the foundation of the world, or the earliest cycle of time, in the Kamite astro-mythology, if anywhere on earth, but which preparation and founding were repeated every year as a mode of the mysteries in Amenta. These mysteries were extant, and periodically performed some thousands of years ago. So ancient is some of the imagery in the Maat, that when Ani passes pure, the crown of glory placed upon his head to be worn in heaven is a form of the top-knot, which is still assumed at puberty by the Kaffirs and other African black races. But this great judgment, in common with the other events that were fulfilled at the second advent, still remains the subject of prophecy in the Hebrew and Christian scriptures. in the gospel according to Matthew the last judgment is to take place at the veritable ending of the world[608]. 'When the Son of Man shall come in his glory, and all the angels with him, then shall he sit on the throne of his glory, and before him shall be gathered all the nations, and he shall separate them, as the shepherd parteth the sheep from the goats; and he shall set the sheep on the right hand, but the goats on the left. Then shall the King say unto them on his right hand, Come ye blessed of my Father, inherit the kingdom prepared for you from the foundation of the world; for I was an hungered, and ye gave me meat: I was thirsty, and ye gave me drink: I was a stranger and ye took me in: naked and ye clothed me, sick and ye visited me. Then shall he say unto them on the left hand, Depart from me ye cursed, into the eternal fire which is prepared for the devil and his angels.' In the original, the devil and his angels are Sut and his sami, and the goats on the left hand are also the representatives of Sut. Nevertheless, the two judgments of the Ritual and in the gospel are fundamentally the same; there was but one origin and one meaning for both. The great judgment in the hall of righteousness which remained the subject of Hebrew prophecy gone dateless was an annual occurrence in the [p.867] Kamite mysteries. In this the Osiris pleads: 'I have done that which man prescribeth and that which pleaseth the gods. I have propitiated the god with that which he loveth. I have given bread to the hungry, water to the thirsty, clothes to the naked, a boat to the shipwrecked. I have made oblations to the gods and funeral offerings to the departed: deliver me therefore: protect me therefore: and report not against me in presence of the great God. I am one whose mouth is pure, and whose hands are pure, to whom it is said by those who look upon him, Come, come in peace.'[609]

The great judgment was periodic in Amenta at the end of a cycle, which might be a year, a generation, or, as it was also exoterically figured, at the end of the world. The uninitiated, who had but an outside view, mistook it for the actual and immediate ending of the world. 'The harvest is the end of the world.'[610] 'The end of all things is at hand[611]. 'It is the last hour.'[612] 'The kingdom of heaven is at hand.'[613] This was according to the literalization of the Illiterate. Paul is the only writer or speaker in the New Testament who knew better. He warns his followers amongst the Thessalonians against believing this teaching of the uninitiated. He says: 'We beseech you, brethren, touching the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and our gathering together unto him; to the end that ye be not quickly shaken from your mind, nor yet be troubled, either by spirit or by word, or by Epistle as from us (i.e., by a forged Epistle of Paul), as that the day of the Lord is (now) present: let no man beguile you in any wise.'[614] He was the only one who knew the esoteric nature of this end of the aeon, and the coming of Christ or Horus, the anointed, the Messiah in Israel, or the Jesus who was Iu the Su of Atum, whom he calls the second Adam = Atum, and who had been to him the pre-Christian Christ, the spiritual rock, from which the people drank the water of life whilst in the wilderness. When Tertullian denounced Paul as 'the Apostle of the Heretics'[615] he meant the Egypto-gnostics. Paul was epopt and perfect amongst those who knew that the historic version was a lying delusion. This we hold to have been aimed at in his Second Epistle to the Thessalonians, when he says of his opponents, the fleshifiers of the Christ, 'for this cause God sendeth them a working of error, that they should believe a lie.'[616]

The mould of the mythos being solar, once every year the heir of Ra assumed his sovereignty as Horus of the kingly countenance, whose rule was for one year. Every year Osiris, the great green one in vegetation, died to rise again in the fruits of the earth. Every year in the solar drama he was buried in Amenta to make the road that united the two earths in one, for establishing the coming kingdom on earth as it was in heaven. Every year the prophecy was fulfilled in natural phenomena, and every year the coming kingdom came. Every year was celebrated this foundation of the world that was laid and re-laid by the buried body of the god; this union of the double earth in Tanen, at the equinox, this resurrection of the soul that supplied the bread of life, this completion of the circle by the sun that rose and travelled on the eternal round as representative of the author of eternity. A glimpse of this annual coining is permitted when the Christ is made to say, 'Ye shall not have gone through the cities of [p.868] Israel till the son of man be come.'[617] 'There he some of them that stand here which shall in no wise taste of death till they see the son of man coming in his kingdom.'[618] Such prophecy is in accordance with the true mythos, but for ever fatal to the falsely-founded history.

 

THE LAST SUPPER: THE CRUCIFIXION AND THE RESURRECTION

As the legend is related by Plutarch[619], the death of Osiris was preceded by his betrayal, and the betrayal, which was the work of his twin brother, Sut, took place in the banqueting-room. Sut, having framed a curious ark just the size of Osiris' body, brought it to a certain banquet. As this was on the last night of Osiris' life or reign, and on the last night of the year, the meal may fairly be called the Last Supper[620]. Now this mystery of the Last Supper can be traced in the Ritual as the first of a series acted in Amenta. Sut and his associates had renewed the assault upon Osiris on the night of laying the evening provisions upon the altar, called the night of the battle in which the powers of drought and darkness were defeated and extinguished. The coffin of Osiris is the earth of Amenta. Dawn upon the coffin was the resurrection; and this provender is imaged as 'the dawn upon the coffin of Osiris,' which shows that the evening meal, or eucharist, was eaten in celebration of the resurrection and the transubstantiation of the body into spirit. The night of laying provisions on the altar is mentioned twice: once when Osiris is in the coffin, provided by Sut and his associates, the sebau, who entrapped him in the ark. The second mention follows the erection of the tat-sign which denoted the resurrection; hence the 'dawn upon the coffin of Osiris,' which is equivalent to the resurrection morn. The resurrection on the third day originated in lunar phenomena. Twenty-eight days was the length of a moon, and this is no doubt the source of the statement that Osiris was in his twenty-eighth year at the time of his betrayal. The moon is invisible during two nights, which completed the luni-solar month of thirty days.

The assault upon Osiris the Good Being made by Sut was periodically renewed. This has just occurred when the first of the ten mysteries is enacted[621]. The scene is in the house of Annu (Heliopolis), where Osiris lay buried and Horus was reborn. The triumph of Osiris over his adversaries is in the resurrection following the dramatized death of the inviolate god. This is called the night of the battle, when there befell the defeat of the sebau and the extinction of the adversaries of Osiris. It is also described as 'the night of provisioning the altar,' otherwise stated 'the night of the Last Supper,' when 'the calf of the sacrificial herd' was eaten at 'the mortuary meal,' which represented the body and blood of Osiris, 'the bull of eternity.'[622]

The second mystery of the ten is solemnized upon the night when the tat-pillar was set up in Tattu, or when Osiris in his resurrection [p.869] was raised up again as a type of the eternal. The third mystery is on the night of the things that were laid upon the altar in Sekhem which imaged the altar and the offering in one. This was the circle of Horus in the dark, the sufferer made blind by Sut, the victim in the tat who was the prototype of Jesus on the cross, and representative of the god in matter.

As we have seen, a great Memphian festival, answering to the Christmas-tide of later times, was periodically solemnized at the temple of Medinet Habu in the last decade of the month Choiak (from December 20th to 30th), which lasted for ten days. One day, the 26th of the month = December 24th, was kept as the feast of Sekari, the god who rose again from the mummy, and this was the principal feast-day of the ten. In all likelihood the whole ten mysteries were performed during the ten days of the festival that was celebrated at Memphis[623]. Prominent among these was the feast of the erection or re-erection of the tat-pillar of stability, which was an image of Ptah-Sekari, the coffined one who rose again, and who in the later religion becomes Osiris-Sekari, 'Lord of resurrections, whose birth is from the house of death.' The resurrection of Osiris, which, like other doctrines, was based on the realities of nature, would be appropriately celebrated in the winter solstice. At that time the powers of darkness, drought, decay and death, now personalized in Sut, were dominant, as was shown in the lessening water and the waning light of the enfeebled sun. The tat-type of stability was temporarily overthrown, by the adversary of Osiris and his co-conspirators, the sebau. Here begins the great drama of the Osirian mysteries, in ten acts, which is outlined in the Ritual. The putting of Osiris to deathso far as a god could sufferwas followed by the funeral, and the burial by the resurrection. The opening chapters of the Ritual, called the 'Coming Forth By Day,' are said to contain 'the words which bring about the resurrection and the glory,' also the words to be recited on the day of burial that confer the power of coming forth from the death on earth, and of entering into the new life of the manes in Amenta. Horus is described as covering Tesh-Tesh (a title of the mutilated Osiris); as opening the life-fountains of the god whose heart is motionless, and as closing the entrance to the hidden things in Rostau[624]. The two divine sisters are present as mourners over their brother in the tomb. They are called the mourners who weep for Osiris in Rekhet[625]. The mysteries thus commence with the burial of Osiris in Amentaas a mummy. The mummy-making that was first applied to preserving the bones and body of the human being had been afterwards applied to the god or sun of life in matter, imaged as the typical mummy of Osiris that was buried to await the resurrection in and afterwards from Amenta. In both phases it is Osiris, as the god in matter, who is represented in the nether-earth. And the re-arising of the human soul and its blending with the eternal spirit were dramatically rendered in the mysteries as the resurrection of the Osiris or the soul of mortal Horus re-arisen in Amenta as the son of Ra.

In the gospels, Judas the brother of Jesus in one character, elsewhere called the familiar friend, is the betrayer on the night of the last [p.870] supper, and Judas 'the son of perdition' answers to Sut the twin-brother of Osiris (in the later Egyptian mythos), who was his betrayer at the last supper called the messiu or evening meal that was eaten on the last night of the Old Year, or the reign of Osiris. The twelve disciples only are present at the last supper in the gospels. In the betrayal of Osiris by Sut the number present in the banqueting-hall is seventy two. These were officers who had been appointed by Osiris. The number shows they represent the seventy-two duodecans as rulers in the planisphere, but the twelve have been chosen to sit at supper with the doomed victim in the gospels instead of the seventy-two who were also appointed by the Lord, and are dimly apparent in their astronomical guise, as the seventy-two (or seventy) who are present in the scene where Jesus triumphs over Satan as he falls like lightning from his place in heaven[626].

One of the most striking of the various episodes in the gospel narrative is that scene at the Last Supper in which Jesus washes the feet of the disciples, compared with 'the washing' that is performed by the Great One in the Ritual. In the gospel Judas is waiting to betray his master. Jesus says to the betrayer, 'That thou doest, do quickly.'[627] Now it should be borne in mind that the Ritual, as it comes to us, consists to a large extent of allusions to the matter that was made out more fully in performing the drama of the mysteries. Washing the feet was one of the mysteries pertaining to the funeral of Osiris, when the feet of the disciples or followers of Horus were washed. It was one of the funeral ceremonies. As it is said in the Ritual[628], 'Thou washest thy feet in silver basins made by the skilful artificer Ptah-Sekari.' This was preparatory to the funeral feast, as is shown by the context[629]. In the gospel[630] the funeral feast becomes the 'Last Supper' when Jesus 'riseth from supper and layeth aside his garments; and he took a towel and girded himself. Then he poureth water into a basin and began to wash the disciples' feet.' And here is a passage of three lines, called the chapter by which the person is not devoured by the serpent in Amenta. 'O Shu, here is Tattu, and conversely, under the hair of Hathor. They scent Osiris. Here is the one who is to devour me. They wait apart. The serpent Seksek passeth over me. Here are wormwood bruised and reeds. Osiris is he who prayeth that he may be buried. The eyes of the great one are bent down, and he doeth for thee the work of washing, marking out what is comformable to law and balancing the issues.'[631] This brief excerpt contains the situation and character of the great one, who with eyes bent down in his humility does 'the work of washing,' and explains why this ceremony has to be performed by him in person. The 'washer' is he who is in presence of the one who waits to betray him, devour him, or compass his destruction, and he beseeches a speedy burial. Osiris in this scene is a form of the typical 'lowly one' who had been in type as such for ages previously. But the most arresting fact of all is hidden in the words 'O Shu, here is Tattu (the place of re-establishing) under the wig (or hair) of Hathor,' the goddess of dawn, one of whose names is Meri. And it is here, beneath the hair of Hathor-Meri, they perfume and anoint Osiris for his burial. This when written out as 'history' [p.871] contains the anointing and perfuming of the feet of Jesus by Mary, who wiped them with her hair[632]. The two bathings of the feet are separate items in the gospels, whereas both occur in this one short chapter of the Ritual in which Osiris is anointed for his burial, and at the same time he does for others the work of washing and purifying, 'marking out what is conformable to law and balancing the issues.'[633]

Osiris also is 'he who prayeth that he may be buried,' and Jesus, 'knowing that his hour has come,' says to Judas the betrayer, 'That thou doest, do quickly.' And later, 'Friend, do that for which thou art come,'[634] which is the equivalent of Osiris praying that he may be buried. The wormwood bruised, or crushed, and the reeds are utilized in the crucifixion for furnishing the bitter drink, which was offered to the victim with a sponge placed upon a reed. A reed was also put in his right hand. These things were portrayed in the drama of Amenta. They were acted in the mysteries and explained by the mystery-teachers. The Osiris passes through the same scenes and makes continual allusion to the sufferings of Osiris (or Horus) his great forerunner, and finally the drama was staged on earth and reproduced as history in the gospels. That is the one final and sufficient explanation of episode after episode belonging to the mysteries of Amenta reproduced according to the canon as veritable gospel history.

