Inscription of Hannu
(or Hennu, Henenu, etc.)

[Extracted from Brugsch,  A History of Egypt under the Pharaohs, vol. I, pp. 113-119.
Note: Massey refers to this as Inscription Rohan, rather than Hannu.]

 

'I was sent to conduct ships to the country of Punt, to bring back odoriferous gums, collected by the princes of the red land under the influence of the fear which he inspires among all nations. Behold, I left Coptos.

'His Holiness ordered that the troops which were to accompany me should be those from the south of the Thebais.'

[break]

'I left with an army of 3,000 men. I passed through "the red hamlet," and through a cultivated country. I prepared the skins and the sticks to carry the vases of water, to the number of twenty. One of every two of all my men every day carried a load [lacuna] the other of the two placed the load on him; and I had a reservoir dug of twelve perches in a wood, and two reservoirs at a place called Atahet, one of a perch and twenty cubits, and the other of a perch and thirty cubits. I made another at Ateb, of ten cubits by ten every way, to contain water of a cubit in depth. Then I arrived at the port Seba (?), and I made transport vessels to bring back all kinds of products. I made a great offering of oxen, cows, and goats. When I returned from Seba, I executed the order of his Majesty; I brought him back all kinds of products which I met with in the ports of the Holy Land. I came back by Uak and Rohan. I brought back precious stones for the statues of the temples. Never was a like thing done since there were kings; never was anything like this done by any royal relation sent to these places since the time (of the reign) of the Sun-god Ra. I acted thus for the king on account of the great friendship he has for me.'

Another Version

'I was sent to conduct ships to the land of Punt, to fetch for Pharaoh sweet-smelling spices, which the princes of the red land collect out of fear and dread, such as he inspires in all nations. And I started from the city of Coptos.—And his Holiness gave the command that the armed men, who were to accompany me, should be from the south-country of the Thebai'd.

'And I set out thence with an army of 3,000 men, and passed through "the red hamlet," and through a cultivated country. I had skins and 'poles prepared to carry the vessels of water, twenty in number. And of people one carried a load daily [lacuna], ... and another placed the load on him. And I had a reservoir of twelve perches dug in a wood, and two reservoirs at a place called Atahet, one of a perch and twenty cubits, and the other of a perch and thirty cubits. And I made another at Ateb, of ten cubits by ten on each side, to contain water of a cubit in depth. Then I arrived at the port Seba (?), and I had ships of burthen built to bring back products of all kinds. And I offered a great sacrifice of oxen, cows, and goats. And when I returned from Seba (?), I had executed the king's command, for I brought him back all kinds of products which I had met with in the ports of the Holy Land. And I came back by the road of Uak and Rohan, and brought with me precious stones for the statues of the temples. But such a thing never happened since there were kings; nor was the like of it ever done by any blood relations who were sent to these places since the time (of the reign) of the Sun-god Ra. And I acted thus for the king on account of the great favour which he entertained for me.'


HAMMAMAT INSCRIPTION OF HENU

[Extracted from Breasted, Ancient Records of Egypt, vol. I, pp. 208-10.]

Sources:
Lepsius, Denkmaler, II, 150, a;
Golenischeff, Hammamat, XV-XVII.
Maspero, Dawn, 495, n. i.

'Year 8, first month of the third season (ninth month), day 3; his real favorite servant, who does all that he praises every day, wearer of the royal seal, [sole] com[panion],—overseer of that which is and that which is not, overseer of the temples, overseer of the granary and White House, overseer of horn and hoof, chief of the six courts of justice, high-voiced in proclaiming the name of the king on the day of warding off—who judges the prisoner according to his desert ..... Satisfying the heart of the king as keeper of the Door of the South; over the administration of the nomes of the South, chief treasurer ...... who quells the Haunebu, to whom the Two Lands come bowing down, to whom every office reports; wearer of the royal seal, sole companion, the steward, Henu says:

[My lord, life, prosperity], health! sent me to dispatch a ship to Punt to bring for him fresh myrrh from the sheiks over the Red Land, by reason of the fear of him in the highlands. Then I went forth from Koptos upon the road, which his majesty commanded me. There was with me an army of the South from—of the Oxyrrhyncus nome, the beginning thereof as far as Gebelen; the end thereof as far as—every office of the king's house, those who were in town and field, united, came after me. The army—I cleared the way before, overthrowing those hostile toward the king, the hunters and the children of the highlands were posted as the protection of my limbs. Every official body of his majesty was placed under my authority. They reported messengers to me, as one alone commanding, to whom many hearken.

I went forth with an army of 3,000 men. I made the road a river, and the Red Land (desert) a stretch of field, for I gave a leathern bottle, a carrying pole, 2 jars of water and 20 loaves to each one among them every day. The asses were laden with sandals .........

Now, I made 12 wells in the bush, and two wells in Idehet, 20 square cubits in one, and 31 square cubits in the other. I made another in Iheteb, 20 by 20 cubits on each side .........

Then I reached the (Red) Sea; then I made this ship, and I dispatched it with everything, when I had made for it a great oblation of cattle, bulls and ibexes.

Now, after my return from the (Red) Sea, I executed the command of his majesty, and I brought for him all the gifts, which I had found in the regions of God's-Land. I returned through the valley of Hammamat, I brought for him august blocks for statues belonging to the temple. Never was brought down the like thereof for the king's court; never was done the like of this by any king's-confidant sent out since the time of the god. I did this for the majesty of my lord because he so much loved me ....'