The scene in Gethsemane may be compared with the scene in Pa, where Horus suffered his agony and bloody sweat when wounded by the black boar Sut. Pa was an ancient name of Sesennu, a locality in the lunar mythos, which was also called Khemen, later Smen, a word signifying number eight, applied to the enclosure of the eight; and the suffering of the wounded Horus in Am-Semen is, as now suggested, the Osirian original of Jesus bleeding in Gethsemane. Pa is not called 'a garden,' but it is described as a 'place of repose' for Horus that was given to him by his father for his place of rest. Ra says, 'I have given Pa to Horus as the place of his repose. Let him prosper.' The story is told in 'the chapter of knowing the powers of Pa.'[635] The question is asked, 'Know ye why Pa hath been given to Horus?' The answer is, It was Ra who gave it to him in amends of the blindness in his eye, in consequence of what Ra said to Horus: 'Let me look at what is happening in thine eye today,' and he looked at it. Ra said to Horus, 'Pray, look at that black swine.' He looked, and a grievous mishap befell his eye. Horus said to Ra, 'Lo, mine eye is as though Sut had made a wound in it.' And wrath devoured his heart. Then Ra said to the gods, 'Let him be laid upon his bed that he may recover.' It was Sut who had taken the form of a black swine, and he wrought the wound which was made in the eye of Horus. And Ra said to the gods, 'The swine is an abomination to Horus; may he get well.' And the swine became an abomination to Horus[636]. It was in Pa that Horus was keeping his watch for Ra by night when the grievous mishap befell his eye. He was watching by command of Ra, who had said to Horus, 'Keep your eye on the black pig.' The eye was lunar, with which Horus kept the watch for Ra; and Sut in the form of the black boar of darkness pierced [p.872] the eye of Horus with his tusk, the moon being the eye of Horus as the watcher by night for Ra. Sut on whom lie kept the watch transformed himself into a black boar, and wounded Horus in the eye whilst he was watching on behalf of Ra as his nocturnal eye in the darkness. Jesus in the gospels keeps the watch by night in Gethsemane, as is shown by the disciples failing to keep it. The watch by Horus was necessitated on account of Sut, who is the typical betrayer in the Kamite mythos, as Judas is in the Christian version. Sut knew the place in the original rendering and sought out Horus there when he caused the agony and bloody sweat by mutilating him. 'Now Judas also which betrayed him knew the place' (to which Jesus 'often resorted' with his disciples) and there the betrayer seeks him out to betray him, not in the form of a black boat that put out the eye which was the light of the world, but as a dark-hearted person befitting the supposed historical nature of the narrative. The scene of the drowsy watchers in Gethsemane is apparently derived from a scene in the mysteries. There is a reference in the Ritual[637] to 'those undrowsy watchers who keep watch in Annu.' In the gospels Jesus asks his followers to watch with him in the garden, and on both occasions he found them sleeping. The moral is pointed by the 'undrowsy watchers in Annu' being turned into the drowsy watchers who slept in Gethsemane, and who failed to keep the watch. 'I know the powers in Pa,' says the speaker; 'they are Horus, Amsta and Hapi.' That is, Horus and the 'two brothers,' who correspond to the two brethren James and John, the sons of Zebedee, in the gospels, and who are here the two with Jesus in the garden. The conversation between Horus the son and Ra the father, the watching by night, and the bloody sweat are followed by the glorification of Horus. Ra gives back the eye, the sight of which was restored in the new moon. In the gospel[638] this glorification of Horus as the son of the fatherHorus, who had previously been the son of the mother, Har-si-Hesi onlyis anticipated and described as about to occur when the torment and the trial are over. 'These things spake Jesus; and lifting up his eyes to heaven, he said, Father, the hour is come; glorify thy son, that thy son may glorify thee; even as thou gayest him authority over all flesh'that was in the character of Horus the mortal'Now, O Father, glorify me with thine own self'in the character of Horus divinized or glorified. The temporary triumph of the treacherous Sut (the power of darkness) is acknowledged by Jesus when Judas betrays him with a kiss and he succumbs. 'This,' he says to his captors, 'this is your hour, and the power of darkness (Sut). And they seized him.'[639] But when the associates of Sut saw the double-crown of Horus on his forehead they fell to the ground upon their faces[640]. And when the associates of Judas-Sut the betrayer, came to take 'Jesus of Nazareth,' and he said 'I am!' (not I am he!) 'They went backward and fell to the ground.' Scene for scene, they are the same. One of the titles of Horus is 'Lord of the Crown,'[641] which possibly led to Jesus being crowned 'King of the Jews.' In this scene the title of 'Jesus of Nazareth' has the same effect on the associates of Judas that the [p.873] assuming of his crown by Horus had upon the associates of Sut when it caused them to fall on their faces before him. The crowning of Jesus on the cross is as Jesus of Nazareth, king of the Jews. The crown of triumph is assigned to Horus by his father Atum, and all the adversaries of the Good Being fall on their faces at the sight of it[642].

The scene in the garden of Gethsemane, and the cry to the father from the sufferer on the cross are very pitifulthe essence of the tragedy working most subtly on account of the supplication that was all in vain, which makes all the more profound appeal to human sympathy. In the Egyptian representation there is no such cruel desertion by the father of his suffering son in his agony of great darkness. It is far otherwise in the Ritual. When Horus suffers his agony in the darkness, after being pierced and made blind by Sut, Ra, the father-God, is with him to comfort and sustain him. He tenderly examines the bleeding wound and soothes him in his great affliction. Ra charges his angels concerning Horus, or bids the gods to look to his safety and see to his welfare. Ra said to the gods, 'Let him be laid upon his couch that he may recover.' He also gives the eye of Horus fire to protect him, and consume the black boar of darkness. There is no sightless sufferer groping helplessly with empty hands outstretched and left unclasped the dark void of death; no vain and unavailing cry of the forsaken son that stuns the brain and scars the human conscience, and is of itself sufficient to empty the Christian heaven of all fatherhood, and ought to be sufficient to empty earth of all faith in such a father.

According to the synoptists, Jesus did not carry his own cross to the place of execution it was borne thither by one Simon of Cyrene. This is denied in the gospel attributed to John, who declares that Jesus went out from the Judgment Hall 'bearing the cross for himself.' John is generally truest to the Egyptian original, and here the figure of Jesus bearing his own cross is equivalent to the figure of Ptah-Sekari or Osiris-Tat. The tat of a fourfold foundation was the prototype of the cross, and the victim extended or standing with arms akimbo is equivalent to the victim stretched upon the cross of suffering. Sekari was the sufferer in, or on, or as the tat, and Osiris was raised in, or as the tat where Jesus carries the cross. The scourging of Jesus previous to his being crucified has never been explained. According to the record he was not condemned to both modes of punishment. It is probably a detail derived from the mysteries of Osiris-Sekari, Jesus scourged at the pillar being an image of Osiris or Ptah as the suffering Sekari in or on the tat, the pillar with arms, that was superseded by the cross in the Christian iconography. In the Egyptian drama of the passion Horus was blinded by Sut and his accomplices, in suffering his change from being the human Horus to becoming Horus in spirit. The incident that is almost omitted from the gospel account was preserved in the mysteries. It is a common subject in the passion-play and in religious pictures for the Christ to be blindfolded and brutally buffeted by the soldiers before he is crucified. This occurs in the Towneley mysteries and in the Coventry mysteries, and is referred to in the Legends of the Holy Rood[643]. [p.874] Christ blindfolded to be made a mockery of suggests a likeness of Horus without sight in An-arar-ef, the region of the blind. In one representation Horus has a bandage over his eyes, and the grotesque image of the humorous Bes appears to introduce a comic element into the tragedy of the blind sufferer. The blinding, buffeting and scourging, practised in the mysteries, as in passing through fire and water, was evidently continued and extended in the sports and pastimes. Still, the blindfolding of the victim for the buffeting is implied in the gospel according to Matthew. 'Then did they spit in his face and buffet him; and some smote him with the palms of their hands, saying, Prophesy unto us, thou Christ: who is he that struck thee?'[644]

It was a common popular tradition that the Christ was of a red complexion, like the child or calf which represented the little red sun of winter and also the Virgin's infant in its more mystical character. Moreover, there is a tradition of a crucified child-Christ who was coloured red like 'the calf in the paintings.' Among 'the portraits of God the son' Didron cites one in a manuscript of the fourteenth century which answers to the red Christ as a co-type of the red calf. The manuscript 'contains a miniature of the priest Eleazar sacrificing a red cow,' and 'opposite to this miniature is one of Christ on the cross.' 'Jesus is entirely naked, and the colour of his skin is red he is human, poor and ugly.'[645] The red Christ, equivalent to the red Horus, is here identified with the red cow and therefore with the red calf of the Ritual, which was a symbol of the little red sufferer, the 'afflicted one' in the winter solstice. In some of the mystery-plays the Christ wore a close-fitting, flesh-coloured garment, through which the nails were driven into the wood of the cross. The resurrection robe was always red. Satan wants to know who this man in the 'red coat' may be. And when Horus rises again, in the character of the avenger, it is as the 'red god.' The manes thus addresses him, 'O fearsome one, who art over the two earths; Red God, who orderest the block of execution!'[646] Jesus likewise appears to have been represented as the red god, or the god in red. For 'they stripped him and put on him a scarlet robe.'[647] A papyrus reed was the throne and sceptre of Horus, the sign of his sovereignty. In the pictures he is supported by the reed, and one of his titles is 'Horus on his papyrus.'[648] The reed also has been turned to historic account in making a mockery-king of Jesus. 'And they plaited a crown of thorns and put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand; and they kneeled down before him, and mocked him, saying, Hail, king of the Jews! and they spat upon him, and took the reed and smote him on the head.'[649] Jesus is posed in another form of the Osirian sacrificial victim. One meaning of the word sekari is the silent. This is the typical victim that opened not his mouth, as the inarticulate Horus. So, having been assigned the character of the silent one before Pilate, 'Jesus no more answered anything.'

It is possible that the crown of thorns placed upon the head of the crucified was derived from the thorn-bush of Unbu, the solar god, especially if we take it in connection with the papyrus reed, another [p.875] type of Horus, 'And they plaited a crown of thorns and put it upon his head, and a reed in his right hand.'[650] The god and the branch, which is a bush of flowering thorn, are identified, the one with the other, under the name of Unbu, and the god in the Unbu-thorn is equivalent to the crucified in the crown of thorn. Moreover, Unbu, the branch, was a title of the Egyptian Jesus. 'I am Unbu of An-arar-ef, the flower in the abode of occultation' or eclipse[651]. And if Horus was not figured on a cross with the unbu-thorn upon his head, as the crown was afterwards made out, he is the sacrificial victim in the place of utter darkness or sightlessness. Horus in An-arar-ef is Horus, Lord of SekhemHorus in the dark. He is also 'Unbu,' that is, Horus in the thorn-bush. Thus the unbu-thorn was typical of the god, who was personified as Unbti by name, and who is Unbu as Horus the sufferer in the dark, equivalent to and the prototype of the victim on the cross as wearer of the crown of thorn. It is also possible that Pilate's question, 'What is truth?'[652] may now be answered for the first time. Jesus says, 'I come into the world that I should bear witness unto the truth. Everyone that is of the truth heareth my voice.'[653] And, in his second character, Horus the king, Horus the anointed and beloved son, not only came into the world as testifier to the truth, he was also given the title of Har-Makheru, the name of the word that was made truth by the doing of it in his death and resurrection, and the demonstration of a life hereafter at his second coming.

The typical darkness at the time of the crucifixion might be nocturnal, or annual, according to the mythos. When Atum, god of the evening sun, is setting from the land of life, .at the point of equinox, with his hands drooping, which is equivalent to the victim who was extended on the cross, a great darkness overspread the earth, and Nut, the mother, is said to be obscured as she receives the dying deity in her supporting arms. The figure is the same, whether the scene be on the cross or at the crossing[654]. Still more express is the darkness spoken of in the Egyptian faith, or gospel[655], which contains the kernel of the credo. Here we learn that 'the darkness is of Sekari.' Sekari is a title of Osiris as the mutilated and dismembered god. It is explained that this darkness of Sekari, the god who is pierced, wounded, cut in pieces, is caused by Sut 'the slayer,' who has 'terrified by prostrating.' Sekari is Osiris in the sekru, or coffin; and to be in the coffin, or in the cruciform figure of the mummy, has the same meaning (with a change of type) as if the divine victim might be embodied in the tat, or extended on the cross. The darkness of sekari was in the coffin; the darkness of Jesus is on the cross.

It is observable that the sixth division of the Tuat in Amenta, corresponding to the sixth hour of the night, has no representation of Ra the solar god, and in his absence naturally there was darkness. But the three hours' darkness that was over all the earth at the time of the crucifixion has no witness in the world to its being an historic event. In the mythical representation it was natural enough. As the night began at six o'clock, the sixth hour according to that reckoning was midnight, and from twelve to three there was dense darkness. This was then applied to the dying sufferer in the eschatology, and [p.876] there was darkness for three hours in the mysteries. The great darkness is described in the Ritual as the shutting up of Seb and Nut, or heaven and earth, and the resurrection as the rending asunder. The manes says, 'I am Osiris, who shut up his father and his mother when (or whilst) the great slaughter took place. I am Horus, the eldest of Ra, as he riseth. I am Anup on the day of rending asunder.'[656]

In the coming forth from the cavern the risen one exclaims, 'Let the two doors of earth be opened to me: let the bolts of Seb open to me: and let the first mansion be opened to me, that he may behold me who hath kept guard over me, and let him enclose me who bath wound his arms about me, and hath fastened his arms around me in the earth.'[657] The one who had held him fast with his arms about him in the earth, and who was the keeper of the dead on earth, is Seb; hence it is he who kept guard over the body that was buried in the earth. The part of Seb is also assigned to Joseph of Arimathea, who took the body when it was embalmed with a hundred pounds of myrrh and aloes, and made a mummy of, and laid it in his own tomb. The tomb of Seb, the earth[658], becomes the garden of Joseph; the 'bolts of Seb' are replaced by the great stone that Joseph rolls against the door of the sepulchre[659], and he who kept guard over the mummy-Osiris in the sepulchre is represented by the guard who watches over the tomb in the history. 'Pilate said unto them, Ye have a guard, go your way, make it sure as ye can. So they went and made the sepulchre sure sealing the stone, the guard being with them.'[660] The guard that is set to keep watch and ward at the sepulchre may be compared with the 'wardens of the passages,' who are 'attendant upon Osiris' in the tomb. These are the powers that safeguard the body or mummy of Osiris and keep off the forces of his adversaries. The passages are those which lead to the outlet of Rostau in the resurrection[661]. In the chapter by which one arrives at Rostau, the deceased has risen again. He says, 'I am he who is born in Rostau. Glory is given to me by those who are in their mummied forms in Pa, at the sanctuary of Osiris, whom the guards receive at Rostau when they conduct (the) Osiris through the demesnes of Osiris.' In this scene of the resurrection the deceased comes forth triumphant as Osiris risen[662]. The dead are there in mummied forms, and these are received by the guards as they rise and reach the place of egress in Rostau. In the gospel according to Matthew a watch was set upon the sepulchre; the guard is spoken of as 'the centurion, and they that were with him watching Jesus.'[663] These were watching when the graves were opened and the dead 'in their mummied forms' were raised to come forth from the tomb. As nothing occurs in the gospel except by miracle, the graves are opened by an earthquake for the passages to be made, which passages were very ancient in the geography and pictures of the Egyptian netherworld. The guards, or soldiers, in attendance on Jesus are four in number. At least it is said that they took the garments of the dead body and 'made four parts, to every soldier a part.'[664] These guards correspond to the four guardians of the coffin Hapi, Tuamutef, Kabhsenuf, and Amsu, who watch by the sarcophagus [p.877] of the dead Osiris, one at each of its four corners. In a German passion play the four are invincible knights named Dietrich, Hildebrant, Isengrim, and Laurein.

At the time of the death upon the cross there is a resurrection which is not the resurrection. This is a general rising of the manes, not the resurrection of the Christ. 'And behold the veil of the sanctuary was rent in twain from the top to the bottom: and the rocks were rent and the tombs were opened: and many bodies of the saints that had fallen asleep were raised.'[665] In short, a general rising must have preceded the personal resurrection of Jesus on the third day after the crucifixion. It is added, however, that the manes who had already risen came forth 'out of the tombs after his resurrection' and 'appeared unto many.' Therefore they stayed in the open tombs a day or two longer in order that he might have the precedence. When Horus rises as a spirit, the Lord of Mehurit, the risen one, is represented by a hawk, and he says, 'I am the hawk in the tabernacle, and I pierce through the veil,' or, in another lection, through that which is upon the veil. To pierce through the veil of the sanctuary is equivalent to rending the veil of the temple. The hawk is a type of the sun-god in the solar mythos and of the spirit in the eschatology. Thus the veil was pierced or rent asunder when Horus rose in the shape of a divine hawk to become the Lord of heaven. In the gospel[666], at the moment when Jesus 'yielded up his spirit,' it is said, 'and behold the veil of the sanctuary was rent in twain from top to bottom: and the earth did quake: and the rocks were rent: and the tombs were opened,' and, in brief, this was what the Ritual terms 'the day of rending asunder,' when the rocks of the Tser hill were opened, which is the day of resurrection in the mysteries of Amenta. The death of Osiris was followed by the saturnalia of Sut, in a reign of misrule and lawlessness which lasted during the five black days or dies non of the Egyptian calendar when everything was turned topsy-turvya saturnalia, which to all appearance, is yet celebrated in Upper Egypt[667]. The mutilation of Osiris in his coffin, the stripping of his corpse and tearing it asunder by Sut, who scattered it piecemeal, is represented by the stripping of the dead body of Jesus whilst it still hung upon the cross, and parting the garments amongst the spoilers. In John's account the crucifixion takes place at the time of the Passover, and the victim of sacrifice in human form is substituted for, and identified with, the Paschal lamb. But, as this version further shows, the death assigned is in keeping with that of the nonhuman victim. Not a bone of the sufferer was to be broken. This is supposed to be in fulfilment of prophecy. It is said by the psalmist[668], 'He keepeth all his bones; not one of them is broken.' But this was in strict accordance with the law of totemic taboo. No matter what the type, from bear to lamb, no bone of the sacrificial victim was ever permitted to be broken; and the only change was in the substitution of the human type for the animal, which had been made already when human Horus became the type of sacrifice instead of the calf or lamb. When the Australian natives sacrificed their little bear, not a bone of it was ever broken; when the Iroquois sacrificed the white dog, not a bone was broken. This was a common [p.878] custom, on account of the resurrection, as conceived by the primitive races, and the same is applied to Osiris. Every bone of the skeleton was to remain intact as a basis for the future building. After the murder and mutilation of Osiris in Sekhem, the judgment is executed on the conspirators in the mystery of ploughing the earth on the night of fertilizing the soil with the blood of the betrayer Sut and his associates. This is done before the great divine chiefs in Tattu! In the gospels[669] the chief priests take the place of the divine chiefs in the mystery of ploughing the earth and fertilizing or manuring it with the blood of the wicked: they buy the potter's field, and this was called Aceldama, the field of blood. The field of blood here bought with the price paid for the betrayal takes the place of the field that is fertilized with blood in the Ritual. In the Acts it is Judas himself, not the 'chief priests,' who 'purchased a field with the reward of his iniquity.' According to this version, Judas fertilizes or manures the field with his own blood, as does the betrayer Sut, on the night of fertilizing the field in Tattu. When, in his resurrection, Jesus reappeared to the disciples, they thought it an apparition. This it should have been if the life had been human, the death actual, the story true. In the Egyptian, however, the day of reappearance is termed the 'day of apparition;' but reappearing = apparition is not necessarily manifesting as the human ghost. The Christ as Horus was not a human ghost reappearing on the earth; and Horus the pure spirit, the typical divine son of god, the reappearing one, might have denied being a phantom or a ghost, for he would not be manifesting to men, but to other characters in the religious drama. This being denied on behalf of the divinity, the carnalizers then had recourse to their human physics to illustrate the denial by making the risen Christ corporeal. In John's account, which is always the nearest to the Egyptian original, there is no denial of the ghost theory, no declaration that the risen one is not a spirit but a veritable human body of flesh and bone. He merely 'showed unto them his hands and side,' as Horus might have shown his wounds, and no doubt did show them, in the mysteriesthe wounds that were inflicted by Sut. In fact, when Sut has wounded Horus in the eye, he shows the wound to Ra, his father[670].

When Horus, or the Egypto-gnostic Jesus, rises in the sepulchre on coming forth to day it is in the semi-corporeal form of the karast-mummy that is not yet become pure spirit and therefore has not yet ascended to his father in the hawk-headed likeness of Ra. This figure can be studied in the tomb as that of Amsu. The scene of the resurrection is in Amenta, the earth of eternity, the earth of the manes, not on the earth of mortals. It is here the risen Horus breathes the breath of his new life into the sleeping dead to raise them from their coffins, sepulchres and cells. When the Egyptian Christ, or karast, rose up from the tomb as Amsu-Horus it was in a likeness of the buried mummy, as regards the shape, with one arm loosened from the swathes or bandages. But this resurrection was not corporeal on earth. Osiris had been transformed into Horus, and although the mummy-shape was still retained, the texture had been transubstantialized; the corpus was transfigured into the glorious body of the sahu or divine mummy. The mystery of transubstantiation [p.879] was not understood by the writers of the gospels, who did not know whether Jesus reappeared in the body or in spirit, as a man or as a god. They carried off all they could, but were not in possession of the secret wisdom which survived amongst the Egypto-gnostics. They wrote as carnalizers of the Christ. It follows that the risen Jesus of the canonical gospels is not a reality in either world; neither in the sphere of time, nor as divine Horus transfigured into spirit. It is but a misappropriated type; the spurious spectre of an impossible Christ; a picture of nobody. The Christian history fails in rendering Horus as an apparition of Osiris. When Horus came from Sekhem he had left the earthly body behind him in the sepulchre, and was greeted as pure spirit by the glorified ones who rejoiced to see how he continued walking as the risen Horus, he who 'steppeth onward through eternity.'[671] Jesus in this character comes forth from the tomb in the same body that was buried and still is human, flesh and bones and all. Thus, as a phantom, he is a counterfeit; a carnalized ghost, upon the resurrection of which no real future for the human spirit ever could or ever will be permanently based. A corpse that has not made the transformation from the human Horus into Horus the pure spirit offers no foundation for belief in any known natural fact. Horus in his resurrection is described as being once more set in motion. At this point he says, 'I am not known, but I am one who knoweth thee. I am not to be grasped, but I am one who graspeth thee. I am Horus, prince of eternity, a fire before your faces, which inflameth your hearts towards me. I am master of my throne, and I pass onwards.' 'The path I have opened is the present time, and I have set myself free from all evil.'[672] But when he is transubstantialized, it is said of the deceased in his resurrection 'The gods shall come in touch with him, for he shall have become as one of them.' Now let us see how this was converted into history. Jesus is the prince of eternity in opposition to Satan, Sut, or Judas, the prince of this world. In his resurrection he is supposed to have opened the pathway from the tomb historically and for the first time some 1800 or 1900 years ago. When he rises from the dead he is unknown to the watchers, but he knows them. Mary knew not that the risen form was Jesus. He is not to be grasped, saying, 'Touch me not,' or do not grasp me, 'for I am not yet ascended unto my Father.'[673] On the way to Emmaus Jesus appears and inflames the hearts of the disciples towards him, after calling them 'slow of heart,' and 'they said one to another, Was not our heart burning within us?'[674] Horus had opened a path from the tomb as the sun-god in the mythos, the divine Son of God in the eschatology, and he ascended to his father and took his seat upon the throne of which he had become the lord and master. So Jesus goes on his way 'unto the mountain,' where he had appointed to meet his followers[675]. The mountain in the Ritual is the mount of rebirth in heaven, whether of the sun-god or of the enduring spirit. The change from bodily death to future life in spirit was acted as a transformation-scene in the mysteries of the resurrection. The mummy-Osiris was an effigy of death. The sahu-mummy [p.880] Amsu-Horus is an image of the glorious body into which Osiris transubstantiated to go forth from Sekhem as pure spirit. It is the mummy in this second stage that is of primary import. First of all the dead body was smeared over with unguents and thus glorified. During the process of anointing it was said, 'O Asar (the deceased) the thick oil which is poured upon thee furnishes thy mouth with life.'[676] It is also said that the anointing is done to give sight to the eyes, hearing to the ears, sense of smell to the nostrils and utterance to the month. To embalm the body thus was to karas it and the embalmment was a mode of making the typical Christ as the Anointed. Thus the mortal Horus was invested with the glory of the only God-begotten Son. Now this making of the krst, or mummy-Christ, after the Egyptian fashion is apparent in the gospels. When the woman brings the alabaster cruse of precious ointment to the house of Simon and pours it on the head of Jesus he says, 'In that she poured this ointment upon my body, she did it to prepare me for my burial.'[677] She was making the Christ as the anointed-mummy previous to interment. After the description of the crucifixion it is said that Nicodemus came and brought a 'mixture of myrrh and aloes, about a hundred pound' and 'they took the body of Jesus and bound it in linen cloths with the spices as the custom of the Jews is to bury.'[678] This again denotes the making of the karast-mummy = the Christ. Moreover, it is the dead mummy in one version and it is the living body in the other which is anointed, just as Horus was anointed with the exceedingly precious antu ointment, or oil, that was poured upon his head and face to represent his glory.

The two Mertae-sisters are the watchers over the dead Osiris. They are also the mourners who weep over him when he is anointed and prepared for his burial. It is said of Osiris that he was triumphant over his adversaries on the night when Isis lay watching in tears over her brother Osiris[679]. But the Mertae-sisters both watch and both weep over the dead body. In the vignettes to the Ritual one of the two stands at the head and one at the feet of the body on the bier. These two mourners, weepers, anointers, or embalmers, appear in the gospels as two different women. According to John it was Mary the sister of Martha who anointed Jesus for his burial. And as these are the two divine sisters in historic guise we ought to find one at the head of the victim and one at the feet, as, in fact, we do so find them. In the account furnished by Luke it is said that time woman who stood behind at the fret of Jesus weeping 'began to wet his feet with her tears, and wiped them with the hair of her head.'[680] No name is given for the woman who was 'a sinner,' which seems to denote the other Mary called Magdalene. Matthew also omits the name of the woman with an alabaster cruse or flask. In keeping with the mythos this other one of the two Mertae-sisters should be Martha, but the point is that the woman with the cruse does not anoint the feet of Jesus. She poured the ointment 'upon his head as he sat at meat.'[681] Thus we see there are two different women who anoint Jesus, one at the head, one at the feet, even as the two divine sisters of Osiris called the Mertae, or watchers, stand at the head and feet of Osiris, when preparing him for his burial, or watching in [p.881] tears, like Isis, the prototype of the woman who never ceased to kiss the feet of Jesus since the time when he had come into the house[682]. We have identified the other sister Nephthys, the mistress of the house, with the housekeeper Martha, and as Nephthys also carries the bowl or vase upon her head, this may account for the vessel of alabaster that was carried by the 'woman' who poured the ointment on the head of Jesus, whereas Mary the sister of Martha poured it on his feet. Martha is one of the two Mertae by name. In the Egyptian mythos the two Mertae are Isis, the dear lover of Horus the Lord, bowed at his feet, and Nephthys mourning at his head[683].

The karast-mummy was the body of the dead in Osiris who were prepared by human hands to meet their Lord in spirit when wrapt in the seamless vesture of a thousand folds, which was typically the robe of immortality, when they were baptized and purified and anointed with the unction of Horus taken from the tree of life. The process of preparing, embalming and Christifying the mummy obviously survives in the chrisome or krisum of the Roman Catholic Church. The chrisome itself is properly a white cloth which the 'minister of baptism places on the head of the newly-anointed child.'[684] The chrisome as ointment is made of oil and balm. In the instructions for private baptism it is charged that the minister shall put the white vesture, commonly called a chrisome, upon the child. The chrism-cloth is still the vesture of immortality, for if the infant dies within a month after birth, the chrisome is its shroud and the chrisom-child becomes an image in survival of the karast-mummy in Amenta.

Let it be assumed that to all appearance the resurrection in Amenta is corporeal. The human Horus, or the Osiris, who has passed through death, and been laid out as the mummy in the Tuat, still retains the form of the mummy that was made on earth. The difference is in Horus having risen to his feet and freed his right arm from the burial bandages. Indeed, the dead were reincorporated in Amenta as the sahu-mummy. The Egyptian word sahu signifies to incorporate, and in this physical-looking form they were reincorporated for the resurrection in the earth of eternity. Amsu had made a change in rising to his feet, but was not yet the Horus glorified with the soul of Ra; therefore he has not yet ascended to the father. To the sense of sight he is corporeal still, and has not transubstantiated into spirit. When he does, the hawk or menat will alight to abide upon him and he will assume the likeness of his father Ra, the bird-headed holy spirit. It is the body-soul that rises in Amenta which has to suffer purgatorial rebirth before it can become 'pure spirit' as the Ritual of the resurrection has it, to attain eternal life. So far as reincorporation of the soul in sahu-shape could go, the resurrection is corporeal. Yet this was only a dramatic mode of representation in the mystery of transubstantiation, which included several acts. It is in this character of Amsu-Horus reincorporated as the sahu-mummy issuing from the tomb that Jesus is described by Luke: 'See my hands and my feet, that it is I myself.'[685] In the absence of the gnosis the reincorporation in Amenta led to the doctrine of a physical resurrection at the last day on this earth. The power of resurrection was imparted by [p.882] Ra, the father in spirit, to the anointed and beloved son. And Horus is said to be the 'bringer of the breaths' to his 'followers.'[686] Horus as he issues forth to day, in his resurrection, comes to give the breath of life to the manes in Amenta, saying, 'I give the breezes to the faithful dead amid those who eat bread.' This chapter of the Ritual follows the decease of Horus, which is equivalent to the crucifixion of Jesus. In this the speaker says, 'I have come to an end on behalf of the Lord of heaven. I am written down sound of heart, and I rest at the table of my father Osiris.'[687] It is also said in the rubric, 'if this scripture is known upon earth he (the Osiris) will come forth to day he will have power to walk on the earth amid the living.' Jesus in the gospel has 'come to an end for the Lord of heaven.' He likewise manifests on earth 'amid the living.' He gives 'the breezes to the faithful dead' when he breathes on them, saying, 'Receive ye of the holy spirit.'

It is 'the women' in the gospels who announce the resurrection and proclaim that Jesus has left the tomb. According to Matthew 'the women' are 'Mary Magdalene and the other Mary,' who 'ran to bring the disciples word.'[688] According to Mark the women were Mary Magdalene and Mary (the mother) of James, and Salome, who discovered that Jesus had arisen but were afraid to make it known. Here it is Mary Magdalene, who proclaims the resurrection. It is Mary Magdalene in John[689] who first announces that the Lord has arisen. Luke[690] has it that 'Mary Magdalene and Joanna, and Mary (mother) of James and other women' first found the sepulchre empty and 'told these things unto the apostles.' These conflicting accounts agree in the one essential point, that it was the woman or the women who proclaimed the resurrection, and this is as it should be according to the data in the Ritual. When the deceased comes forth from the tomb and reaches the horizon of the resurrection he exclaims, 'I rise as a god amongst men. The goddesses and the women proclaim me when they see me.' It is the goddesses and the women who see the risen Horus first and proclaim him to the others. Usually the women and the female deities are identical as the two divine sisters who are represented in the gospels by the two Marys, but in some of the scenes there are other women in attendance as well as the two sisters-Mertae. Now, as the two Marys are originally goddesses we have the same group of goddesses and the women[691] as in the Ritual[692] and both agree in proclaiming the resurrection and hailing the risen Lord with jubilation. This chapter contains all the data necessary to construct the story of the 'historic' resurrection in which the Christ arises as a god amongst men, and is proclaimed by the women. The allusions in the Ritual are very brief. The style of the writing is economical as that of the lapidary. The Egyptians neither used nor tolerated many words; verbosity was prohibited by one of their commandments. But these allusions refer to a drama that was represented in the mysteries, the characters and scenes of which were all as well known as are those in the Christian gospels when the play is performed at Ammergau. And this statement, made at the moment of his resurrection'I rise as a god [p.883] amongst men. The goddesses and the women proclaim me when they see me'contained a germ that was pregnant with a whole chapter of the future gospel 'history.'

In the gospel according to John there is but one woman weeping at the tomb. This was Mary Magdalene, who corresponds to the first great mother Apt, she who bore the seven sons that preceded the solar Horus of the pre-Osirian cult. She, like Anup, lived on in the burial-place with those that waited for the resurrection. She is called Apt, the 'mistress of divine protections.' Apt is portrayed as kindler of the light for the deceased in the dark of death[693]. Thus the old first bringer to rebirth is the kindler of a light in the sepulchre. Mary Magdalene who takes her place comes to the tomb, 'early, while it was yet dark,' and finds the stone moved away and light enough to see by kindled in the tomb. Isis also was a form of the great mother alone. She is mentioned singly as watching in tears over her brother Osiris by night in Rekhet[694]. So Mary Magdalene is described as 'standing without at the tomb weeping' alone as the one woman. But, according to Matthew, there were two women at the tomb. 'Mary Magdalene was there and the other Mary, sitting over against the sepulchre.'[695] And in the Osirian representation Isis and Nephthys are the two women called the 'two mourners who weep and wail over Osiris in Rekhet.'[696] Isis and Nephthys, the two divine sisters, are the two women at the sepulchre of Osiris. They are portrayed, one at the head the other at the feet of the mummy. They sing the song of the resurrection as a magical means of raising their dear one from the dead. A form of this is to be found in the evocations addressed to the dead Osiris by the two sisters, who say: 'Thy two sisters are near thee, protecting thy funeral bed, calling thee in weeping, thou who art prostrate on thy funeral bed.'[697] Horus rises in his ithyphallic form with the sign of virility erect; the member that was restored by Isis when the body had been torn in pieces by Sut. This may account for the phallus found in the Roman catacombs as a figure of the resurrection, which, if the gospel story had been true, would denote the phallus of an historic Jew, instead of the typical member of Horus whose word was thus manifested with pubescent power in the person of the risen Amsu.

In the Osirian legend there are three women, or goddesses, who especially attend upon Osiris to prepare him for his burial. These are the Great Mother, Neith, and the two divine sisters, Isis and Nephthys. It was related in the ancient version that Neith arrayed the mummy in his grave-clothes for the funerary chamber called 'the good house,' the house in which the dead were embalmed and swathed in pure white linen. This is described in the Book of the Dead[698] when it is said to the Osiris N., 'Thou receivest a bandage of the finest linen from the hands of the attendant of Ra.' The raiment put on Osiris by Neith was said to be woven by the two watchers in the tomb. In the preparation of Osiris for his burial, the ointment or unguents were compounded and applied by Neith. It was these that were to preserve the mummy from decay and [p.884] dissolution. These three may be compared with the three Marys in the gospels, thus: Neith, the Great Mother = Mary Magdalene, the Great Mother; Isis = Mary; Nephthys = Martha. There was also a group of seven ministrants in attendance at the birth of Horus or rebirth of Osiris. These, in the astronomical mythology, were constellated in the female hippopotamusour Great Bearas those who ministered of their substance 'to the young bull of the seven cows,'[699] which were seven forms of the great mother, seven Fates or Hathors in the birthplace, from the time when this was in the year of the Great Bear, with the seven in attendance on the child. In the legend related by Luke, the whole of the seven women who ministered of their substance to Jesus (or the sacrificial victim), appear to have been grouped together with the dead body in the sepulchre. 'Now they were Mary Magdalene and Joanna and Mary the (mother) of James and the other women with them.'[700] These are called 'the women which had come with them out of Galilee.' They are also termed 'certain women of our company.'[701] The number is not specified; this being one of those sundries that were safest if left vague. Thus we find the foremost Great Mother at the tomb; the two divine sisters; the three women with Neith included, and as we suggest, the company of ministrants, who were the seven mothers, seven Hathors, seven Meri, or seven women n three different versions of the historic resurrection.

In the version given by Matthew there is but one divine visitant at the tomb, in addition to the two women here called the two Marys. As the Sabbath day began to dawn 'came Mary Magdalene and the other Mary to see the sepulchre. And behold there was a great earthquake; for an angel of the Lord descended from heaven and came and rolled away the stone and sat upon it. His appearance was as lightning, and his raiment was as white as snow.'[702] The angel that rolls the stone away from the tomb in the gospel for the buried Christ to rise corresponds to the god Shu in the Ritual, who is described as uplifting the heaven when the god Atum or Horus comes forth from the sarcophagus and passes through the gate of the rock to approach the land of spirits. It is said the gate of Tser is where Shu stands when he lifts up the heaven[703]. The Tser was the rock of the horizon in which the dead body of Osiris was laid for its repose when it was buried in Annu. Shu is not only the uplifter of heaven or raiser of the gravestone, he is also the opener of the sepulchre as the bringer of breath to the newly awakened soul.

The Egyptian knew well enough that his body would remain where it was left when buried. For that it had been mummified. His difficulty was concerning his soul, and how to get this freed from its surroundings in the speediest fashion and the most enduring form. The Ritual speaks of the 'shade,' the 'soul and spirit' as being in the tomb with the mummy-Osiris who rises from stage to stage according to the evolution of his spirit from the bonds of matter. Chief of these are the body-soul and spirit-ka. The deceased, when in the tomb, is thus addressed, 'Let the way be opened to thy ka and to thy Soul, O glorified one; thou shalt not be imprisoned by [p.885] those who have the custody of souls and spirits and who shut up the shades of the dead.'[704] Thus the body-soul and ka made their appearance in the tomb previously to being blended in the manifesting soul, called the double of the dead which constituted the risen Horus, and which was the only one of the seven souls that bore the human lineaments[705]. The god who rises again is described in the Egyptian Litany of Ra[706] as 'he who raises his soul and conceals his body.' His name is that of Herba, he who raises the soul. The body being hidden as Osiris, the soul was raised as Horus. Hence, as it is said, the mummy of Osiris was not found in the sepulchre. In one sense the body vanished by transubstantiation into spirit. The night of the evening meal on which the body was eaten sacramentally is called 'the night of hiding him who is supreme of attributes.'[707] The body was eaten typically as a mode of converting matter into spirit; this was the motive of the eucharist from the beginning when the mother was the victim eaten. In one of the texts cited by Birch concerning the burial of the god Osiris at Abydos, it is said the sepulchral chamber was searched but the body was not found. The 'Shade, it was found.'[708] The shade was a primitive type of the soul; it is the shadow of an earthly body projected as it were into Amenta, and was portrayed in some of the vignettes lying black upon the ground of that earth, like the shadow of the human body on this earth. In Marcion's account of the resurrection there is no body to be found in the tomb; only the phantom, or the shade, was visible there. So in the Johannine version[709] the buried body of Jesus is missing; the shade is present in the tomb; but this is of a texture that must not be touched. Like Amsu it neither represents the dead corpus nor the spirit perfected. It is quite possible that we get a glimpse of the as that personage in the sepulchre described by Mark, who relates that when the women entered the tomb they 'saw a young man sitting on the right side, arrayed in a white robe and they were amazed.'[710] According to the gnosis, the ka had here taken the place of the missing mummy which had risen, or as the Egyptians said, Osiris had made his transformation into Amsu-Horus. According to Luke, when the women came to the tomb with their spices and ointments they 'found not the body of the Lord Jesus.' But, 'behold, two men stood by them in dazzling apparel,' who said to them 'why seek ye the Living (One) among the dead?'[711] These, in the Johannine gospel, are 'two angels in white, sitting one at the head and one at the feet, where the body of Jesus had lain.'[712] Now, if the 'young man' represented the ka-image in the human form we may suppose the 'two men' to have been the soul and spirit called the ka and the soul of the glorified, that were portrayed in the Egyptian sepulchre and which are to be read of in the Ritual. One of the numerous Egypto-gnostic scriptures which at one time were extant has lately been discovered in the fragment of a gospel assigned to Peter[713]. This, from the orthodox point of view, is considered to be 'docetic'which is another name for non-historical. From this we learn that in the [p.886] resurrection 'the heavens opened and two men descended thence with great radiance' and both the young men entered the tomb. Two men entered and three figures issued forth. 'They behold three men coming out of the tomb, and two of them were supporting a third, and a cross was following them; and the heads of the two men reached to the heaven, but the head of him who was being led along by them was higher than the heavens.' And they heard a voice from heaven which said, 'Hast thou preached to them that are asleep?' And a response of 'Yea' was heard from the cross. This has no parallel in the canonical gospels, but, as Egyptian, it is the scene of Atum (Ptah or Osiris) rising again in or with the tat-cross and coming forth supported by 'his two hands' or his two sons Hu and Sau. Also, in the pre-Osirian mythos, Hu and Sau, the two sons of Atum-Ra, support their father when he issues from the tomb and makes his exit from Amenta. These are two young men who are in the retinue of Ra, and who accompany their father in his resurrection daily[714].

To a spiritualist the doctrines of the fleshly faith are ghastly in their grossness. The foundation of the creed was laid in a physical resurrection of the body; and the flesh and blood of that body were to be eaten in the eucharistic rite as a physical mode of incorporating the divine. It is true the doctrine of transubstantiation was added to gild the dead body for eating. But the historical rendering of the matter necessitated the substitution of the physical for the spiritual interpretation. The founders only carried off the carnalized Horus, the karast-mummy, for their Christ. They raised him from the grave corporeally; whereas the Egyptians left that type of Osiris in matter, that image of Horus on earth in the tomb. Horus did rise again, but not in matter. He spiritualized to become the superhuman or divine Horus. The Egyptians did not exhume the fleshly body, living or dead, to eat it with the expectation of assimilating Horus to themselves or becoming Horus by assimilating the blood and body of his physical substance. This was what was done by the Christian sarkolatrae. Hooker asks: 'Doth any man doubt that even from the flesh of Christ (eaten sacramentally) our very bodies do receive that life which shall make them glorious at the latter day?'[715] This was an inevitable result of making the Christ historical, and of continuing the carnalized Horus in a region beyond the tomb by means of a physical resurrection of the dead. The Christians having carried off the Corpus Christi which the Egyptians transubstantiated in the sepulchre, have never since known what to do with it. But as the Christ rose again in the material body and ascended with it into heaven, leaving no mummy in the tomb, they can but nurse the delusive hope that a physical saviour may redeem the physical corpse, so that those who believe may be raised by him at the last day and follow him bodily into paradise. In this way the foundations of the faith were corporeally laid. Also in this way the preextant 'types' of the Christ are supposed to have been realized: the foreshadows substantialized, and Horus the Lord who had been the anointed Christ, the immortal Son of God in the Egyptian religion for at least ten thousand years, was at last converted into a Judean peasant as [p.887] the unique personage of the gospels, and the veritable saviour of the world.

It is not alleged in the gospel history that the victim was torn piecemeal as well as crucified. And yet the bread which represents his body in the eucharistic meal is religiously torn to pieces in commemoration of the event that does not occur in the gospels; a performance that is suggestive of those poor Norway rats which lose their lives in trying to cross the waters where there was a passage once by land. Jesus is not torn in pieces, but Osiris was. When Sut did battle with Un-Nefer, the Good Being, he tore the body into fragments, and that is the sacrifice still commemorated in the Christian eucharist. Under one of his many titles in the Ritual Osiris is 'the Lord of resurrections.' But this does not merely denote the periodicity of the resurrection. There were several resurrections of the god in matter and in spirit. Osiris rose again to life in the returning waters of the Nile. He rose again in the renewal of vegetation represented by Horus the branch of endless years; and as the papyrus shoot. He rose again upon the third day, in the moon; or as the sun, the supreme soul of life in physical nature. These were followed in the eschatology by the god who rose again from Amenta as Horus in spirit; as the Bennu-Osiris, or as Ra the holy spirit. Jesus is likewise portrayed as the Lord of resurrections. He is said to have risen on the third day; also on the fourth day, after being three nights in the earth; also after forty days, when he ascended into heaven from the mount; and when he rose up from the dead with power to pass where doors were shut, and to impart the Holy Spirit[716] to his followers, the same as Horus in the Ritual[717]. The first act of Horus in his resurrection is to free his right arm from the bandage of the mummy. The next is to cast aside the seamless swathe in which the body had been wrapped for burial. Now, after so much of the mythos has been established in place of the 'history,' it will not be so very incredible if we suggest a mythical and recognizably Kamite origin for an episode in the gospel according to Mark which has no record elsewhere. When Jesus is arrested in the garden or enclosure of Gethsemane preparatory to his death and resurrection it is said that: 'A certain young man followed him having a linen cloth cast about him over his naked body; and they laid hold on him; but he left the linen cloth and fled naked.'[718] Such a statement standing alone, purposeless and unexplained, is perfectly maniacal as history; clearly it is a fragment of something that is otherwise out of sight. The Greek word sindon represents the Egyptian shenti; a linen garment which is derived from shena, a name for the flax from which the fine linen of the mummy was made. The shenti is a linen tunic. The mummy-swathe was also made from shena, and this was the garment woven without a seam. Therefore we infer that the 'young man' was a form of the manes risen with the bandages about him, and that when he 'left the linen-cloth and fled naked' he had made his transformation into spirit like any other of the mummies. So soon as the risen Lord had ascended into heaven from the summit of Mount Olivet, after the space of forty days, the disciples [p.888] are described as meeting in the 'upper chamber' with Mary, the mother of Jesus, and his brethren who were gathered together for the purpose of prayer[719]. Now, 'the upper chamber' was the cubiculum attached to the sepulchre, both in Rome and Egypt, for the meeting of the bereaved relatives and the solemnizing of the mourning for the dead. One of the inscriptions in the catacombs calls it 'the upper chamber to celebrate the memory of the dead.'[720] There were two funerary chambers in the Egyptian sepulchre; one was for the mummy and one for the ka. Also the ka-chamber was without a door, it being held that the risen spirit could pass through matter without a doorway. This is repeated in the gospel according to John. When Jesus came into the room, 'the doors being shut,'[721] and stood in the midst of the disciples, it was in the character of the ka or double of the dead endowed with power to rise again, to pass through matter, and reappear to the living. The same dual figure is to be found in the pre-Christian catacombs with the subterranean sepulchre for the mummy or corpse beneath, and the chamber above which was known as the cubiculum or cubiculum memoricae. It was the pre-Christian custom for the relatives and friends of the deceased to meet together in this upper chamber at the funeral feast, or eucharistic meal, for the purpose of celebrating the resurrection from the dead, and of making their offerings and oblations to the ancestral spirits in the mortuary sacrament.

The last scene in the personal 'history' coincides with the ascent of Atum-Horus from Amenta, and the soul ascending into paradise, called the Aarru-fields. Jesus, in his final disappearance from the earth, ascends the typical mount, called Olivet, at the end of forty days. 'And when he had said these things as they were looking, he was taken up; and a cloud received him out of their sight. And while they were looking steadfastly into heaven as he went, behold, two men stood by them in white apparel which also said, Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye looking into heaven?'[722] The ascent of Jesus from the mount into the clouds of heaven can be traced twice over, in the two different categories, mythical and eschatological. It was made 'from the mount called Olivet.' This, we repeat, was Mount Bakhu, the mount of the olive-tree of dawn. The ascent at the tree was made each day, and also yearly in the annual round, by the god in his resurrection from Amenta. Thus the sun-god in the mythos makes his ascent by the Mount of Olives, or the olive-tree of dawn, when 'approaching to the land of spirits in heaven.'[723] In this character Nefer-Tum the young sun-god is the Egyptian Jesus risen from the northern door of the tomb, or the northern gate of the Tuat. In the phase of eschatology it is the risen soul upon its upward journey to the circumpolar paradise 'north of the olive-tree' where the eternal city was eventually attained. The olive (Bakhu) also figures in the eschatology as well as in the astronomical mythology. 'He who dwelleth in the olive-tree' is a name of Horus in the burial-place; and in his resurrection the Osiris says, when coming forth from the [p.889] judgment-hall, 'I pass on to a place that is north of the olive-tree.' Or it might be the fig-tree at the meeting-place of Jesus with Nathanael. It was no earthly mount on which the typical teacher gave instruction to the four called fishermen or to the twelve as reapers of the harvest. It was the mountain of Amenta and the double earth that we have traced all through the Ritual called the mount of resurrection and of glory. This, in the mythos, was the mount of the green olive-tree of the Egyptian dawn and a figure of the ascent to heaven in the eschatology. Up this mount the risen manes attained the circle of the divine powers attached to Osiris[724]. And up this mount the solar god, as Atum-Horus, makes his ascent to heaven, termed the land of spirits; that is, from the Mount of Olives, the track which is here followed by the canonical Jesus[725]. Moreover, in his coming forth to day and making the ascent to heaven, Atum was attended by his two sons, Hu and Sau, who are said to accompany their father daily. The copy, in this instance, is so close to the original that it may be possible to identify the 'two men in white apparel' who say to the disciples, 'Ye men of Galilee, why stand ye gazing into heaven?'[726] Those two men in white apparel correspond to Hu and Sau in the Ritual[727] who accompany the sun-god in his resurrection from the place of burial in Amenta. In the vague phase, Jesus disappears into a cloud and passes out of sight. In the Ritual of the resurrection the departed spirit is received with greetings by the lords of eternity, who open their arms to embrace and bid him welcome to the table of his father at the festival that is to be eternal in the heavens.

 

THE RESURRECTION FROM AMENTA, OR COMING FORTH TO DAY

In Annu shines the ray
Of resurrection on the judgment-day.
The dark Amenta quakes
As with diviner dawn Osiris wakes

And with his key1 hath risen
To free the arm of Amsu from its prison.
 Out of our mortal night
He suddenly flashed and fleshed his lance of light.

Jaw-broken lies the black
Grim Boar, mouth open, with its fangs turned back.
Egypt the living Word
Of the eternal truth once more is heard;

 Nor shall her reign be o'er
While language lasts till time shall be no more. 

1 The ankh-key of life.

[p.890]

THE SAYINGS OF JESUS

Of late years certain sayings of Jesus or Iu, as the name is abbreviated, written in Greek on the leaf of a papyrus-book, have been discovered in the rubbish-heaps of Oxyrhynchus. These were at once assumed to be the sayings of Jesus, an historic Jew. The present object is to prove that all such logia were the sayings of him who is here set forth as the Egypto-gnostic Jesus, who had many types and names but no individual form of historic personality.

The Book of the Dead, or Ritual of the resurrection, chiefly represents the mysteries of Amenta in the Osirian phase of the religious drama. But there is an older stratum than that of the Osirian eschatology. The sayer of the Kamite logia kuriaka is identifiable in at least three different Egyptian religions; in one as the Osirian Horus who predominates by name in the Ritual in another as Iu, the sa or son of Iusaas and Atum-Ra; and a third as Iu-em-hetep, the son of Ptah. Two of these titles of the typical Egyptian 'sayer' are cited in the 'festal dirge' when it is said, 'I have heard the words of Iu-em-hetep and Hartatef. It is said in their sayings,' some of which sayings are then quoted. These two answer to the Horus and Jesus of the Egypto-gnostics, which are two names of the same original character that was Egyptian from the root. The so-called 'Christian eschatology' may be said to have had its origin in the mysteries of Ptah at Memphis. So far as known, it was there the doctrine of immortality was first taught; there that the Son of God was figured in the act of issuing from the mortal mummy as a living spirit. It was likewise there the teacher of the religious mysteries was first impersonated as the sayer, Iu-em-hetep, who, as Iu the coming su, was the son of Ptah.

Iu as a form of Tum, proclaims himself to be the sayer in the Ritual[728]. He says: 'I have come forth with the tongue of Ptah and the throat of Hathor that I may record the words of my father, Tum, with my mouth which draweth to itself the spouse of Seb.' That is the mother on earth who was Isis in the Osirian mythos, and Hathor-Iusaas in the cult of Tum or Atum-Ra. The speaker here is Horus as Iu the coming su, or son, who in Egyptian is Iu-su, or Iusa, the child of Iusaas, the consort of Atum-Ra. This sayer as Iu, the su or son in one character, is Tum himself as father in the other. As Ra the father he is the author of the sayings; as Iu the son (Iusu) he is the utterer of the sayings 'with his mouth' or in person on the earth as the heir of Seb. To the Egyptians 'the words of Tum' were the teachings of an everlasting gospel of truth, law, justice and right, 'not to be altered is that which Tum hath uttered'[729] by the mouth of the sayer, Iu-em-hetep, or by the pen of the writer, Taht-Aan. Thus we can identify Tum or Atum-Ra as the author of the sayings which are to be spoken on earth by God the Son. Tum was the earlier name of Atum-Ra, when the character was that of child-Horus, or the infant Tum, and the sayings together with the sayer were pre-Osirian. In other words the 'sayer' is Iu-em-hetep, the prince of peace in the [p.891] cult of Annu, whom we trace back to the time of Ptah as the Egyptian Jesus. Hence this 82nd chapter is the one by which the manes is said to 'assume the form of Ptah' in the course of becoming a pure and perfect spirit.

Upon this line of descent, distinguished from the Osirian, Ptah represented the grandfather of the gods; Atum the father, and Iu the su, the ever-coming son as Iu-em-hetep, the son of Ptah at Memphis, and the son of Atum at Annu. It was Ptah, the opener of the nether-earth, who made the resurrection of the manes possible that was acted in the mysteries of Amenta. And Iu the su came to say what he had seen and had to tell as witness for the father[730], that is, as the 'sayer' to whom the sayings were attributed. Hence the speaker tells us that he comes with 'the tongue of Ptah' 'and the throat of Hathor' to record the words of his father Tum with his own mouth, or as the sayer who was reborn at Annu as Iusu, or Iusa of Hathor-Iusaas, she who was great with Iusa, the son of Atum-Ra, and grandson of Ptah.

The 'sayings' may be divided and differentiated in two categories corresponding to the two characters of the double-Horus, the child of twelve years, and Horus the adult of thirty years! Horus the afflicted one who suffered and died and was buried, and Horus who rose again as the demonstrator of eternal life in his resurrection from the dead. At first Child-Horus was the word-made-flesh as logos of the mother. This was Hathor-Iusaas in relation to Atum-Ra[731]. Next he was the word-made-truth as sayer for the father and teacher of the greater mysteries. Thus there are two classes of the sayingsthose of the childhood and those of the adultship; those that pertain to the earth of Seb and those that are uttered in Amenta the earth of eternity. It is said in the Ritual that the words of Taht are 'written in the two earths,' the earth of Seb or time, and the earth of eternity or Amenta[732]. So the sayings were uttered by Horus, Tum, Iu, or Jesus, in the double earth of time, and of eternity. It is also said of certain sayings in Pistis Sophia[733], 'Jesus spake these words unto his disciples in the midst of Amenta,' whence they went forth three by three to the four points of heaven to preach the gospel of the kingdom. This likewise was in the earth of eternity, versus the earth of time. But, whether the god be represented as the heavenly father by Ptah at Memphis, by Atum-Ra at Annu, or by Osiris at Abydos, the infant was Horus or Heru the lord by name, who was the only lord as a little child. Iu, Iusu, Iusa, Tum, Aten, Sekari, Iu-em-hetep, are but titles of Horus the lord of the logia kuriaka who became the 'sayer' as the Egypto-gnostic Jesus, Iu-Su, the ever-coming messianic son.

Now, amongst the gods of Egypt that were canonized as Christian saints the deity Tum has been converted into the apostle Thomas. The Gospel According to Thomas is also known to have existed in several forms, some of which are yet extant in the Gospels of the Infancy, assumed to be the childhood of an historic Christ. Hippolytus cites one of these as a gospel of the Nasseni. He says they hand down an explicit passage occurring in the gospel inscribed 'according to Thomas,' expressing themselves thus: 'He who seeks [p.892] me (the higher soul) will find me in children from seven years old; for there concealed I shall, in the fourteenth year (or aeon), be made manifest.'[734] This passage contains the doctrine of the double-Horus, the Horus of the incarnation and Horus of the resurrection, or the Child-Horus and Horus the adult. The duality of Horus as the word made flesh and the word made truth is also exemplified in the Gospel of Thomas by the boy whose every word at once became a deed[735].

In the introductory word to the New Sayings of Jesus, found on the site of Oxyrhynchus by Messrs. Grenfell and Hunt, it is said 'These are the (wonderful) words which Jesus the living (Lord) spake to ... and Thomas, and he said unto (them) everyone that hearkens to these words shall never taste of death.'[736] The wonderful words, the words of power in the Ritual, are the words of Atum-Ra the holy spirit. The speaker is Horus or Iu the living, he who rises from the grave and does not die a second time, or who is the resurrection and the life, that was represented as the first fruit or type of them that slept. He is one of those to whom Nut, the mother heaven, has given birth or rebirth[737] and this power he afterwards confers on his four brethren or children that the likewise may raise up the dead[738]. It is in this character he says, 'I am the living soul.'[739] That is, as Horus the lord of the resurrection from the lansil of death. 'I am he that cometh forth.' 'I open all the paths in heaven and on earth.'[740] 'That has been given to me which endureth amidst all overthrow.'[741] Thus Horus is the demonstrator of a resurrection for the human soul in a mystery of Amenta. He says, 'I am he who establishes you for eternity.' 'I am he who dieth not a second time.'[742] 'I am he whose orbits are of old; my soul is divine, it is the eternal Force.'[743] 'It is I who proceed from Tum'the father of a soul that is immortal.

An original Egyptian source for the Gospels of the Infancy is recognizable in the Ritual. In his incarnation Horus, or Iu the su, indicates that he 'disrobes himself' to 'reveal himself' when he 'presents himself to the earth.'[744] In his birth he says, 'I am the babe' born as the connecting link between earth and heaven, and as the one who does not die the second death[745]. He issues from the disc or from the egg. He is pursued by the Herrut-reptile, but, as he says, his egg remains unpierced by the destroyer. He escapes from the slaughter of the innocents or the Hamemmet in Suten-Khen. On entering the earth-life Horus knows it to be in accordance with his lot that he should suffer death or come to an end and be no more[746]. He also knows that he is a living soul. As such he has that within which survives all overthrow; even though he may be buried in the deep, dark grave, he will not be annihilated there. He will rise again[747]. But before quoting further what Horus says, we cite a few more of the logoi which tell us what Horus is. And what Horus is in the Osirian religion the same was the Egyptian Jesus in the cult of Atum-Ra, and Iu-em-hetep still earlier in the mysteries of Memphis and the cult of Ptah.

Apart from the Osirian dynasty of deities, the two chief divine [p.893] personages in the Ritual are Atum-Ra and Atum-Horus, as Huhi the eternal father, and Iu the ever-coming messianic son, who as the su is Iusu, the Egyptian Jesus. Now Tum, or Atum-Ra the inspiring spirit, was the author of the sayings in the Ritual which he gave to Horus the Iu-su or coming son, as sayer, for him to utter to men and manes in the two characters of the infant Horus and Horus the adult. Tum as Egyptian, is the earlier form of Atum's name; and in the Greek inscriptions Tum (or Atum) is called Tomos. We also find that the twin-totality of Tum is registered in the name of 'Thomas called Didymus'; Thomas the twin being equivalent in name to the character of the twofold Tum. From this we infer that the apocryphal Gospel of the Infancy assigned to Thomas is, or was, based upon the Egyptian gospel of Tum. This duality may also explain the relationship of Jesus to Thomas in the 'sayings' or logoi, recently recovered from the mounds of Oxyrhynchus, which are called 'the sayings of Jesus,' who is described as the Lord, and the living one.

Now Tum, in the Ritual, is pre-eminently 'the lord.' In the 79th chapter he is addressed as 'the lord of heaven,' 'the lord of life,' 'the lord of all creatures,' 'the lord of all.' Thus the Ritual contains 'the sayings of the lord.' The Hebrew formula 'thus saith the lord' had been anticipated in the Ritual by the 'so saith Tum' whose word is `not to be altered.'[748] As Egyptian, Tum is the one god called 'the living.' And the sayings are the words which Jesus 'the living' is said to have spoken to Thomas, the son Iu here being given the foremost position of the two. The sayings of the lord, in the Ritual, then, are the sayings spoken by Tum the father to Iusa the son, who utters them to men on earth and to the manes in Amenta. It is as Atum-Horus that the son says, 'I am the bright one in glory whom Tum himself brought into being, who hath made and glorified and honoured those who are to be with him' as his followers or his children[749]. It is the same speaker who says, 'I have come upon this earth and I take possession of it with my two feet. I am Tum, and I come from my own place.' That is as Iusa the manifesting son. Thus the sayings of Horus Iu-em-hetep can be traced to Tum as Ra the inspiring spirit and to Horus as the sayer in the Ritual.

'Tum' in Egyptian was also a name for the mythical child as the inarticulate one, the little Tum, who survives in various countries. For the child Tum passed out of Egypt into Europe to become the Tom Thumb and little Thumbkin of our nursery tales. We also consider that this was the Tum who passed into India as the 'historic' Thomas and who is claimed by Christians to have been the apostle of that name. The god Tum is there identifiable in half-a-dozen features assigned to the apostle or Saint Thomas. For one thing he is the patron of builders and architects, and his symbol is the mason's square. He is reputed to have built a superb palace in heaven for the poor of earth. Tum survives by name as the Thoma of the Indian Christians on a peninsula of the Indus this side of the gulf: also in Cochin and beyond. The so-called Christians of India who are frequently supposed to have been the followers of an historic Thomas have their own tradition which is [p.894] both congruous and explicable. They say that 'a certain holy man called Mar-Thome, a Syrian, first came to them with a number of beasts from Syria and Egypt.'[750] That is with the hieroglyphic signs. Thome we take to be the Egyptian god, Tum. The Mar or Mer, as the surname of the holy man, is an Egyptian title for a superintendent. The 'Mer-Tetu' was the superintendent of books, and also the royal mage in one person. Thus read 'Mar-Thome' was one of the Egyptian Magi or rekhi as the superintendent of a college or body of priests who went to India from Syria as missionaries and who promulgated the worship of Tum as God the Father, and Iusa as the son in the religion of Annu.

This dual character of Tum as the father and Iu the su or son, equal to Jesus, will enable us to identify the child-Jesus in the Gospel of Thomas and that gospel itself as a form of the Egyptian gospel. This is one of the most ancient of the Gospels of the Infancy called apocryphal, the origin and true significance of which are hitherto unknown. These have been denounced as idle tales, foolish traditions pious frauds, disguised heresy, anti-evangelical representations and fables forged to supply an account of 'Our Lord's History,' in that infancy which the evangelists have perforce omitted. The representations, however, are anti-evangelical; hence they are supposed to favour Docetism in other words, they are non-historical. As already demonstrated, the great god Tum was the father in one character, and Iu or Horus in the other; he is the divine son who Iu-em-hetep the Egyptian Jesus. Tum is Tomas or Thomas in Greek, and the gospel of Tomas in Greek is the gospel of Tum as Egyptian. Also Tum the father and Iu the son will show why the history of the infancy should be related of a mythical Jesus in the gospel of Tum or Thomas, and in relation to Thomas. Thus we can identify Tum as the author of the sayings which are to be spoken by Iu-em-hetep, in the person of God the Son. Tum was the earlier name of Atum-Ra, when the character was that of Child-Horus, or the infant Tum, and the sayings together with the sayer were pre-Osirian. In other words, the 'sayer' is Iu-em-hetep, the prince of peace in the cult of On, whom we trace back to the time of Ptah as the Egyptian Jesus. Hence this chapter is the one by which the manes is said to 'assume the form of Ptah' in the course of being spiritualized. In one of the sayings ascribed to Jesus he says, 'Come unto me, all ye that labour and are heavy-laden, and I will give you rest.'[751] This had then become 'one of the sayings.' But the sayer himself had been personalized or typified in earlier ages as Iu-em-hetep at Memphis, and again at On, and later still at Alexandria. And Iu-em-hetep the bringer of peace by name was the giver of rest by nature as the Egyptian Jesus; he who settled the matter of immortality in his resurrection from the tomb. As we have already seen, a tap-root of the Jesus legend in the eschatological phase can be traced in the Egyptian Ritual to the time and to the cult of Ptah at Memphis[752]. Ptah was the earliest form of an eternal father manifesting in the person of an ever-coming son, who, as the coming one, was Iu, or Iu-em-hetep, he who comes with peace. Hence we derive the name or title of the Egypto-gnostic Jesus from Iu-Su, or Iusa, the coming son. Indeed, the question asked by the messengers of John in the gospel, [p.895] art thou he that should come, or must we look for another? is equivalent to asking 'art thou Iu-em-hetep, he who comes with peace as manifestor for the father?'

It is also said of Jesus that he had compassion on the people 'because they were as sheep without a shepherd.' And this has been looked upon as one of the foundational pillars of the history, and proof positive that he was the original Good Shepherd. But Horus had long been extant as the good shepherd in the mythos, the eschatology, and the iconography of Egypt. Again, it is said of Jesus[753], that he taught the multitude as one having authority, and not as their scribes. So was it with Horus, who claims that authority to teach had been divinely delegated to him as the beloved son of God the Father. Hence the sayings, 'I have come forth with the tongue of Ptah and the throat of Hathor that I may record the words of my father Tum with my mouth.'[754] 'I am arrayed and equipped with thy words of power, O Ra.'[755] 'I utter his words to the men of the present generation, and I repeat his words to him who is deprived of breath,' as the manes in Amenta[756].

It was the work of Horus to exalt the father at all times and in every place. He is exalted as Un-Nefer the good being who is the one alone that is good, perfect, and unique. The same mission is assigned to the Gospel-Jesus. Hence the saying 'Why callest thou me good? None is good save one, even God alone ... the Father alone,'[757] who represents the same Good Being Un-Nefer as did Osiris. This duality of the deity as father and son is also manifest in the saying, 'Whosoever shall speak a word against the Son of Man it shall be forgiven him, but whosoever shall speak against the Holy Spirit it shall not be forgiven him.'[758] That is said in exaltation of the father in heaven who was the holy spirit represented by the son on earth or in Amenta. The Ritual likewise proves that Seb, the god of earth and foster-father of Horus, when he was the child of the virgin mother only, is the prototype or original of Joseph. Horus says that as the heir of Seb, from whom he issued, he was suckled at the breast of Isis, the spouse of Seb, who gave him his theophanies[759]. Horus on earth lies down to embrace the old man who keeps the light of earth, and who is Seb the earth-father[760]. Horus is lord of the staircase or mount of rebirth in heaven. In his first advent as the heir of Seb Horus says, 'I am come as a mummied one' (that is, in his embodiment when made flesh, the Hamemmet being the unmummied ones)[761]. 'I come before you and make my appearance as that god in the form of a man who liveth as a god'otherwise stated, as Iusu the son of Atum-Ra[762]. 'I repeat the acclamations at my success on being declared the heir of Seb' (Seb was the father on earth[763], Osiris in Amenta, Ra in heaven). 'I descend to the earth of Seb and put a stop to evil' as the bringer of peace, plenty, and good will on earth. 'I shine forth from the egg which is in the unseen world.'[764] 'Lo, I bring this my word of power' from out the silence in which the gods originated. 'I am arrayed and equipped with thy words of power, O Ra.'[765] And in chapter 42, 'I utter his words to the living and to those who are deprived of breath. I am Horus, prince of eternity.' 'I am yesterday, today, and tomorrow.'[766] [p.896] 'I am' (or, am I not) 'the bull of the sacrificial herd. Are not the mortuary gifts upon me, and the supernal powers?'[767] 'Witness of Eternity is my name, the persistent traveller on the highways of heaven. I am the everlasting one, I am Horus who steppeth onwards through eternity.' But Horus in the Ritual is chiefly the son of God the Father in heaven, and the subject-matter is mainly post-resurrectional.

After the life with Seb on earth, Horus is reborn in the earth of eternity for the heaven of eternity[768]. He is divinized with the flesh or substance of god[769]. By means of Horus, his manifestor, Osiris is said to relive. Horus is Osiris in his rebirth. Horus rises as a god and is visible to the gods (or divine spirits)[770] in his resurrection. Horus rises as the living soul of Ra in heaven[771]. Horus strikes the wakers in their cells or coffins for the resurrection of the manes in Amenta[772]. 'I raise myself up, I renew myself I grow young again.'[773] 'Not men or gods; or the glorified ones, or the damned, can inflict any injury on me.'[774] 'I do not die a second time in the netherworld.'[775] 'I am the victorious one.'[776] 'I am seized (in possession) of the two earths.'[777] 'There hath been assigned to me eternity without end. Lo, I am the heir of endless time and my attribute is eternity.'[778] 'I am the heir, the primary power of motion and of rest.'[779] 'I, even I, am he who knoweth the paths of heaven. Its breezes blow upon me. I advance whithersoever there lieth a wreck in the field of eternity, and I pilot myself towards the darkness and the sufferings of the deceased ones of Osiris,'[780] as the deliverer or saviour of souls whose supreme concern and object is to be saved from the second death in Amenta by earning and attaining the life of the soul that is eternal. 'It is I, even I, who am Horus in glory. I am the lord of light and I advance to the goal of heaven.' Jesus says, 'I go unto him that sent me.'[781] 'I know whence I came and whither I go.'[782] 'I go to prepare a place for you.' 'I am the way, the truth, and the life. No one cometh to the Father but through me.'[783] 'I go unto the Father.'[784] But there is nothing so striking in the gospel as this image of Horus the saviour in the boat of souls who steers his own bark that tosses in distressful agitation over the water, whilst he carries rescue wheresoever there has been a wreck amongst the suffering and deceased ones of his father Osiris.

Horus was the sole one of the seven great spirits born of the mother who was chosen to become the only-begotten son of God the Father when he rose up from the dead. This is he who says in the Ritual, 'I am the bright one in glory, whom Atum-Ra hath called into being, and my origin is from the apple of his eye. Verily before Isis was, I grew up and waxed old, and was honoured beyond those who were with me in glory.'[785] Those who were with him in glory were the seven great spirits, the khuti or glorious ones. Amongst these, Horus became the divine heir of all things, the son of God who claims to have existed before Isis his mother, when speaking as manifestor for the holy spirit. This is the son and heir of God who is described in the Epistle to the Hebrews as the 'appointed heir of all things, through whom also he made the worlds.'[786]  [p.897] He was thus exalted above the angels or great spirits through 'having become by so much better than the angels' and by inheriting a more excellent name than they. 'For unto which of the angels said he at any time, thou art my son?' Horus exalts his father in every place; 'associating himself with the two divine sisters, Isis and Nephthys,' as his two mothers. It is Taht-Ani who speaks by him the favourable incantations which issue from his heart through his mouth. Horus overthrows the serpent Apap daily for Ra. Horus unites both Osiris and Ra in one triune personality, or trinity in unity.

The sayer personalized as son of God and utterer of the logia in the Ritual says: 'I am the one proceeding from the one, the son from a father, the father from the son.'[787] Jesus is credited with having the magical power of being known or unknown, seen or unseen at will. When the Jews took up stones to cast at him he was suddenly invisible, even in their midst[788]. Again, whilst uttering the sayings to the multitude, he was hidden from them[789]. When risen bodily, he is the unknown one to Mary at the sepulchre. He is also the unknown one to the disciples on the way to Emmaus[790]. This character, like all the rest, is according to copy supplied by the Ritual. 'I am he,' says Horus, 'who cometh forth and proceedeth, and whose name is unknown to men.'[791] The Osiris has a word of power by means of which he can conceal or manifest himself. He says: 'I am in possession of that word of power which is the most potent one in my body here; and by means of it I make myself either known or unknown,'[792] which is equivalent to becoming visible or invisible at will.

'Before the feast of the Passover, Jesus, knowing that his hour was come that he should depart out of this world unto the Father, having loved his own which were in the world, he loved them unto the end.'[793] The end is here indicated by the feast of the Passover and the last supper. In the parallel scene Horus says: 'I have come to an end for the lord of heaven, I rest at the table of my father Osiris.'[794] This immediately precedes his piercing the veil of the tabernacle and coming forth as the divine hawk of soul[795]. Horus when addressing Ra the father on behalf of the four brethren, his followers, says, 'Be they with thee so that they may be with me.'[796] Jesus says of his followers 'Holy Father, keep them in thy name which thou hast given me that they may be one even as we are.' 'I will that where I am they also may be with me.'[797] In the same passage of the Ritual Sut is referred to as invoking the powers of Nekhen. In the same passage of the gospel it is 'the son of perdition.'

In this way the canonical gospels can be shown to be a collection of sayings from the Egyptian mythos and eschatology. The original likeness is somewhat defeatured at times in the process, but sufficient remains in the Ritual for the purpose of comparison and reclamation. When Horus returns to his father with his work accomplished on earth and in Amenta he greets Osiris in a 'discourse to his father.' In forty addresses he enumerates what he has done for the support and assistance of Osiris in the earth of Seb. Each line commences with [p.898] the formula, 'Hail, Osiris, I am thy son Horus. I have come!' Amongst other of the assistances he says, 'I have supported thee. I have struck thine enemies dead. I have brought the companions of Sut to thee in chains. I have cultivated thy fields. I have watered thy grounds. I have strengthened thine existence upon the earth. I have given thee thy soul, thy strength, thy power. I have given thee thy victory. I have anointed thee with the offerings of holy oil.' This last in sign-language is, I have given thee the glory[798]. This we parallel with the sixteenth chapter of John, in which the position and character of Jesus are the same with those of Horus, and in which Jesus addresses the father at the end of his career. 'I have come to thee,' says Horus to Osiris. 'Now I come to thee,' says Jesus to the Father. 'Father, the hour is come; glorify thy son that the son may glorify thee.' 'I glorified thee on earth, having accomplished the work which thou hast given me to do. And now, O Father, glorify thou me with thine own self with the glory which I had with thee before the world was. I manifested thy name unto the men whom thou gayest me out of the world. I am no more in the world. But now I come to thee. I kept them in thy name, which thou hast given me. I guarded them and not one of them perished, but the son of perdition.'[799] The glory of God the Father was reflected by the sacred oil upon the face of Horus the anointed son, which was a sign of his divinity. This was 'the glory as of the only-begotten from the father' who was Horus in spirit, Horus the adult, the anointed one with the father, and thus the representative type of a soul of life that is eternal and attainable by all as in the only-beloved son.

It is an utterance of the truth that is eternal to say that Horus as the Son of God had previously been all the gospel Jesus is made to say he is, or is to become. Horus and the father were one. Jesus says, 'I and my Father are one.' 'He that seeth me, seeth him that sent me.'[800] Horus is the father seen in the son[801]. Jesus claims to be the son in whom the father is revealed. Horus was the light of the world, the light that is represented by the symbolical eye, the sign of salvation. Jesus is made to declare that he is the light of the world. Horus was the way, the truth, the life, by name and in person. Jesus is made to assert that he is the way, the truth, and the life. Horus was the plant, the shoot, the natzer. Jesus is made to say, 'I am the true vine.' The deceased says, 'I spring up as a plant.'[802] The deceased, in the character of Horus, or one with him by assimilation, also makes these claims for himself. Hence the sayingsthe sayings which are repeated in the gospels, more especially in the gospel according to John = Aan. To parallel a few of the sayings in the gospels with those of the Ritual: In the gospel according to John, Jesus says of himself, 'I am the bread of life.'[803] 'I am the light of the world.'[804] 'I am the door of the sheep.'[805] 'I am the good shepherd.'[806] 'I am the resurrection and the life.'[807] 'I am the way, the truth, and the life.'[808] 'I am the true vine.'[809] And Horus was the original in all seven characters. Horus was the bread of life, also the divine corn from which the bread of life was made[810]. Horus was the good shepherd who carries the crook upon his shoulder. [p.899] Horus was the door of entrance into Amenta, which none but he could open. Horus was the resurrection and the life. He carries the two symbols of resurrection and of life eternal, the hare-headed sceptre, and the ankh-key in his hands. Horus was the way. His name is written with the sign of the road (heru). Horus was the true vine, as the branch of Osiris, who is himself the vine in person. Now the original of all these identifiable characters could occur but once, and that prototype was Horus, or Jesus in the cult of Atum-Ra. Horus says, 'It is I who traverse the heaven. I go round the Sekhet-Aarru (the Elysian fields). Eternity has been assigned to me without end. Lo! I am the heir of endless time, and my attribute is eternity.'[811] Jesus says, 'I am come down from heaven. For this is the will of the Father that every one who beholdeth the son and believeth in him should have eternal life, and I will raise him up at the last day.' He, too, claims to be the lord of eternity. When Horus is 'lifted up' to become glorified and is Horus in his glory,'[812] 'master of his diadem,' he says, 'I raise myself up.' Then he adds, 'I stoop upon the Atit-bark that I may reach and raise to me those who are in their circles, and who bow down before me' as his worshippers[813]. 'And I,' says Jesus, 'if I be lifted up out of the earth (as Horus was lifted up from out the netherworld), will draw all men after me.'[814] Horus says, 'I open the Tuat that I may drive away the darkness.' Jesus says, 'I am come a light into the world.' Horus says, 'I am equipped with thy words of power, O Ra' (the father in heaven)[815], 'and repeat them to those who are deprived of breath.'[816] These were the words of the father in heaven. Jesus says, 'The Father which sent me, he hath given me a commandment, what I should say and what I should speak. The things therefore which I speak, even as the Father hath said unto me, so I speak.'[817] 'The word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father's who sent me.'[818] Horus repeated to his followers that which his father Osiris had said to him in the early time[819]. Jesus says, 'As the Father taught me, I speak these things.'[820] 'All things that I heard from my Father I have made known unto you.'[821] Horus comes on earth to report what he has known and heard and seen and handled with the father. 'I have touched with my two hands the heart of Osiris.' 'That which I went to ascertain I have come to tell.' 'I know the mysterious paths and the gates of Aarru (or Paradise) from whence I come. Here am I, and I come that I may overthrow mine adversaries on earth, though my dead body be buried.'[822]

Horus eats the bread of Seb on earth, but he teaches the manes in Amenta to pray for the bread of heaven. Let him ask for food from the Lord, who is over all[823]. In this we have the germ of the Lord's Prayer addressed to 'our Father in heaven' for 'our daily bread': Ra being the heavenly father of Horus and the supplier of food to souls; the daily giver of eternal life, that was represented by the typical seven loaves of plenty. There is a prayer in the Ritual[824] which opens with an address to the Lord of Heaven who 'reveals himself, who derobes himself, and presents himself to the earth' in the person of Horus his son, the divine hawk or soul that [p.900] pierces through the veil of the tabernacle. It is here referred to for the refrain which occurs seven times over'May his will toward me be done by the Lord of the one face,' that is, by the one and only God who is the father in heaven, he who 'revealed himself, who disrobed himself, and presented himself to the earth,'[825] in the person of his beloved son.

Horus who comes from heaven says, 'I am the food which perisheth not, in my name of the self-originating force.'[826] Jesus says, 'I am the bread of life. This is the bread which cometh down out of heaven that a man may eat thereof and not die. I am the living bread which came down out of heaven.'[827] Horus was not only the bread of life derived from heaven and the producer of bread in the character of Amsu the husbandman; he also gave his flesh for food and his blood for drink. This, however, was not in the cannibal form of human flesh and blood, but as the typical calf or the lamb. Jesus says, 'The bread which I will give is my flesh.' 'Except ye eat the flesh of the Son of man and drink his blood ye have not life in yourselves,' that is, in the human form, which is proclaimed to be the bread which came down out of heaven[828]. Horus says, 'I am the possessor of bread in Annu. I have bread in heaven with Ra.'[829] 'There are seven loaves in heaven at Annu with Ra.'[830] Ra is the father in heaven. He is the provider of the bread of life that is given by the son, and by Jesus in the gospel. Jesus says, 'My Father giveth you the true bread out of heaven. For the bread of God is that which cometh down out of heaven, and giveth life unto the world,' that is, in the person of Jesus or of Horus. 'Jesus said unto them, I am the bread of life.'[831] Jesus, like Horus, is the giver of the water of life which likewise cometh from the Father[832]. 'Now on the last day, the great day of the feast, Jesus stood and cried, saying, If any man thirst, let him come unto me and drink. He that believeth on me, as the scripture hath said, out of his belly shall flow rivers of living water.'[833] In passing, we may notice that the great feast corresponds to the Uaka festival by which the return of the water of life in the inundation was celebrated; and that Osiris was the lord of the water as well as of the wine. Moreover, the miracle of converting water into wine is very simply illustrated by the picture of Osiris as the vine and also as the water of renewal in which the vine springs out of the water of life that issues from beneath his throne. On the ground of natural fact, Osiris was the water of life to the land of Egypt in the inundation of the Nile. He was adored in the temple of Isis at Philae as 'Osiris of the mysteries, who springs from the returning waters.' He was the water of life to the souls in Amenta; and in the eschatology Osiris is the water of life in Hetep, the paradise of peace, to spirits perfected. In the Ritual, Horus is the son of God through whom is given the water that cometh from the father, which is called the Ru of Osiris, the divine liquid that flows from him as the ichor of life. Horus speaks of quenching his thirst with the drops (the ru) of his father Osiris. So Jesus draws and drinks and gives drink from the well of living water which is the father's; not the well of Jacob[834], but a well of water springing up unto eternal life.

[p.901]

Again and again, the status and character of Jesus as the sayer in the gospels are only to be determined by the mythical or mystical relationship. 'Before Abraham was, I am,'[835] is one of the sayings ascribed to the supposed historical Christ. Abraham is of course referred to as the typical progenitor of the Jews. So in the Gospel of Thomas, or Tum, the child-Jesus says to his earth-father Joseph, 'It is enough for thee to see me, not to touch me. For thou knowest not who I am. If thou knewest thou wouldst not grieve me. And although I am now with thee I was made before thee.'[836] The son who existed before the father claims an immense antiquity, as a character entirely mythical, but if the statement were made a hundred times over in the märchen the meaning would be the same. It is a saying of the Divine Child who came into being earlier than God the Father as the offspring of the Virgin Mother who is Jesus the fatherless child of Mary in the gospels, and of Neith or Iusaas in the Ritual. Joseph also plays the part of Seb, the father, to Horus on earth. 'Seb giveth me his theophanies,' says Horus, but 'more powerful am I than the lord of time (Seb), I am the author and the master of endless years'[837] as an image of the Eternal.

In the Inscription of Hatshepsut, the child Horus is called 'the elder of his mother's husband.'[838] That is, he was older than Osiris, who became the father according to the later sociology[839]. Such is the sole ground of origin upon which the father can be later than the son whether his name is Atum, Osiris or Abraham.

The sayings involve a sayer who became the typical teacher in person as Horus in the Osirian cult and Iu-em-hetep in the religion of Atum-Ra, or Iao of the Egypto-gnostics in the Pistis Sophia. These are mentioned in the texts as the divine enunciators of the 'sayings.' Each of them is a form of the sayer, word, logos, announcer, or revealer in person, precisely the same as the Jesus of the gospels, whether apocryphal, Egypto-gnostic or canonical. The elder Horus was the virgin's child; he imaged the soul in matter, or, the body-soul in the life on earth. He was the teacher of the lesser mysteries in the mythology. He was solar; hence the leader of that glorious company of the twelve now stationed in the zodiac as rowers of the bark for millions of years. The primary twelve were the great gods of Egypt twenty thousand years ago as the twelve powers that rowed the solar bark for Ra around the circle of the zodiacal signs. They became the Aeons of the Gnostics, twelve in number. As preservers of the light, they were twelve teachers in mythology, twelve followers of Horus who are the twelve apostles or disciples of the Egypto-gnostic Christ; the seven and five being grouped together to constitute the twelve.

At his second coming when Horus of the resurrection rose again as a spirit in the image of the holy ghosthe became the teacher of the greater mysteries to the twelve who likewise had attained the status of spirits in the eschatology, and who were now the twelve to whom twelve thrones were promised in the heaven of eternity. Horus the word in person was the sayer to whom the sayings were assigned. Hence the 'sayings,' attributed to Iu-em-hetep and Hartatef in Egypt: the one as child of the mother; the other as son [p.902] of the father who wore the Atef-crown of Atum-Ra. Now this mystical 'word' of the mother, and the word-made-truth in Har-Mat-Kheru are both apparent in the opening chapter of the gospel according to John. 'In the beginning was the word,'[840] he says; as it had been in Iu-em-hetep, or Child-Horus. 'And the word became flesh,'[841] which it did in the virgin-blood of the immaculate Virgin Isis or of Hathor-Iusaas. The doctrine of the second Horus follows, but is inserted parenthetically. 'And we beheld his glory; glory as of the only begotten from the father.' But the Jesus of the genuine legend was not yet begotten by or from the father. He was begotten or Christified in his baptism. Matthew has it that when Jesus was baptized he went up straightway from the water; and the heavens were opened unto him, and he saw the Spirit of God descending as a dove, and coming upon him; and lo a voice out of the heavens, saying, 'This is my beloved son,'[842] In the original transformation scene this occurred when the child of the mother made his change into the beloved son of God the father at the time of the baptism in the Osirian mystery of Tattu[843]. It was in his resurrection from the dead, here represented by the rising from the water, and becoming bird-headed as a spirit, that Horus became the beloved son of the father[844]. John then proceeds to describe the transformation of Jesus in his baptism when 'the spirit descended as a dove out of heaven, and it abode upon him,' which change had already taken place before the glory of the father could have been visible in the person of the son. Now, this word that was in the beginning had already manifested as the 'sayer' of the sayings in the Ritual. This is he who says, 'I have come forth with the tongue of Ptah and the throat of Hathor (Iusaas) that I may record the words of my father Atum with my mouth.' That is as the utterer of the sayings which were ascribed to the Egyptian Jesus as Iu-em-hetep, the son of Hathor-Iusaas and Atum-Ra. We have no need to go further back for the beginning of the Word, as utterer of the sayings. The canonical gospels are based upon the 'sayings' of Jesus; the Jesus that we claim to have been the son of Atum at On; genealogically, the grandson of Ptah at Memphis, and the author of the books of wisdom attributed to him as the Jesus of the apocrypha, and Gospels of the Infancy.

Enough has been cited to show that the revelation ascribed to Jesus, the Christ of the canonical gospels, had been previously published in the Ritual of the resurrection and uttered by Iu the Su of Atum-Ra (Iusa = Jesus or Tum = Thomas), who was and is and ever will be the Egyptian Jesus independently of any personal historical character.

The Egyptian Ritual contains the 'sayings' or the words of wisdom that were attributed to Ra the inspiring holy spirit. As god the father this was Tum (or Thomas). The utterer of the 'sayings' 'with his mouth' was god the son, Iu (or Iu-em-hetep) the Su (son) who was Iu-Su, the ever-coming son in the religion of Annu, and Iusu when rendered through the Greek is Ιησοΰς or Jesus.

A large part of the Egyptian Book of the Dead consists of 'sayings.' The forty second chapter contains at least fifty sayings uttered by Horus in person respecting himself his father and his work [p.903] of salvation. These are the sayings of Horus, or of the Osiris by whom they are repeated in character. And as Horus the divine word in person is the Lord whose name of Heru signifies the Lord, these sayings of Horus are the logia kuriaka; assuredly the oldest in the world, which we have now traced to Iu-em-hetep, the Egypto-gnostic Jesus as the sayer for Atum-Ra. These might be called the sayings of Ra or Horus, of Tum or Thomas, of Iu or Iu-em-hetep, of Aan, Taht or Hermes. But above all other names or titles they were known as the words of Mati.

Also, the Gospel of the Egyptians, represented by the Ritual[845], was the gospel according to Mati (or Matiu, with the u, inherent). And as Mati was inculcated by means of the sayings, the sayings in the Ritual are the sayings of Mati as the words of truth, justice, law, and rightfulness, and the revelation of the resurrection. In Dr. Birch's translation of 'the funeral Ritual' he has given the word 'Mati' as a title of Taht-Aan the divine scribe; and from this title the present writer deduced the names of Matthias and Matthew, as the true reckoner, the just reckoner, and keeper of the tablets for Maati in the hall of Maat. Taht-Aan might be designated Mati. But, whether we take the word Mati as a proper name or title of the scribe Taht (whether called Hermes, Aan or Mati), he was the recorder of the sayings or logia kuriaka in the Ritual. But even if we do not take the name of Mati to be a title of Tehuti, whence the names of Matthias and Matthew, the character remains. Taht was the scribe in the Maat or judgment-hall, also the recorder of the sayings that were given by the Father in Heaven to be uttered by Horus, and written down by the fingers of Taht. Now, according to the often quoted testimony of Papias, recorded in his last 'commentary' on the 'sayings of the Lord,' the basis of the canonical gospels was laid in a collection of sayings that were attributed to 'The Lord.' He tells us that Matthew wrote the sayings in the Hebrew dialect, and every one interpreted them as best he was able. This was the current hearsay on the subject as reported by Papias, Bishop of Hierapolis. And here we might repeat, in passing, that the sayings of Horus the lord in the Ritual were collected and written down by Taht-Mati the scribe, and that Matthew, or Matthias, corresponds to Mati both in character and by name. We have no further use for the statement beyond noting that the extant Gospel of Matthew was evidently founded on a collection of those 'wise sayings, dark sentences and parables'[846] that constituted the wisdom of the Egypto-gnostic Jesus, one late version of which has been preserved in the Book of Ecclesiasticus, entitled 'the wisdom of Jesus.' The present writer has previously suggested that the 'sayings' collected by Matthew, which Papias had heard of as the source of the Christian gospels, were a form of the sayings of Mati collected from the papyri of the Ritual[847]. The Catholic Christians were sorely troubled about the Egypto-gnostic gospels in possession of the 'heretics' when they came to hear of them. These are especially associated with the name of Valentinus, an Egyptian Gnostic, who came with these Egypto-gnostic gospels from Alexandria, and to whom Pistis Sophia and the Gospel of Truth have been attributed. The 'Gospel of Truth,'[848] known to the Valentinian Gnostics as Egyptian, is [p.904] the Gospel of Mati, or a collection of the sayings of Mati = Matthew. The Logia of Matthias was the authentic gospel of the Carpocratean Gnostics. Clement of Alexandria quotes from the 'Traditions of Matthias' two sayings which are not to be found in the canonical Matthew[849]. This proves the existence of other sayings, oracles and divine words than the canonical in the time of Clement, which were assigned to Matthias = Mati. These sayings and traditions were acknowledged as genuine by the Gnostic followers of Carpocrates, Valentinus and Basilides, who never did acknowledge any historical founder, and whose Christ was the Egypt-gnostic Jesushe who was the utterer of the sayings and traditions first written down by the divine scribe Taht-Aan = John; or Taht-Mati = Matthew.

In writing his gospel, Basilides appealed to a secret tradition which he had received from Matthias; and Hippolytus reports that this secret tradition was derived by Matthias during his private intercourse with the Saviour. But the Gnostics never did acknowledge any historic saviour. Their Christ was Horus, or the non-historical Jesus, and therefore the private intercourse of Matthias with the Saviour was that of Mati with Horus the Christ of the Ritual which contains the history of that intercourse.

We are told that it was after his resurrection that Christ revealed the true gnosis to Peter, John and James[850].  But it was only the spiritual Horus or Christ that could reveal the true gnosis, which is here admitted versus the historic personage. This revelation is post-resurrectional, the same as with the gnostic Jesus in the Pistis Sophia who expounds the mysteries to his twelve apostles on Mount Olivet after he has risen from the dead. The Manifestation of Truth is the title of the great work of Marcus the Gnostic in the third century[851]. The lost work of Celsus was the Word of Truth or Logos Alethea[852]. In these instances the gospel is that of truth, the word of truth; the true gospel. And the gospel of Mati, we repeat, is equivalent to the gospel or the sayings according to Matthew which had been heard of by Papias as the nuclei of the canonical gospels. Epiphanius, in speaking of the 'Sabelian Heretics,' says, 'The whole of their errors and the main strength of their heterodoxy they derive from some apocryphal books, but principally from that which is called the Gospel of the Egyptians (which is a name some have given to it) for in that many things are proposed in a hidden, mysterious manner as by our Saviour,'[853] just as they are in the sayings of the Ritual, the sayings of Hartatef, Iu-em-hetep or the sayings of Jesus. In his tirade against Gnosticism Augustine echoes the name of Mati (for truth) and shows its twofold nature in a peculiar way as 'The Truth and Truth.' He says of the Gnostics: 'They used to repeat "Truth and Truth," for thus did they repeat her name to me, but she was nowhere amongst them; for they spoke false things, not only concerning thee who art the Truth in Truth but even concerning the elements of this world of ours, thy creation; concerning which even the philosophers, who declared what is true, I ought to have slighted for love of thee, O my father, the supreme God, the beauty of all things beautiful. O truth! truth! how inwardly did the marrow of my soul sigh after thee even then, whilst they were perpetually dinning thy name into my ears, and [p.905] after various fashions with the mere voice, and with many and huge books of theirs.'[854]

The Book of the Dead or Ritual of the resurrection virtually contains the Gospel of the Egyptians which was assumed to have been lost. This is the gospel according to Mati or Matiu, the original, as we maintain, of that which Papias attributes to one 'Matthew,' and which was a collection of the sayings assigned to the Jesus whom the non-Gnostic Christians always assumed to be historical. The Ritual preserves the sayings of the Egyptian Jesus who was Iu the su, or Sa of Atum-Ra and Iusaas at On, and who was otherwise known as the Lord in different Egyptian religions. This was the sayer to whom the sayings are attributed in the Festal Dirge[855], and also in the Ritual and other Hermetic scriptures. And now we have a form of the genuine Gospel of the Egyptians in the Ritual itself. This is the original Evangelicum Veritas: the gospel according to Mati = Matthew to Aan = John; or Tum Thomas. From this we learn, by means of the comparative process, that the literalizers of the legend and the carnalizers of the Egypto-gnostic Christ have but gathered up the empty husks of Pagan tradition, minus the kernel of the gnosis; so that when we have taken away all which pertains to Horus, the Egypto-gnostic Jesus, all that remains to base a Judean history upon is nothing more than an accretion of blindly ignorant belief; and that of all the gospels and collections of 'sayings' derived from the Ritual of the resurrection in the names of Mati or Matthew, Aan or John, Thomas or Tum, Hermes, Iu-em-Hetep or Jesus, those that were canonized at last as Christian are the most exoteric, and therefore the farthest away from the underlying, hidden, buried, but imperishable truth.

 

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This page last updated: 12/02/2014